Identifying Components

Healthcare funders and managers must be able to recognize the following core characteristics of ABA:
1. An objective assessment and analysis of 
        the client’s condition by observing how the 
        environment affects the client’s behavior, 
        as evidenced through appropriate data
2. Importance given to understanding the
        context of the behavior and the behavior’s
        value to the individual, the family, and the community
3. Utilization of the principles and procedures of behavior analysis such that the client’s health, 
        independence, and quality of life are improved
4. Consistent, ongoing, objective assessment and data analysis to inform clinical decision-making

Four Components of ABA Therapy
The four core characteristics listed above should be apparent throughout all phases of assessment and treatment in the form of these essential practice elements:
1. Comprehensive assessment that describes specific levels of behavior at baseline and informs subsequent 
        establishment  of  treatment goals
2. An emphasis on understanding the current and future value (or social importance) of behavior(s)  
        targeted for treatment
3. A practical focus on establishing small units of behavior which build towards larger, more significant 
        changes in functioning related to improved health and levels of independence
4. Collection, quantification, and analysis of direct observational data on behavioral targets during 
        treatment and follow-up to maximize and maintain progress toward treatment goals
5. Efforts to design, establish, and manage the social and learning environment(s) to minimize problem 
        behavior(s) and maximize rate of progress toward all goals
6. An approach to the treatment of problem behavior that links the function of (or the reason for)  the 
        behavior  to the programmed  intervention  strategies
7. Use of a carefully constructed, individualized and detailed behavior-analytic treatment plan that  utilizes
        reinforcement  and  other  behavioral  principles  and  excludes  the use of methods or techniques that lack
        consensus about their effectiveness based on evidence       in  peer-reviewed  publications
8. Use of treatment protocols that are implemented repeatedly, frequently, and consistently across
        environments until discharge criteria are   met
9. An emphasis on ongoing and frequent direct assessment, analysis, and adjustments to the treatment plan
        (by the Behavior Analyst) based on client progress as determined by observations  and  objective  data
10. Direct support and training of family members and other involved professionals to promote optimal
        functioning and promote generalization and maintenance of behavioral improvements
11. A comprehensive infrastructure for supervision of all assessment and treatment by a Behavior  Analyst

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