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Bibliotheken und Bibliographien

Library and bibliographical resources

Individual Libraries

Online Texte




  • Yoga-Sūtras of Patañjali The Internet Archive of the Yoga Sūtras of Patañjali. - is an "all in one" page, with different interpretations translated in different languages.
  • Yoga-Sūtras of Patañjali (ftp) A zipped-text archive of the Indology
  • Muktabodha Indological Research Institute online library of digital images texts, primarily from the Shaiva, Shakta, and Vedic traditions.
  • In Parentheses Dort finden sich unter 'Sanskrit Series' einige nützliche Texte sowie unter 'Linguistics' folgende Dateien: Basic Sanskrit (transliterated and in Devanāgarī) 100 words, (PDF), Sanskrit (transliterated and in Devanāgarī) 3200 words (PDF),  Devanāgarī Flash Cards (PDF), Devanāgarī Orthography Manual (PDF), Devanāgarī Transliteration Practice (PDF)
  • GRETIL - Göttingen Register of Electronic Texts in Indian Languages
  • 1891 Census of India and Memorandum on the Census of British India of 1871-72
  • Vedas and Upaniṣads A Chapter from the Book INDIA & Southeast Asia to 1800
  • list.
  • Mahābhārata-Tatparya-Nirnaya E-text of a digest of the Mahābhārata by Madhva
  • Bhagavadgītā Home page
  • Dvaita Text Resources
  • SARIT is a freely-available online facility that enables you to search through an online library of Sanskrit texts for keywords, word-collocations, and other linguistic strings.


Electronic Journals:

Journals Online:

Newspapers & Magazines:


Tools and Materials

  • Mailing List to Learn Sanskrit:   Learn Sanskrit through simple e-mails! Samskrita Bharati has set-up a new mailing list called "sanskrit" to assist in the learning of Sanskrit through simple sentences. This is a moderated list meant to promote conversational Sanskrit. Each day, five simple Sanskrit sentences, and their translated meanings, are mailed to list subscribers. To subscribe please send an e-mail to:majordomo@hindunet.org, with "subscribe sanskrit" written in the body of the message.
  • Sanskrit Education Society, Chennai In these pages you will find information relating to Sanskrit and also a set of basic lessons to learn the language through self study
  • Maharishi University
  • Sanskrit Tutor Sanskrit Tutor is based on the Level 1 Sanskrit course taught by Dr. Sarasvati Mohan of the Sanskrit Academy. This course has been student tested for 30 years as a tool for teaching Sanskrit. Seth Craighead, an advanced student of the Sanskrit Academy, has combined years of software engineering experience with an interest in Sanskrit to produce this easy to use educational software. The first lesson introduces students to the Devanagari script by showing how to write each character while playing its sound. Once the students master this, they progress on to pronunciation exercises, which teach them how to combine consonants and vowels to form Sanskrit words. The copying exercises also strengthen their ability to write in Sanskrit. These exercises form the foundation for learning Sanskrit, Hindi, and other Northern Indian languages which use the Devanagari script. This program can be used by children as young as 5 to learn at their own pace.
  • Sanskrit Word Declensions This is a set of qdatr files used for forming Sanskrit word declensions. The distribution of the qdatr program for standalone dos systems is best picked up from the source at: Software related to DATR.
  • Sanskrit Grammarian Declension site run by Gerard Huet.
  • Sanskrit Declensions (Site in German)
  • Devanagari ScriptDevanagari Script Learn the Devanagari script used for writing Hindi and Sanskrit.
  • Web Guide to Buddhist Studies
  • The Titus Project
  • In Parentheses Dort finden sich unter 'Sanskrit Series' einige nützliche Texte sowie unter 'Linguistics' folgende Dateien: Basic Sanskrit (transliterated and in Devanāgarī) 100 words, (80K PDF), Sanskrit (transliterated and in Devanāgarī) 3200 words (744K PDF),  Devanāgarī Flash Cards (72K PDF), Devanāgarī Orthography Manual (152K PDF), Devanāgarī Transliteration Practice (72K PDF)



