Over the past seven years BEVARS have been carrying out an excavation on a settlement site at Green on the Isle of Eday.
Eday lies in the middle of the group of islands to the north of mainland and the site is located a short distance from the cliffs at the south end of the island on the farm at Green.
The farm is situated to the east of a N-S fault line on boulder clay overlying red Eday marl. To the west of the fault the geology is formed of the Rousay Flag group - grey stone flags.
The first record of archaeology on the site was from a small fieldwalking survey following ploughing by Matilda Webb in 1994 which recorded possible Skaill knives, an ard point and a small quantity of worked & unworked flint including a scraper.
The field continued to be ploughed until 2004 when an unfinished polished granite macehead was found by the then landowners.
They also found stonework & dark deposits relating to a possible hearth. At this point they called in the County Archaeologist, Julie Gibson who confirmed the findings and requested that they dig no more.
In 2006 a geophysical survey of the area was carried out by Orkney College geophysics unit which revealed a dense concentration of activity consistent with a Neolithic settlement including a probable building of similar proportions to House 1 at the Knap of Howar on Papay and which contained the probable hearth.
In early 2007 we were asked to investigate the site by the landowners. We agreed to examine the area in order to confirm the geophysics results.
This we did in August of that year and after removing the ploughsoil we located the probable hearth with another hearth and other structures. 2007 Summary Report
In 2008 we expanded the area to include the SW end of the building and began its excavation which is still ongoing.2008 Summary Report
In 2009 we extended to the east to expose the rest of the second building.2009 Summary Report
In 2010 we carried out a further extension to the north to expose the remainder of both structures and the gully and some of the area beyond. The trench now measures about 180 square metres and represents less than 20 percent of the probable extent of the settlement. 2010 Summary Report
In 2011 we found that Structures 1 & 3 were conjoined & further work was carried out in Structure 1. Structure 2 is now believed to be an enclosure with an entrance with a pit to the southeast. 2011 Summary Report
In 2012 we completed the excavation of most of Structure 1 & made substantial progress on Structure 2. 2012 Summary Report
For a Google Map view of the location, follow the link below.