Monkey Attacks

BIOTERRORBIBLE.COM: In the aftermath of man-made bio-terror generated pandemic, the government and media may attempt to scapegoat monkeys just as they did in the 1994 book The Hot Zone and the 1995 blockbuster movie entitled Outbreak. Since 9/11, there have been unprecedented reports of monkey attacks, monkey escapes, monkey thefts and monkey smuggling which may suggest that the monkey scapegoat option is being primed for prime-time.

Title: Monkey Injures Several People In India
November 13, 2007
Red Orbit

Abstract: A wild monkey went on a rampage in a low-income neighborhood in the Indian capital, injuring several people, most of them children, police said Monday.

Police sub-inspector Gaje Singh told The Associated Press that the attacks started late Saturday in the Shastri Park area of New Delhi, adding that it was not immediately possible to give an exact tally of the injured. Local news reports said as many as 25 people were injured.

Singh said officers were patrolling the neighborhood in search of the rogue animal.

“But the monkey hasn’t been spotted yet,” Singh said.

People in Shastri Park often sleep outside their homes or on open roofs to escape the heat.

Neighborhood resident Naseema, who goes by one name, carried her 1-year-old daughter into her house in attempts to escape the animal. “The monkey followed me in and buried its teeth in my baby’s leg,” she told the Times of India newspaper.

As New Delhi’s forest cover shrinks, rhesus macaque monkeys have overrun its government buildings, temples and residential areas, occasionally biting passers-by or snatching food from them. A government official died last month when he fell from his balcony during an attack by wild monkeys.

Part of the problem is that devout Hindus believe monkeys are manifestations of the god Hanuman and feed them bananas and peanuts, encouraging them to frequent public places.

Last year, the Delhi High Court reprimanded city authorities for not doing enough to stop the animals from terrifying residents.

City authorities have experimented with using langurs – a larger and fiercer kind of monkey – to scare or catch the macaques, but the problem persists (Red Orbit, 2007).

Title: Chesapeake Man Bitten By Service Monkey Again
Date: March 30, 2010
Red Orbit

Abstract: A service monkey has attacked his Chesapeake owner again.

The owner might finally be willing to give up his pet capuchin. Police say Noah the monkey bit his owner for the second time in two weeks Monday night.

Noah is like family to Babe Hamric.

"Even though this happened, he's still my baby."

That's what Hamerick told NewsChannel 3 when his pet monkey bit his thumbs off two weeks ago. After Noah went for his legs last night, Hamric seems to be reconsidering.

"From what my officers reported, the owner had made a statement last night that he was not willing to give up the monkey after this latest bite," said Kathy Strouse, Chesapeake Animal Control.

Gayle O'Neal, the woman who bred Noah, says Hamerick never paid in full for him.

She emailed Hamric saying she is willing to take Noah back for Hamerick's "safety and well-being". O'Neal says she is more concerned about Noah, worried that Hamerick did something. She thinks the trust factor may have been broken.

O'Neal is also concerned with Noah's teeth. They should have been filed down or removed as a certification requirement for service animals.

Hamerick has told NewsChannel 3 Noah is certified to help him deal with post traumatic war stress from Vietnam.

"When I get ready to go into an anxiety attack he'll jump on me or hug me around the neck and he'll chatter in my ear - so I know it's time to sit down and relax," Hamric said.

Officials are questioning whether Noah will be able to relax in another setting with another owner.

Monkey experts say he will first need to be neutered and have his canines removed. If deemed home-friendly, he would be better off with a female owner.

Noah could also become a breeding monkey.

Before anything happens he will need a temperament evaluation.

Euthanizing Noah would also be an option.

"If you take him, you take me too," Hamric has said of his monkey. He might not be happy with the result, but fortunately for Noah, authorities say several people have already called and are willing to adopt him
(WTKR, 2010).

Title: Family Vows To Keep Monkey After Attack
Date: July 21, 2010
RTV 6 News

Abstract: A Hamilton County family said they have no plans to get rid of a pet monkey that attacked several people and a dog after it got loose on Wednesday.

A teenager in the home called 911 just after 10 a.m. to report that his family's pet Patas monkey had gotten out of its cage and was tearing up his house at 2936 E. 276th St. in Atlanta.

"We have a monkey and he's gotten out of his cage. My brother's hurt and so is my dog," the man told the operator.

