The von der HUDE Family

LOCATION: Bremen
The Ancestors of Detward VON DER HUDE
(ancestor of Gesche Helmers)




Detward VON DER HUDE
oo
Anna DONELDEY
(daughter = Bartke
oo
Herbord DUCKEL)








Lüder VON DER HUDE







Friedrich VON DER HUDE






Martin VON DER HUDE




Alard VON DER HUDE


Lüder VON DER HUDE


Lüder
Hermann
(father = Gerung)
Ehrenburga
 
 

?? VON BREMEN
Alard VON BREMEN
 
 
 

Conegund VON MERCELE
Willekinus VON MERCELE    
     
Elisabeth
 
 
 
 
Lutgard HOLENBEKE?
 
 
     

Elisabeth PRINDENY

Marten PRINDENY
         
         
Tibbe
         

The Bremen von der Hude family is one branch of a large family of archiepiscopal "Ministeriales." "Ministeriale" were a class of people in the Middle Ages who were high-level administrators for nobles or church bodies, sometimes called "service nobility," who over time became knights and part of the landed nobility.

The Bremen von der Hude family probably goes back to an imperial Ministeriale with Emperor Heinrich IV in Bavaria and his sons Gerung and Siveco, who came from Bavaria to Bremen before 1100 to serve their cousin, Bremen Archbishop Liemar. In Bremen, as the Archbishop's Ministeriales, the family became Ritter (knights), heriditary lords in Borgfeld, Ritterhude, and other locations near Bremen, where they were involved with other minor nobility and bishops in various wars and intrigues in and around Bremen. The Archbishop's Kloster Lilienthal regularly gave them fiefs. They were granted church patronages of Borgfeld and Ritterhude and the courts in Ritterhude and St. Jürgen-Niederende belonged to them. Some of the family seem to have been Lokators (a kind of contractor for land reclamation) and Vogts (officials) involved in the colonization of lowland regions around Bremen belonging to the Archbishop, and through that gained more power and status. They regularly donated tithes and other gifts to churches and other religious institutions. (A "tithe" is a "Zehnte", "tenth", a kind of tax or tribute that went with owning fiefs, that the serfs had to pay the owners -- sometimes in crops, labor, etc.)

Gerung was the frist Ministeriale Vogt of Bremen (1106-1122), and (except during the tenure of one Archbishop) all Bremen city Vogts until 1230 were his descendants. He was followed in that office by his son, Hermann, and Hermann's son Lüder.

Lüder's son Lüder, great-grandson of Gerung, was the first to use the name "von der Hude." In 1139 and 1142 he appeared as Liudgerus advocatus (Vogt) in the leading witness position in documents for Archbishop Alberos and Archbishop Hartwig, a position reserved for the city Vogt. In 1181 he had been made a Lokator involved in the colonization of a place named Nordsiede, and was identified as dominus Luderus de Bruke (because he lived in an area of lowlands there called "Bruke" -- "marshland" or "swampland"). About 1185 the Archbishop moved him to the nearby fortified estate Ritterhude, and from then on he took the name "von der Hude" and passed it on to all of his descendants, making him the "Stammvater" of the whole von der Hude family of Ministeriales for the Bremen Archbishop, with Ritterhude as their main residence. The main Burg in Ritterhude, a Wasserburg, still exists today and is called "Dammgut." (Other descendants of Gerung and Siveco became the founders of other Ministeriale families in Bremen.)

This Lüder was probably married to the daughter of Alard VON BREMEN, another family of Vogts. One of their sons was the Ritter Alard von der Hude, who some time before 1226 gave Archbishop Gerhard II property in Hastedt under the condition that the Kloster propst use 1/2 Mark of the income for an annual memorial to him and his late wife Cunegunda, and also give 1/2 Mark to the hospital in Bremen. Cunegunda was probably the daughter of Willekinus VON MERCELE (Marssel) One of their sons, Martin von der Hude, was also a Ritter and Ministeriale for the Archbishop. He died some time after 1292. He and his wife had four sons, including Friedrich.

This is the point at which a great deal of widely-accepted information about this family, based on work done in (or before?) 1708 by Luneberg Mushard, and never really questioned, has gone wrong. More recent research has uncovered many mistakes in his work, especially here, where he confused two Friedrich von der Hudes: a Ritter Friedrich and a Knappe (a kind of pre-knight, maybe translatable as "squire.") Friedrich. The Knappe Friedrich was the son of a Ritter Lüder. But the ancestor of the Bremen Ratsherr family was the Ritter Friedrich, son of Martin von der Hude. This Ritter Friedrich 's wife was Lutgard, possibly HOLENBEKE. About 1300 he was a vassal of the Count von Hoya. He probably had four daughters and one son, Lüder (born about 1311 and died about 1369).

This only son of Ritter Friedrich became a citizen of the city of Bremen in 1340 and was the "Stammvater" of the Bremen Ratsherr branch of the family, part of the powerful elite in Bremen for generations. (He was a Knappe at the time he became a citizen of Bremen, so never became a Ritter, but he did retain the title Knappe.) Evidently representatives of the other branches of the family at Ritterhude then began trying to deprive him of his inheritance, so he allied himself with the city, acquired a judgement -- a letter of reconciliation -- which assured him his paternal inheritance, and had Archbishop Burchard Grelle of Bremen, himself the son of a Bremen Ratsherr, "ennoble" his untitled wife, Elisabeth PRINDENY (daughter of the Bremen Ratsherr Martin PRINDENY and his wife Tibbe, born about 1320.) The grounds for the "ennobling" of his wife (the only case of this in the history of Bremen) may have been to secure for the future children of this marriage the rights to their property outside the city (and other rights, including fiefs and rights to fiefs) against the other branches of the family. (This letter of reconciliation seems to have been respected about 100 years, until Lüder's grandson Heinrich become involved in a long-lasting conflict with members of the main branch of the family at Ritterhude over various properties, rights to tithes, and rights to fiefs which the Ritterhude families had appropriated, including the village and court of Borgfled, but that Heinrich had legitimate claim to. Lüder's only other appearance in documents came in 1369, confirming to the Kloster Osterholz the annual income of 1/2 rye from his half tithe from Hamburgen given them by his father, Ritter Friedrich von der Hude.

