Biosafety Level 1

BIOTERRORBIBLE.COM: BSL Labs or biosafety level labs have been built all over the United States and around the world. For strategic purposes, a majority of these BSL labs have been purposely placed in large population centers. Regardless of their rating (1-4), BSL labs are a major health risk to the general public simply based on the fact that they house deadly pathogens and suspicious “accidents”  tend to occur at these facilities on a regular basis. Should a bio-terror pandemic arise, it is highly likely that BSL labs will serve as the original source of the deadly pathogen.

Title: Biosafety Level 1
Date: 2012
Source: Wikipedia

Abstract: A biosafety level is the level of the biocontainment precautions required to isolate dangerous biological agents in an enclosed facility. The levels of containment range from the lowest biosafety level 1 (BSL-1) to the highest at level 4 (BSL-4). In the United States, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) have specified these levels. In the European Union, the same biosafety levels are defined in a directive.

Biosafety Level 1
This level is suitable for work involving well-characterized agents not known to consistently cause disease in healthy adult humans, and of minimal
potential hazard to laboratory personnel and the environment (CDC,1997).

It includes several kinds of bacteria and viruses including canine hepatitis, non-pathogenic Escherichia coli, as well as some cell cultures and non-infectious bacteria. At this level precautionsagainst the biohazardous materials in question are minimal, most likely involving gloves and some sort of facial protection. The laboratory is not necessarily separated from the general traffic patterns in the building. Work is generally conducted on open bench tops using standard microbiological practices. Usually, contaminated materials are left in open (but separately indicated) waste receptacles. Decontamination procedures for this level are similar in most respects to modern precautions against everyday microorganisms (i.e., washing one's hands with anti-bacterial soap, washing all exposed surfaces of the lab with disinfectants, etc.). In a lab environment all materials used for cell and/or bacteria cultures are decontaminated via autoclave. Laboratory personnel have specific training in the procedures conducted in the laboratory and are supervised by a scientist with general training in microbiology or a related science (Wikipedia, 2012).