When police and animal control officers responded to the scene, the monkey's owner, Bobbi Phelan, had gotten the animal back into his elaborate indoor-outdoor cage.

Her 15-year-old son suffered a cut to his head, and the family's dog had his ear torn off by the animal, police said.

Still, Phelan said the monkey, Eujo, isn't going anywhere, 6News' Tanya Spencer reported.

"He is part of the family. In fact, when people ask if I own a monkey, no, I don't own a monkey, because he's my son. We have a monkey," Phelan said, "But I'm not taking it lightly. I do understand human life and protecting it and the risk."

She said the 40-pound monkey, who she's had for six years, jumped around the home and ate some Pringles, but didn’t mean to hurt anyone.

Hamilton County Sheriff's Department Deputy Vicky Dunbar said because of the attack, the monkey will be considered a vicious animal and that a follow-up investigation will be conducted.

"The animal is extremely quick, extremely strong," she said. "My understanding is that it has about the strength of three to four men and had very large teeth."

The monkey has bit Phelan once before. She spent three days in the hospital, but said that's when Eujo started puberty, becoming aggressive.

Phelan said she's already added locks to the monkey's cage, but doesn't plan to give him up.

"He's my son," she said. "I didn't give birth, but I love him just like I love any of my children."

In Indiana, residents are not required to have a permit to own a pet monkey (RTV 6 News, 2010).

Title: Escaped Monkey Attacks Oneida Castle Woman
Date: November 11, 2010
Oneida Dispatch

Abstract: An Oneida Castle woman became the victim of an attack from the unlikeliest of creatures in Central New York while playing with her son on Sunday.

Nick Fedchenko, of Prospect Street in Oneida Castle, said his wife Amy was playing with their two-year-old son on the newly installed tire swing in the backyard when they were attacked by an escaped capuchin monkey.

“Out of nowhere a monkey ran up and was going after our son,” he said. “She intervened and the monkey attacked. It jumped on her several times and she threw it off. It bit her twice and penetrated, causing puncture wounds to her middle finger.”

He described a long retreat to the house for his family.

“She had to keep the monkey at bay from the swing all the way to the house until she could get me,” he said. “The monkey was coming at her the whole time. When she got to me, the monkey was at our side garage door trying to get in after them still. I was standing in my garage shocked to see that there was a monkey wrenching at the door.”

He put on leather gloves and a jacket before proceeding outside as his wife called 911.

“I went out and kept the monkey on the porch,” he said. “The monkey came after me a few times, but eventually we got it settled down when a banana came out. The authorities came here and did a great job.”

State Police Captain Francis Coots described the scene upon arrival.

“A trooper arrives and sees the monkey on top of the house,” said Coots. “The owner of the monkey, Robert Jones, who lives just around the corner, comes over and gets a hold of the monkey. It apparently had escaped from his residence unbeknownst to him.”

Coots said Jones produced proof of the monkey’s rabies vaccination and his license from the Department of Environmental Conservation to own an exotic pet. Amy was taken to the hospital and the monkey was tested for rabies.

Fedchenko said the results of the test had not been made available to him on Thursday.

The eight-year-old monkey, Jada, was scheduled to be euthanized on Wednesday and not held for observation while the rabies test is run in accordance with state law, but The Dispatch could not confirm if it had taken place.

The Oneida County Health Department could not be reached for comment Thursday.

Fedchenko said the real hero of the day was his wife.

“She did a very good job protecting our son,” he said.

He said the day’s events were unreal in a way.

“It was a bizarre Sunday,” he said.

Robert Jones could not be reached for comment Thursday
(Oneida Dispatch, 2010).

Title: Authorities Catch Ear-Biting Monkey
Date: December 22, 2010

Abstract: Florida wildlife authorities said they were trying to find the owner of a monkey that bit a man on the ear.

Eduardo Monteagudo, a neighbor of the southwest Miami-Dade County victim, said he witnessed the man cooking his dinner Tuesday when the small monkey climbed onto his shoulder, Miami's WSVN-TV reported

"When he saw it, he tried to hit it and it bit him on the ear," Monteagudo said.

Miami-Dade Police and Fire Rescue units said they responded to the home about 7 p.m. and tried to coax the monkey, a black-and-white Capuchin, off the home's roof.

