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This vocabulary English - Greek - Latin is part of the book The Vocabulary of Science by Lancelot Hogben (Stein and Day, 1970).

1. PARTICLES AND PRONOUNS USED AS PREFIXES
2. NUMERALS
3. SHAPES
4. COLOURS
5. THE FOUR ELEMENTS AND RELATED WORDS
6. TIME
7. WEATHER
8. THE UNIVERSE
9. GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES
10. MATERIALS AND SUBSTANCES
11. FOOD AND DRINK
12. HOUSEHOLD EQUIPMENT AND CLOTHES
13. BUILDINGS AND THEIR PARTS
14. VEHICLES, TOOLS, DEVICES, WEAPONS, INSTRUMENTS
15. PEOPLE AND SOCIETY
16. LEARNING AND ART
17. ABSTRACTIONS
18. ADJECTIVES AND ADVERBS
19. IRREGULAR LATIN COMPARISON
20. VERBS
21. ANIMAL BODY AND MEDICAL TERMS
22. NAMES OF ANIMALS
23. NAMES OF PLANTS AND OTHER BOTANICAL TERMS

English Greek (transcripted) & English derivates Latin & English derivates
1. PARTICLES AND PRONOUNS USED AS PREFIXES
Above, Over ‘υπερ (hyper) hypertension, hypertrophy 1. super superstructure, superscribe; 2. supra suprarenal, supramundane
Across, Through δια (dia) diagram, diagonal trans transparent, transmit
After μετα (meta) metamorphic, metatarsal post post-mortem, post-natal
Against αντι (anti) antibiotic, antipathy contra contradict, contravention
Around περι (peri) perihelion, peripatetic circum circumference, circumscribe
Away From απο (apo) apostate, apostrophe a or ab aberrant
Backwards οπισθεν (opisthen) opisthograph, opisthocoelous retro retrograde, retrospect
Before προ (pro) prolepsis, prologue 1. ante antecedent, antenatal; 2. præ (pre-) preposition, preface
Below, Under ‘υπο (hypo) hypoblast, hypodermis sub subterranean, submarine
Beside, Near παρα (para) parabola, paratyphoid proxime approximate, proximity
Between inter interchange, interact
Beyond ‘υπερ (hyper) hyperborean, hypertonic ultra ultramontane, ultra-violet
Down κατα (cata) catadromous, catalysis de descend, deposit
I εγω (ego) egocentric, egoism ego
In εν-, εμ- (en or em) endemic, empathy in- or im- insert, impress
Inside ενδον (endon) endoderm, endophyte intra intramolecular, intravenous
On επι (epi) epidermis, epiblast
On Behalf Of, In Favour Of pro pro-British
Out Of εξ, εκ (ex or ec) exegesis, eccentric ex or e expand, elucidate
Outside εκτοσ (ectos) ectomorph, ectoplasm extra extramural, extraordinary
Self αυτοσ (autos) autostylic, autocratic ipse ipsilateral
Through δια (dia) diagnosis, diarrhoea per pervade, persecute
Together With συν, συμ- (syn or sym) syndrome, sympathy cum
Up ανα (ana) anadromous, analysis
Without α-, αν- (a or an) anhydrous, agonic sine sinecure
2. NUMERALS
Number αριθμος (arithmos) arithmetic numero numeral, innumerable
One ‘εν (hen) henotheism, hendiadys unus unit, unitarian, unison
Two δυο, δι- (duo or di-) dihedral, dioecious duo duet, duplicate
Three τρια (tria) (neut. of τρεις) triad, trimerous tres trefoil, trellis
Four τεσσαρες, τετρα- (tessares or tetra-) tetrad, tetrahedron quattuor quatrain, quatercentenary
Five πεντε (pente) pentagon, pentadactyl quinque quinquennial, quinquifid
Six ‘εξ (hex) hexagon, Hexagynia, Hexapoda sex sextet, sextant
Seven ‘επτα (hepta) heptarchy, Heptanchus septem September, septate, septenary
Eight οκτω (octo) octagon, octopus octo octant, octave
Nine εννεα (ennea) ennead, enneandrous novem November, novena
Ten δεκα (deca) decalogue, Decapod decem December, decennium
Twelve δωδεκα (dodeca) dodecagon, dodecahedron duodecim duodecimo, duodenum
Hundred ‘εκατον (hecaton) hectogram, hectare, hecatomb centum century, percentage
Thousand χιλιοι (chilioi) chiliad, kilometre mille millennium, millipede
First πρωτος (protos) protoplasm, prototype primo primogeniture, primary
Second δευτερος (deuteros) deuterogamy, Deuteronomy secundo secondary
Third τριτος (tritos) tritagonist, tritium tertio tertiary, tertian
Single μονος (monos) monochrome, monobasic singuli singular
Double διπλοος (diploos) diploblastic, diplodocus
Treble τριπλοος (triploos) triple, triploblastic triplico triplicate
Half ‘ημι- (hemi-) hemisphere, hemiplegia semi- semicircle, semifinal
Simple, Single 1. ‘απλοος (haploos) Haplosporidia, haploid; 2. λιτος (litos) Litopterna simplice simplicity, simplicidentate
3. SHAPES
Angle γωνια (gonia) polygon, diagonal, trigonometry, agonic angulo angle, angular
Base βασις (Basis) Base (abl.)
