Dr Benjamin Warr - Sustainability Analyst and Strategist

Benjamin Warr is a sustainability analyst and strategist. His research and work focuses on the biophysical dimensions of economic activity – ecological economics – to inform the development of sustainable business, society and environment – sustainable value innovation. He has worked in Africa, Asia, Australia and Europe as a consultant and on grant funded research projects providing expertise to companies, research institutions and governments on sustainable development strategies, environmental and social impact assessment, natural resource valuation and management practices and eco-positive business models.

From 2001 to 2012 Benjamin worked as Senior Research Fellow in Sustainability at INSEAD, Fontainebleau, France, where he remains as Executive in residence. His research concerns the biophysical dimensions of economic activity, the development of sustainable society through eco-positive business innovations, the interface between economic development and environmental sustainability and emerging markets for environmental services and their impact on the poor.  He is author of a number of publications in Energy, Ecological Economics and Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, book chapters, case studies and co-author of "The Economic Growth Engine: How energy and work drive material prosperity", with Professor Robert Ayres. This work has led to the development of a new theory of economic growth, the Useful Work Growth Theory based on the Ayres-Warr Model. In this capacity Benjamin has lectured widely to industry associations, leading research institutions and universities as well as providing strategic consulting expertise to businesses.

Benjamin trained as an environmental soil scientist at the University of Reading. As Leverhulme Scholar he specialised in the collection and analysis of spatial information for environmental and natural resource mapping at Ecole Nationale Superieure des Mines de Paris. He has worked in Africa, Asia, Australia and Europe providing expertise to small-holders, academic institutions, private companies and governments on environmental mapping and monitoring, sustainable development strategies, natural resource management practices and eco-positive business models.

Benjamin's interests and areas of expertise are diverse and include: industrial ecology (material and exergy flow analysis, eco-efficiency, product service systems), payments for ecosystem services (soil, REDD+, carbon, water); inclusive growth and participatory development (base-of-pyramid business models); eco-innovation strategy (dematerialisation, immaterialisation, production-consumption systems, impacts of information communication technologies); and ecological economics (natural resource augmented production functions and sustainable wealth creation).

For interesting eco-stories and updates read my Posterous blog. View my latest presentations on Slideshare
  INSEAD Alumni can search additional resources from the INSEAD Connect site


Professional Experience

Founder, Managing Director, BetterWorld Energy Ltd (Zambia)

Director of Environmental Services and Sustainability Analyst and Strategist (March 2012- Jan 2014)

Senior Research Fellow, INSEAD, Fontainebleau, France. (2006 - present; 2001-2012)

Director, A Better World, Sustainability Consultants and Environmental Analytics. (2003 - present)

Research Fellow, IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria. (2006)

Analyst, Earth Resource Management Services, Fontainebleau, France. (2001)

Awards

Oikos Corporate Sustainability Case Study Finalist (2009)

Leverhulme Trust  Scholarship  (1998)

University of Reading “PhD Studentship Award” (1997)

Remote Sensing Society Conference, Best Poster Award (1997)

University of Reading Final Year Soil Science Prize for Best Student (1997)

University of Reading First Year Soil Science Prize for Best Student (1995)

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Teaching and Mentoring

Sustainability Strategy and Policy (Biophysical and Coevolutionary Assessment of Sources of Comparative and Competitive Advantage)

Industrial Ecology (Life Cycle Analysis, Exergy Analysis, Eco-Efficiency, Technology Forecasting, Scenario Methods)

Geostatistics (Variograms, Linear Estimation, Disjunctive and Indicator Methods, Simulation Techniques)

Environmental Soil Science (Physical, Chemical, Biological and Spatial Applications and Methods)

Books (and Chapters)

The Economic Growth Engine: How energy and work create material prosperity.”  Robert Ayres and Benjamin Warr (2009). Edward Elgar.

"Accounting for growth: The role of physical work." Ayres, R. U. and B. Warr (2005). Chapter in: Joan Martinez-Alier and Inge Røpke (Ed.) Recent developments in Ecological Economics (2008), Edward Elgar.