"He was scared, scared of the crowd, the lights, scared of everything," Lt. Lisa Wood told Miami's WFOR-TV. "Once we got him back there where it was quiet, he sat very calm, let us move things around and then I put the carrier down and he went right in like, oh, thank you very much."

Investigators said they were trying to find the owner of the monkey. Neighbors said the animal has been seen loose before (UPI, 2010).

Title: Monkey, Lucky, Bites 118 People Then Escapes
Date: January 24, 2011
Chimpamzee Info

Abstract: A Japanese monkey that was captured in Shizuoka Prefecture after biting over 100 people has escaped from a park, sparking a warning from local authorities. The monkey, named Lucky, escaped from Rakujuen Garden in Mishima on Monday morning. The macaque was spotted near JR Mishima Station, and some 20 city workers launched a search, but were unsuccessful. The Mishima Municipal Government has warned residents to lock their doors, saying there is a possibility the monkey could bite more people.

In a news conference on Monday, city officials said Lucky escaped when a worker cleaning her cage opened an inner door without locking the outer one. At first she remained beside the cage for a while, but workers failed to catch her.

"It was a human error," Rakujuen head Shizuo Sugiyama said in an apology.

Lucky bit 118 people in five cities and one town before city workers captured her on Oct. 10 last year in a resident's home. After naming the monkey Lucky, city workers put her on display at the garden. Souvenirs associated with the monkey were sold and the garden saw an increase in visitors, but Lucky had been losing hair, apparently due to stress
(Chimpanzee Info, 2011).

Title: Man Falls To Death From Rooftop After Monkey Attack
Date: February 22, 2011
Times of India

Abstract: After two elephants injured a Korean couple at Amber, it was the turn of monkeys on Monday to create a ruckus. A 42-year-old businessman fell from the third floor of his house after being attacked by a group of monkeys in Galta Gate area in the morning. He died on the spot.

According to the police, the deceased, Giriraj Prasad Gupta, was a resident of Raghunath Colony in Galta Gate and owned a shop in Surajpole. He used to take a stroll on the rooftop of his third floor along with his wife every morning, said his father
Brij Bihari Gupta.

At around 6 am, Giriraj asked his wife to go down and get tea for him.

"She had taken a few steps down the stairs when a group of moneys jumped to the rooftop from another house and attacked Giriraj," said a police officer.

His wife told police that while trying to scare away the monkeys, Giriraj asked her to run for safety.

"As his wife climbed down the stairs, she saw the monkeys attacking Giriraj," said the officer adding that the he fell head-on to the ground. "Giriraj's brother, who was in his room on the second floor, heard a loud thud and peeped out of the window. He saw Giriraj and rushed outside. But he had died on the spot," said the officer.

Nevertheless, the victim was rushed to
SMS Hospital by family members, but declared brought dead. The hospital informed the police following which a post-mortem was conducted.

"We have handed over the body to the family members. A physical verification of the spot will be conducted on Tuesday," said the officer.
(Times of India, 2011).

Title: Escaped Monkey Attacks 2 Kids In Fremont
Date: June 9, 2011
North West Ohio

Abstract: A small monkey attacked two children and ran wild for hours Thursday in Fremont, police said.

The two girls were around nine years old and suffered scratches, according to Fremont Police Chief Tim Wiersma. Wiersma said the girls should be okay.

The grivet monkey, which is about the size of a raccoon, figured out a way to unlatch his leash and run away from his owner on Hickory Street, Wiersma said. Police fired two rounds at the pet monkey during a nearly three-hour pursuit that ended with the owner capturing it around 6 p.m.

The owner was cited with allowing an animal to run at large, which Wiersma said is a minor misdemeanor with a fine of up to $150. The animal spent Thursday night with its owner, who did not come to the door when WNWO's Michael Henrich and Michael Melchiorre knocked.

Wiersma also said this owner has been cited for the same offense one time before, when the monkey escaped and scratched a different neighbor, but the department's hands are tied. The police chief said he would like to see some sort of exotic animals law put in place to avoid these types of incidents (North West Ohio, 2011).

Title: Chimpanzee Attack Victim Gets New Face
Date: June 10, 2011

Abstract: More than two years after a chimpanzee mauled her, Charla Nash will once again be able to eat solid foods and regain her sense of smell thanks to a full face transplant, doctors at Boston's Brigham and Women's Hospital said Friday.