Centre κεντρον (centron) centre, egocentric, heliocentric 1. centro centrifuge; 2. medio medium, medial
Circle κυκλος (cyclos) cyclic, tricycle, Cyclostomata, epicycle circulo circular, circulate
Cube κυβος (cubos) cubic, cubical cubo
Curve καμπυλη (campyle) campylotropous, campylospermous sinu sine, sinusoidal, sinus, insinuate
Cylinder κυλινδρος (cylindros) cylindro cylindrical
Line γραμμη (gramme) Hexagrammus linea linear
Point ακμη (Acme) 1. acumine acumen, acuminiferous; 2. cuspide bicuspid, cuspidate, cusp; 3. mucrone (nom. mucro) unomucronate, mucronule
Pyramid πυραμις, πυραμιδος (pyramis, -idos) pyramide
Radius ακτις, -ινος (actis, -inos) actinotherapy, actinic, Actinotrichia Radio radius, radioactive
Rhombus ‘ρομβος (rhombos) Rhombus
Ring γυρος (gyros) gyrate, gyrostat, Gyrocotyle an(n)ulo annulate, annular
Sphere σφαιρα (sphaera) ionosphere, idiosphaerotheca 1. sphaera; 2. globo globular, globulin
Spiral ‘ελιξ, -ικος (Helix, -icos) helical, helicopter 1. spira Spirogyra, spirochaete; 2. Cochlea
Square τετραγωνον (tetragonon) tetragonal 1. quadrato quadrate; 2. quadrangulo quadrangle
4. COLOURS
Colour χρωμα (chroma) panchromatic, chromosome Color colour, colorimeter
White λευκος (leucos) leucocyte, leucaemia 1. albo albino, albumen; 2. candido incandescent, candidate
Black μελας (melas) Melanesia, melanosis 1. nigro denigrate, Nigeria; 2. atro atrabilious, atrorubent
Red ερυθρος (erythros) erythema, erythrocyte rubro rubric, ruby
Reddish πυρρος (pyrros) pyrrhole, pyrrhotite Rufus (nom.) rufous, ruficaudate
Blue κυανεος (cyaneos) cyanosis, Cyanophyceae caeruleo cerulean
Green χλωρος (chloros) chlorophyll, chlorine 1. viridi viridian; 2. glauco glaucous, glaucoma
Yellow ξανθος (xanthos) xanthophyll, xanthodcrma luteo luteal, luteovirescent; Corpora Lutea
Grey 1. πολιος (polios) poliomyelitis, polioplasm; 2. φαιος (phaeos) phaeophyll, Phaeophyceae cineraceo cineraria, cinereous
Purple πορφυρεος (porphyreos) porphyry, haeniatoporphvrin purpureo purpura
Pink ‘ροδοεις (rhodoeis) rhododendron, rhodopsin roseo roseola, roseochrome
Violet ιοειδης (iodes) iodine, iodopsin Viola
5. THE FOUR ELEMENTS AND RELATED WORDS
Air αηρ (aer) aeroplane, aeronautics Aura; aethere ether, ethereal
Breath 1. πνευμα (pneuma) pneumonia, pneumotaxis, pneumatopyle; 2. πνοη (pnoe) hyperpn(o)ea, apn(o)ea 1. Halitus halitosis; 2. spiritu spirit, respiration, spirograph, spirometer; 3. Anima
Wind ανεμος (anemos) anemone, anemophilous, anemometer 1. flatu afflatus, inflate; 2. vento ventilate, ventifact
Earth γη (ge) geology, geography, apogee 1. terra terrestrial, territorial, Mediterranean, terrain; 2. tellure tellurion, tellurium
Cave σπηλαιον (spelaeon) spelaeology, spelaean 1. Antrum (nom.); 2. spelunca speluncar; 3. caverna cavern
