Language

Searchable database of Grierson's Linguistic Survey of India, 19 Vols.Indian sound recordings bring history to lifeBy Mark DummettBBC News, Delhi 3 November 2010 Last updated at 17:56 GMT

A collection of Indian sound recordings from the early 20th Century, which has never been made public before, has been put online and is available to download free.

The recordings were made by British colonial officers as part of a massive effort to study hundreds of different languages and dialects spoken in Britain's Indian Empire, which in those days stretched from the frontier with Afghanistan all the way into Burma.

The gramophone records were only recently tracked down, gathering dust in the British Library, by Professor Shahid Amin of Delhi University.

"This is a unique collection and that it has gone online is a thing to be celebrated," he told the BBC.

"We didn't just want to put the recordings on to CDs and then leave them in a research centre," he said.

"The people who really know these languages might be living in a village. They too can go to a cyber cafe and listen to these voices from the past."

Almost 250 gramophone records in all have been digitised and put on to the website of the Digital South Asia Library, which is run by the University of Chicago and the Centre for Research Libraries.

They contain songs and stories in 97 different languages and dialects compiled between 1913 and 1929.

Recording them all was a mammoth project, which involved a single gramophone operator criss-crossing the subcontinent.

His cut-glass English accent can be heard introducing each new narrator and singer, who themselves sometimes had to travel hundreds of kilometres.

The archive includes the only known recording of a famous "dastango", or storyteller of Delhi, Bakr Ali, whose stories normally lasted for hours, rather than the three and half minutes that could be put on to a gramophone record.

The Indian government hoped that the sound archive, complemented by 19 volumes of text, could be used to teach trainee civil servants from Britain the language of the region in which they were about to serve.

To help the British compare the different languages, a single, standard text was also translated and its narration recorded.

The project was known as the Linguistic Survey of India. The man behind it, George Grierson, chose the Biblical passage The Parable of the Prodigal Son to be this text.

Prof Amin says that perhaps this was not very appropriate for a country with relatively few Christians.

"Grierson really coyly remarks in a footnote that this was the best thing because here you have all the three tenses, past, present and future and all the three persons in a relatively short story," Prof Amin said.

"That was fine for a grammatical exercise. The real problem was that not everyone knew the story."

Prof Amin describes Grierson as a "linguistic genius" who dedicated decades of his life to this project.

But after his retirement from the Indian Civil Service the recordings disappeared into obscurity - until now.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-south-asia-11677932


Manual of the Malay Language by W.E. Maxwell (1846-1897)


Panini : his place in Sanskrit literature : an investigation of some literary and chronological questions which may be settled by a study of his work (1861), Theodor Goldstucker

Ganakastadhyayi, a software on Sanskrit grammar, based on Panini's Sutras

System of Panini: Girish Nath Jha
Sanskrit Language
PDF

Description

Sanskrit Language
A downloadable and searchable version of Monier-Williams' Sanskrit Dictionary. dictionary. Searches can be by exact match, initial, medial or final letters.Users of Vista need this fix for the dictionary to work properly.
Dictionary of Sanskrit Grammar [DLI]
Sanskrit Grammar: Including both the Classical Language and the Older Dialects [Million Books Project] [Amazon]
Roots, Verb-Forms, and Primary Derivatives of the Sanskrit Language - Whitney [Million Books Project]
Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung VOL 1-4 Böhtlingk, Otto, 1815-1904 [Million Books Project]
Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung VOL 5-7 Böhtlingk, Otto, 1815-1904[Million Books Project]
Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung (suppl) Böhtlingk, Otto, 1815-1904 [Million Books Project]
Kale - A Higher Sanskrit Grammar [Million Books Project]
MacDonnell - A Sanskrit Grammar for Students [Million Books Project]
MacDonnell - A Vedic Grammar for Students [Million Books Project]
MacDonnell - A Vedic Reader for Students [Google Books]
Schlegel's edition and Latin translation of the Bhagavad Gita Uncorrected.[Google Books]
H.H. Wilson's English Translation (with notes) of the Vishnu Purana(uncorrected)[Google Books](1864-1870)
Kalidasa - Sakuntala, a Sanskrit drama, in seven acts. The Deva-Nagari recension of the text, ed. with literal English translations of all the metrical passages, schemes of the metres and notes, critical and explanatory (1876) [Million Books Project]
sansknet.org mirrorA mirror of the sansknet.org project made sometime during 2004-2005 using HTTrack. Several works are incomplete or missing. I do not know if this is due to network errors during the process of mirroring, or if the works had not yet been added to the site
    Dowson, John, 1820-1881 A Classical Dictionary of Hindu Mythology and Religion, Geography, History, and Literature(1888) (Amazon)
    PrasnopanishadPrasnopanishad Bhashya - Sanskrit edition and commentary, with English translation and notes. 1951. PDF produced from DJVU file at the Million Books Project
    KathopanishadSanskrit edition, with English translation and notes. Chandra Vasu [Google Books]