"I am happy to report that the team has achieved tremendous success," said Dr. Elof Eriksson, chief of the Division of Plastic Surgery.

Surgeons also transplanted two hands to Nash, but they didn't thrive and were removed.

In February 2009, Sandra Herold had called her friend Nash for help in getting her pet chimpanzee, Travis, back inside her house after he used a key to escape. When Nash arrived, the chimp, who had been featured in TV commercials for Coca-Cola and Old Navy, jumped on her and began biting and mauling her, causing serious injuries to her face, neck and hands.

Police shot Travis to halt the attack and he later died of gunshot wounds.

Doctors say they see Nash as more than an animal attack victim.

"To us, Charla is a courageous, strong person. (She) inspired the team to do everything possible, using our collective expertise, to restore her quality of life," Plastic Surgeon Director Dr. Bohdan Pomahac said.

Nash's face transplant was different than others done before because of the extent of damage to it, the doctors said.

She is the third person at Brigham and Women's Hospital to receive a full face transplant; Dallas Wiens was the first in the United States to have such a surgery in March, also at the hospital.

Nash is the second to receive a double-hand transplant at the same time as a face transplant; the first was performed in France in 2009. That patient died of a heart attack in a later operation.

Nash had lost her nose, upper jaw, most of the soft tissue on her face, and both upper and lower lips. She was also left blind.

The surgery, which was performed last month, involved removing some tissue and attaching skin and underlying muscle, based on vessels and nerves that provide motor and sensory functions, Pomahac said. The entire hard palate and teeth were also transplanted.

The result was "miraculous," said Nash's brother, Steve.

The thing Nash is most looking forward to, her brother said, was visiting their favorite hot dog stand.

As for the double hand transplant, doctors successfully attached the new hands, but a few days later Nash became sick and her blood pressure fell, causing circulation problems to the new limbs. After a few days, doctors saw that the hands were not thriving and removed them.

In the next three months, Nash will regain sensation to her face, and in six to nine months will be able to smile, control her lips and otherwise make facial expressions, Pomahac said.

"All these things will gradually improve," he said.

Nash skipped her child's high school graduation because she was afraid of taking away from the occasion, but thanks to the transplant, can look forward to being present for college graduation, Pomahac said.

The surgery will give her a chance to have a more normal social life, he said (CNN, 2011).

Title: Monkey Bites Boy
Date: August 2, 2011
Australian Independent

Abstract: A family father may face charges over negligence after his son was seriously injured by a monkey at the weekend.

The four-year-old child was bitten on the hand by male Barbary Macaque named "Juppi" at a wildlife park in Preding, Styria, on Sunday after he was lifted over the fence by his dad to feed the animal. There are however signposts at the enclosure warning against coming too close to the fence.

Doctors at the Children’s Clinic in Graz, where the boy underwent surgery, said that a main nerve was ripped by the bite.

Hospital chief Michael Höllwarth said today (Tues): "That’s the third time a visitor was bitten by a monkey there. I wrote to the managers asking them to strengthen safety and accident prevention standards, but no one got back to me."

Managers of the wildlife park meanwhile criticised the family dad for his actions. "What are we supposed to do? Now we will probably be ordered to put the animal down," they said.

Deutschlandsberg district authorities said they will investigate the incident.

The wildlife park made headlines last August when kangaroo "Sumsi" escaped its enclosure. The animal, which was spotted around 50 kilometres from the site some days later, is still on the run.
(Australian Independent, 2011).

Title: "Very Aggressive" Monkey Attacks Tennessee Woman
Date: August 5, 2011

Abstract: An aggressive snow monkey named Yoshi, who was being kept by a Tennessee family, bit a woman and a sheriff's officer before he was shot and killed, police said on Friday.

Four other monkeys belonging to the same family were taken to a shelter.

"That was worse than any dog I've ever seen," said Capt. Tony Barrett of the Bedford County Sheriff's Department, describing the bloodshed caused by the "very aggressive" monkey that kept coming at lawmen even after apparently being shot at least twice.

The monkey's first victim was Michelle Pyrdum, who was bitten in the leg while she was washing her truck on Thursday morning in the Shelbyville area, Barrett said.

