9/11/11: NBC4i: "Ohio Bedbugs More Resistant to Insecticides:"
1/22/11: Cleveland Plain Dealer - Bedbugs are here: Don't panic, officials say, but don't assume you're safeOSU researchers check Bedbug DNA. Now, more resistant
Having trouble removing bedbugs, even with pesticides? They might have developed resistant genes.
A genetic analysis of the bedbug (Cimex lectularius) has revealed that the blood-feeding insect is gaining resistance against pesticides.
Bedbugs can leave a nasty, itchy bump after feeding on human blood. After their binge, the 6-millimetre-long parasites hide in dark cracks and crevices for up to six months, digesting their meal – so finding and eradicating them is extremely difficult.
Since the 1940s, the widespread use of powerful but dangerous insecticides such as DDT has kept bedbug populations down. But in the past decade, their numbers have soared by 100 to 500 per cent in North America, Europe, east Asia and Australia.
The resurgence is partly due to an increase in travel to and from bug-infested regions and sales of infected second-hand furniture and clothes.
But many bedbug populations have also grown because they have developed resistance to current pesticides such as pyrethroids, says entomologist Omprakash Mittapalli at Ohio State University in Wooster. Understanding how this newly developed armour imparts protection could lead to new, more effective control methods, he says.read the rest at: http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn20005-bedbug-dna-reveals-pockets-of-resistance-to-pesticides.html
Columbus, Whitehall, South-Western have had isolated incidents
Never mind the lack of beds, wallpaper or tons of fabric in the buildings -- bedbugs have made their way into Franklin County's schools.
Entomologists and health officials warned in 2008, when the problem was growing elsewhere in the city, that bedbugs - which don't transmit disease but are creepy and hard to get rid of - would hitch rides into schools on students' backpacks and clothing.
"Most of the school districts in greater Columbus are probably having, or have had, to contend with bedbugs," said Paul Wenning, chairman of the Central Ohio Bed Bug Task Force.
Schools don't have to report bedbug sightings, or even infestations, to the health department, so it's unclear exactly how many schools have found bedbugs. Columbus, South-Western and Whitehall schools all reported dealing with isolated bedbug issues.
"There are absolutely no infestations in any of our schools. We've had isolated incidents, not in the school, but perhaps on a student," said Columbus City Schools spokeswoman Kim Norris.
Columbus nurses are trained in detecting and handling bedbugs, Norris said. When the insects are suspected on a student's belongings, officials discreetly isolate belongings, collect bug specimens and tell the student's family. Students aren't banned from class.
Discreetly is the best way to handle it, attorneys for the Ohio School Boards Association said in an online bedbug seminar this week. In addition to student-privacy concerns, schools don't want youths to miss classroom time.
"You don't want to say, 'Bedbug, bedbug, Susie has a bedbug!'" Jessica Spears, the organization's staff attorney, joked during the presentation for school officials.
The school-boards group also offered districts practical advice, such as investing in plastic bins to isolate items such as backpacks. School officials also should revamp their lost-and-found boxes, which probably should be sealable plastic containers rather than cardboard boxes, Spears said.
Urban school districts are at great risk of bedbug issues because of their more-concentrated housing units, but wealthy, suburban districts must be vigilant, too, Wenning said.
"Bedbugs are one of those things that, if you live in a very affluent area or school district, you may think 'We're never going to have to deal with it,'" he said. "But families there may travel a lot more; therefore, they're much more at risk."
Bedbugs also are cropping up in college dorms, where there are beds and lots of fabric attractive to them. Ohio University in Athens said yesterday that one of its dorms, Brown Hall, had a confirmed case of bedbugs. The affected room and adjoining rooms are being treated.
Mike Smaltz provides a link to this story in the Columbus Dispatch
Thursday, January 6, 2011 02:51 AMBy Rita Price THE COLUMBUS DISPATCHhttp://www.dispatchpolitics.com/live/content/local_news/stories/2011/01/06/copy/medicaid-money-fights-bedbugs.html?adsec=politics&sid=101
With growing numbers of poor, elderly Ohioans unable to afford a bedbug fight, the state is dipping into Medicaid money intended for in-home services to pay for eradication.
The total so far isn't significant by state-budget standards - an estimated $350,000 in the past year - but officials warn that the problem has the potential to become much more costly.
A report released yesterday by the Ohio Bed Bug Workgroup said the state is using the home-care funds to cover the cost of extermination preparation, and in some cases, the actual extermination of insects, for clients who receive in-home services.
"Left unchecked, costs for bed bug extermination could grow to significantly impact Medicaid waiver budgets," the report said.
Officials at the Ohio Department of Aging say most of the bedbug expenses are for clients in its popular PASSPORT program, which provides home-care services so that people can avoid nursing homes.
About 350 of the program's 31,000 clients have been affected by bedbugs in the past year, said the department's Jo Ellen Walley.
