How to build wooden toys - Best toys for 4 year old boys 2011.
Hachio?ji castle ruins, Hachio?ji, To?kyo?
Built in the late 1570's by the feudal warlord Hojo Ujiteru of the powerful Hojo clan, Hachioji castle was a great sprawling castle built across an entire mountaintop. Taking advantage of the steep terrain and the mountain's several deep ravines, the castle grounds originally encompassed over 500 hectares of land spreading 2 kilometres east to west and 1km north to south. Stone barricades were built in strategic positions to stall would be attackers or spies, and several wooden towers were placed atop high points to warn of oncoming forces. Hachioji castle was one of the biggest defensive structures ever built during Japan's late feudal period. The 460 metre high mountain on which the castle was built is Mount Fukasawa but it is alternatively called Shiroyama which means "castle mountain." Hachioji castle was a shijo, a satellite castle, which was a part of the huge Hojo clan network of castles spread across the Kanto plains. From their honjo (main castle) of Odawara, the Hojo ruled what was then the Sagami province. From Hachioji castle, Hojo Ujiteru ruled the western Kanto area all the way from the southern end of Musashi province (present-day Saitama prefecture) to present day Yokohama. When Toyotomi Hideyoshi laid siege to Odawara castle in 1590, Hojo Ujiteru, Hojo Ujimasa and Hojo Ujinao headed off to Odawara leaving Hachioji castle nearly defenceless with around 1,300 samurai. Hideyoshi had anticipated this and had sent forces under the command of the warlords Maeda Toshiie and Uesugi Kagekatsu to Hachioji castle via the mountain trails that led to the north of the castle town. Hachioji castle came under attack from 50,000 of Hideyoshi's forces on June 23rd 1590 and fell in just 5 and a half hours. Toyotomi Hideyoshi soon defeated the Hojo at Odawara castle leading to his unification of Japan. Toyotomi Hideyoshi fearing Hojo Ujiteru for his military prowess, demanded that both Ujiteru and his older brother Ujimasa commit seppuku (ritual suicide) as a condition of a peace treaty. On July 5, 1590 the two brothers each bathed, dressed in white, and composed their death poems. They committed seppuku at Odawara castle with their brother Hojo Ujinori as their kaishakunin (the attendant to behead them). It is recorded that when it was seen that Hojo Ujinori was about to join them in suicide (junshi) upon seeing that Hojo Ujinori was "brave and stalwart, showing no sign of fear or remorse," he was stopped by the general Ii Naomasa who grabbed his hand and removed his short sword. Hideyoshi commanded that Hachioji castle be destroyed and began spreading rumours that it was haunted by the ghosts of the slain women and children as he worried that the castle could be used against him. For centuries afterwards, the entire mountain area remained abandoned because it was believed to be haunted by the ghosts of the slain women and children. Scrolls depicting the fall of Hachioji castle recount how villagers in the area could hear the sound of galloping horses, gunshots and screaming echoing throughout the mountain's forests long after the battle had ended. Even today, on June 23rd each year, households in the nearby Motohachioji district continue to practice the grim observance of preparing blood-coloured azukimeshi (red beans cooked with rice) to remember the slain defenders of Hachioji castle. Over the last 420 odd years the castle was eventually reclaimed by nature and although the area was designated a historical landmark in 1951, it wasn't until the 1980's during a series of excavations that the true cultural value of the ruins were realised. Excavations on the site of the castle's palace revealed a treasure trove of priceless earthenware from Korea, China and even a Venetian glassware jug from Murano Italy - something very unique in 16th century Japan, having been found in only three other locations in the country. Excavations soon uncovered the remains of huge stone walls, as well as an eight-metre-wide road that led to a stone stairway below the castle's main gate, the remains of which can be seen today. There are a few small places where the remains of stone walls around the very top of the mountain can be seen, but little remains and much is still inaccessible. Spears, swords, pieces of armour, arrows, tools, and hundreds of pieces of broken lacquerware have been found on the mountain. In 1993 a pit filled with the remains of banquets shed some light on the types of dishes that were served in the castle palace. Numerous wild boar, dog, deer, and pheasant bones were found together with shards of clay pottery and fine china plates - some of which were dated and signed. Not far from the castle site are the graves of Hojo Ujiteru along with the graves of the other Hojo family members who lived at Hachioji castle. The ancient castle roads built alongside the Shiroyama River which led to the castle, and the castle's wonderfully reconstructed hikibashi bridge, which leads to the stonerayleigh gravity PC edited 2
