Department of Sanskrit studies
Shri Chitrapur Math

Dear Sanskrit student,

Parama Pujya Sadyojata Shankarashrama Swamiji's love and reverence for Sanskrit is well known. Swamiji, in His pravachana-s, has always touched upon the language's beauty and its capacity to express a thought. Following His instructions that Sanskrit learning must be made easy and freely available to everybody who desires to learn it, a group of sadhaka-s worked to formulate a Step by Step learning programme.

The lessons that you see on our website are designed to take a student from 'I do not know a word of Sanskrit' to ' I can't believe that I can decipher this on my own!' 
We help you do this through tutorials and exercises in sentence construction. Answers to the exercises are also given for you to cross-check the work that you have done.
Whenever you come across a teaching point that you do not understand, please write to us and your queries will be answered.

We hope that we have, through our lessons, been able to crack the general notion that Sanskrit is difficult; it is definitely not. Like any other topic, all it requires is a respect for the subject and a willingness to learn. And we are here to help you every step of the way.

The last few years have seen a tremendous revival in enthusiasm for learning the language. We thank every resource material, whether in the form of a book or a web-site, that has helped us construct this Step by Step programme together. We also thank every student who has written in with queries or appreciative messages. This keeps up our enthusiasm!

Most of all, our humble and grateful pranama-s at the Lotus feet of Parama Pujya Swamiji for giving us this extraordinary and very fulfilling opportunity to perform Guru-seva.


We welcome feedback from our students - how you find the lessons, which lesson you are at and suggestions for improvement.

Please do Contact Sri Chitrapurmath

Learn Sanskrit through self study

Welcome counter 

Learn Sanskrit through self study 

  Greetings from Samskritapriyah, Chennai, India. In these pages you will find information relating to Sanskrit and also a set of basic lessons to learn the language through self study.  The lessons have been presented in a unique manner allowing you to read the Devanagari script easily without having install any special font or software. Almost any browser on any system (Microsoft Windows, Linux, Macintosh or other Unix machines) will be able to correctly display the text of the lessons. 

  Please enable the display of inline graphic images in your browserto be able to view the lessons properly. Please see the note at the end about enabling the images.The inline images for the Sanskrit lessons are generated on the fly from special text files prepared using the Multilingual Software developed at the Indian Institute of Technology Madras, at Chennai, India. This  approach more or less guarantees error free display of the text on almost all the systems running a web browser.

  Apart from the lessons, these pages also carry interesting information relating to Sanskrit that is generally not known outside India. 

About the Lessons

  The series of twelve lessons is aimed at giving the student a reasonably good introduction to the language. The student will be able to frame sentences relating to daily activities in life and thus will gain enough confidence to converse in Sanskrit though with a smaller vocabulary to begin with.  The structure of the lessons is quite different from that of lessons found in conventional Sanskrit primers. It is hoped that the twelve lessons would provide enough details for the student to understand the basic grammar of Sanskrit and sentence formation rules. 

Background required for following the Lessons 

  The approach taken here does not assume any knowledge of Sanskrit on the part of the student. The student is also not required to know the Devanagari Script. It is assumed that he/she  is familiar with the terminology of English Grammar. Children may also be able to follow the lessons, if parents are able to explain to them the meaning of the grammatical terms used in the lessons.  The Devanagari text will be shown along with Roman Transliteration using standard diacritical marks to help understand the pronunciation of the letters and words. 

Interaction with Samskritapriyah 

  If you would like to interact with the Samskritapriyah group either to seek clarifications on the lessons or to address other issues relating to Sanskrit, you are welcome to send your requests via email to the address given in

contacting IIT.

Inline images

  In most browsers, the default setting permits viewing images. However, almost all Browsers provide a feature to disable viewing of images. Inline images are often disabled to prevent them from being downloaded and displayed, often for reasons of excessive download times. Images have the advantage that they will be properly displayed on almost all browsers. This is the reason for sending the contents of the lessons in the form of images.

  These lessons were first made available on the web in the  year 1997. Over the years, we have received warm messages from thousands of readers who have benefited from the presentations here at the Acharya site. We would appreciate hearing from you about the usefulness of the presentations. Please send your views to contacting IITM .

Why learn or study Sanskrit?


