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Bendle Store

Customers and Supplies Available at the Bendle Store

Bidwell’s Bar, California

 June 1858 – April 1859

 

Numerous pages are missing from the original store records. Therefore, the names of many customers that visited the store are lost.                                  Due to the difficult to read handwriting in the store records some of the names below are of uncertain spelling.

 

A  - E

F - L

M - P

Q -T

U -Z

Companies

Barnes, William

Fields, O. H.

Maloy, John

Quigley, Thomas

Vance, John

Bidwell Bridge Co.

Bancroft, C. A.

Fitzgerald, George

Masset, Mike

Ruggels, E. S.

Watson, Charley

Cline, James & Co.

 

Flanders, Ensloe

Marx, Lewis

Ruls, Frank

White, Charles

Long Ripple Co.

Berygerole, L.

Fowles

Maxfield, David

Rust, Jacob

Wiley, Joseph

Lylte, John & Bro.

Branscewm, John

Goodhue, S. A.

Maxwell, Jo

Sasceaux, Peter

Young, Jo

McGreggory & Co.

Blue, J. J.

Gould, F. A.

Maxwell, Thomas

Scotts, D. D

 

Seen, Sh & Co.

Brown

Harlo, O.

Meacham, Joel

Serd, Thomas

 

Stover, R. & Bro.

Burt, Howard

Hart, A. S.

Meyers, I

Servis, Gordon

 

Ustor & Bros.

Burrows, A.

Heinnman, H.

Miles, Frank

Sing, Fi.

 

 

Chamberlain, A. L.

Hess, George W.

Mordel, R.

 

 

 

Clark, E.

Hida, John

Morise, R.

 

 

 

Cline, Jim

Hubbard, D.

Mosely, Jo

Stafford, James

 

 

Chow, Ah

Jackson, A. H.

Mower, R.

Stevens, Richard

 

 

Cline, James

Johnson, Russ

McCarty

Stevens, Dick

 

 

Cushman, Morely

Johnson, Samuel

McCormick, J. S.

Stevens, Henry

 

 

Clark, Thomas

Kelly, M.

McSane, John

Stover, Reuben

 

 

Clayton, John

Kerfer, A.

Nutler, A. P.

Sythe, John

 

 

Cushman, Ezra

Ketchum, Isaac

Olson, Charles

 

 

 

Cushman, Obed

Kinnier, H.

Peterson, Estson

 

 

 

Dalberry, O. V.

Kufer, Spence

Pike, C. B.

Thayer, Oscar

 

 

Davidson, W.A.

Lake, G.

 

Troughton, James

 

 

 

Larsen, Sam

 

Totman, A.

 

 

 

Lee, John

 

Towles, Alfred

 

 

 

Low, Clint L.

 

 

 

 

                                                                                                                                             

Data related to the availability and cost of a wide variety of items can be gleaned from the records. For example, the Long Ripple (Flume) Mining Company’s purchases on June 14,1858 indicate some of the necessary material to conduct their mining operations. During ten other visits to the store the list of purchases ranged from $1.50 to $69.50. No individual name was associated with the Company account.

 

Item

Price

Item

Price

1400 # nails @7.5/lb

105.00

50 # nails @ 7.0 lb

3.75

284 feet 1 ½ rope @ .19¢/ft

53.96

266 _?_ No 0 stock @ 37 ½¢

99.75

1 jack plane

1.50

1 box plane

1.50

1 drawing knife

1.25

1 - 2 inch auger

2.00

2-  iron squares

2.00

2 adzes w/handles

6.50

1- box borax

0.50

3 – Ames shovels

4.50

1 dozen picks & handles

24.00

10  Wheel barrows

65.00

1 hammer

1.00

2 ax handles

1.00

1 box candles

5.50

1 box soap

2.50

2  S & I saws

6.00

Nuts & screws

0.37

2 carpenter pencils

0.25

1 50 yard calk line

1.50

1 tape measure

2.00

1 compass

0.75

1 scratch all

0.25

3  (cholr ?)

0.75

2 bottles of pain killer

0.75

                      ---

 

Total amount of order $393.83

 

An individual who was a frequent shopper at the Bendle Store was E. S. Ruggles. He was a resident of the Enterprise area located east of Bidwell’s Bar. His list of purchases appear to indicate the supplies needed for personal use. E. S. Ruggles purchases at the Bendle Store between June 16, 1858 to August 16,1858 are shown below. 






