Common Eye Disorders

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Eye Problems What it is Causes Self treatable or preventable with programs like IVI ? Conventional?
Accommodative Insufficiency Inability to change focal point Degeneration  Yes Reading glasses 
Albinism Little or no pigment in the eyes -- cannot develop normal vision Hereditary factor No, only minor improvement Prescription glasses, no cure
Anisocoria The pupils of the two eyes are unequal in size Disorder affecting the nerves with a certain part of the brain Helpful Eye examination.  Treatment on nerves not the eyes
Anisometropia Refractive error of each eye has big difference (e.g. one eye may be farsighted and one nearsighted or both are nearsighted with unequal amounts.)  Degeneration Yes Prescription lenses
Arcus Senilis An opaque white ring encircles the corneas' periphery Degeneration, indication of fat and cholesterol metabolism Helpful Usually not treated as not sight-threatening
Astigmatism Refractive error, distorted image on the retina Degeneration Yes Prescription glasses
Blepharitis Inflamed glands and hair follicles that open onto the surface of the eyelids Bacterial Infection, Environmental stimuli Prevention by keeping eyes healthy Antibiotics, warm compress and scrubs  
Blepharospasm Uncontrollable closing of the eyelids (blinking).  Cranial and focal. Degenerative Helpful Injection of Botulinum toxin into muscles above and below the eye to block nerve impulses
Bloodshot Eyes Redness of the eye Bacterial infection, environmental stimuli, and deficiency of certain nutrients Great for prevention Find out the cause and take proper treatment
Cataracts A clouding of the lens within the eye UV light, free radicals, diseases and injuries, side effect of certain drugs Great for prevention and vision improvement Surgery is common and safe to take away the symptom but not the cause
Central Serous Retinopathy Collection of fluid under the retina that causes visual distortion Controversial,
May be due to high blood level of epinephrine and some other hormones
Helpful in prevention and speeding up recovery
 
Nothing proven effective. Laser treatment may shorten duration of the disease.
Chalazion Meibomian gland in the eyelid becomes plugged Normally bacterial Infection Helpful in prevention and speeding up recovery Antibiotic eye drops, warm compress
Colorblindness Inability to see the full range of colors Caused by diseases, medication side-effects, or just hereditary Normally no None
Computer Vision Syndrome (CVS) Include eyestrain, headaches, blurred vision, disturbed accommodation, neck pain, backache, light sensitivity, double vision, disturbed color vision, dry and irritated eyes Extensive computer use Yes, by relaxing and strengthening the eye muscles Prescription glasses
Convergence Excess Eye muscles not coordinated and the eyes turn inward too far Over-stimulation to focus Yes, by relaxing and strengthening the eye muscles Prescription glasses
Convergence Insufficiency Eye muscles not able to smoothly achieve adequate convergence to view the desired object resulting in tiring of the eyes when doing near-point job Weakening of the control of eye muscles Yes, by relaxing and strengthening the eye muscles Prescription glasses, Vision therapy with biofeedback
Corneal Abrasion Scrape on the cornea by foreign object resulted in prominent pain Injury No.  Sometimes will heal itself Antibiotics to prevent infection, other medication
Corneal Neovascularization New blood vessels grow into the cornea causing it to become cloudy and block light going through Insufficient oxygen flow to the cornea. e.g.: excessive use of contact lenses Great for prevention Remove your contacts.  Need medical professional attention, may lead to blindness
Diabetic Retinopathy Blurred vision, dilation of and small hemorrhages in the blood vessels of the retina which may spill into the vitreous of the eye causing retinal detachment and blindness Complication of diabetes mellitus which affects blood vessel going to the eyes Great help Laser surgery may help temporarily stop the hemorrhages
Double Vision Image seen becomes double Breakdown of eye coordination or other eye disorders Yes Prescription glasses with prism, brain training, surgery
Dry-Eye Syndrome Dryness, redness, burning, grittiness, excessive tearing, sensitive to light Allergy, arthritis, other autoimmune disorder Yes, give your eyes the necessary nutrients Eye drops, plugging the hole in the tear "sink"
Eyestrain Discomfort, easily tired Various causes Yes, you need eye muscle exercises and nutrients Eyeglasses, vision therapy
Farsightedness
(Hyperopia)
Image of an object 20 or more feet away is focused behind of the retina and looks blurred Refractive error of the eyes, lens is relaxed, cornea too flat, or a combination Yes Prescription glasses, vision therapy
Floaters Dark spots in front of the eyes especially when looking at bright areas Strands of old bloods floating in the vitreous of the eye, protein fibers from the gel in the vitreous clump together Yes None
Giant Papillary Conjunctivitis (GPC) A type of pinkeye. itchy, white mucous discharge, contacts feel dry Wearing contact lenses, irritated by foreign bodies Great help Discontinue using of contact lenses, can develop into a chronic condition if not treated properly
Glaucoma Pressure inside the eye is markedly elevated and prevent blood from reaching, nourishing, and circulating through the eyes Drainage problem, the eye cannot get rid of the excessive aqueous humor fast enough Great help Medication, surgery.  Glaucoma is a serious eye disorder that may lead to blindness.  Beware of side effect of medication
Hypertensive Retinopathy Fluid gradually seep out of the weakened blood vessels into the space within the structure of the retina. This eventually clots and forms scar tissue, which pulls on the structure of the retina, causing blindness in extreme cases. High blood pressure Great help High blood pressure medication, laser treatment to seal off leakage in blood vessels
Iritis Inflammation of the iris Unknown, may be related to other diseases and infection in another part of the body Great for prevention Eye drops,
Keratoconus (KC) The normally spherical shape of the cornea has become deformed causing significant visual impairment, early symptoms  include blurring and distortion of vision Unknown Helpful Contact lenses, surgery
Lattice Degeneration Small area of the retina are thinner than normal leading to possible development of retinal holes, tears or detachment Unknown Helpful Freezing or laser surgery
Light Sensitivity
(Photophobia)
Overly sensitive to light Excessive wearing of contact lenses, poorly fitting of contact lenses, eye diseases, injuries, infections, an many other reasons Yes Depends upon the cause of the problem
Low Vision Reduction in visual acuity or visual field Genetic defect, diseases, accident, progressive degeneration Yes Magnifying glass, small telescopes, surgery
Macular Degeneration (Wet Form) Abnormal blood vessels leak causing damage to the macula resulting in rapid and severe vision loss.
(Dry form)
Small yellowish deposits called drusen start to accumulate beneath the macula gradually breaking down the light-sensing cells in the macula causing distorted vision.
 