Chalk γυψος (gypsos) gypsum, Gypsophila creta cretaceous, cretify
Clay πηλος (pelos) pelolithic argilla argillaceous, argillite
Cleft σχισμη (schisme) schism, schismatic; χασμα (chasma) chasm, chasmophyte, chasmogamy fisso fissure, fissiparous; Hiatus; rima rimate, rimiform, rimose
Ground Soil 1. χθων (chthon) autochthonous, chthonic chthonophagia; 2. χωριον (Chorion) chorography, chorology Humus
On The Ground χαμαι (chamae) chamaephyte, chameleon
Mine μεταλλεια (metalleia) metallo
Mud ιλυς (ilys) Iiysia, Ilyophis limo limicolous, limivorous
Pebble ψηφος (psephos) Psephurus Calculus
Rock πετρα (petra) petrify, petrology 1. Lapis (nom.), lapidi (abl.) lapidary; 2. saxo saxatile, saxicolous, Saxifraga; 3. rupe rupestrine, rupicolous
Sand ψαμμος (psammos) psammophilous, psammophyte 1. sabulo sabuline, sabulose; 2. Arena
Fire πυρ (pyr) pyrex, pyrometer igni igneous, ignite
Ashes 1. σποδος (spodos) spodogenic, spodumene, spodium; 2. τεφρα (tephra) tephrite, tephromancy cinere cineraria, cinereous
Flame φλοξ, φλογος (Phlox, phlogos) phlogiston, phlogosis flamma inflammable, flammeous
Heat θερμοτης (thermotes) thermostat, thermometer Calor (nom.) calorie
Smoke καπνος (capnos) capnomancy, capnomor fumo fumes, fumigate
Soot 1. ασβολος (asbolos) asbolite, asboline; 2. λιγνυς (lignys) pyroligneous fuligine fuliginous
Spark σπινθηρ (spinther) spinthariscope Scintilla scintillate
Water ‘υδωρ, ‘υδατος (hydor, hydatos) hydrogen, dehydrate, anhydrous Aqua aquiferous, aquarium, aqueduct
Bubble φυσαλλις (physallis) Physalia, physaliphore Bulla bullate, bullescence
Dew δροσος (drosos) Drosera, Drosophila rore (nom. ros) rosemary, roriferous, roscid
Drop σταγμα (stagma) Gutta guttiform, guttulate
Foam αφρος (aphros) aphrosiderite, Aphrodite spuma spume, spumescence
Fountain, Spring πηγη (pege) Pegasus fonte fonticulus, font
Ice κρυσταλλος (crystallos) crystalline glacie glacier, glaciation
Rain ‘υετος (hyetos) isohyetal, hyetology pluvia pluvial, pluviometer
Steam, Vapour ατμος (atmos) atmosphere, atmometer Vapor evaporate
Wave κυμα (cyma) cymose, kymograph 1. unda undulation, undulant; 2. fluctu fluctuate
Whirl, Eddy δινη (dine) verticillo verticillaster, verticillate
6. TIME
Autumn οπωρα (opora) auctumno
Dawn ηως (eos) eocene, Eohippus aurora auroral
Day ‘ημερα (hemera) hemeralopia, ephemeral, hemerocallis die diurnal, diary
Evening ‘εσπερα (hespera) Hesperian, Hesperornis vespere vespers, vespertine
Hour ‘ωρα (hora) horology, horoscope hora
Month μην (men) menolipsis, catamenia mense pl. Menses menstruation
Morning ηως (eos) Eocene, eohippus matutino (adj.) matutinal
Night νυξ, νυκτος (nyx, nyctos) nyctanthous, Nycticebus nocte noctilucent, nocturnal
Noon μεσημβρια (mesembria) mesembryanthemum meridie meridian, ante meridiem (a.m.)