  • Ayurveda Glossary of the Ayurvedic Institute Online Research Center A small sample of the terms available in the complete Ayurvedic dictionary that can only be accessed by subscribers.
  • Newari Lexicon based on the Amarakosa 
  • Human Languages Page The Human-Languages Page is a comprehensive catalog of language-related Internet resources. The over 1900 links in the HLP database have been hand-reviewed to bring you the best language links the Web has to offer. Whether you're looking for online language lessons, translating dictionaries, native literature, translation services, software, language schools, or just a little information on a language you've heard about, the HLP probably has something to suit your needs.
  • Hobson-Jobson Dictionary A glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Words and Phrases, and of Kindred Terms, Etymological, Historical, Geographical and Discursive.







  • American Council for Southern Asian Art The American Council for Southern Asian Art (ACSAA) is a non-profit organization dedicated to advancing the study and awareness of the art of South and Southeast Asia.
  • South Asian Art Archive at the University of Pennsylvania The South Asia photographic archive at the University of Pennsylvania, set up in 1979, principally duplicates the holdings of the American Institute of Indian Studies' Center for Art and Archaeology in Gurgaon, near Delhi, India. Holdings currently consist of approx. 80,000 black-and-white photographs (classified by period and region), site and museum indexes, and approx. 4,000 color slides. By agreement with the AIIS and the Smithsonian Foreign Currencies Program, which funds the Gurgaon Center, photographs added to the Gurgaon archive are added also to the archive in Philadelphia, keeping it a current tool for research. Strong in architecture and sculpture, the archive also has documentation in the areas of miniature painting, Baroque architecture in India, and architecture and sculpture from other parts of South Asia.
  • Michael W. Meister's Home Page Michael W. Meister, former Chair of the History of Art Department at the University of Pennsylvania, is a specialist in the art of South Asia. His research focuses on temple architecture, the morphology of meaning, and other aspects of the art of the Indian sub-continent.
  • The National Museum of India The National Museum, opened to the public in its current location on December 18, 1960, houses more than 2, 00, 000 works of art, Indian and international, spanning more than five thousand years. Apart from extensive and varied collections from around the world, a major attraction here is the gallery on Buddhist art.  Eighty-four select exhibits are displayed which include the highly revered sacred relics of the Buddha (5th century BC) excavated from Piprawaha in the Basti district of Uttar Pradesh, Thankas, Kapardina Buddha from Ahicchhatra, Buddha's foot-prints from Nagarjunakonda and scenes from his life while at Sarnath. Other sculptures, terracotta figures, and ritual items, from the three principal Buddhist sects - Hinayana, Mahayana and Vajrayana - line the walls, representing Nepal, Tibet, Central Asia, Burma, Java and Cambodia, as well as India. 
  • Museum für Asiatische Kunst, Berlin
  • Global Hindu Electronic Network Gallery of Hindu Pictures The Global Hindu Electronic Networks presents an extensive gallery of Hindu pictures and art. This extensive collection is comprised of several thousand categorized images.
  • The Black Peacock Gallery art miniatures and architecture from India
  • Asian Arts
  • Indian Art
  • Goloka (Black Peacock). Kangra paintings; thirty seven paintings from the Mewari school dating back to the late 17th-early 18th century, illustrating Jayadeva Goswami's Gita-Govinda; scenes from Rama's exile in the forest from the Ramayana, and others.
  • RH Meadow of Harvard University
  • Sacred Visions, Early Paintings from Central TibetCurators Steven M. Kossak & Jane Casey Singer of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. Exhibited at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York from October 6, 1998 to January 17, 1999 and at the Rietberg Museum, Zurich, Switzerland from February 14 to May 16, 1999.
  • Early Tibetan Mandalas: The Rossi Collection Early Tibetan Mandalas: The Rossi Collection has been exhibited in Paris, France, Maastricht, Holland, and most recently in Peaceful Wind Gallery, Santa Fe, NM from Sept. 16 - October 29, 1994. The collection featured 14 fine Tibetan paintings of mandalas dating from the 13th to the 16th centuries, from Rossi & Rossi, London.
  • Buddhist Thangka Gallery from the Taeger Collection
  • Mandir: Hindu Temples Reference Center A listing of temple locations, events, resources, news, photos, art, histories, and articles.
  • Templenet - Indian Temple website
  • Harappa: the Latest Discoveries 1995-98 by JM Kenoyer of the University of Wisconsin
  • Harappa: The Indus Valley Civilization
  • Coins of India A list of various resources on ancient and modern Indian coinage.