Aging, Diet and nutrition, sunlight, smoking, heredity, herat disease Yes Laser surgery.  Most forms of macula degeneration cannot yet be reliably treated either either medically or surgically. Special low vision aid can be helpful
Nearsightedness (Myopia) Having good near vision but poor distance vision.  Distance images fall in front of the retina and look blurred. Herediy, reading, near-point work, excess watching of TV and computer screen Yes Prescription glasses, refractive surgery, laser surgery (watch for long term side effects of surgery)
Night Blindness Decrease in visual acuity under nighttime viewing conditions Nutritional deficiency, especially Vitamin A, fatigue, emotional disturbance, hereditary factors Great help Prescription glasses
Nystagmus Involuntary movement of the eyes which seriously reduces vision Inherited, sensory problem Great help None
Optic Atrophy Slow decay or dying of the optic nerve Hereditary May be helpful in slowing down the deterioration None
Optic Neuritis Inflammation of the optic nerve involving acute blurring, graying, loss of vision, disturbed color vision, eye pain Multiple Scelerosis, other diseases Helpful Intravenous steroids followed by oral steroids (no definitive evidence)
Pinguecula Yellowish patch forms in the white part of the eye, not sight-threatening Exposure to excessive UV light, dust, or wind Helpful None
Pinkeye
(Conjunctivitis)
Inflammation of the conjunctiva, the mucous membrane that lines the eyelids and covers the exposd surface of the sclera Bacterial infection, viral infection, fungal infection, allergy Great for prevention Depends on cause of the condition, antibiotics, antiviral eye drops, antifungals
Presbyopia Blur at close range due to the eyes' lenses become stiffer and the ability of the lenses to become round diminshes Aging Yes Prescription lens, bifocals
Retinal Detachment Peeling away of the retina from the back of the eye Due to many possible reasons.  Nearsighted eyes and protruding eyes are more prone to retinal detachment Great for prevention Freezing probe or laser surgery
Retinitis Pigmentosa Deterioration of the retina with progressive loss of sight, loss of peripheral vision to final blindness Hereditary factors May be helpful in slowing down the deterioration None
Subconjunctival Hemorrhage Bleeding from broken blood vessels under the conjunctiva of the eye, between the conjunctiva and the sclera Jarring injury, or from anything that increases the pressure in the delicate blood vessels of the conjunctiva, such as intense coughing, and sneezing Great for prevention due to results of the grapeseed extract on the blood vessels Need no treatment

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