Update 8/19/11: New Bed Bug Guidance
Notices have been released by HUD Headquarters in Washington, DC and by the Columbus Multifamily HUB. Among the highlights, the notices encourage owner/agents to create an Integrated Pest Management Plan (IPM); the HUB director is permitted to approve requests from owner/agents for use of residual receipts and reserves for replacements to pay for treatment; tenants may not be denied tenancy on the basis of an infestation; and finally, tenants are not expected to contribute to the cost of the treatment effort.
Housing Notice 2011-20, Guidelines on Bed Bug Control and Prevention in HUD Insured and Assisted Multifamily Housing, has been issued on August 19, 2011. This Notice provides information and references to best practices regarding the prevention and control of bed bug infestations. It also provides guidance on the rights and responsibilities of HUD, Owners and Management Agents (O/As) and tenants with regard to bed bug infestations. The Notice has been attached and is also available on HUDCLIPS at http://portal.hud.gov/hudportal/documents/huddoc?id=11-20hsgn.pdf
7/21/11: Columbus Multifamily HUB Releases Bed Bug Guidance to Owners & Managers
Download the Bed Bug Infestation Guidance Released on 7/21/11
Download the first HUD guidance on bed bugs as it relates to REAC inspections below.
HUD's Guidance re: Integrated Pest Management (IPM) Plans
2 HUD Notices from 2007 & 2008 re: IPM plans are below
From the National Center for Healthy Housing:
HUD: "About Integrated Pest Management:"
HUD Chicago Regional Office Bed Bug Guidance (PDF)
The Chicago guidance suggests the responsibility for treatment lies with the owner/landlord:
The importance of having units inspected and treated as quickly as possible should be stressed to all residents. When residents report that they have bed bugs in their unit, owners should first inspect the unit and confirm that the pest is in fact bed bugs. If confirmed, owners should immediately begin taking the appropriate steps to treat the problem. These steps include but are not be limited to:
a. Inform residents not to treat the unit for bed bugs themselves and not to discard beds, furniture or other personal items that may be contaminated;
b. Optimally, encase mattresses and box springs in identified units;
c. Explain to the residents the importance of vacuuming, cleaning and getting rid of clutter to eliminate places for bed bugs to hide;
d. Notify all residents and applicants that bed bugs have been found in the building;
e. Contact the HUD project manager for the development, who may be able to provide additional information and help troubleshoot throughout the treatment process; and
f. Inspect and treat if necessary not only the affected unit, but also all units surrounding that unit (a 360 degree inspection or “cloverleaf inspection”).
Due to the cost burden of reoccurring infestations, the Chicago memorandum also suggests they will consider enabling owners to utilize residual receipts or reserve for replacement funds to pay for treatment or consider granting budget based rental increases if earmarked for bed bug control.
"Our office appreciates the fact that bed bug treatment(s) can be more costly than the treatments regarding other pests. Moreover, we understand that bed bug infestation can be reoccurring, thus, creating a greater cost burden upon an asset. For that reason, if project funds are not sufficient, our office will consider (on a case by case basis) an owner/agent’s request to utilize residual receipts and/or reserve for replacement funds as a means to pay for treatment(s) to eradicate bed bug infestation. Additionally, our office may consider granting budget based rental increase request that will exhibit specific increases, which will be exclusively earmarked for bed bug control and/or eradication. However, we may require an owner/agent to execute detailed measures and/or implement specific procedures prior to an approval regarding the utilization of one or more of the aforementioned. For more detailed information regarding this matter, please contact the appropriate staff member with jurisdiction of the property."
Detroit Multifamily HUB Guidance
While we can't find the original Detroit guidance, this is the description provided via the link below:
"This memorandum provides additional guidance for managing bed bugs in Detroit Multifamily Hub Multifamily properties. Owners/agents are responsible for the extermination of bed bugs just as they are responsible for the extermination of other pests. Consequently, residents may not be charged for extermination expenses."