Detward von der Hude, born about 1345, the only surviving son of this Lüder von der Hude (two older brothers probably died as children in the Pest epedemic of 1350), became a Ratsherr (member of the city council) and Bürgermeister, like his father, and like his father married the daughter of another prominent Bremen family, Anna DONELDEY, daughter of Ratsherr Hinrik DONELDEY d. J. and his wife Margarete. Detward and Anna's son Hinrich was described as the "prototype of an early capitalist, merchant of the 15th century" -- an extremely wealthy merchant. Their daughter Bartke married the son of yet another prominent Ratsfamilie, Herbord DUCKEL, who eventually left Bremen and lived out the end of his life in Stade after he had became the center of a 7-year constitutional crises in Bremen, 1424-33, involving the Hanseatic League, the King, and even the Pope! Detward's first wife, Anna, died some time before 1412, when Detward married Tibbe von der Trupe, daughter of Hinrik VON DER TRUPE. Detward died in Bremen on Jan. 21, 1430, in his 80s.


The original coat of arms of the von der Hude family had 4 eagle claws (2:2 next to each other), probably black on a silver background, later with the crest of a helmet occasionally added as variant. The descendants of the "knightly" branches at Ritterhude, though, eventally began to use a new coat of arms, with a horizontal black stripe that divided the shield into an upper field (silver) and a lower (gold). The eagle claw coat of arms was retained by the Bremen Ratsherr families.
(much of this information is based on research done by H. G. Trüper) 1,2,3,9
(thank you to Alfred Wolff for bringing this information to my attention)

Gerung * Hermann * Lüder * Lüder * Alard * Martin * Friedrich * Luder * Detward

First Generation


1. ?? . Reichsministeriale in Bavaria. (His wife's brother, also a Reichsministeriale in Bavaria, was the father of Leimar, Archbishop of Bremen 1072-1101).1 They had the following children:

Second Generation


2. Siveco.1 Resided in Bremen. Reichsministeriale, archepiscopal Ministeriale. came to Bremen from Bavaria in 10912 . belonged to the Reichsministerialität of Kaiser Heinrich IV. Stammvater of the von Stelle and Bruch families.1

Children:

    4 i. Erpo
    5 ii. Willo
3. Gerung.1 Resided in Bremen. imperial Ministeriale, archepiscopal Ministeriale. belonged to the Reichsministerialität of Kaiser Heinrich IV. 1106-1122 Vogt of the city of Bremen, probably Lokator of Holler- and Blockland. first provable Ministeriale Vogt of Bremen2

Children:

    6 i. Hermann
    7 ii. Albero
    8 iii. Segebade
    9 iv. Gerung
    10 v. Siveco

Third Generation


4. Erpo.2 (VON STELLE) mentioned 1106-39

5. Willo.2 (VON BRUCH) mentioned 1106-16 Willo married Hildegarda2 .

6. Hermann.1 Resided in Bremen. died on a Nov. 12. archepiscopal Ministeriale. mentioned 1122 -1152. Vogt of the city of Bremen. Donated with his wife Ehrenburga and his son Engelbert the half tithe of Offenwarden in Norden Osterstade to the Bremen church.2

Hermann married Ehrenburga1 . They had the following children:

    11 i. Lüder
    12 ii. Engelbert
    13 iii. Thetward
    14 iv. Gerung
7. Albero.1 Resided in Bremen. archepiscopal Ministeriale. 1122-1149, Vogt, probably of the Willehadi-Kapitels. Stammvater of the VON BREMEN family in Oldenburg.1,2

8. Segebade.1

9. Gerung VON DER HAGEN.1 Resided in Bremen. archepiscopal Ministerale. mentioned 1142-1159. Stammvater of the VON DER HAGENs1

10. Siveco.1 clergyman. mentioned 1142-1143, Subdiakon

Fourth Generation


11. Lüder.3 Resided in Bremen. archepiscopal Ministeriale, Vogt of the city of Bremen, probably Lokator of the Stedinger Brokseite. mentioned 1139-49. died young3

Child (probably):

12. Engelbert.1 archepiscopal Ministeriale. mentioned 1133-1159. Stammvater of the von WALLE? (ältere BOCH)2 , Monnik, von der Hellen.

Children:

    16 i. Dietward
    17 ii. Alard (-1219)
    18 iii. Diedrich
13. Thetward.1 Resided in Wildeshausen. clergyman, provost. 1157-1159 Probst in Wildeshausen

14. Gerung.3 Resided in Bremen. archepiscopal Ministeriale. mentioned 1162-1183. Vogt of the city of Bremen 1181-1183.

Child:

    19 i. Hermann

Fifth Generation


15. Lüder VON DER HUDE.4 Lüder died after 1194.5 Resided in Bremen. erzb. bremischer Ministeriale, Bremen city Vogt, Lokator Nordsiede. Siblings not known, probably because of the early death of his father. Archepiscopal Ministerial in 1185 and 1194. Stammvater of the von der Hude family.
    1139-49: Liudgerus advocatus appears in 1139 (as single non-clergy) in the document of archbishop Alberos over the transfer of the Willehadi Stift to the St. Stepaniberg in Bremen. The first name Lüder (Liudger, Liutgerus, Luderus) appears in the Bremen Ministerales for the first time with this Vogt (advocatus) Lüder. In 1142, Liuderus advocatus was the main witness in the colonization document for the Steginger Brokseite (west of the Ollen River), in 1149 in the Stedinger colonization document of archbishop Hartwig I as well. So under two archbishops Vogt Lüder had the leading witness position which was often given to the Stadtvogt of Bremen in documents. Since with the exception of the time of the reign of Count Heinrich the Lion in the Bremen Erzstift, all Bremen city Vogts belonged to a family of descendants of the Vogt Gerung -- at least until 1230 --, this can be assumed to be the case for the Vogt Lüder.

    1181: Probably the dominus Luderus de Bruke who was mentioned only once in documents, appearing in 1181 as the next to last witness at the colonization of Oberneuland (southeast Bremen).

