From Claim to Fact:
Anita de Waard, Elsevier Labs/University of Utrecht.
Scientific fact is established as a community of peers accepts an authors’ claim . We showcase a small case of scientific fact-creation by performing discourse analysis on the Bourne corpus, specifically by
1) Tracing the edits that occur between the draft and final versions of the 2010 paper 
2) Tracing the citations and accompanying modality dropping of claims from the 2009 paper .
We find, first, qualitative evidence of the mechanisms of scientific fact creation, in the establishment of author modality through successive edits of the abstract; and then an erosion of this modality as a claim gets shared, stripped of its modality markers, and manifested in the canon of facts. We show how this anecdotal evidence supports our model of scientific sensemaking [4, 5].
 Latour, Bruno, and Steve Woolgar. (1986). Laboratory Life: The Construction of Scientific Facts. 2nd ed. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1986. ISBN: 9780691028323.
 Kinnings SL, Xie L, Fung KH, Jackson RM, Xie L, et al. 2010 The Mycobacterium tuberculosis Drugome and Its Polypharmacological Implications. PLoS Comput Biol 6(11): e1000976. doi:10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000976
 Xie L, Li J, Xie L, Bourne PE, 2009 Drug Discovery Using Chemical Systems Biology: Identification of the Protein-Ligand Binding Network To Explain the Side Effects of CETP Inhibitors. PLoS Comput Biol 5(5): e1000387. doi:10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000387
 de Waard, A. (2010). Realm Traversal In Biological Discourse: From Model To Experiment and back again, Workshop on Multidisciplinary Perspectives on Signalling Text Organisation (MAD 2010), March 17-20, 2010, Moissac, France.
 de Waard, A. and Pander Maat, H. (2009), Categorizing Epistemic Segment Types in Biology Research Articles. Workshop on Linguistic and Psycholinguistic Approaches to Text Structuring (LPTS 2009), September 21-23 2009. - to be published as a chapter in ‘Linguistic and Psycholinguistic Approaches to Text Structuring’, Laure Sarda, Shirley Carter Thomas & Benjamin Fagard (eds), John Benjamins.
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