4 D." Redfish Lake & Lonesome Larry "

From the book " The Great Salmon Hoax " by James Buchal.

The following are my comments.
Setting the record straight;

It was the Idaho Department of Fish and Game that ruined the salmon runs in Idaho's lakes and streams, not solely the Four Lower Snake River Dams.

Idaho Department of Fish and Game  conscientiously Poisoned Salmon in the 50's, 60's,70's,80's and 90's.  They made this decision to turn all of Idaho's Lakes and Streams into Pristine trout fishing areas for tourism and the related economics of sport fishing.  This required killing the salmon as they eat trout and were considered of little value at that time.

The background behind listing of the various Salmon sub - species started with the Sockeye in Redfish Lake in Idaho.  As may know the environmental community is constantly saying the reason for the disappearance of Salmon has been the Four Lower Dams on the Snake River, and that dams kill 95 - 99 percent of all the fish.  They have been able to use this misinformation to influence a lot of people for their own agendas and personal gain based upon this.  What they don't tell anyone is the real reason why the Sockeye disappeared.  

Remember Lonesome Larry???

The rest of the story.
     I believe we need to remind everyone of the real reason the Sockeye in Redfish Lake disappeared.  It was because the the Idaho Department of Fish and Game was contentiously poisoning Redfish Lake in the Sawtooth Valley near Stanley Idaho in the 50's, 60's, 70's, 80's and 90's and they did this many many times.   This was done because at the time the people of the area wanted to generate more money for the local economies by turning Red Fish Lake and other lakes and streams into pristine trout fishing areas for tourism.  As salmon eat trout they repeatedly poisoned the salmon in rivers, lakes and streams to create a trout fishing areas for tourist and the sports fishing industry.  This is the major reason that the Sockeye Salmon have declined in Idaho.
     Well there was at least one surviving Sockeye that survived and was not poisoned.  He has been nick named Lonesome Larry and has been the poster child and icon for breaching dams and removing dams on the Snake and Columbia Rivers.  The folks that want to remove dams blame the dams solely for the Sockeye disappearing
 and not returning to Redfish Lake which is a total fabrication of the truth.  
     There are a lot of reasons why the Sockeye disappeared from Redfish Lake, over fishing, mining, yes dams before fish-friendly technology and hatchery implementation.  But the greatest reason was that the Idaho Department of Fish and Game continuously poisoned Redfish Lake for tourism and pristine trout fishing.  This started the decline of Salmon not solely the four Lower Snake River Dams that  you continue to hear about.

The following is from " The Great Salmon Hoax " by James Buchal, page 23.

    Sockeye used to inhabit several lakes in the Stanley Basin in Idaho. Early development efforts, including small dams and irrigation diversions, blocked anadromous fish migration into several of these lakes. By the 1940s, the sockeye were almost all gone, with only 200 sockeye reported spawning in Redfish Lake; the run was described as “small” and “greatly depleted”. By the 1990s, the sockeye had been reduced to a single lake: Redfish Lake.One reason this happened is that Idaho Department of Fish and Game poisoned most of the other lakes in the Stanley Basin in "deliberate efforts to substitute trout fisheries for kokanee/sockeye". Idaho also constructed small dams at the outlets of some lakes specifically to prevent anadromous and other undesired fish from migrating into the lakes and competing with trout. In 1990, the Shoshone-Bannock Tribes of Idaho petitioned the National Marine Fisheries Service to protect the Redfish Lake sockeye under the Endangered Species Act. In 1992, the National Marine Fisheries Service granted the petition, and exercised its authority under the Endangered Species Act to protect the very first endangered "species" of salmon. The listing was limited to the Redfish Lake sockeye population.

    The Service ignored scientists who had advised that in all probability the Redfish Lake sockeye were not an endangered species at all, in the sense that the original, native Redfish Lake sockeye were extinct. A dam constructed in 1909-10 by the Golden Sunbeam Mining Company, thirty feet high, blocked all sockeye migration into Redfish Lake from 1910-34, when the south abutment was blown up.   That would mean that any sockeye now in Redfish Lake are the progeny of strays, resident kokanee or fishery agency transplants from other locations.

    Perhaps anxious for the flood of federal funds an Endangered Species Act listing would provoke, the Idaho Department of Fish and Game mobilized researchers to go and interview elderly residents of the Stanley Basin. Some of them claimed to have seen “red fish” in the Lake when they were children, and on this basis, the National Marine Fisheries Service determined that some native sockeye had somehow swum through the dam, and thus the "species" was not extinct.

   " Let the record show that the Idaho Fish and Game Department poisoned Redfish Lake in the 50's, 60's and 70's to get rid of the Idaho Sockeye Salmon to make it a " Rainbow Trout  Lake " .   It is part of the public record, quoted by Les Wigens, Whitman County Commissioner.

Idaho F & G is poisoning rivers again  Oct 8 1999, Columbia River Alliance.  In Idaho, Fish and Game employees poisoned hundreds of rainbow and brook trout, some trophy sized, in an effort to rebuild cutthroat populations. These poisoned species have thrived for more than 80 years in eastern Idaho. The Fish and Wildlife Service has yet to list the cutthroat under the ESA, however; Idaho officials appear to be getting ‘a head start’.    In 1992, Idaho Fish and Game poisoned a lake in the Sawtooth Mountains to eliminate Sockeye salmon.  The poison moved into the Salmon River and killed hundreds of juvenile and adult Chinook, now listed as a threatened species.