Sanskrit Studieren

Sanskrit Studies in Australia

Sanskrit Studies in Europe

Sanskrit Studies in India

North America (Including Summer Courses)

Sanskrit Summer Courses


  • Organisationen Gesellschaften, Vereine
  • Deutsche Morgenländische Gesellschaft (DMG)
  • Association of Asian Studies (AAS) The Association for Asian Studies (AAS), the largest society of its kind in the world, is a scholarly, non-political, non-profit professional association open to all persons interested in Asia. It seeks through publications, meetings, and seminars to facilitate contact and an exchange of information among scholars to increase their understanding of East, South, and Southeast Asia. It counts among its members scholars, business people, diplomats, journalists, and interested lay persons.
  • International Association for the Psychology of Religion
  • Asia-Link EU-Programme that promotes regional and multilateral networking between higher education institutions in Europe, South Asia, South-East Asia and China
  • International Association of Sanskrit Studies (IASS) 
  • European Association for the History of Religion
  • European Association for Southeast Asian Studies(EUROSEAS)
  • Deutsche Gesellschaft für Asienkunde e.V. Die Gesellschaft hat den Zweck, das gegenwartsbezogene Studium Asiens zu fördern, wissenschaftlich gesicherte Kenntnisse zu verbreiten, den Austausch wissenschaftlicher Informationen, Erfahrungen und Ideen zu beleben sowie die Zusammenarbeit der hieran interessierten Personen und Institutionen auf nationaler und internationaler Eben zu intensivieren. Zu diesem Zweck veranstaltet sie Konferenzen und Tagungen und gibt vierteljährlich die Zeitschrift ASIEN heraus. Vorsitzender ist Dr. Christian Schwarz-Schilling, MdB.
  • Goethe-Institut Max Mueller Bhavan, New Delhi 
  • Deutsch-Indische Gesellschaft 
  • Vereine in Deutschland, Österreich und in der Schweiz
  • Societa Indologica "Luigi Pio Tessitori"
  • Association Francaise pour les Etudes Indiennes (AFEI)
  • Centre d'etudes de l'Inde et de l'Asie du sud
  • India Site Europe
  • American Academy of Religion (AAR) In a world where religion plays so central a role in social, political, and economic events, as well as in the lives of communities and individuals, there is a critical need for ongoing reflection upon and understanding of religious traditions, issues, questions,and values. The American Academy of Religion's mission is to promote such reflection through excellence in scholarship and teaching in the field of religion. As a learned society and professional association of teachers and research scholars, the American Academy of Religion has over 8,000 members who teach in some 1,500 colleges, universities, seminaries, and schools in North America and abroad. The Academy is dedicated to furthering knowledge of religion and religious institutions in all their forms and manifestations. This is accomplished through Academy-wide and regional conferences and meetings, publications, programs, and membership services. Within a context of free inquiry and critical examination, the Academy welcomes all disciplined reflection on religion--both from within and outside of communities of belief and practice--and seeks to enhance its broad public understanding.
  • American Institute of Indian Studies American knowledge of India is shaped by the American Institute of Indian Studies, a consortium of universities and colleges in the United States at which scholars actively engage in teaching and research about India. For more than thirty years, the Institute has provided fellowship support for senior American scholars and Ph.D. candidates. It has offered on-site training in Indian languages through the superb facilities of its Language Centers. And it has extended knowledge of Indian culture through its two research centers. More than 3,500 scholars have received AIIS support. Their work has spanned fields ranging from anthropology to zoology. The results of their work has resulted in literally hundreds of books and thousands of articles, the basis of America's knowledge about India.
  • American Oriental Society The American Oriental Society is the oldest learned society in the United States devoted to a particular field of scholarship. The Society was founded in 1842, preceded only by such distinguished organizations of general scope as the American Philosophical Society (1743), the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (1780), and the American Antiquarian Society (1812). From the beginning its aims have been humanistic. The encouragement of basic research in the languages and literatures of Asia has always been central in its tradition. This tradition has come to include such subjects as philology, literary criticism, textual criticism, paleography, epigraphy, linguistics, biography, archaeology, and the history of the intellectual and imaginative aspects of Oriental civilizations, especially of philosophy, religion, folklore and art. The scope of the Society's purpose is not limited by temporal boundaries: All sincere students of man and his works in Asia, at whatever period of history are welcomed to membership.
  • IDSAS: International Directory of South Asia Scholars