Reading lessons off-line

(Ready reference for words)

Sanskrit dictionary 
(Online reference 
Monier Williams Dictionary) 

Sanskrit and Science

Sanskrit Literature

Multilingual Editor 
(Use this freely downloadable application to prepare text in Devanagari script for deployment on the web)

On Sanskrit 
(General Information about Sanskrit)



Learn Sanskrit 
संस्कृतं शिक्षामहै

To see Devanagari characters choose: View -> Encoding -> Unicode (UTF-8)

Creating and Viewing Documents in Devanagari

If you cannot see "sanskritam shikshaamahai" in Devanagari at the top then either a Unicode font with Devanagari support doesn't exist on your computer or you haven't set the browser to use an appropriate font. To view and create documents in Devanagari and other Indian Scripts is fairly straightforward. Please have a look at my notes on how to view and create documents in Indian Scripts.

Simple Sentences | vibhakti | dhaatu | Sarani | misc | Dictionary | links | fonts | docs | Stories ] 
Complete Index | Site bundle (zip)]

Please be warned that there might be a lot of grammatical mistakes in the documents on this site. The documents are for me to learn Sanskrit and hopefully share with other learners (and teachers) so that they can correct me. They are not meant as a teaching tool. To learn about teaching tools please see the links below.

Simple Sentences

Complete monthwise Link to simple sentences I make to learn Sanskrit.

February 2006 | March 2006 | April 2006 | May 2006 | June 2006 | July 2006 | August 2006 | September 2006 | October 2006 | November 2006 | December 2006January 2007 | February 2007 | March 2007 | April 2007 | May 2007 | June 2007 | July 2007 | August 2007 | September 2007 | October 2007 | November 2007 |December 2007 | January 2008 | February 2008 | March 2008 | April 2008 | May 2008 | June 2008 | July 2008 | Aug 2008 | Sept 2008 | Oct 2008 | Dec 2008 | Jan 2009 | Feb 2009 | March 2009 | April 2009 | May 2009 | June 2009 | July 2009 | August 2009 | September 2009 | October 2009 | November 2009
txt | html | rtf - All sentences up to 14 Oct 2006

My English to Sanskrit Glossary 
My Sanskrit to English Glossary 
itx | html | pdf - Dictionary of Technical Terms (Compiled by Shri Ramchandra Rao)



Please see the list of the dhaatus and their lakaar form on this site to browse or copy.
Please have a look at the excellent dhaturatnakar software from Rastirya Sanskrit Sansthan.
html | txt List of roots in Dhaturatnakar (To create this list is used)
html | txt - Dhaatus listed in Saral Sanskrit Sarani - Parts I and II, Sri Aurobindo Ashrama, Pondicherry.
html | txt - Future tense forms listed in Saral Sanskrit Sarani - Parts I and II, Sri Aurobindo Ashrama, Pondicherry.
html | txt - tumun-pratyaya forms (infinitive verb forms) listed in Saral Sanskrit Sarani.
html | txt - tvaa-pratyaya forms (infinitive verb forms) listed in Saral Sanskrit Sarani. 
html | txt - kta-pratyaya list from Saral Sanskrit Sarani - Parts I and II, Sri Aurobindo Ashrama, Pondicherry. 
html | txt - karmaNi-prayoge (Passive form of dhatus) from Saral Sanskrit Sarani - Parts II, Sri Aurobindo Ashrama, Pondicherry.
html txt - nijant-forms (causative form) list from Saral Sanskrit Sarani - Parts I and II, Sri Aurobindo Ashrama, Pondicherry.


Lists from Saral Sanskrit Sarani - Parts I and II, Sri Aurobindo Ashrama, Pondicherry.



Please see the list of the noun forms and their vibhakti forms on this site to browse or copy.



  • Please see the list of miscellaneous Sanskrit documents on this site to browse or copy.
  • You can find links to all documents on this Sanskrit Learning site in this master file. A perl script is used to create this file.
  • There is a simple perl script to make automatic links in the sanskrit directory and another for sentences subdirectory. There is a brief readme file for instructions. Both these scripts are similar. All you need to do is keep files and run these scripts. The script visits every subdirectory, creates an html file in that subdirectory which links to all the files in that subdirectory. It also reads the first line of each file and displays it next to the name of the file.
  • From time to time I hope to zip the entire directory and make it available for download. Please feel free to download and experiment. The size of the zipped file is around 500 kbyes, a mere nothing.



There are many options but if you have use a PC, download and install Louis Bonte's Windows interface to Monier-Williams Dictionary.

Download it from its home at the Sanskrit Dictionary PageIt is extremely easy to install and is an extraordinary help in learning Sanskrit.

The entire setup consists of Louis Bonte's interface program (, MW dictionary database (, and font files ( The directions for installing, which are no more than unzipping and keeping all the files in one folder, are given in Readme.txt in

It is important to obtain a good Sanskrit-English dictionary. There are a few good ones (in print) and get any you can get.

You have a few options to choose from for a good online dictionary.