    Source: Wilbourhall

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                            A glossary of judicial and revenue terms and of useful words occurring in official documents relating to the administration of the government of British India, from the Arabic, Persian, Hindustani, Sanskrit, Hindi, Bengali, Uriya, Marathi, Guzarathi, Telugu, Karnata, Tamil, Malayalam and other languagesA glossary of judicial and revenue terms and of useful words occurring in official documents relating to the administration of the government of British India, from the Arabic, Persian, Hindustani, Sanskrit, Hindi, Bengali, Uriya, Marathi, Guzarathi, Telugu, Karnata, Tamil, Malayalam and other languages by H. H. Wilson1 edition (1 ebook) - first published in 1855Read


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                                          A Santali-English dictionaryThe  life of Shivaji MaharajThe life of Shivaji Maharaj by Krshnarava Arjuna Kelusakara                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          

                                          1 edition (1 ebook) - first published in 1921



                                          A Santali-English dictionary by A. Campbell1 edition (1 ebook) - first published in 1899   Read

                                            The history of the Bengali language










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                                                              Bengali prose style, 1800-1857Bengali prose style, 1800-1857 by Dinesh Chandra Sen2 editions (1 ebook) - first published in 1921Read
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                                                                  History of Bengali literature in the nineteenth century, 1800-1825History of Bengali literature in the nineteenth century, 1800-1825 by Sushil Kumar De2 editions (1 ebook) - first published in 1919Read
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                                                                                GitanjaliGitanjali by Rabindranath Tagore30 editions (2 ebooks) - first published in 1913Read
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                                                                                    MālinīMālinī by Rabindranath Tagore18 editions (4 ebooks) - first published in 1913Read
                                                                                      The hungry stones: and other storiesThe hungry stones: and other stories by Rabindranath Tagore8 editions (3 ebooks) - first published in 1916Read
                                                                                        The cycle of springThe cycle of spring by Rabindranath Tagore8 editions (2 ebooks) - first published in 1917Read
                                                                                          Sacrifice and other playsSacrifice and other plays by Rabindranath Tagore6 editions (1 ebook) - first published in 1917Read
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                                                                                              Kalidasa's Śakuntala: an ancient Hindu dramaKalidasa's Śakuntala: an ancient Hindu drama by Kālidāsa3 editions (1 ebook) - first published in 1922Read
                                                                                                The autobiography of Maharshi Devendranath TagoreThe autobiography of Maharshi Devendranath Tagore byDebendranatha Thakura3 editions (3 ebooks) - first published in 1914Read
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                                                                                                                • An introduction to the Maithili dialect of the Bihari language as spoken in North BiharAn introduction to the Maithili dialect of the Bihari language as spoken in North Bihar by George Abraham Grierson1 edition (1 ebook) - first published in 1909ReadAn introduction to the Maithili dialect of the Bihari language as spoken in North BiharAn introduction to the Maithili dialect of the Bihari language as spoken in North Bihar by George Abraham Grierson1 edition (1 ebook) - first published in 1909
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                                                                                                                  Frits Staal, University of California, Berkeley (2008)




                                                                                                                  This presentation of Gramophone Recordings from the Linguistic Survey of India consists of digitized recordings originally collected in South Asia during a period from 1913 until 1929. Intended as a supplement to Sir George A. Grierson'sLinguistic Survey of India published between 1904 and 1927, the recordings of stories, songs and poems were collected by provincial and presidential governments of British-ruled India in cooperation with Grierson and the Gramophone Company, Calcutta.

                                                                                                                  The recordings can be found in two ways. First, there is guided browsing of the recordings. In the main navigation on the left, the recordings are divided among the language families that correspond to the volumes in Grierson's Linguistic Survey of India. From the choice of a language family, a user will be directed to the languages within that family and the available recordings. Recordings from Burma were also collected and have been added to the navigation. In addition, below the language families of the main navigation, a reader may choose to browse the recordings either according to the provinces where they were produced or the years when they were recorded. Second, there is a key word search that draws from the descriptions of the recordings.

                                                                                                                  In addition to the mp3 file of the original recording and a description of the speaker, including his place of origin when known, a transcript of the recording is presented. At present only contemporary transcripts published by the provincial governments for the recordings are available. Additional transcripts will be added as they are created. Both context maps and historical maps are presented in order to describe the geographical aspect of the recordings.



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