Energy Efficiency and Economic Growth: The ‘Rebound Effect’ as a Driver”, Ayres R. and B. Warr, In Energy Efficiency and Sustainable Consumption: The Rebound Effect” (2008). Horace Herring and Steve Sorrell (Eds.), Palgrave.

Economic growth models and the role of physical resources.” Ayres, R.U. and Warr, B. (2002). In: P. Bartelmus (Ed.) Unveiling Wealth: On Money, quality of life and sustainability. Kluwer Academic Publishers.


Is the US Economy Dematerializing ? Main Indicators and Drivers”. Ayres, R.U., Ayres, L.W. and Warr, B. (2004) Chapter in: Jeroen C.J.M. van den Berg (Ed.) Economics of Industrial Ecology: Materials, Structural Change and Spatial Scales.

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Peer-Reviewed Publications

Useful Work and Information as Drivers of Economic Growth”, Warr, B. and R.U.Ayres, Energy (accepted with revision)

Evidence of causality between the quantity and the quality of energy consumption and economic growth”.(2010). Warr, B., Ayres, R.U., Energy, Volume 35, Issue 4.

Energy Use and Economic Development: A comparative analysis of useful work supply in Austria, Japan, the United Kingdom and the US during 100 years of economic growth”. (2010) Warr, B., Eisenmenger, N., Krausmann, F., Schandl, H. and R.U. Ayres. Ecological Economics, Volume 69, Issue 10, 15 August 2010, Pages 1904-1917.

"Long term trends in resource exergy consumption and useful work supplies in the UK, 1900 to 2000", (2009). Warr, B., and H. Schandl. Ecological Economics, 68 (1-2), pages 126-140.

REXS: An Economic Forecasting Model for Assessing the Impact of natural resource consumption and technological change on economic growth”. Warr, B. and Ayres, R.U., (2006). Structural Change and Economic Dynamics. 17: 329-378.

"Accounting for growth: The role of physical work." Ayres, R. U. and B. Warr (2005). Structural Change & Economic Dynamics 16(2): 181-209.

Efficiency Dilution: Long-Term Exergy Conversion Trends in Japan”. Environmental Science and Technology. Williams, E., Warr, B. and R.U. Ayres. 2008. 42, 4964 – 4970.

Exergy, Power and Work in the US Economy, 1900-1998”.Ayres, R.U., Ayres, L.W. and Warr, B. (2003). Energy, An International Journal. 28, pp.219-273.

Economic growth models and the role of physical resources.” Ayres, R.U. and Warr, B. (2002). In: P. Bartelmus (Ed.) Unveiling Wealth: On Money, quality of life and sustainability. Kluwer Academic Publishers.

From LTER to LTSER: Conceptualizing the Socioeconomic Dimension of Long-term Socioecological Research”. Haberl, H., Winiwarter, V., Andersson, K., Ayres, R. U., Boone, C., Castillo, A., Cunfer, G., Fischer-Kowalski, M., Freudenburg, W. R., Furman, E., Kaufmann, R., Krausmann, F., Langthaler, E., Lotze-Campen, H., Mirtl, M., Redman, C. L., Reenberg, A., Wardell, A., Warr, B., & Zechmeister, H. 2006. Ecology and Society, 11(2).

Mapping of salinity risk in the lower Namoi valley using non-linear kriging methods.” Triantifilis, J., Ahmed M.F., Odeh, I.O.A. and Warr, B. (2004). Agricultural Water Management. 

The application of factorial kriging and Fourier analysis for remotely sensed data simplification and feature accentuation”. Warr, B., Oliver, M.A. and White, K. (2003). Geographical and Environmental Modelling 6(2): 171-187.

Geostatistical estimation and simulation of the lateral and vertical extent of soil horizons". Warr, B., Odeh, I.O.A and Oliver M. (2003). In: G. Foody & P. Atkinson (Eds.), Uncertainty in Remote Sensing and GIS. Wiley & Sons.

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Theses, Working Papers, Reports

"Greening the Economy: Creating a Climate for Change", Warr, B. and Orsato, R. Report presented at the European Business Summit 21-22nd February 2008.

"Austrian energy use and economic development during industrialization in the 20th Century: Exergy inputs, useful work outputs and modelling of economic growth”, Warr, B.,  Eisenmenger, N., Krausmann, F. And Ayres, R.U., 2009. IFF Social Ecology Working Paper No. 115. IFF/Social Ecology, Vienna.