There is another fully html based dictionary which you can use online or download on your own computer. This dictionary has been put together by Prof Richard Mahoney, and it's totally in Roman Script.

Online Apte's Dictionary 
Online Monier-Williams Dictionary (local copy) 
Online - Macdonell, Arthur Anthony. A practical Sanskrit dictionary. London: Oxford University Press, 1929 
Sanskrit, Pali, and Prakrit Online Dictionaries
Digital Dictionaries of South Asia - University of Chicago 
Dictionary Page at the Sanskrit Documents Site 
English to Hindi Dictionary at Aksharamala

The entire Monier-Williams dictionary is available in a standard format used by all the dictionaries in different languages. The format is uniform so that one program can work for all the dictionaries. There are interactive programs which look up dictionaries online but even with India as the great IT power we don't have even one simple port of the perl script or another program which can simply read the available text files and display word meanings.

It shouldn't take more than a couple of hours of time of a professional programmer to take a perl script such as this and turn it into a useful stand-alone program. The script as it is, is programmed to read online databases and the only thing that needs to be done is to get it to look at a database on the computer itself in Devanagari script! Where is the great Indian IT power?



sanskrit99, Sanskrit 2003chandas, paitub, paitubi, paitui, paitur, uttara, Code2000



Vetal Stories 0 to 25 वेतालपञ्चविंशति



Itranlator Manual
Unicode for Sanskrit Manual



Sankrit documents, tools, learning (The master site for all things Sanskrit.)
AIR Sanskrit News (text version in pdf format) 
Sri Aurobindo Ashrama Learning Sanskrit website 
Rashtriya Sanskrit Sansthan Simple lessons on VCDs and Dhaturatnakar 
Gerard Huet's Sanskrit Site 
Digital Library of India 
Sanskrit Quote of the Day - From Maharshi Mahesh Yogi University and provides links to great Sanskrit resources.
First Sanskrit Only Website - karmaadhikaara by Shri Viresh Kaashyapa
Sandhi Program - A very friendly sandhi program which gives the relevant rules from Panini's Grammar written by Chetan Pandey.
Sanskrit Bhaarati 
Paramaarta Tattvam (Each issue has an Introduction to Sanskrit section.)
Itrans Package for processing Indian Scripts 
Sanskrit blogs Sanskrit Study - Links and Information 
Ganakashtadhyaayi - Panini's Ashtadhyayi on Computer
SanskritaPradipika1- A lamp to learning Sanskrit 
View and Create Indian Script Documents 
IIT, Madras Multilingual Software 
Technology Development for Indian Languages
Karthik Raman (a) Blogspot (b) wordpress. Also Sanskrit Sangha, IISc, Bangalore.
Ancient Sanskrit Online - Univ of Texas 
A Sanskrit Language resources site 
Sanskrit Step-by-step - Chitrapur Math 
Shri Veda Bharati - Sanskrit lessons too. 
Gaudiya Grantha Mandir - A library of Sanskrit and Gaudiya texts
Script Converter (from say, Harvard-Kyoto to Itrans) 
Sanskrit Web - Electronic copies Vedas, Ramayam, etc. Sanskrit Page
The Indian Script converter
Learn Sanskrit - Sri Sathya Sai Veda Pratishthaan - has scanned images of several books available online one page at a time. 
Samskrutam - Learn Sanskrit site from Bhubaneswar, India.
Gita supersite of IIT, Kanpur 
Language Technologies Research Centre - IIIT Hyderabad
Sanskrit News (Twice Daily) - All India Radio (downloadable mp3) txt (from AIR) | txt (Karmadhikara site - click on vaartaaH)
Sanskrit Blog - Shashtri Nityagopal Katare - They also have a weekly online class (Note: 20 June 2006) 
Speak Sanskrit - An attempt at a comprehensive Speak Sanskrit website by students in the US - Their Sanskrit magazine Vishvavani
Speak Sanskrit Dictionary - Online English-Sanskrit and Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Google Sanskrit News - Direct feeds from various Sanskrit related sites
Vedic Samhitas - MP3 audio, Devanagari text, and English Translation - Site maintained by Shri Nandan Menon 
Kalidas Blog - Samskritam blog by a beginning sanskrit (samskrit) student. 
Sanskrit Voice - 
Sanskrit Resources - A resources page set up by Les Morgan 
Subhashitani - Wise sayings in Sanskrit 
Special Centre for Sanskrit Studies - JNU 
Anusaarka संस्कृत-शब्द-विश्लेषकम् IIIT Hyderabad
Translations of Sanskrit Classics - Shri Desiraju Hanumanta Rao's site
Google Indic Transliteration
Indialogue - Dialogue between Greek & Western and Indian philosophies