    1185: Luderus de Huthe/Hude. Lokator von Nordsiede and probably von Trupe. Had lived at a residence (perhaps the somewhat raised Eichhorst) on the border of Nordsiede, then after the removal of the Ministeriale Elers from Ritterhude by the Archbishop of Bremen, took his presumably fortified place in Huda (the Wasserburg?) and after that called himself von der Hude. 1, 2, 3, 9

Lüder probably married ? VON BREMEN1 , daughter of Alard VON BREMEN (de Brema). (Based on the first names of his sons Alard and Albert, probably a close connection between Lüder and the von der Bremen family of Vogts. It is not unlikely that Lüder von der Hude's wife was the daughter of the von Bremen (de Brema) Vogt and Lokator of the Oberneuland, Alard von Bremen.1

They had the following children:

    20 i. Martin
    21 ii. Alard (->1240)
    22 iii. Lüder
    23 iv. Heinrich
    24 v. Albert
16. Dietward.2 Ritter, Vogt. Ritter 1180-89; Vogt 1180. Stammvater of the von BREMEN family

Children:

    25 i. Nikolaus
    26 ii. Dietward
17. Alard.2 Alard died on 22 May 1219. Ritter, Vogt, monk?
    Ritter 1181-1217
    Vogt 1186-1217
    Mönch Loccum 1217
Alard married Jutta VON ESCHERDE2 . They had the following children:
    27 i. Brüning
    28 ii. Alard (-<1249)
    29 iii. Lippold
    30 iv. Albert
18. Diedrich.2 Resided in Lübeck. Bishop.

19. Hermann.2 Ritter. mentioned 1183. Stammvater of the POPPE

Sixth Generation


20. Martin VON DER HUDE.1 Ritter, Bremen archiepiscopal Ministeriale. mentioned 1212-48. Ritter since 1219, possibly since 1218. Judge in 1219 in archiepiscopal court. Fiefs: 4 houses in Lesumstotel from Kloster Osterholz, 1 farm in Bolland from the Count of Oldenburg-Bruchhausen. 3

Child:

    31 i. Lüder
21. Alard VON DER HUDE.1 Alard died after 1240.5 Ritter.
    mentioned 1218-26. appears as archepiscopal Ministerial and Ritter from 1218-1241.1 First in 1218 as archepiscopal Ministeriale and Ritter, witness in a Schenkunsurkunde for the Kloster Osterholz. Witness in archepiscopalian documents until 1225. Last mention: in 1226 Archbishop Gerhard II gave over to the Kloster Osterholz a property in Hastedt given to him by Ritter Alard von der Hude under the condition that the Kloster propst use 1/2 Mark of the income for an annual memorial to Alard and his late wife Cunegunda, and also give 1/2 Mark to the hospital in Bremen.3
Alard married Conegunda VON MERCELE6 , probably the daughter of Willekinus VON MERCELE (Marssel?) 3,1. Conegunda died before Sep 1226. (Because five representatives of the Ministeriale family von Marssel are witnesses in the relevant documents, along with all the brothers of Alard, Kunigunde was probably a von Marssel.)3

They had the following children:

    32 i. Martin (->1292)
    33 ii. Johann (-<1277)
    34 iii. Alard
22. Lüder VON DER HUDE.1 Ritter, Bremen archiepiscopal Ministeriale. Ritter in 1236, probably already in 1226.

23. Heinrich VON DER HUDE.1 Ritter, Bremen archiepiscopal Ministeriale. mentioned 1222-48. "called Saxo/Sasse"3

24. Albert VON DER HUDE.1 Ritter, archiepiscopal Ministeriale. mentioned 1222-48. Children:

    36 i. Albert
    37 ii. Johann
    38 iii. Siegfried
25. Nikolaus.2 Ritter. Ritter 1201-18

26. Dietward.2 Ritter. Ritter 1201-26.

27. Brüning MONNIK.2 Ritter. Ritter 1206, 1249

28. Alard.2 Alard died bef 1249. Ritter, Vogt. Ritter 1199-1247. Vogt 1206

Alard married Mechthild VON DAHLUM.2 They had the following children:

    39 i. Balduin
    40 ii. Engelbert
    41 iii. Heinrich
    42 iv. Konrad?
29. Lippold MONNIK.2 Ritter. Stammvater of the MONNIK von der HELLEN families? Ritter 1225-1252

30. Albert MONNIK.2 Ritter. Ritter 1249-1278

Seventh Generation


31. Lüder VON DER HUDE.1 Ritter, Bremen archiepiscopal Ministeriale. mentioned 1236-81. Ritter since 1237. In 1258 supported the Oldenburg Ministeriale Robert von Westerholt in a revolt against the Counts of Oldenburg.3 Child:
    43 i. Lüder
32. Martin VON DER HUDE.1 Martin died after 1292. Ritter, archiepiscopal Ministeriale. Knappe 1259-1267. Ritter until 1292.1

Martin married Elisabeth ??1 . They had the following children:

    44 i. Friedrich (-<1332)
    45 ii. Johann (-<1345)
    46 iii. Martin
    47 iv. Alard
33. Johann VON DER HUDE.1 Johann died bef 1277.3 Knappe (1259-1267)1 Children:
    48 i. Lüder (-<1337)
    49 ii. Gerhard (-<1396)
34. Alard VON DER HUDE.1 Resided in Wildeshausen. canon. mentioned 1249-1257. (probably the correct parents)1

35. Heinrich VON DER HUDE.1 Knappe, Ministeriale. mentioned 1248-84. Heinricus de Huda called Saxo/Sasse3 In 1284 Heinrich von der Hude was identified as one of the worst highwaymen between Hamburg and Lübeck.(!!)3

36. Albert VON DER HUDE.1 Ritter, archiepiscopal Ministeriale. mentined 1259-87. Ritter since 1271, in documents until 12873 Child:

    50 i. Albert
37. Johann VON DER HUDE.1 Knappe. mentioned 1260-83

38. Siegfried VON DER HUDE.1 Knappe. mentioned in 1283

39. Balduin.2 Resided in Riga. Teutonic Knight. mentioned in 1249. DO-brother, Riga 1263

40. Engelbert.2 Resided in Bremen. Domherr, Domdekan. mentioned 1263-82.

41. Heinrich.2 Resided in Hildesheim. Canon. mentioned 1258-65

42. Konrad?2 Resided in Prussia. Teutonic Knight. mentioned in 1243

Eighth Generation


43. Lüder VON DER HUDE.1 Knappe, archiepiscopal Vogt in Warfleth. mentioned 1266-83. the first verifiable owner of the eagle-claw coat of arms.3