Spring εαρ (ear) verno (adj.) vernal
Summer θερος (theros) aestate aestival, aestivation
Time χρονος (chronos) chronology, chronometer tempore temporary
Twilight κνεφας (cnephas) crepusculo crepuscular
Week ‘εβδομας (hebdomas) hebdomadal hebdomade
Winter χειμων (cheimon) hieme hiemal
Year ενιαυτος (eniautos); ετος, ετεος (etos, eteos) etesian, eteostic anno annual, superannuated
7. WEATHER
East Wind ευρος (euros) euro
Frost παγος (pagos) pagoplexia pruina pruinate, pruinose
Hail χαλαζα (Chalaza) chalazion, chalazodermia grandine
Lightning αστραπη (astrape) fulmine fulminate, fulminic acid
Mist ‘ομιχλη (homichle) Nebula
North Wind βορεας (boreas) boreal, hyperborean aquilone
Rainbow ιρις (Iris) iride iridescent
Shower ομβρος (ombros) ombrology, ombrometer imbre
Snow χιων (chion) chionablepsia, chionophobia nive
South Wind νοτος (notos) nota
Storm χειμων (cheimon) tempestate tempest, tempestuous
Sunbeam, Ray ακτις, ακτινος (actis) actinic, Actinozoa
Thunder βροντη (bronte) brontosaurus, brontophobia tonitru
Thunderbolt κεραυνος (ceraunos) ceraunoscope, ceraunics
West Wind ζεφυρος (zephyros) zephyr zephyrus
Whirlwind λαιλαπς (lailaps) 1. Turbine (abl.); 2. Vortex, abl. vortice Vorticella
8. THE UNIVERSE
Cloud 1. νεφος (nephos) nephoscope; 2. νεφελη (nephele) nephelometer 1. Nimbus; 2. nube obnubilate
Eclipse εκλειψις (ecleipsis) eclipse, Ecliptic defectione
Heaven ουρανος (ouranos) uranium, urallometry caelo celestial
Moon σεληνη (selene) selenium, selenography luna lunar, lunatic
Shadow σκια (scia) sciagraphy, skiascope umbra umbrage, penumbra
Sky αιθηρ (aether) ether, ethereal 1. caelo; 2. aethere
Star αστηρ (aster) astronomy, asterisk, astrolabe 1. Stella stellate, stelliform; 2. sidere sidereal, siderostat
Sun ‘ηλιος (helios) heliotrope, heliograph, helium sole solar, solarization
Sunbeam ακτις, -ινος (actis, -inos) actinograph, actinium radio solis
Universe, World κοσμος (cosmos) cosmopolitan, cosmic mundo mundane
9. GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES
Bay κολπος (colpos) sinu
Boundary ‘ορισμα (horizma) horizon Terminus terminal, indeterminate
Cape ακρα (acra) promontorio promontory
Cliff κρημνος (cremnos) cremnophobia caute
Continent επειρος (epeiros) epeirogeny continens (terra) continent
Current ‘ρευμα (rheuma) rheumatism Aestus
Field αγρος (agros) agromania, agronomy 1. agro agriculture; 2. prato Geranium pratense, pratincole
Flood κατακλυσμος (cataclysmos) cataclysm Diluvium antediluvian
Forest, Wood ‘υλη (hyle) hylophyte, Hyla 1. silva silvan, silvatica; 2. nemore Nemorosa, Nemophila
Grove αλσος (alsos) luco
Hill βουνος (bounos) bunodont, bunoid 1. colle colliculus, colline; 2. Tumulus; 3. Clivus declivity
Island νησος (nesos) Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia insula insular, insulation, insulin
Isthmus ισθμος (isthmos) isthmo
Lake, Pool λιμνη (limne) limnoplaneton, limnetic 1. lacu lake, lacustrine; 2. Lacuna
Land, Earth γη (ge) terra Mediterranean, terrestrial
Marsh ‘ελος (helos) helophyte palude paludal, paludrine
Mountain ορος (oros) orology, orography monte monticule, Monte Carlo
Ocean ωκεανος (oceanos) oceano (adj.)
Peninsula χερσονησος (chersonesos) Chersonese paeninsula
Pit, Cavity κοιλωμα (coeloma) coelom 1. Foramen Foraminifera; 2. puteo
Plain πεδιον (Pedion) Campus campestral
River ποταμος (potamos) Hippopotamus, Potamooeton, Mesopotamia 1. flumine; 2. fluvio fluvial
Road ‘οδος (hodos) cathode, hodograph 1. Via; 2. itinere itinerary, itinerant
Sea 1. θαλασσα (thalassa) Thalassema, thalassin; πελαγος (pelagos) pelaoian, archipelago 1. mare Weston-super-mare, marine; 2. ponto pontic, rhaponticin
Shore 1. αιγιαλος (aegialos); 2. ακτη (acte) litore littoral
Strait στενον (stenon) freto fret
Stream ‘ρεος (rheos) rheostat, rheoscope fluento confluent
Valley αγκος (angcos) valle vallecula
Waterfall καταρακτης (cataractes) cataracta cataract
Whirlpool δινη (dine) dinetic 1. Vortex; 2. gurgite regurgitate
East ανατολη (anatole) Anatolia oriente oriental
North αρκτος (arctos) arctic septentrione septentrional
South νοτος (notos) notornis, Notoryctes, notogaea 1. austro Australia; 2. meridie meridional
West δυσις (dysis) occidente occidental
10. MATERIALS AND SUBSTANCES
Agate αχατης (achates)
Alabaster αλαβαστριτης (alabastrites)
Alum στυπτηρια (stypteria) alumine alum, aluminium
Amber ηλεκτρον (Electron) electric electro
Amethyst αμεθυστος (amethystos) amethysto
Asbestos ασβεστος (Asbestos) Asbestos (nom.)