Once the injured woman was taken away in an ambulance, it was up to sheriff's deputies to figure out how to handle the 3-1/2-foot monkey, which had retreated two houses down to the roof of the garage from which it had escaped. The monkey left the garage and moved toward two deputies.

"He approached one of them, stopped and leaped five or six feet through the air after the deputy. The deputy shot at him. I don't know if he hit him or not, but he didn't hurt him too bad," Barrett said.

After firing his shotgun and realizing the monkey was still coming, Deputy Ronnie Gault put his left forearm up for protection, Barrett said. "The monkey was going for his face, but he got a hold of the left arm and bit into it, scratched and filleted the arm wide open."

Gault beat the monkey off with the shotgun and Capt. David Williams shot the monkey twice, first with buckshot and then with a 12-gauge slug.

"That buckshot knocked him down, but the slug got him," said Barrett.

The day's monkey business wasn't over for lawmen. Four other monkeys lived on the property, two in the garage and two in another outbuilding, Barrett said.

With the help of animal control and veterinarians from Nashville, the others were subdued and taken by Animal Rescue Corps to a compound at the state fairgrounds in Nashville.

"We were out there until at least 10 at night," said Barrett, noting it wasn't the first time lawmen have been called to deal with issues involving the monkeys belonging to Ricky and Wilma Smith.

Wilma Smith is in Bedford County Jail, serving time for manufacture of methamphetamine and weapons possession. Her husband had been caring for the monkeys. State law allows for possession of monkeys (Reuters, 2011).

Title: Couple's Pet Monkey Bites Missouri Girl
Date: August 19, 2011
ABC News

Abstract: A curious little girl in Springfield, Mo., got an unpleasant surprise when she walked up to a car in a parking lot to greet an animal sitting inside it. The animal, a type of monkey known as a macaque, bit her on the forehead.

The parents of 8-year-old Tayce Nickel told the local TV station KY3 that she just wanted to see the car's unusual passenger.

"As we got out, Tayce, being 8 years old, wanted to see the monkey, so she got out, looked up at the monkey, said, 'Hi,' and [the person in the car] gave the animal just enough slack to where it could jump out, grab her by her hair, and bite her on the forehead," said Mike Weeks, Tayce's father.

The monkey's owner, Vicki Pulley, said her husband was in the car with the monkey, named Charlie. When Tayce reached into the car, she said, Charlie felt threatened and scratched her. There was no bite, she insisted.

Tayce's parents called local animal control officials, who decided to not confiscate the monkey, but did take it to a veterinarian for testing. Tayce, in the meantime, is taking antiviral drugs and antibiotics as a precaution.

Infectious disease experts say monkeys can carry the Herpes B virus, which can be transmitted through saliva and can be potentially deadly.

"Herpes B can lead to encephalitis, a swelling of the brain. The virus is in the saliva and can get into the brain," said Dr. William Schaffner, professor and chairman of the Department of Preventive Medicine at Vanderbilt University School of Medicine in Nashville, Tenn. "Fortunately, it's pretty rare."

Monkeys aren't the only animals able to spread serious illnesses to humans. Experts consider the diseases spread by the animals on the following pages -- ranging from reviled rodents to cute and cuddly family pets -- among the most serious (ABC News, 2011).

Title: Escaped Monkey Attacks Tokyoites
Date: October 30, 2011
Japan Probe

Abstract: On the evening of the 28th, a pet monkey escaped from a house in Tokyo and made its way to the Sekimachikita area of Nerima ward (near Musashi-seki station), where it attacked 2 people:

The two monkey bit/scratched the legs of two people, but their injuries were not serious.

The cops were called in, and about 30 officers assembled to deal with the menacing beast. After several hours, it was cornered and netted (Japan Probe, 2011).

Title: Drunk Man Attacked After Jumping In Cage Full Of Spider Monkeys
Date: November 14, 2011

Abstract: A Brazilian mechanic is recovering after he voluntarily jumped into a cage full of spider monkeys and was attacked Sunday.

The victim, Joao Leite dos Santos, can be seen in the video pulling off his shirt and jumping into a cage full of monkeys at the Sorocaba Zoo. The mechanic had jumped into the lake surrounding the animals because, "he was hot and wanted to cool off," according to reports.

Santos admitted to being drunk, when he jumped into the lake surrounding the monkeys. Once inside, Santos found himself surrounded by six of the monkeys, two of which that attacked him on the arm drawing blood.