Lüder's wife's name and family are not known. According to Mushard, she was Lücka, daughter of the Count Gerbert von Stotel; B. U. Hucker does not dismiss the possibility of this marriage. The first name, Moritz, which appears for the first time in the family with Lüder's son, does not occur with the Counts von Stotel, but with their in-laws, the Counts von Oldenburg (Moritz I von Oldenburg, 1167-1211). Equally possible, although also unsupported, is a marriage of Lüder with a daughter of the Ministeriale and Ritter Mauritius de Palude (Moritz von Bruch, Kirchdorf Bruch in Osterstade), who is in documents in 1225, 1226, and 1229. Moritz von Bruch was the very first person named Moritz among the Bremen Ministeriales. The property in Hinnebeck, next to Bruch, which Lüder's descendants later disposed of, could then come from the dowry of his wife. A marriage or second marriage with Lücke von Stotel is not to be ruled out, though, because the property in Hinnebeck, which inclued all rights like tithes, Vogt, etc., could have come just as easily from the family of the Count Stotels.3

They had the following children:

    51 i. Moritz
    52 ii. Martin (-<1340)
    53 iii. NN
44. Friedrich VON DER HUDE.4 Friedrich died bef 1332. Knappe, Ritter. Knappe 1278-1292, Ritter 1300-1332. About 1300 vassal of Count von Hoya. In 1315 bought a house with all rights in Hellshorn from Wilken von Marseel for 28 Marks. This must be the later von der Hude noble property in Heilshorn.3 1322: Ritter Friedrich v. d. Hude gave Kloster Osterholz an annual income of 1/2 cart-load of rye from a half tithe from Hambergen (north-Osterholz-Scharmbeck). property in Grambke7
    THIS IS NOT: . the Knappe Friedrich von der Hude who appears from 1321-1340, who had two brothers Johann. and Arnold, Knappes von der Hude, all sons of a Ritter Lüder1
Friedrich married Lütgard (possibly) HOLENBEKE?3. Lütgard died aft 1310. 5 They had the following children:
    54 i. Lüder (?1311-?1369)
    55 ii. Elisabeth
    56 iii. Berte
    57 iv. Margarete
    58 v. Gertrud
45. Johann VON DER HUDE.1 Johann died bef 1345. Knappe. mentioned 1300-1339. vassal of the Counts von Hoya

Johann married Gertrud3. (In 1345 shw was identified as the widow of the Knappe Johann von der Hude the elder.) They had the following children:

    59 i. Gudula
    60 ii. Elisabeth
46. Martin VON DER HUDE.1 Knappe. mentioned 1303-34

47. Alard VON DER HUDE.1 Knappe. mentioned 1303-32

48. Lüder VON DER HUDE.1 Lüder died bef 1337. Ritter. About 1300 vassal of the Counts von Hoya. Beiname "der Lange."3 Lüder's wife might have been a MONNIK, because of the first names of the sons Arnold and Frioedrich3 They had the following children:

    61 i. Johann (-<1369)
    62 ii. Arnold
    63 iii. Friedrich
49. Gerhard VON DER HUDE.3 Gerhard died bef 1396. Buried in Bremen. Citizen of Bremen before 1289. Gerhard was with great probability a younger son of Johann, because his son Bernhard appears as cousin (patruelis) of Johann's grandson Johann.3 Children:
    64 i. Johann (-<1337)
    65 ii. Bernhard (-1356)
50. Albert VON DER HUDE.1 Knappe. mentioned 1305-36. Children:
    66 i. Siegfried
    67 ii. Martin

Ninth Generation


51. Moritz VON DER HUDE.1 Ritter,. mentioned 1271-92. Knappe in 1271 and 1277, Ritter in 1292. vassal of the Counts of Hoya

Moritz's wife was probably a daughter of Heinrich von SCHARMBECK (Schermbeke), because Moritz' sons appear in possession of Scharmbecker property.3 They had the following children:

    68 i. Moritz (-1306)
    69 ii. Heinrich
    70 iii. Lüder
52. Martin VON DER HUDE.1 Martin died bef 1340. Ritter. mentioned 1298-1327.
        In a 1309 document co-signed by his sons Lüder and Martin and related to his castle "Hude," he sold the tithe of the town of Dunge to the Kloster Osterholz. The Huda residence is the dam/dike property named Wasserburg that Martin had built new after the 1305 destruction of the old Hude Castle. In 1309 a coalition of counts and Ministeriales joined with the city of Bremen to fight the Ritters von Aumund, who owned the castles Blumenthal and Schönebeck, and Ritter Martin von der Hude. In September 1309 they even decided to build a castle at "Cleigenberg" against the von Aumunds and von der Hudes, in order to carry on this feud from there. This expense and the almost 200 armored riders of the coalition show the difficulty of combating those of von Aumund and Rutterhude. The feud must have been ended with the arrival of the newly-named Archbishop Johann (Jonas) Grand in 1310, because he installed Martin von der Hude in this year as Vogt at the Burg Langwedel.
        In 1321 Martin left the Arch Stift to go to the Hof of the prince Heinrich II von Mecklenburg and Stargard. On July 24 of the same year he found himself as a special emmisary of the prince .. nobilis miles dominus Martinus dictus de Hude (where nobilis miles does not mean "nobleman and knight", but simply "noble knight"), in Bohus (near Göteborg, Sweden) in order to negotiate a mutual-assistance league with Ingeborg, the widow of Duke Erich von Südermannland (son of King Magnus I of Sweden), daughter of King Haken V of Norway, and mother of the minor five-year-old King Magnus II of Sweden. In 1322 Martin is Vogt of the Prince in Stargard. Until 1327 we find him regularly in the retinue of the prince (always in a prominent position as document witness, often first), so that from that his itinerary can be established: Stargard, Naubrandenburg, Sternberg, Farpen, Doberan, Rostock, Sternberg, Nykjöbing (Denmark), Rostock, Sternberg, Warnemünde, Rostock, Wismar, Musenbeke, Barth, Sternberg, Rostock, Neubrandenburg, Warnemünde, Sternberg, Loitz, Rostock, Priwal, Grevesmühlen, Wismar, Barth. After 1327 Martin was no longer mentioned as living.3
Martin married Jutte VON LINE3, daughter of Erich VON LINE. (According to Mushard, "Mette" von Line, Erich's daughter.) Ritter Erich von Line was the brother of the Archdeacon Marquard from Rüstringen and son of the Ritter Friedrich von Line and a von Bederkesa. So the key Bederkesa names Marquard and Erich came to the von Lines and then the von der Hudes. However, Martin's wife was not named Mette, but Jutta, based on a 1340 memorial endowment in honor of Martin and his wife. In it: Ritter Lüder von der Hude; Martin, his son Marquard; Johann, his son; Heinrich, Arnold; also Hildemar, Lüder, Erich, and Conrad, brothers, sons of the late Ritter Martin junior; Lüder, son of the late Johann; and Johann, Erich von der Hude's son, attest that their father and grandfather, the Ritter Martin von der Hude, his wife Jutta, as well as Ritter Martin junior, Johann, Erich, and Diederich "once our brother" had bequeathed to the Kloster Osterholz all their property in Hinnebeck (1 1/2 pieces of land and two Wurten with all rights). Therefore Jutta had also died before this date.3 They had the following children:
    71 i. Lüder
    72 ii. Martin
    73 iii. Johann
    74 iv. Marquard
    75 v. Erich (-<1340)
    76 vi. Heinrich
    77 vii. Diedrich (-<1340)
    78 viii. Arnold
53. (daughter) VON DER HUDE.3,1 The existence of this daughter of Lüder (married to Borchard VON SCHWANEWEDE. Ritter, Ministeriale) is supported, because the brothers Borchard, Lüder, Diedrich, Gerhard, and Christian von Schwanewede sold a piece of land in Hinnebeck to the Kloster Osterholz for the salvation of their late father, the Ritter Borchard von Schwanewede. This document can be seen together with the gift of the descendants of Martin, as well as a sale in 1352 of land in Hinnebeck by Knappe Moritz and Lüder, sons of Lüder von der Hude. Evidently the Kloster was adjusting here the boundaries of its property in Hinnebeck. Because descendants of both Moritz and also Martin, as well as the Ritter Borchard von Schwanewede, shared this property, and the name Lüder appears for the first time in the von Schwanewede family among the sons of Borchard, it can be assumed that Ritter Borchard von Schwanewede's wife was a daughter of Lüder von der Hude.3 They had the following children:
    79 i. Borchard
    80 ii. Lüder
    81 iii. Diedrich
    82 iv. Gerhard
    83 v. Christian
54. Lüder VON DER HUDE.4 Born 1311?1 Lüder died in 1369?; he was about 58. Resided in Bremen. Knappe, Ministeriale, Lokator. mentioned 1322-498. Stammvater of the Bremen citizen/Ratsherr family. Did not become a Ritter, but remained a Knappe. Bremen citizen 1340 (sponsor: Bernhard Reme, Ratsherr 1319-1349)
    Conflicts between this branch of the family and the main branch at Ritterhude (Kreis Osterholz)
    1343: document related to main branch trying to force Lüder out of his property? So he allied himself with the city, became a citizen, acquired a judgement which assured him his paternal inheritance and had Archbishop Burchard Grelle of Bremen, himself the son of a Bremen Ratsherr, "ennoble" his untitled wife, Elisabeth. The ground for the "ennobling" of his wife may have been to secure the right of inheritance of his children.
    1369: only other appearance in documents, confirming to the Kloster Osterholz the annual income of 1/2 rye from his half tithe from Hamburgen given them by his father, Ritter Friedrich von der Hude. -- left the half tithe to his son Detward.1
Lüder married Elisabeth PRINDENY, daughter of Marten PRINDENY & Tibbe. Born in 1320/23 in Bremen.5 mentioned in 1346. In 1341, "ennobled" by Erzbishof Burchard Grelle of Bremen.1 (father = Martin, wife=Tibbe?)5

They had the following children:

    84 i. Friedrich
    85 ii. Martin
    86 iii. Detward (~1345-1430)
    87 iv. Lütgard
    88 v. Hildegund (Hille)
    89 vi. Gisla
55. Elisabeth VON DER HUDE.1

56. Berte VON DER HUDE.1

57. Margarete VON DER HUDE.1

58. Gertrud VON DER HUDE.1

59. Gudula VON DER HUDE.1

60. Elisabeth VON DER HUDE.1 Elisabeth married Hermann VON SANDBECK3. Knappe. mentioned in 1345

61. Johann VON DER HUDE.3 Johann died bef 1369. Knappe. (mentioned1320-1359) Johann married Kunigunde VON VERDEN3, daughter of Conrad VON VERDEN & Osteke. (Kunigunde von Verden [1325-1369], widow in 1369 of "Johann von der Hude alias von Burstele," with sons Conrad and Lüder sold a Hufe in Hastedt to the Bremen St. Jürgen Gasthaus. 3

They had the following children:

    90 i. Conrad
    91 ii. Johann
    92 iii. Lüder
62. Arnold VON DER HUDE.3 Knappe. menitoned 1321-1340

63. Friedrich VON DER HUDE.3 Knappe. mentioned 1321-1340

64. Johann VON DER HUDE.3 Johann died bef 1337. Resided in Hamburg. Bernhard's sons are his sons' heirs3 The names Alard and Friedrich showing up in this von der Hude family in Hamburg point to their descendancy from the Bremen Ministeriale family. Because they inherited in 1354 from the brothers Johann and Bernhard von der Hude from outside Hamberg, and use a house-mark-like stylized striped coat of arms on seals, one can assume that Johann was the older son of the Bremen citizen Gerhard von der Hude. 3

Johann married Hellenburgis3. Hellenburgis died bef 1337. They had the following children:

    93 i. Gerbert
    94 ii. Johann
    95 iii. Alard
    96 iv. Gottfried
    97 v. Friedrich
65. Bernhard VON DER HUDE.3 Bernhard died in 1356/57. Ritter. In 1306 named as the son of the late citizen Gerhared von der Hude, banned from the city of Bremen. In 1314, as Knappe, at the settlement of the Stift conflict. Sold in 1339 with wife Adelheid and sons Johann, Martin, Bernhard and Arnold, a Hof in Emptinghausen to the Bremen citizen Albert von der Tiefer. Died after August 1356, before 13573