Linen βυσσος (byssos) hyssus, byssal Linum linen
Coal ανθραξ (Anthrax) anthracite carbone carbon, carboniferous
Copper χαλκος (chalcos) chalcolithic,Chalcidoidea Cupro- cupriferous, cupreous
Crystal κρυσταλλος (crystallos) crystallo
Dirt 1. βορβορος (borboros); μυσος (mysos) mysophobia Sordes sordid, sordor
Dust κονις (conis) coniospermous, coniomycetes pulvere pulverize, pulverescent
Fat 1. λιπος (lipos) lipolysis, lipase; 2. στεαρ, στεατ- (stear, steat-) stearin, steatorrhoea 1. adipe adipose, adipescent; 2. Sebum sebaceous, seborrhoea
Fibre νευρον (neuron) fibra fibriform, fibrillate, fibrositis
Flax λινον (linon) linen Linum linoleum
Flint πυριτης (Pyrites) silice silica, silicon
Glass ‘υαλος (hyalos) hyaline, hyaloid vitro vitreous, vitriol
Glue κολλα (colla) colloid, collenchyma glutine glutinous, agglutinate
Gold χρυσος (chrysos) chrysanthemum, chrysalis auro auriferous, aureole
Hay χορτος (chortos) f(o)eno
Iron σιδηρος (sideros) siderophil, suderoscope Ferro- ferrous, ferriferous, ferronickel
Lead μολυβδος (molybdos) molybdenum plumbo plumb, plumbiferous
Leather χοριον (Chorion) choroid
Lime τιτανος (titanos) Calx (nom.), calce (abl.) calcareous, calcium
Magnet λιθος μαγνητις (lithos magnetis) magnetic
Marble μαρμαρον (marmaron) marmore marmoreal
Mercury ‘υδραργυρος (hydrargyros) Hydrargyrum (= Hg)
Pearl μαργαριτης (margarites) margarine, Margaret margarita
Salt ‘αλς, ‘αλος (hals, halos) halogen, halophyte Sal, abl. sale saline, sal volatile
Saltpetre νιτρον (nitron) nitrogen, nitric nitro­
Silk μεταξα (metaxa) 1. Bombyx (nom.) bombazine, bombic acid; 2. serico holosericeous, serific
Silver αργυρος (argyros) argyrodite, argyranthous argento argentite, argentiferous
Stone λιθος (lithos) lithograph, Neolithic 1. saxo saxifrage, saxicolous; 2. Lapis (lazuli) lapidary, lapillus; 3. Pumice (abl.); 4. Calculus
Straw καρφος (carphos) carpholite, carphology culmu culm
Sulphur θειον (theion) thiourea, thiosulphuric sulfure
Tin κασσιτερος (cassiteros) cassiterite stanno stannic, stannite
Vermilion κινναβαρι (cinnabari) cinnabar
Wax κερος (ceros) cerotic acid, Ceroxylon cera cerate, ceraceous
Wood, Timber 1. ξυλον (xylon) xylem, xylophone; 2. ‘υλη (hyle) hylophagolls, hylotomous ligno lignin, lignite, ligneous
Wool 1. εριον (erion) Etiocaulon, Eriophyes; 2. μαλλος (mallos) mallophagous lana lanolin, lanate
11. FOOD AND DRINK
Bread αρτος (artos) artophagous, artocarpad pane pantry, pannier, marzipan
Broth ζωμος (zomos) ius (nom.) juice
Butter βουτυρον (butyron) butyrinase, butyric butyro
Cake μαζα (maza) Placenta
Cheese τυρος (tyros) tyrosine, tyramine caseo caseous, casein
Cream spuma spume
Drink ποσις (posis) potione potion
Feast ευωχια (euochia) convivio convivial
Flour παλη (pale) 1. farina farinaceous, farinose; 2. Pollen
Food 1. τροφη (trophe) trophoblast, hypertrophy; 2. σιτος (sitos) parasite, sitophobia; 3. οψον (opson) oligopsony, opsonin 1. esca esculent; 2. cibo cibation, cibarious; 3. alimento alimentary
Honey μελι (meli) melilot, meliphagous melle mellifluous, melliferous
Hunger λιμος (limos) limophthisis fame famished, famine