"Accounting for economic growth in 20th Century Japan: From hindsight to foresight." Warr, B, Williams, E. and Ayres, R. 2008. (INSEAD Working Paper)

"Long Term Trends in Resource Exergy Consumption and Useful Work Supplies in the UK, 1900-2000", Socio-Economics and the Environment in Discussion (SEED) Benjamin Warr & Heinz Schandl & Robert U Ayres, 2007, Working Paper Series 2007-08, CSIRO sustainable Ecosystems.

"MARS - Monitoring Alpine Regional Sustainability" - INTERREG IIIb.

Analysis of proximal and remotely sensedspectral data for the prediction of soil properties.2003. Warr, B. Soil Science. Thesis, University of Reading: pp 250.

“A geostatistical characterisation of the long-term effects of vehicular compaction”, 1997.  Warr, B. Internal Report, Soil Science, University of Reading.

“Soil spatial prediction"., 1997. Warr, B., Internal Report, Soil Science, University of Reading. Internal Report.

"An introduction to REXS, a system dynamics model of long-run endogenous technological progress, resource consumption and economic growth", INSEAD Working Paper 2003/EPS/CMER.

"Accounting for soils: Towards an integrated sustainability and productivity assessment for soils", Fontainebleau, France, Centre for the Management of Environmental and Social Responsibility.

"Useful work and information as drivers of growth", Fontainebleau, France, INSEAD Working Paper 2002/121/EPS/CMER.

"Analysis of proximal and remotely sensed spectral data for the prediction of soil properties". Soil Science. Thesis, University of Reading: pp 250. download


Presentations, Seminars, Conference Proceedings

“Interfacing Renewable Energy / Energy Efficiency and Agribusiness.” AGROTEC - EMRC International Business Forum, 20-21st January 2011, Lisbon, Portugal.

“Evolving complementarity using the 4see model”, Executive Affairs Authority (EAA), Abu Dhabi, 1st December 2010.

“The Economic Growth Engine.” CERNA 27th October 2010, Ecole des Mines, Paris.

Corporate Entrepreneurship Bringing Sustainable Value Innovation to Agribusiness: The case of Farmstar. Toulouse Space Show, 8-11th June 2010.

“Sustainable Agriculture Challenges for Business.” INSEAD Alumni Meeting, Athens, January 26th 2010.

“Possibilities and Policies for Renewables.” University of Lund, 29th October 2009.

“ICT and the Environment.” European ICT Association (EICTA), Brussels, 14th February 2009.

“The Growth Engine.” World Future Energy Summit, World Presidents Association – Young Presidents Association (WPO/YPO) Meeting, Abu Dhabi, 17 January 2008 .

"Energy Use and Economic Growth. A Comparative Analysis of Useful Work Supply in Austria, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the USA for the Last 100 Years and its Contribution to Economic Growth", Monte Verità Conference on Sustainable Resource Use and Economic Dynamics - SURED, June 2nd-5th 2008.

Forecasting future economic growth under alternative energy efficiency and energy intensity scenarios”, Benjamin Warr and Nina Eisenmenger. 4th International Conference of the International Society for Industrial Ecology, ISIE, June 17-20, 2007. University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada.

“Efficiency dilution and technology asymptotes: Long-term exergy conversion trends in Japan” Eric Williams, Robert Ayres and Benjamin Warr. 4th International Conference of the International Society for Industrial Ecology, ISIE, June 17-20, 2007. University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada.

“Investigating the causal relationships between the efficient use of energy and output growth in Japan” 7th IIASA-TiTech Technical Meeting between IIASA and TITech, Japan on “An Elucidation of the Role of Institutional Systems in Characterizing Technology Development Trajectories”. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria, September 17-18, 2006.

“The role of exergy (services) in driving economic growth: An historical long-term analysis” XIV International Economic History Conference, Helsinki, Finland 21-25th August 2006.

“On economic growth, energy consumption and technological progress” A Tribute to Howard Odum, Society for Green Technology, Institute for Pharmaceutics and Analytical Chemistry Section for Physical Chemistry , Copenhagen 22nd May 2006.