Item

Price

Item

Price

1 case Ale

5.00

4 bags flour @ 6.50

26.00

1 case Clarret

4.75

7# sundries @20¢/lb

14.00

56# seeds -  white

8.00

193 # Crushed Sugar

40.53

11 # Dried Apples

22.40

1 case Scotch

5.50

1 dozen  _?_

6.00

50# salt

2.50

4 shirts

3.00

3 gallons oil

7.50

1 dozen Cass Pants

25.50

12# butter

54.00

1 pair socks

3.00

1dozen pick handles

6.00

Two dozen chilies

21.00

8 shirts

5.00

12# green tea

9.00

1 pair socks

5.00

800 # flower

72.00

25 # sugar

6.25

81 yards sheeting @ 14¢/yard

11.34

2 fruit pies

14.00

Items not identified

87.00

  1 half for Teamsters  (?)

2.00

Items not identified

170.75

1 case pie fruit

7.50

½  __  pork

26.00

2 boxes soap

5.00

4 boxes candles

20.00

50# salt

2.75

1 dozen yeast powder

4.00

1 gallon gin

21.00

10 ½ # N.O. Sugar

21.41

78 yards gingham @ .18/yd

14.14 (14.04?) ??)

1 pair boots

3.00

113# butter @45¢/lb.

50.85

1  (?)

2.00

61# Hill beans @ 28¢/pound

17.18

 

 

 

Transporting the Supplies to Bidwell

 

During the early years of the gold rush from 1848 to 1852 supplies were limited and sold for outrageous prices when available. For example, in 1848, a common pick would sell for $20 while an iron crow bar might cost $100. By the summer of 1853 the eastern merchants had responded to the demands and had shipped large quantities of materials to San Francisco. The over supply caused the prices of merchandise in San Francisco to decline rapidly bankrupting suppliers that had miscalculated the demand. Supplies for the mountain mining areas were transported by boat up the Sacramento River to Marysville. The seasonal variation in the river flow, shallow depth, and floating debris prevented the development of river traffic up the Feather River to Oroville. Supplies destined for Bidwell were sent to Marysville then reloaded onto pack mules, or freight wagons, for delivery to Bidwell’s Bar. In 1854 basic food items were expensive in the Bidwell area with flour selling for $1.00 a pound, coffee at $4.00 a pound and a dozen eggs cost $12/dozen. By 1858 there was an abundance of needed materials, although prices varied seasonally. Prices remained high due to transportation costs incurred over poor roads especially during winter conditions.

 

The following list of supplies was developed from the store ledger. Numerous other items on the sales records were not included because the names of the items or the prices were not readable.

 

 Partial List of Items available at Bendle Store between July 11, 1858 and April 4, 1859

When two prices shown for the same item this indicates variation in quality of product or change of price over time.

Source:  The original Bendle Store Journal provided by Butte County Historical Society.

Food

Food

Food

Item

Price/

Unit

Item

Price/

Unit

Item

Price/

Unit

Apples

.22¢/#

Mackerel 3@ .50

.50

Sardines, box

0.33/box

Apples, dried

.20¢/lb

Macaroni

0.37½/#

Sardines

.75/can

Beans

0.07/lb

Meal, white

.09¢/lb

Soup, box

2.50

Beans

.08¢/#

Meat, Shoulders

0.20¢/lb

Spice, box

.75

Beans, hill

0.28¢/lb

Mustard bottle

0.31/bottle

Sugar, Chino

.18¢/#

Beans, white

0.08¢/#

Mustard, bottle

0.50¢/bot

Sugar, N. O.

0.20¢/#

Butter

.45¢/lb

Nutmeg, box

0.50/ea

Sugar, raw

.25¢/lb

Cabbage

0.07¢/lb.

Nuts

0.50¢/#

Syrup ½ gal

.75

Cabbage

1.75

Oil, gallon

1.75

Tea, green

.75¢/#

Carrots

0.50¢/#

Oil, gallon

2.75/gal

Tea, Paper

0.25

Catsup, bottle

0.33/bot.

Onions

.05¢/#

Vinegar, gallon

.62¢/gal

Cheese

0.37¢/#

Oranges (Nov.) (#?)