Juice 1. χυλος (chylos) chyle, chylopoietic; 2. χυμος (chymos) chyme, chymotrypsin suc(c)o succulent, succiferrous
Meal 1. αμυλος (amylos) amylaceous, amylase; 2. αλφιτον (alphiton) alphitomorphous, alphitomancy farina
Meat, Flesh κρεας (creas) creatine carne carnivorous, carnation
Milk γαλα (gala) galaxy, galactose lacte lactic, lactose
Mustard σιναπι (sinapi) sinapism, sinapisine sinape
Oil ελαιον (elaeon) claioplast, clacoblast oleo oleaginous, carbolic, linoleum
Pepper πεπερι (peperi) pipere piperaceous
Spice, Seasoning αρωμα (Aroma) aromatic 1. Aroma; 2. condimento condiment
Sugar σακχαρ (sacchar) saccharine, polysaccharide saccharo
Thirst διψα (dipsa) dipsomania, dipsopathy siti
Vinegar, Acid οξος (oxos) oxalic, Oxalis aceto acetic, acetose
Wine οινος (oenos) oenology (or oinology), oenomania, oenophilist vino vine, viniculture
Yeast, Leaven ζυμη (zyme) enzyme, zymogenic fermento fermentation
12. HOUSEHOLD EQUIPMENT AND CLOTHES
Apparel, Clothes εσθησις (esthesis) veste divest, vestments
Armour πανοπλια (panoplia) panoply armatura armature
Bag 1. μαρσιπος (marsipos) marsupial, marsupium; 2. ασκος (askos) Ascomycetes, ascocarp 1. sacco saccule, saccate; 2. folliculo follicle; 3. utre utride, utriform
Basin, Basket 1. κοφινος (cophinos) coffin; καλαθος (Calathos) calathiform 1. Pelvis (nom.); 2. corbe corbula, corbicula; 3. canistro canister
Bed κλινη (cline) clinic, diclinous cubile
Belt, Girdle 1. μιτρα (mitra); 2. ζωνη (Zone) zonociliate, zonule 1. Cingulum; 2. balteo belt; 3. cincto cincture
Blanket, Covering Stratum (nom.) stratified
Boot κοθορνος (cothornos) 1. caliga; 2. Ocrea ocreate
Box 1. αγγειον (angeion) angiocarpous, angiosperm; 2. θηκη (thece) endothecium, theca; 3. (pyxis) pyxidium, pyxis, pyxinia; 4. (kiste) cistern, cist 1. cista Cistudo; 2. capsa capsule, incapsulate; 3. arca arcanum, arcane
Broom (pl.) scopae scopiform, scopuliferous
Candle or Lamp λυχνος (lychnos) Lychnis, lychnoscope candela candelabrum
Cap πιλος (pilos) Pilobolus, Pilocarpus Pileus/Pileum pileate, depilatory
Carpet ταπης (tapes) tapestry 1. stragulo; 2. tapete tapetum
Chair καθεδρα (cathedra) cathedral, ex cathedra Sella
Cloak χλαμυς (Chlamys) chlamydospore, Chlamydera Pallium palliopedal, palliobranchiate
Covering καλυμμα (calymma) kalymmocyte 1. Tegmen; 2. Velamen; 3. Involucrum involucellate
Crown στεμμα (stemma) diademate diadem
Cup 1. σκυφος (scyphos) scyphiform, scyphistoma; 2. κοτυλη (cotyle) cotyledon, cotyloid calice (nom. calix) caliciform, calyx
Curtain Velum veliferous, veligerous
Dish πιναξ, πινακος (pinax, pinacos) pinacocytes, pinacotheca 1. Patella; 2. Patina
Fork δικελλα (dicella) 1. furca furcula, bifurcate; 2. tridente trident
Glove χειροκτιον (chiroction)
Helmet 1. κορυς (corys) corystoid; 2. πηληξ (pelex) Pelescia Galea galeate
Image 1. ειδωλον (idolon) idol, idolatrous; 2. εικων (icon) icon, iconoclast 1. imagine image, imaginary; 2. effigie effigy; 3. Simulacrum
Knife μαχαιρα (machaera) 1. cultro coulter, cultrate; 2. scalpro scalpel
Lamp 1. λαμπας (lampas) lamp; 2. λυχνος (lychnos) lychnidiate lucerna
Mirror εσοπτρον (esoptron) Speculum