Santos was rescued by three men and was eventually treated by Office of Mobile Emergency Care (SEMC) (Examiner, 2011).

Title: Escaped Monkey Attacks
Date: February 4, 2012
KLTV News 7

Abstract: A family in Oneida Castle, New York had quite a scare this week when an escaped monkey ran into their yard.

Nick Fedchenko says his wife, Amy, and their 2-year-old son were in the backyard when a monkey jumped onto Amy's arm.

When Amy tried to fend off the monkey, it bit her finger.

Amy Fedchenko then grabbed her son and ran inside.

The monkey clawed at the door.

"You could see there was blood on its teeth, and it was just screeching and screaming," Nick Fedchenko says. "My wife was screaming, 'I've been attacked, and I've been bitten. Help!'"

By the time police got to the scene the monkey was on the roof.

The monkey's owner soon arrived and was able to calm it down.

"It's certainly unusual in Upstate New York," says Capt. Francis Coots, of the New York State Police. "It's not unusual to see wild animals, but seeing a monkey, I think, would be unusual."

Capt. Coots says the state police have finished their investigation and no charges were filed.

He says the monkey's owner was able to produce a license and proof of the monkey's rabies shots.

Still, Fedchenko says he is keeping a close eye on his wife's health, just in case.

He says he never expected this to happen at his house, which he moved into just a week and a half ago.

"We purchased it so our 2-year-old son would have a place to play, and our dog could run around," he says. "Now, she's worried about our son in his brand new backyard."

As for the monkey, Fedchenko says he's heard it has been euthanized
(KLTV 7 News, 2010).

Title: Asheville Monkey That Bit Three People To Be Tested For Rabies
Date: May 8, 2012
Source: Fox WGHP

Abstract: Officials plan to test a monkey for rabies after it got loose and bit three people in an Asheville neighborhood.

Buncombe County Health officials say the marmoset must be put down because it is the only way to test a monkey for rabies.

The monkey’s owner, 40-year-old Charles Bradley Winecoff, was charged Monday with several drug offenses after animal control officers went to Winecoff’s home, where they found the animal.

Asheville police Lt. Wally Welch says officers returned with a search warrant and found three pounds of marijuana and other drug items.

Winecoff returned home as officers searched the home.

It was unclear whether he had an attorney.

Health officials are in contact with the bite victims (Fox WGHP, 2012)

Title: Chimps Attack American At South Africa Sanctuary
Date: June 29, 2012
ABC News 4

Abstract: Chimpanzees at a sanctuary for the animals in eastern South Africa pulled an American researcher who was leading a tour into their enclosure, bit him severely and dragged him nearly half a mile (kilometer).

The man was giving a lecture at the Jane Goodall Institute Chimpanzee Eden on Thursday when two chimpanzees grabbed his feet and pulled him under a fence into their enclosure, said Jeffrey Wicks of the Netcare911 emergency services company.

He was in intensive care in critical condition Friday after undergoing surgery at the Mediclinic hospital in Nelspruit, 180 miles (300 kilometers) from Johannesburg, hospital officials said.

The man had "multiple and severe bite wounds" and was dragged nearly half a mile (kilometer) by the chimpanzees, Wicks said.

Edwin Jay, chairman of the Jane Goodall Institute South Africa, said the man had crossed the first of two fences separating the chimpanzees from visitors and was standing close to the second fence, which is electrified, at the time of the attack.

Jay said the two chimpanzees involved were part of a group that had been rescued from Angola and brought to South Africa more than a decade ago. He said they were placed in their night enclosure and would be held there while sanctuary officials investigate what led to the attack and confirm the fencing is safe. Then they will be returned to the enclosure.

Jay would not release the man's name, saying only that he was an American researcher. Tourists visiting the sanctuary at the time were evacuated safely, he said.

The man lost part of an ear and parts of his fingers in the attack, according to the South African newspaper Beeld. It said the sanctuary's director fired into the air to scare the chimps away from the man, then chased them back into their enclosure.

The international institute founded by renowned primatologist Jane Goodall opened the sanctuary in 2006. It is a home to chimpanzees, which are not native to South Africa, rescued from further north in Africa. Some of the chimpanzees at the sanctuary lost their parents to poachers in countries where they are hunted for their meat, and others were held in captivity in cruel conditions.