Länderspezifische Links








Transliteration Fonts & Tools

  • IndoSkript Eine elektronische Indische Paläographie
  • The IndoSkript program is now available for downloading. At the moment, only the Brahmi-related database is included. Kharosthi will follow soon. The database will be updated continously.
  • Free critical edition and text comparion tool
  • Versioning Machine 2.0 release: The Versioning Machine is software tool designed by a team of programmers, designers, and literary scholars for displaying and comparing multiple versions of texts. The display environment seeks not only to provide for features traditionally found in codex-based critical editions, such as annotation and introductory material, but to take advantage of opportunities of electronic publishing, such as providing a frame to compare diplomatic versions of witnesses side by side, allowing for manipulatable images of the witness to be viewed alongside the diplomatic edition, and providing users with an enhanced typology of notes.
  • For Macintosh Users
    Easily downloaded fonts in CSX+ (Courier, Helvetica, New Century Schoolbook, Palatino, Times) and Times-Normyn. Instructions for installation are included.
  • For PC Users
    Easily downloaded fonts in CSX+ (Courier, Helvetica, New Century Schoolbook, Palatino, Times) and Times-Norman. Instructions for installation are included.
  • Titus Cyberbit Basic - Unicode Font
    This font includes, among other characters, a (nearly) complete set of Korean, Japanese, and Chinese characters. Bold and Italic variants of this font are not yet available. The font has a size of about 13 MB. N.B.: The font does not provide full coverage of Latin diacritics, Ancient Greek, Armenian, Georgian and the like.
  • Gandhari Unicode Font for Indologists
    The Early Buddhist Manuscripts Project's Gandhari Unicode font. This font is based on the original URW+ Postscript fonts donated to the free software community, has been extended to display the special diacritics necessary for Gandhari and comes with Roman, Italic, Bold, and Bold Italic styles. It contains more than 700 glyphs including all diacritics used for Indological transliteration and European languages as well as modern Greek, IPA and a complete set of Indologically relevant Unicode combining diacritics.
  • Tools for Conversion from CSX+-Encoding to Unicode
    John Smith provides tools for converting your existing files with CSX+ encoding to Unicode from his web site.
  • IME for Unicode Devanagari
    For users of Windows XP and/or Office XP, the Early Buddhist Manuscripts Project has developed an input method for Unicode Devanagari. This input method allows the user to enter text using the same conventions as for transliteration and the computer will display the corresponding text in Devanagari including correct conjuncts. Currently, the most convenient and aesthetically pleasing font to use with this input method is the Arial Unicode OpenType font, included with Office XP.
  • Scriptural Sanskrit Stotras
    Electronic texts of scriptures in Devanagari script (with English ITRANS Transliteration). Devanagari fonts also available.
  • Indian Languages Web Site
    Links to fonts, free software, and other information.
  • Smith, John (personal web page)
    Texts, fonts, and programs
  • Treiber etc. fuer DOS-Word Perfect
  • Indology: Multilingual software, text processing tools, fonts, etc.
  • India: Languages and Scripts Yashwant K. Malaiya (Colorado State Univ.)
  • Tamil Electronic Library



  • Plants in Meghaduta Ein studentische Hausarbeit, die zahlreiche in Kalidasas Meghaduta erwähnte Pflanzen identifiziert und in Bildern veranschaulicht.
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