This is the version that P.C. (our local ramp designer extrodinaire) messed with, you should be able to notice he's made a few changes. He's also written 2500 word essay to accompany it expaining the changes he would make. None of them are hugely major! The biggest and most obvious is the size of the mini ramp. Here it is the p.c's perspective, thanks for being so passionate paul.... "ok, this design looks alot better. it's still not right, but it's moving in the right direction! it's important to get this design right, to get it bang on! we need to be fussy coz we only get to build a skatepark once! the guys from Gravity always said to be brutally honest with regard to design feedback. this is a good move. that's how quality is born! whilst we're still hoping that the budget (and therefore the content of the design/park) will grow further, it's worth considering that it might not. therefore, for now at least whilst we await the results of all the final funding applications, it's worth trying to maximise the potential of this design and the 90k buget that we're working to at the moment. as i said, this design looks good, but it's not right yet. and rather than say "i like it" or "i don't like it" we need to be specific in order to get the best out of it. the right hand side of this looks very much like my original design, it just needs some tweaking. the left hand side however needs more attention the important bit there's 2 pyra-hips....! whereas this could be a fun line to skate, 'could be fun' isn't quite the same as 'getting the best out of it' by any stretch of the imagination. the larger one would be much better used as a proper flatbank, with a block or jersey barrier at/near the top. that basically means streching it up a bit taller than it is and losing the bank on the left hand side of it in the picture, wilst widening the top out to where the 9 is in the pic. and ideally also streching it out to the right to replace the no. 7 quarterpipe. basically, check my original design (no.3) to see what i mean. the block on the (smaller) pyra-hip should be 5 sided (3 main sides), again as in my original design. the no.6 rail and blocks could be tweaked/changed a bit, but thats for looking at later on down the line. the really important bit look at the picture and read the key. the miniramp is 1050mm high for the most part. that's just over a meter. that's smaller than the ramp there now. thats about the size of eastwood ramp! yeah, there's an extention, but that's only a bit of it. the main bulk part of the ramp really needs to be higher, about 1.5meters (thats just under 5 foot). this incudes the hip too remember, so it really does need to be bigger. and the hips in the pic look very rounded. squared hip please! the whole bowled out corner is a bit ambigous with regard to flow. again, sure this would be 'fun to skate' but thats not as good as 'getting the best out of it.' sometimes you need to simplify things to get better function, and to save resorces that can be channeled into other things (i.e. the miniramp). the best thing to do with the bowled corner is lose it completely. stretch the quarterpipe that leads on to it off of the hip out to the edge of the park, and lose the section of quarterpipe that leads from where the bowl is up to the top of the flatbank. stretch the flatbank up a foot or so higher at the end where it meets the quarter and there's a nice eurogap/ wembly gap/ gravity gap onto/off of the quarter into the bank, but it also provides a nice line on to and off of the coping/transition of the quarterpipe. i have attempted an edit of the plan to try to illustrate this better. it's really very simple really! that would improve the focus and flow of that corner of the park, removing the ambigous multi-directional flow and giving it a more specific function. and of course, the resorces saved can be channeled into the miniramp! this also goes for the quarterpipe that makes up the lower hip in the picture. as mentioned above, the bigger pyra-hip should be a flatbank that faces the smaller pyra-hip, with no flatbank on the left side. therefore the second (lower) hip and that quarter would be pretty much redundant, and again resorces better used elsewhere! it also simplifies the flow and function of that corner too. with the lower quarterpipe/hip gone, and the lower pyra-hip becoming a single direction flatbank, there would be an area of flat which is always good to have and suprisingly absent from many modern parks. esp. when you consider the 'game of skate' culture that we have nowdays. maybe stick a little stand alone mannypad/block in there, and get rid of the nipple which is fairly redundant as it doesn't really lead to or from anything specific. or just keep it for the hell of it! or... what with all the saved resorces, move the mini next to the flatbank (i.e. what is currently the lower pyra-hip), stick the bowled coner on the (left-hand bottom)
alice in wonderland toys 2011
wooden toys wholesale uk
plastic green army men toys
baby garden toys
amazing toys for boys
hot toys sniper
big boys toys maryland
new toys for 2011