Pillow, Cushion προσκεφαλαιον (proscephalaeon) 1. Pulvinus; 2. Pulvillus
Ring, Signet δακτυλιος (dactylios) dactylioglyph, dactyliography Annulus annular, Annuloida
Robe 1. πεπλος (peplos); 2. στολη (Stole)
Seam ‘ραφη (Raphe) araphorostic
Slipper, Shoe ‘υποδημα (hypodema) 1. calceo calceolaria, calceiform; 2. socco sock
Spoon τορινη (torine) cochleare Cochlearia
Table τραπεζα (trapeza) trapezium, trapeze 1. tabula tabulate; 2. mensa commensal
Tassel θυσανος (thysanos) Thysanura, Thysanoptera
Tunic χιτων (Chiton) chitin, Rhodochiton Tunica tunic, Tunicata
Veil καλυπτρα (Calyptra) calyptrogen, calyptriform integumento integument
Vessel or Bowl 1. κρατηρ (Crater); 2. κυτος (cytos) cytology, leucocyte Vas, pl. Vasa vascular
Web ‘ιστος (histos) histogenic, histolysis 1. textura texture; 2. Tela telarian
Wreath στεφανος (stephanos) Stephanotis, Stephanolepis 1. Torque (abl.) torquate; 2. Corona coronary, coronation
13. BUILDINGS AND THEIR PARTS
Altar βωμος (bomos) altare altar
Arch καμαρα (camara) arco arc, arcuate
Barn αποθηκη (apothece) apothedum, apothecary granariis (abl. pl.) granary
Beam δοκος (docos) Docoglossa 1. trabe trabecula, trabeated; 2. transtro transom
Bedchamber θαλαμος (thalamos) thalamus, thalamifloral cubiculo cubicle
Brick πλινθος (plinthos) plinth
Bridge γεφυρα (gephyra) gephyrocercal, gephyrean Pons, abl. Ponte pontic, Pons Varolii
Building οικοδομημα (ecodomema) aedificio edifice
Church εκκλησια (ecclesia) ecclesiastical 1. ecclesia; 2. Basilica
Cistern δεξαμενη (dexamene) cisterna
Column, Pillar στηλη (Stele) 1. columna; 2. pila pilaster, pillar
Ditch ταφρος (taphros) Fossa fosse
Door θυρα (thyra) thyroid, thyridium 1. Ostium ostiary, ostiole; 2. porta portal
Floor εδαφος (edaphos) edaphology, edaphic pavimento pavement
Garden κηπος (cepos) hortu horticulture, hortensial
Gate 1. πυλη (pyle) pylon, pyloruç; 2. πυλωμα (pyloma) pylome
Grave ταφος (taphos) cenotaph, epitaph sepulcro sepulcre
Hall αυλη (aule) aularian, aulic Atrium
Hedge, Fence φραγμα (Phragma) phragmoplast, diaphragm, Phragmatobia Septum transept
House οικος (oecos) economy, monoecious, androecium 1. domo domestic, domicile; 2. Villa
Oven κλιβανος (klibanos) furno furnace, furnage
Palace βασιλικη (basilike) 1. regia; 2. Basilica
Path ‘οδος (hodos) cathode, hodograph 1. Semita; 2. tramite
Picture 1. Tabula tabulate; 2. pictura picture
Porch στοα (Stoa) stoic vestibulo vestibule
Prison ‘ειρκτη (heircte) carcere incarcerate
Roof στεγη (stege) Stegocephali, Stegosaurus tecto tectrix, tectiform
Room δωμα (doma) 1. conclavi conclave; 2. cubiculo cubicle; 3. dormitorio dormitory
Sanctuary ασυλον (asylon) Asylum
Shop officina Asparagus officinalis
Staircase κλιμαξ (Climax) scala scale, scalariform
Statue εικων (Icon) iconoclasm, iconomania statua statue
Step κλιμακτηρ (climacter) climacteric gradu gradually, centigrade
Study μουσειον (museion) 1. Bibliotheca; 2. Museum
Tavern, Inn καταλυμα (catalyma) hospitio hospitable, hospital
Temple ναος (Naos) 1. templo temple; 2. fano fane
Theatre θεατρον (theatron) 1. theatro; 2. Arena; 3. spectaculo spectacular
Threshold ουδος (udos) Limen subliminal, liminal