Bernhard married Adelheid CLÜVER3, daughter of Johann CLÜVER & Kunigunde VON MANDELSLOH. (according to T. von den Decken) 3 They had the following children:

    98 i. Johann
    99 ii. Martin
    100 iii. Bernhard
    101 iv. Arnold
    102 v. (daughter
    103 vi. (daughter)
66. Siegfried VON DER HUDE.1 mentioned in 1336

67. Martin VON DER HUDE.1 mentioned in 1336

Tenth Generation


68. Moritz VON DER HUDE.9 Moritz died in 1306. Canon.

69. Heinrich VON DER HUDE.9 Knappe. mentioned 1304-34 Child:

    104 i. Moritz
70. Lüder VON DER HUDE.9 Knappe. mentioned 1316-24 Children:
    105 i. Moritz
    106 ii. Lüder
    107 iii. Heinrich
71. Lüder VON DER HUDE.9 Ritter. mentioned 1309-42 Children:
    108 i. Martin
    109 ii. Jutta (-<1366)
72. Martin VON DER HUDE.9 Ritter. mentioned 1309-28 Children:
    110 i. Hildemar
    111 ii. Lüder
    112 iii. Erich
    113 iv. Conrad
73. Johann VON DER HUDE.9 Knappe. mentioned 1319-39 Children:
    114 i. Lüder
    115 ii. Johann
    116 iii. Franke
74. Marquard VON DER HUDE.9 Knappe. mentioned 1319-68 Children:
    117 i. Johann
    118 ii. Lüder
    119 iii. Marquard
    120 iv. Gebhard
    121 v. Katharina
75. Erich VON DER HUDE.9 Erich died before 1340. Knappe. mentioned 1328- Child:
    122 i. Johann
76. Heinrich VON DER HUDE.9 Knappe. mentioned 1328-76 Child:
    123 i. Mechtild
77. Diedrich VON DER HUDE.9 Diedrich died bef 1340. mentioned 1328-

78. Arnold VON DER HUDE.9 Knappe. mentioned 1328-53

79. Borchard VON SCHWANEWEDE.3

80. Lüder VON SCHWANEWEDE.3

81. Diedrich VON SCHWANEWEDE.3

82. Gerhard VON SCHWANEWEDE.3

83. Christian VON SCHWANEWEDE.3

84. Friedrich VON DER HUDE.1 mentioned 13499 probably died in the Pest epedimic of 13501

85. Martin VON DER HUDE.1 mentioned 13499 probably died in the Pest epedimic of 13501

86. Detward VON DER HUDE.4 Born abt 1345.1 Detward died in Bremen on 21 Jan 1430; he was about 85. Ratsherr, Bürgermeister.5

    mentioned 1349 (with parents and two older brothers1) - 14309 Bremen citizen 1370, Ratsherr (Martini-quarter) 1378-1423, 1417 Bürgermeister1
    1402 donated with Gisla, widow of Dombaumeister Wilken Wierdes, an altar in the Maria-Magdalenekapelle.8 This joint donation makes it probable that Gisla was a sister of Detward's.1 Received a half tithe from Hambergen (north-Osterholz-Scharmbeck) from his father?1 Bought in 1375 from the Knappes Heyneke and Diedrich von Mandelsloh a half tithe of Ritterhude, which they had received as dowries for their wives from Ritter Bernhard von der Hude. 9 According to the inscription on his tombstone that still existed in 1872, but since then has been lost, Detward von der Hude died Jan. 21, 1430. This is confirmed in a document of the Kloster Lilienthal of Feb. 2, 1430, which says that the late Detward von der Hude, once Bürgermeister of Bremen, had given them a half property in St. Jürgensland with the consent of his wife Tibbe and his heirs. His widow Tibbe would retain the property during her lifetime.9
Detward first married Anna DONELDEY4, daughter of Hinrik DONELDEY d J. & Margarete.(or: father = Albero? 7) Born abt 1340 in Bremen.5 Anna died bef 1412; she was about 72.1 They had the following children:
    124 i. Bartke (~1375-<1421)
    125 ii. Hinrich (-1459)
    126 iii. Margarete (Gretje) (-~1440)
    127 iv. Lutgard
    128 v. Elisabeth (Beke)
Detward second married Tibbe VON DER TRUPE1, daughter of Hinrik VON DER TRUPE & ?? VON HASBERGEN. mentioned 1412-1431? Detward provided his wife Tibbe with the lifelong use of a half-estate in St. Jürgensland (north of Bremen), that he transferred to the Kloster Lilienthal. Tibbe is the "uxor Huden, filia Trupe" named in 1412 in the will of the cathedral Kellner Herbord Schene. Her first name comes from her maternal grandmother Tibbe, the wife of the Ratsherr Johann von Hasbergen. It can be assumed that the second marriage of Detward von der Hude was childless.1

87. Lutgard VON DER HUDE.1 named in 1385 as the widow of the Knappe Hinderk von Oumunde (Aumund) and appeared in documents until 1412. left her nephew, Ratsherr Heinrich von der Hude, a half property and half of the tithe in the Feldmark in Neuenkirchen.1 Lutgard married Hinrik VON AUMUNDE1, son of Heinrich VON AUMUNDE. Hinrik died bef 1385. Knappe. mentioned 1375-13779

88. Hildegund (Hille) VON DER HUDE.1 Hildegund (Hille) married Hinrik VON HASBERGEN1. mentioned 1391-1429. Bremen oath of citizenship 1391. Bremen Ratsherr about 1404, Bürgermeister 1411-14171,9 They had the following children:

    129 i. Johann
    130 ii. Tibbe
    131 iii. Hille
89. Gisla VON DER HUDE.1 In 1402 Detward von der Hude together with Gisla, the widow of Dombaumeister Wilken Wierdes donated an altar in the Maria-Magdalena Chapel. This joint donation makes it probable that Gisla was a sister of Detward's. Gisla first married Wilken WIERDES1. Wilken died bef 1402. Resided in Bremen. Dom Bauherr. Gisla second married Johann HOLLEMANN. Resided in Bremen. mentioned 1402. Bremen citizen

90. Conrad VON DER HUDE.3

91. Johann VON DER HUDE.3 Children:

    132 i. Heinrich
    133 ii. Johann
92. Lüder VON DER HUDE.3 Since from 1340 on Lüder is named as the last of the brothers, one cannot dismiss the possibility that the one named in 1325 died early and the one named in 1340 was a younger son. Against this is the fact that Lüder was the main heir of his father.3