The program has long allowed for pest-management expenses, Deputy Director Roland Hornbostel said. "It's not a new category," he said. "But bedbugs are."
The work group, headed by Dr. Alvin Jackson, chief of the Ohio Department of Health, said in its report that poor, elderly and disabled Ohioans continue to be disproportionately tormented by infestations, largely because they can't pay for eradication.
But extermination money isn't the only issue. The state also needs more effective pesticides, improved public awareness and better coordination between the state and local agencies working on the bedbug problem, the report said.
"The scope of this issue is such that it literally has the ability to impact every single Ohioan if left unaddressed," Jackson wrote in the group's report. He said that "communities are being overtaken" by the bloodsucking insects, which spread easily and are difficult to kill with commonly available pesticides.
Bethany Dohnal, spokeswoman for the Central Ohio Bed Bug Task Force, said no one sees an end in sight. "It's ever-growing," she said.
The report includes 10 recommendations and numerous strategies for improving the response, including a continued push to get the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency to grant approval for the use of Propoxur and to work toward the development of new pesticides.
The report also says the state should develop a website, hire a state bedbug coordinator and operate a toll-free information line.
People looking for apartment rentals in Saskatchewan should be told if a unit has a history of bedbugs, the opposition NDP in the province say.
"If I was moving into an apartment complex that had bedbugs, I would like to know," Cam Broten, an NDP member of the legislature from Saskatoon, said Wednesday after introducing proposed amendments to the province's Residential Tenancies Act.
"What this legislation would allow is for landlords to disclose to renters, giving them the knowledge they need to make an informed decision."
If Broten's idea is adopted, the new measure would require Saskatchewan landlords to tell prospective tenants if there were any bedbug infestations in a building in the preceding three years.
According to the NDP, a similar law is under consideration in Ontario. The Ontario proposal requires a bedbug history going back five years.
Saskatchewan's justice minister said disclosure of a past bedbug experience is one thing, but he would like to see the actual infestation problems addressed.
"More importantly, is finding out the source of where the bedbugs come from and having an inspection or a treatment program or something," Don Morgan said Wednesday.
"You know, it's one thing to run around and say, 'Well, I'm not staying here. I'm not staying there' because of the issue. I'd rather have a situation where you could say this one was inspected for bedbugs within the last number of days or weeks or fumigated or whatever the treatment."
According to both government and opposition MLAs, there have been an increasing number of complaints about bedbugs in apartments in Saskatchewan.
"In certain locations in Saskatoon, this has been a concern," Broten said. "This is a positive step that gives renters the ability to make an informed decision, and it allows landlords to be proactive in dealing with potential bedbug concerns in a building."
Morgan said he is aware of renter concerns and open to action.
"We have that for inspections for smoke detectors where they have to maintain a log as to when they checked the batteries on them," Morgan said, referring to existing legislation on fire safety.
"You know, the last thing I want to do is impose a financial hardship on a hotel owner or somebody that has an apartment block,
but it is a public safety issue, and we have to deal with it."
New story in the Columbus Dispatch (10/31/10) has interesting info on the bedbug crisis in Ohio-how extermination companies are coping and helpful tips. See attached below
link at: http://www.dispatch.com/live/content/business/stories/2010/10/31/bedbug-battle-grows.html?sid=101
Here's an excerpt:
Before you hire an exterminator
Bedbugs are difficult to eliminate and generally require the services of a professional. The Better Business Bureau recommends doing research to ensure that you're hiring a reputable pest-control company. Some tips:
• Check the company's background through the BBB on its website, www.bbb.org.
• Make sure the exterminator has sufficient training and certifications. Ideally, the company also will be a member of a national or local trade association.
• Ask about liability insurance. Find out how the company is covered, and how you will be reimbursed if they happen to break any of your belongings or damage your home.
• Make sure that you completely understand the extent of the infestation as well as the possible remedies and side effects of any chemicals used.
• If you engage the services of a professional exterminator, read your contract carefully. Don't merely take the word of the sales representative for terms of the agreement. Pay close attention to any warranties or termination fees if entering into an extended contract for monitoring or future services.
• Check the company's license. Pest-control companies must be licensed by the Ohio Department of Agriculture. The license ensures that the person or company has received the right training to battle pests and is aware of proper safety requirements to handle pesticides.
• Get more than one quote. Talk to a number of companies and get several bids before you choose a company. Make sure you do your research on bedbugs first so you'll know what kind of questions to ask.
• Hire a professional. Very few over-the-counter insecticides are effective for killing bedbugs. The ones that do kill bedbugs only work if you spray them directly on the bugs. They do not kill bedbugs that are hiding behind the baseboard or under the carpet. Total-release aerosol insecticides such as bug bombs will kill a small number of the bedbugs, but they also might scatter the bugs through your home.
Sources: Better Business Bureau, Ohio Department of Agriculture, Central Ohio Bed Bug Task Force