"Beyond IID in Information Theory" started as a workshop in Cambridge three years ago, organised by Nilanjana Datta and Renato Renner as a forum for the growing interest in information theoretic problems and techniques beyond the strict asymptotic limit, and aimed at bringing together researchers from a range of different backgrounds, ranging from coding theory, Shannon theory in the finite block length regime, one-shot information theory, cryptography, quantum information, all the way to quantum thermodynamics and other resource theories.

In recent years, both in classical and quantum Shannon theory, attention has shifted from the strictly asymptotic point of view towards questions of finite block length. For this reason, and fundamentally, there is a strong drive to establish the basic protocols and performance limits in the one-shot setting. This one-shot information theory requires the development of new tools, in particular non-standard entropies and relative entropies (min-, Rényi-, hypothesis testing), both in the classical and quantum setting. These tools have found numerous applications, ranging from cryptography to strong converses, to second and third order asymptotics of various source and channel coding problems. A particularly exciting set of applications links back to physics, with the development of a resource theory of thermodynamic work extraction and more generally of state transformations. Physicists have furthermore found other resource theories, for instance that of coherence and that of asymmetry, which are both relevant to the thermodynamics of quantum systems and interesting in their own right.

The whole area is extremely dynamic, as the success of three previous "Beyond IID" workshops has shown.

**Dates:**18-22 July 2016 (following ISIT 2016)

**Venue:**Institut d'Estudis Catalans - C/ del Carme, 47, 08001 Barcelona

**Description:**

The present workshop, the fourth in a series that started in 2013 in Cambridge, will bring together specialists and students of classical and quantum Shannon theory, of cryptography, mathematical physics, thermodynamics, etc, in the hope to foster collaboration in this exciting field of one-shot information theory and its applications. The plan is to have a modest number of talks over the course of the week. Participation is open to all, but the organisers request that everyone interested in attending does register.

**Topics:**

The topics covered under "Beyond IID" include but are not limited to the following:

-Finite block length coding

-Second, third and fourth order analysis

-Strong converses

-Quantum Shannon theory

-Cryptography and quantum cryptography

-New information tasks

-One-shot information theory and unstructured channels

-Information spectrum method

-Entropy inequalities

-Non-standard entropies (e.g. Rényi entropies, min-entropy, ...)

-Matrix analysis

-Thermodynamics

-Resource theories of asymmetry

-Generalised resource theories

-Physics of information