93. Gerbert VON DER HUDE.3

94. Johann VON DER HUDE.3

95. Alard VON DER HUDE.3

96. Gottfried VON DER HUDE.3

97. Friedrich VON DER HUDE.3

98. Johann VON DER HUDE.3 mentioned 1339-54

99. Martin VON DER HUDE.3 mentioned 1339-58

100. Bernhard VON DER HUDE.3 mentioned 1339-54 Children:

    134 i. Bernhard
    135 ii. Thiedburg
    136 iii. Hildegund
    137 iv. Womele
    138 v. Elisabeth
101. Arnold VON DER HUDE.3 mentioned 1339

102. N.N. VON DER HUDE. one of the wives of the brothers Heyneke and Diedrich VON MANDELSLOH, who brought to the marriages a half tithe of Ritterhude from their father. (The brothers von Mandelsloh sold them in 1375 to the Bremen citizen Detward von der Hude.)3

103. N.N. VON DER HUDE. 3 one of the wives of the brothers Heyneke and Diedrich VON MANDELSLOH, who brought to the marriages a half tithe of Ritterhude from their father. (The brothers von Mandelsloh sold them in 1375 to the Bremen citizen Detward von der Hude.)3

Eleventh Generation


104. Moritz VON DER HUDE.9 mentioned 1329-34

105. Moritz VON DER HUDE.9 mentioned 1334-57

106. Lüder VON DER HUDE.9 mentioned 1334-53

107. Heinrich VON DER HUDE.9 mentioned 1334-58

108. Martin VON DER HUDE.9 mentioned 1330-62 Children:

    i. Lüder9
    ii. Martin9
109. Jutta VON DER HUDE.9 Jutta died bef 1366. mentioned 1336-

110. Hildemar VON DER HUDE.9 mentioned 1340-66

111. Lüder VON DER HUDE.9 mentioned 1340-97 Children:

    i. Christian9
    ii. Martin9
    iii. Heinrich9
    iv. Lüder9
    v. Mechthild9
112. Erich VON DER HUDE.9 mentioned 1340-66 Child:
    i. Hildemar9
113. Conrad VON DER HUDE.9 mentioned 1340-78 Children:
    i. Arnold9
    ii. Alverich9
    iii. Mechtild9
114. Lüder VON DER HUDE.9 mentioned 1334-44

115. Johann VON DER HUDE.9 mentioned 1343-80 Child:

    i. Elisabeth9
116. Franke VON DER HUDE.9 mentioned 1373-76

117. Johann VON DER HUDE.9 mentioned 1340-80 Child:

    i. Johann9
118. Lüder VON DER HUDE.9 mentioned 1343-57

119. Marquard VON DER HUDE.9 mentioned 1343-76

120. Gebhard VON DER HUDE.9 mentioned 1343-73 Child:

    i. Lüder9
121. Katharina VON DER HUDE.9

122. Johann VON DER HUDE.9 mentioned 1340-53

123. Mechtild VON DER HUDE.9

124. Bartke VON DER HUDE. Born abt 1375 in Bremen.5 Bartke died bef 1421; she was about 46.1

Bartke married Herbord DUCKEL d. J., son of Sievert DUCKEL & Mette. Born abt 1365 in Bremen. Herbord died in 1432; he was about 67.1 Ratsherr, Bürgermeister. mentioned 1394-14321 Herbord d J. 1408-24; dead in 33. wife Alheyd in 1421,22. In 1417 had a house in the Langenstraße next to Diderik Kind's. Judged unfairly of dereliction of duty and fined 200 Marks. Gave up Bürgermeistership, judgement overturned by Hanse and Kaiser. Caused great unrest, constitutional crisis in city. brother: Syverd (1398-1406) sons: Detward (1421-24) Doneldey (1422-45 -- Komtur des Deutschen Ordens) and Arend (1421-32) (the names of these sons strengthen the assumption that their mother was Bartke VON DER HUDE, daughter of Detward VdH and Anna Doneldey.)

    1424, summer .. forced to pay 200 Marks to cover part of the costs of recent unsuccessful undertakings in Butjadingen and Stadland.
    1425: resigned and left Bremen .. went to Stade (sent Doneldey to Lübeck to complain before the Hansetag assembled there. (they sided with him, being told he had been forced to leave.) (constitutional crisis in Bremen --> new Rat)
    1428, still in exile, gave up on Hanse and successfully appealed to King Sigmund.
    1429, May: complained again to King, through Notar Simon Amman von Aspern.
    1429, June: other old Bürgermeisters Diedrich Schorhar and Herman von Gröpelingen and 6 former Ratherren (including Daniel Brand d. Ä) left Bremen and joined Duckel in Stade. Schorhar and Gröpelingen went on to the King, leading to another mandate against Bramen and the new Rat
    1432, May: Three former Bürgermeisters, Herbord Duckel, Diedrich Schorhar, and Hermann von Gröpellingen, plus five Ratherrs went to Lüneberg with a sealed document, but no agreement could be reached
    1433, April: Finally a compromise .. old Rat restored, including Duckel's sons. No mention of Herbord.
They had the following children:
    i. Detward8
    ii. Doneldey8
    iii. Arend8
    iv. Catharina4 (~1401->1457)
125. Hinrich VON DER HUDE.10 Resided in Bremen. Großkaufmann, Ratmann, Bürgermeister. mentioned 1400-1459. rich. "prototype of an early capitalist, merchant of the 15th century" a net of trade relationships, (possible with new general writing ability) throughout the entire Haneatic area, source of immense wealth. Had a house by St. Martini, next to Hinrik Hellingstede (in 1409)8 Bremen citizen together with Margarete in 1408. Rat 1410-1459 (except during the revolution years, 1427-33); Bürgermeister 1427. 1400?: received a fourth of a tithe from Hambergen (north-Osterholz-Scharmbeck) from his father? .. then in 1456 gave it to Reimede as dowry. 1 died between Aug 4 and Oct. 16, 1459.
    In 1443 he listed the properties that were withheld from him by his cousins in Ritterhude although he was entitled to them on grounds of the letter of conciliation of 1343: the half tithe in Ritterhude, the old Wall in Ritterhude, the main Hof in Heilhorn, 7 pieces of land in Eichhorst, plus he had mortgaged the half tithe in Hambergen to Arnd von der Hude, who was opposed to the redemption (??); and he was deprived by them of the grain of his Ritterhude tithe, which happened when he sat in prison; and they took eight fat pigs from the Stotel woods and appropriated for themselves his quarter of the Stotel woods that had belonged to his great-grandfather Ritter Friedrich von der Hude and his grandfather Lüder von der Hude, the remaining three quarters to the brothers of Ritter Friedrich, and further Gebhard had taken over the court in Lesum, as well as other fiefs, which he, as the oldest of the von der Hudes, was entitled to; further, Arnold appropriated a Wurt (raised land) and the Sattelhof in Ritterhude; finally he came to the conflict over the village and court of Borgfeld that had been going on between him and the von der Hudes at Ritterhude since 1413.
    He had no sons, and as a result, after his death in 1459 the Knappe Geverd von der Hude rode into the city as the family elder, to demand the authority (Heergewette) due him as the next male heir (Schwertmage).1 Testament just before death (June 9, 1459): daughters and children = heirs, but if widow didn't remarry, property to remain together and she should get half of the income, the daughters each a fourth. (not how inheritance usually worked) -- led to big problems. Gesche accused her sons-in-law of cheating her -- especially hard on Lüder Scharhar. Brought in 4 "judges" .. mayors Diderich Scharhar, Hermann von Gröpelingen, and Daniel Brand, plus Ratmann Frederick von Varle, April 25, 1461, worked out new arrangements (a box that needed three keys .. each having one, etc.)