0.50

Yeast powders

0.33/pk

Chicken, can

1.00

Oil, sweet

0.63/bottle

Yeast powders

.37¢/pk

Chicken, live

1.50

Oysters, can

1.00/can

Sugar, raw

.25¢/lb

Codfish

.50

Peaches 33#/10.59

0.33¼/#

Syrup ½ gal

.75

Codfish 83#/$1.33

0.14¢/#

Pepper

.25

Tea, green

.75¢/#

Coffee

.20¢/#

Pickles

0.90/ea

Tea, Paper

0.25

Corn Meal

.03/#

Pickles

1.00/gallon

Vinegar, gallon

.62¢/gal

Crackers

0.18/lb.

Pickle haves

6.00/jar

Yeast powders

0.33/pk

Crackers

.25

Pie fruit

7.00/case

Yeast powders

.37¢/pk

Currents (fruit)

0.37/#

Pie fruit/case

7.50/case

---

---

Currents (in Oct.)

0.50¢/#

Pimento, bottle

0.38¢

---

---

Eggs, dozen

0.75

Pork

.28¢/#

Liquor

Flower

0.05¾/#

Pork

0.30¢/#

Ale, case

5.00

Flower

.09¢/lb

Potatoes

.85¢/#

Brandy, gallon

6.00

Flower, Oregon

.08¢/#

Potatoes, sweet

0.05¢/#

Brandy, gallon

12.50

Grapes 45#,  $7.20

0.15/lb

Radish, bottle

0.38¢/bot.

Cherry, bottle

1.50

Ham

0.28¢/#

Raisins

0.50/box

Gin, gallon

2.50

Ham

.30¢/#

Rice, Carolina

.11¢/lb

Muscatel

0.50

Jelly, can

0.75/can

Rice, Matt #50

0.07¢/#

Scotch, case

8.00

Lard

.35¢/#

Salt, coarse

.04¢/#

Whiskey, bottle

0.50

Lemon, bottle

0.30/bot

Salt, sack

.25

Whiskey, gallon

2.00

Lemon, bottle

0.37¢

Salt, sack

.75

Saudis Sarsaparilla

1.25/bot

 

 

Hardware

Hardware

Miscellaneous

Item

Price/

Unit

Item

Price/

Unit

Item

Price/

Unit

Acid

0.50

Nails, keg

97.50

Tobacco Products

Adz, w/handle

3.25

Nails, shingle 

0.13//b

Cigars dozen 1.25

0.10/ea

Augers, ½ diam.

0.25/ea

Nails, Tacks

0.50

Cigars, box

4.00

Auger, 2”

2.00

Needle, sail   ½ doz.

.50

Cigars, box

12.00

Auger, handles

0.25/ea

Oil, Gall/bottle

2.00

Matches, ½ dozen

.50

Ax, Hatchet

1.15

Pencil, Carpenter (2)

.25

Pipe, Clay .50¢/doz

0.04/ea

Ax, handled

2.25

Picks w/handles

2.50/ea

Tobacco, plug

.25¢/ea

Ax, hand

2.50

Pipes, box

2.50

Tobacco, one plug

.73¢/ea

Barley

0.02½¢/lb

Plane, Block

1.50

Tobacco, three plugs

1.00

Barley 10# - $2.00

0.10/lb

Plane, Jack

1.50

Tobacco, six plugs

3.00

Borax, box

.50

Powder, case

8.50/keg

---

---

Bridle

1.50/ea

Powder, keg 100#

10.00

---

---

Brush, sluice

1.50/ea

---

---

Medicine

Bucket, tin

1.25

---

---

Item

Price/Unit

Bucket

.75

Quicksilver

0.87½¢/lb

Castor Oil

0.50/bt.

Chalk, red, ½#

0.50

Quicksilver 3#/3.00

1.00/lb

Lineament, bottle

0.50/bot

Can, metal/ea

0.75

Rivets, copper /lb.