« La croissance économique, progrès technologique et utilisation d’énergie »  Séminaires du  Laboratoire Matière et Systèmes Complexes, Université Paris 7, Paris April 24th 2006

“Time series analysis of output and factors of production, Japan and US 1900-2000” 6th IIASA-TiTech Technical Meeting between IIASA and TITech, Japan on “An Elucidation of the Role of Institutional Systems in Characterizing Technology Development Trajectories”. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria, September 18-19, 2005.

“The socio-economic dimension of long-term socio-ecological research” IGBP / LUCC / IHDP-IT Workshop. From LTER to LTSER:  - February 20-22, 2005

Integrating MEFA into economics, via REXS, the Resource Exergy Services Model” and “REXS for JapanConAccount 2004, A future research agenda for MFA – Towards a new common ground for Research on Sustainable Resource use. - October 10-12 , 2004.

“Exergy Efficiency and Economic Productivity:  Historic Trends and Future Policy Guidelines - A Tale of Four Countries” 4th IIASA-TiTech Technical Meeting between IIASA and TITech, Japan on “An Elucidation of the Role of Institutional Systems in Characterizing Technology Development Trajectories”. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria, 2nd - 3rd May 2004, 2006.

“Resource EXergy Services Forecasts REXS-F An economic forecasting model with quasi-logistic technical progress” 3rd IIASA-TiTech Technical Meeting between IIASA and TITech, Japan on “An Elucidation of the Role of Institutional Systems in Characterizing Technology Development Trajectories”. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria, 21st - 22nd September 2003

“Land Use Impacts and Dependence on Soil Functions” Economic interests and benefits of the sustainable use of soils and land, January 30-31, 2003, Thalwil, Switzerland.

“An introduction to a simple endogenous evolutionary model of macro-economic growth called REXS” 2nd IIASA-TiTech Technical Meeting between IIASA and TITech, Japan on “An Elucidation of the Role of Institutional Systems in Characterizing Technology Development Trajectories”. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria, 27th –28th April 2003


"Spatial prediction and representation of soil colour". GeostatsUK, Theoretical Developments and Applications of Spatial Analysis in the Environmental, Earth and Agricultural Sciences, March 25–26, 2002. Reading, England.


"Geostatistical estimation and simulation of the lateral and vertical extent of soil horizons”. 4th Conference of the Working Group on Pedometrics of the International Union of Soil Sciences, September 19-21, 2001. Gent, Belgium.


"Soil spectral reflectance curves to predict soil properties - Southeast Australian Soils." B. Warr, I.O.A. Odeh, M.A. Oliver & K. White (Australia)


"Geostatistical estimation and simulation of the lateral and vertical extent of soil horizons". Uncertainty in Remote Sensing and GIS, July 3-4, 2001. Southampton, England.


"Geostatistical estimation of soft pedological data." (Poster Presentation). Australian and New Zealand Second Joint Soils Conference, December 3-8 2000. Lincoln University, New Zealand, pp 219-220.


"Characterisation of the erosion effects of long-term vehicular compaction." Journées de Géostatistique, May 18-19, 1999. Centre de Géostatistique, Fontainebleau, France.


“Factorial kriging of Synthetic Aperture Radar Imagery.” RSS ’97 Observations and Interactions, September 2-4, 1997. Reading, England B. Warr and M.A.Oliver.


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Executive Affairs Authority (EAA), Abu Dhabi. “Evolving complementarity using the 4see model”, 1 December 2010.  2767k v. 1 14 Mar 2011, 04:28 Benjamin Warr
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European Business Summit "Greening the Economy: New Energy for Business" 2009, Benjamin Warr & Renato Orsato, INSEAD.  956k v. 1 14 Mar 2011, 04:40 Benjamin Warr
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MARS - Monitoring Alpine Regional Sustainability, INTERREG IIIb Report.   4299k v. 1 14 Mar 2011, 04:29 Benjamin Warr
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"Farmstar Goes Global: A Case Study of Corporate Entrepreneurship", a summary of the case study.  36k v. 1 14 Mar 2011, 06:01 Benjamin Warr
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