Errors in the Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha

Why are the apocrypha and pseudepigrapha excluded from the Canon?



All the Jewish Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha were written about the matters before Christ between 300 BCE and 100 CE
according to the Jews, a period when there was NO Prophets in Israel.

"It is true, our history has been written since Artaxerxes (reign 465-424 BCE) very particularly, but has not been esteemed of the like authority with the former by our forefathers, because there has not been an exact succession of prophets since that time." (
The Works of Flavius Josephus: Comprising the Antiquities of the Jews, A History of the Jewish Wars, And, Life of Flavius Josephus, Written by Himself, J.B. Smith, 1858, Volume 2, p.407)

"And they thought it best to tear it down, so that it would not be a lasting shame to them that the Gentiles had defiled it. So they tore down the altar, and stored the stones in a convenient place on the temple hill until a prophet should come to tell what to do with them."
(1 Maccabees 4:45-46)

"So there was great distress in Israel, such as had not been since the time that prophets ceased to appear among them." (1 Maccabees 9:27)

 “The Jews and their priests have resolved that Simon should be their leader and high priest forever, until a trustworthy prophet should arise” (1 Maccabees 14:41)

Since these Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha are NOT written by the prophets of God, they are NOT inspired by the Holy Spirit, and they are NOT God's Word. Thus they are excluded in the Bible Canon!


The Errors in the Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha Contradict the Bible Canon:
Top 26 Errors in popular Jewish Apocrypha and PseudepigraphaReference 
🐞 Smoke from burned fish heart drives away all kind of devils Tobit 6:5-7
🐞 Forgiveness of sins by almsgiving Tobit 4:11; 12:9
🐞 Almsgiving atones for sin Sirach 3:30
🐞 Offering of money for the sins of the dead 2 Maccabees 12:43-45
🐞 Nebuchadnezzar is the king of the Assyrians Judith 1:5
🐞 Jews would serve in Babylon for 7 generations, contradicting Jeremiah 25:11. Baruch 6:2
🐞 Ask God to head the dead: "O Lord Almighty, God of Israel, hear now the prayer of the dead of Israel, the children of those who sinned before you" Baruch 3:4 (don't miss the footnote)
🐞 Pray for the dead 2 Maccabees 12:44
🐞 Make atonement for the dead 2 Maccabees 12:45
🐞 God created the world out of formless matter, contradicting Genesis 1:1-24. Wisdom of Solomon 11:17
🐞 Jerusalem was burned on the 7th day of the 5th month, contradicting Jeremiah 52:12-13  Baruch 1:2
🐞 Baruch was in Babylon when Jerusalem was burned, contradicting Jeremiah 40:1-6, 43:5-7  (Jeremiah and Baruch remained in Israel, both were then taken to Egypt.) 
 Baruch 1:1
🐞 2nd Maccabees contradicts itself re the death of Antiochus Epiphanes, the enemy of the Jews. 2 Maccabees 1:13-16 and
 2 Maccabees 9:19-29
🐞 Tobit died at the age of 112 (Tobit 14:2), yet, supposedly, he was a youth when Jeroboam revolted against Jerusalem (931 BCE), and he was also an exile to Nineveh (722/21 BCE)—a span of some 210 years! (Tobit 1:3-5). Tobit 14:2

 Tobit 1:3-5
🐞 Transmigration – the soul pass into a different body after death: "being good, I entered an undefiled body." Contradicting Psalm 139:13-16; Zechariah 12:1. Wisdom of Solomon 8:19–20
🐞 Glorification of suicide when surrounded by the enemy 2 Maccabees 14:41-43
🐞 Commends the murder of the men of Shechem as an act of God (Judith 9:2-9), while the Bible condemns it as violence (Genesis 34, 49:6-7). Judith 9:2-9
🐞 Satan’s ‘tree of knowledge of good and evil’ is the “the Tree of Wisdom.” Enoch 32.6
🐞 There are many Satans Enoch 40.7, 65.6
🐞 God “will choose the Righteous and the Holy” after the resurrection of the wicked dead (51.1), contradicting Ephesians 1:4. Enoch 51.2
🐞 Enoch was 500 years old when he had a vision; but Genesis  5:23 says Enoch was raptured when he was 365 years old! Enoch 60.1
🐞 Enoch 1.1 claims to be written by Enoch himself before the Great Flood; yet the book of Enoch is dated between 300 BC to 100 CE. Enoch 1.1
🐞 The earliest part of the book of Enoch was written in Hebrew – the language of Abraham the first Hebrew, who was born 961 years after Enoch! Enoch 1 and 3
🐞 Honor your father can atone for sin Sirach 3:3
🐞 Racks and tortures for wicked slaves Sirach 33:26-28
🐞 Hatred of sinners Sirach 12:4-7
🐞 Mastêmâ wanted to kill Moses but Yahweh rescued Moses, contradicting Exodus 4:24, where it was Yahweh who wanted to kill Moses because he did not circumcised his son to avoid conflict with his Midian wife Zipporah. 
 Jubilees 48:1-3
🐞 The Book of Jubilees contradicts itself: Mastêmâ in 48:9-12 helped Pharaoh and the Egyptian sorcerers against Israel, Mastêmâ in 49:2 killed the firstborn of Egypt. Jubilees 48:9-12
 vs.
 Jubilees 49:2
🐞 Mastêmâ counseled God to test Abraham, and God just did what Mastêmâ tells Him to do; contradicting Genesis 22:1-2, where God Himself tested Abraham. Because Abraham did not withhold his beloved only son from God, God did not withhold His beloved only Son from Abraham's offspring! 
 Jubilees 17:15-16


The Hebrew Canon – Genesis the first book, Chronicles the last book


Luke 24:44 – Jesus mentions the 3 parts of the Hebrew Canon

“These are my words that I spoke to you while I was still with you, that everything written about me in the
Law of Moses and the Prophets and the Psalms must be fulfilled.”



Jesus refers to 
the full Hebrew Canon
From Abel (Genesis the first book) to Zechariah (Chronicles the last book)


Matthew 23:35
from the blood of righteous Abel 
(Genesis 4:8) to the blood of Zechariah (2 Chronicles 24:20-24) the son of Barachiah, whom you murdered between the sanctuary and the altar.






Authoritative Quotes on the Apocrypha :

ancient Jewish historian Flavius Josephus (37–100 CE) excluded the Apocrypha. And Philo (25 BCE – 50 CE), a Jewish teacher who lived in the first century, quoted from virtually every Old Testament canonical book, but never once quoted from the Apocrypha. (Ron Rhodes, Reasoning from the Scriptures with Catholics. Eugene, OR: Harvest House Publishers, 2000, p. 36)


“[These books] do not appear to have been included at first in the LXX [3rd/2nd centuries B.C.], but they found their way gradually into later copies, being inserted in places that seemed appropriate…”
(
G.T. Manley: The New Bible Handbook. Chicago: Inter-Varsity Press, 1962, p. 39)


Only those books were admitted which were held to have been written before the time of Ezra when, according to tradition, the Holy Spirit ceased in Israel…Another probably term for apocrypha is sefarim hitzonim, ‘books outside (of the cannon),’ which, according to Sanh. 10:1, were not to be read aloud in the synagogue as a Scriptural portion, under penalty of loss of one’s share in the world to come…On the whole, the books of the Apocrypha do not reach the high spiritual level of the Bible, although they contain some important Jewish conceptions.“ (Isaac Landman, ed.; Rabbi of Congregation Beth Elohim and founder and director of the Academy for Adult Jewish Education, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia, In Ten Volumes. New York: Universal Jewish Encyclopedia Co., Inc., 1942, p. 423)