Contrast will / going to... present continuous / future arrangements

To talk about future facts / things we believe to be true about the future, we use 'will'.

 ·          The teacher won't be very happy.

·          I'm sure you'll pass all your exams


If we are not so certain about the future, we use 'will' with expressions such as 'probably', 'possibly', 'I think', 'I hope'.


·          I don’t think I’ll go out tonight.

·          I promise I won’t tell Montse what you’ve just said

·          She'll probably pass her driving test this year.


At the moment of making a decision, use 'will'.


·          I’ll have a mushroom pizza, please.

·          I know! I’ll send him an email.


Once you have made the decision, talk about it using 'going to'.


·          I'll call Joan to let him know. Paula, I need Joan's number.

          I'm going to call him about the meeting.

·          She isn’t going to study at University next year.


To make a future prediction based on evidence in the present situation, use 'going to'.


·          Not a cloud in the sky. It's going to be a nice day.

·          Look at the queue. We're not going to get in for hours.

·          The traffic is terrible. We're going to miss our flight.

·          That boy can’t skateboard. He’s going to fall over.


 EXERCISES  1  2  3  4  5




sofia romero,
18 Sep 2009, 07:34