In the United States, a Connecticut woman, Charla Nash, was attacked in 2009 by a friend's chimpanzee that ripped off her nose, lips, eyelids and hands before being killed by police. The woman was blinded and has had a face transplant. Lawyers for Nash filed papers this week accusing state officials of failing to seize the animal before the mauling despite a warning from a staff member that it was dangerous (ABC News 4, 2012)

Title: South Africa Rules Chimps That Attacked Texas Student Will Not Be Punished
Date: July 3, 2012
Fox News

Two adult chimpanzees that viciously attacked a U.S. student at a primate sanctuary in South Africa were defending their territory and will be allowed to live, the lead government investigator said Tuesday.

Conservationist Dries Pienaar blamed human error for Thursday's attack.

But one of the sanctuary managers, Eugene Cussons, said he did not blame Andrew F. Oberle for crossing between two safety fences to retrieve a rock that the chimps were in the habit of throwing at tourists.

Oberle was in critical condition and in a medically induced coma in the hospital by Monday night. On Tuesday, doctors refused to describe his condition saying the family, which has arrived from the United States, is traumatized and asking for privacy.

Pienaar told The Associated Press that the chimps tore off one of Oberle's testicles and some fingers from one hand as well as mauling his head. This was "to my astonishment, I couldn't believe it because I know those chimps personally," he said.

He said he found no negligence on the part of the Jane Goodall Institute's Chimpanzee Eden SA in eastern South Africa.

"The only thing that happened is Andrew stepped over the small barrier fence and went right up to the electric fence," he said. "We all know that they are tame chimps, but he shouldn't have done that, he's a researcher, he's supposed to read the body language."

Oberle was leading a group of tourists at the time. The visitors were 10 meters (33 feet) from the second fence, as required by safety rules. After Oberle stepped over the first fence, the chimps dragged him under the electric fence, then out into a public area where they continued to attack him, Cussons said.

Cussons said he was happy that Pienaar found the chimps were involved in territorial defense and would not therefore be killed or punished.

He said he was forced to shoot one of the chimps, but not mortally, after he and a ranger failed to scare the animals into releasing Oberle. When they drove a car at them, chimp Nikki jumped onto the front and smashed the windshield, causing Cussons to fire.

Nikki, aged about 16, was wounded in the abdomen and is being treated at the Johannesburg Zoo.

The other attacker, Amadeus, in its 20s, is on lockdown with its family at the sanctuary.

Pienaar, who has worked as a conservationist for 33 years, said he condoned the shooting, a last option under protocols that recommend first shock treatment or pepper sprays.

"Other than that I'm happy with things," Pienaar said. "I'm not having the chimps put down. I don't think there's reason for that."

Oberle is a post-graduate student of anthropology and primate behavior at the University of Texas at San Antonio. It was his second trip to study at the South African institute, which takes in orphaned and abused chimpanzees (Fox News, 2012).

Title: He's Back: Mystery Monkey Bites St. Pete woman
Date: October 10, 2012
My Fox Tampa Bay

Abstract: The Mystery Monkey of Tampa Bay is back in the news again.

He has been on the run for several years – spotted in Pasco, Temple Terrace, Town ‘N Country, Clearwater and the southern tip of Pinellas – and Florida Fish and Wildlife Officials say the monkey bit a woman Monday while she was sitting on the ground.

It happened near the Boyd Hill Nature Preserve in south St. Pete. Authorities say the monkey came from behind the woman, and bit her on the back.

FOX 13 is honoring a request by wildlife officials not to disclose exactly where they are searching for the monkey, over fears that crowds of people may scare him away.

The woman was treated for her injuries and is expected to be okay. A photograph of her provided to FOX 13 News by theTampa Bay Times shows scratches and marks on her back.

The woman's daughter tells FOX 13 News what happened wasn't necessarily an attack; rather, the monkey came up behind the woman and surprised her.

"I don't believe we can call it an attack.  I think it's more that the monkey jumped on her back, both sides freaked out," the woman's daughter said.

The monkey is a 5-foot tall rhesus macaque. They are typically not dangerous, but officials believe in this case the monkey may have been getting to close and too comfortable with people.

FWC trappers and investigators are working to trap the monkey, and they say they are confident they will do so (My Fox Tampa Bay, 2012).