2.25

Mineral Oil, bottle

0.50

Can, for oil

1.00

Rope, ½ -3/4”

.22¢/ft

Pain Killer, bottle

0.50/bot

Canvas

0.42¢/yd

Rope 1”

.20¢/ft

Stomach Bitters

1.00/bottle

Caps, box

1.25

Rope 1 ½"

19¢/ft

Housekeeping

 Chisel, 2”

2.00

Sacks (100)

14.00/100

Blanket

3.00

Cloth, canvas

0.42¢/yd

Saw Files, 1/2doz

1.12

Blanket

5.00/ea

Cloth, duck

0.25¢/yd

Saw, Hand

3.00

Bowl

.25

Cloth, duck

.35/yd

Scratch, All

.75

Broom

0.63/ea

Cloth, Drill

0.15¢/yd

Screws, 2”

.25/doz.

Bucket, tin

1.25/ea

Coal, sack

6.00

Shovels, Best

1.00

Buttons, pearl

0.25

Compass

.75

Shovels, Ames

1.50

Candle

.50

Dipper, iron

1.25

Shovels, Best

2.00/ea

Candles, box

5.50

Files

0.18¢/ea

Shovel, Childs

1.00

Clock

2.50

Fuse, 100 feet

3.00

Shovels, Grays

1.75

Clothes Pins/dozen

1.00

Hammer

1.00

Square, Iron

1.00

Coffee Mil, grinder

1.50

Hay 261/# 5.00

0.02/#

Tape, measure

2.00

Coffee Pot

0.75

Hose, canvas 

0.07¢/ft

Twine, roll

.50/roll

Cups & Saucers

.33/ea

Knife, drawing

1.25

Turpentine, gallon

1.75

Cup, tin

0.25/ea

Lumber, 80 feet

0.04/ft.

Wheel Burrow

6.50

Dish

1.00

Nails, 100# 7.50

0.07¢/lb.

Whit Stone

0.50

Door lock

1.50

Nails

.10¢/#

---

---

Ink, bottle

.25

Nails, No.20/100#

7.50

---

---

Knife, butcher

0.75

---

---

---

---

Knife, chopping

1.25/ea

---

---

---

---

Knives & Forks

.33/ea

Personal Items

Personal Items

---

---

Lamp chimney

0.50

Comb

0.50/ea

---

---

Lamp Wicks

0.50/doz.

Comb, fine

0.33/ea

Pan & dipper

1.37/set

Razor Strap

0.75/ea

Soap, bar

0.25/ea

Paper, envelopes

0.25/ea

Shaving Brush

0.25/ea

Shoe, Blacking, W.P.

0.50/ can

Paper, letter

?

Shaving glass

0.50/ea

Soap, box

2.50/box

Picture, cream

0.75

Clothing

Clothing

Soap, Castieal (sic)

0.50/bar

Pills, box

.50

Belt, leather

0.75

Tooth brush

0.50/ea

Plates

.33/ea

Boots, boys

2.50/pair

 

 

Plates 

.50/ea

Boots

3.50

Pants

2.00

Spoon, table

.16¢/ea

Boots

5.00

Pants, cotton

1.50

Spoon, tea

.16¢/ea

Boots, S. L. rubber

6.00/pr

Pants, denim

2.00

Thread, spool

0.25

Coat, tin & rubber

6.00

Pants, duck

2.00

Thread, spool

.37

Coat

10.00

Shirt, flannel

1.50

Tin cups

.16/ea

Gaiters

2.00/pair

Shirt, grey

2.00

 

 

Gloves

1.75

Shirt, hickory

1.00

 

 

Gloves

2.50

Shirt, hickory

1.50

 

 

Handkerchief

1.00

Shirt, white

2.50

 

 

Handkerchief, silk

4.50

Shoes, boy’s

1.75

 

 

Hat

1.50

Slippers

1.25

 

 

Hat

4.50

Socks, pair

0.50

 

 

Jumper

0.75

Socks

3.00

 

 

Overalls, pair

0.75

Socks

5.00

 

 

 

By 1859, the days of the individual miner were over. The cost of conducting the mining operations forced them to form mining  groups and work cooperatively sharing the cost of operation and profit. Many of the miners were employees of larger companies working as day laborers. When considering the cost of the various items available in the Bidwell Store in 1858 -1859 it is helpful to remember that the typical daily wage for a common laborer was $3.00 for a twelve hour day. The workweek included six days with Sunday being the day of rest; often spent repairing tools, mending clothes and preparing basic camp foods for the next week.

 

Additional history about the Bendle Store and a photograph of the building is available on the Gluckauf Store page on this site.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                          

 

       

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