Hinrich first married Margareta.10 Margareta died in 1413.1 mentioned 1408-14191

In 1414 Hinrich second married Gesche VON DETTENHUSEN10, daughter of Gerd VON DETTENHUSEN. 1 Gesche died abt 1492. She brought a lot of property to the marriage (including a half tenth (?) in Horn)?? She fought with her sons-in-law and their heirs. March 1488: testament leaving all to her daughter Gretke, her granddaughter Gesche Gröning, and granddaughter (?) Johann Brand .. They had the following children:

    i. Margarete (Gretke)10 (~1430-1518)
    ii. Reimede10 (~1435-?1454)
126. Margarete (Gretje) VON DER HUDE.1 Margarete (Gretje) died abt 1440. 1400?: received a fourth of a tithe from Hambergen (north-Osterholz-Scharmbeck) from her father?1

Margarete (Gretje) married Hermann VON GRÖPELINGEN8, son of Johann VON GRÖPELINGEN. Resided in Bremen. Knappe. citizen of Bremen in 1409. mentioned 1396-1415 In 1410 the cleric Otto von Gröpelingen transferred his portion of the half court of Borgfeld (east of Bremen, inherited in 1401 from his father, Knappe Johann von Gröpelingen) to his brother Hermann, whose sons Lüder and Johann (the Hildesheim Domherr and nephew of Hinrik von der Hude) were in possession of one half of Borgfeld after 1460. Hinrik von der Hude owned the other half already before 1420. Their whole lives, Lüder von Gröpelingen and Hinrik von der Hude had to ward off the claims on the Borgfeld court of the main branch of the von der Hude family. 1

They had the following children:

    i. Lüder9
    ii. Johann9
127. Lutgard VON DER HUDE.1 Resided in Kloster Lilienthal. nun, abbess. mentioned 1416-1432

128. Elisabeth (Beke) VON DER HUDE.1 While H. Post identifies Beke (Elisabeth) von der Hude as the wife of Alert Hemeling, H. Smidt asserts that Alert Hemeling was Hinrik von der Hude's nephew. An Alert Hemeling was definitely a business partner of Hinrik von der Hude in 1443. Without more evidence, the advantage goes to H. Post, meaning Beke von der Hude would have been a sister of Hinrik's and thus daughter of Detward von der Hude1

Elisabeth (Beke) probably married Alert HEMELING1. Resided in Bremen. Kaufmann, Bergenfahrer 1443. Bremen citizen

129. Johann VON HASBERGEN.1 mentioned 1412-1428, Ratsherr 1420-14261

130. Tibbe VON HASBERGEN.1 mentioned 14121

131. Hille VON HASBERGEN.1 Resided in Kloster Blankenburg, by Oldenburg, in 1444. nun.

132. Heinrich VON DER HUDE.9 mentioned 1353-75

133. Johann VON DER HUDE.9 mentioned 1359-1420. Child:

    i. Johann9
134. Bernhard VON DER HUDE.9

135. Thiedburg VON DER HUDE.9 mentioned 1405

136. Hildegund VON DER HUDE.9 mentioned 1405

137. Womele VON DER HUDE. mentioned 1390-1405

138. Elisabeth VON DER HUDE. mentioned 1405

Sources


1. Trüper, Hans G., "Die Bremer Ratsherrenfamilie von der Hude," Norddeutsche Familienkunde, 3, 1976.
2. Trüper, Hans G., "Ritter und Knappen zwischen Weser und Elbe," 2000.
3. Trüper, Hans G., "Die Genealogie des stiftsbremischen Ministerialengeschlects von der Hude bis zur Mitte des 15. Jahrhunderts," Nordeutsche Familienkunde, 3, 1985.
4. Genealogisch-Heraldische Gesellschaft Göttingen e.V., "Rundbrief 7," http://ghgg.genealogy.net, December 2002.
5. Ammersbeck, Charlotte -- Ahnenliste (Lin Strong)
6. LDS.
7. Wiarda, Siegfried, "Zur Ahnenliste Wiarda Zerneman," Norddeutsche Familienkunde, 3, 1977.
8. Lübcke, Erich. "Der Bremer Rat von 1225-1433.." in Der Zeitschrift für Niedersächsische Familienkubnde, XVII.
9. Trüper, Hans G., "Die Genealogie des stiftsbremischen Ministerialengeschlects von der Hude bis zur Mitte des 15. Jahrhunderts," Norddeutsche Familienkunde, 4, 1985.
10. Schwebel, Karl H., "Das bremische Patriziergeschlecht Brand, Herren zu Riensberg und Erbrichter von Borgfeld." in Bremisches Jahrbuch, Band 41. 1944.


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