Tile κεραμος (ceramos) ceramics 1. Imbrex imbricate; 2. Tegula
Wall τειχος (teichos) teichopsia 1. muro mural, immure; 2. pariete parietal
Window σαλαμβη (salambe) fenestra fenestration, Fenestella
14. VEHICLES, TOOLS, DEVICES, WEAPONS, INSTRUMENTS
Anchor αγκυρα (ancyra) ancyroid ancora
Arrow ιος (ios) 1. sagitta sagittate, sagittocyst; 2. spiculo spiculiferous, spiculiform
Awl subula subulate, subuliform
Axe 1. πελεκυς (pelecys) pelecoid, Pelecypod; 2. αξινη (axine) axiniform, axinomancy 1. secure, -i securiform, Securifera; 2. dolabra dolabriform
Axle αξων (Axon) axoneme, axonost Axis axipetal, axilemma
Bar, Bolt claustra (n. pl.) claustrophobia
Bellows φυσα (Physa) Physalia, physeter folle follicle
Bow τοξον (toxon) toxaspire, toxophilite arcu arc, arch, arcuate
Breastplate θωραξ, θωρακος (Thorax, thoracos) thoracic Lorica loricate
Bridle ‘ηνια (henia) 1. Frenum frenate, frenulum; 2. Lorum lore, loral
Cart ‘αμαξα (hamaxa) plaustro
Chain δεσμος (desmos) desmoynathous, desmid 1. Vinculum; 2. Catena catenary, concatenation
Chariot ‘αρμα (harma) curru curricle, curriculum
Chisel γλυφειον (glypheion) glyph, hieroglyphic Scalprum scalpriform
Club 1. ‘ροπαλον (rhopalon) Rhopalocera; 2. κορυνη (coryne) Corynebacterium, Syncoryne clava claviform, clavicorn
Comb κτεις, κτεν- (cteis, cten-) ctenoid, Ctenophora, ctenidium 1. pectine pectinate, pectinirhomb; 2. Strigilis
Cord fune funicle, funicular
Device μηχανημα (mechanema) mechanism, machine 1. artificio artificial; 2. instrumento instrument
Drum τυμπανον (tympanon) tympanohyaf, tympanectomy Tympanum
File ‘ρινη (rhine) lima limation, limail
Flute, (Pipe) αυλος (aulos) aulostomatous, aulete Tibia
Funnel χοανη (choane) choanocyte, Choanofiagellata infundibulo infundibuliform
Gimlet τρυπανον (trypanon) Trypanosoma, Trypanourgus
Goad, Sting κεντρον (centron) Centrophorus Stimulus stimulate
Hammer σφυρα (sphyra) Sphyraena Malleus malleorarnate, malleolar
Hinge στροφευς (stropheus) Cardo, abl. cardine cardinal
Hook 1. αγκιστρον (angcistron); 2. ‘αρπαγη (harpage) harpagones, harpagon 1. hamo hamate, hamirostrate; 2. Uncus uncinate, unciform
Keel τροπις (tropis) Carina cariniform, carinate
Key 1. κλεις, κλειδος (cleis, cleidos) cleido-mastoid, cleidoic; 2. κλειθρον (cleithron) cleithrum, cleithral clave, -i clavichord, clavicle
Knot ‘αψις (hapsis) nodo node, nodule
Lever μοχλος (mochlos) Vectis
Lid Operculum
Loom ‘ιστος (histos)*Also web or warp, whence histology. --- (textorium instrumentum)
Lute κιθαρα (kithara) guitar, zither cithara
Lyre λυρα (Lyra) lyric, lyrate, lyriform lyra
Machine μηχανη (mechane) mechanical 1. machina machine; 2. organo organ
Mast ‘ιστος (histos) malo
Missile βελος (belos) Belostoma, belomancy Missile
Needle ‘ραφις, ‘ραφιδ- (Rhaphis) raphidiferous, Rhaphidopus acu acute, acupuncture
Net δικτυον (dictyon) sarcodictium, dictyosome Rete retecious, reticulum
Oar κοοπη (cope) Copepoda remo remiped, remex
Peg, Stake πασσαλος (passalos) Passaloeeus, Passalidae cultello
Pen, Stylus γραφις, γραφιδος (graphis, graphidos) 1. penna (= quill) pen; 2. Stilus (nom.) stylus, stylograph
Pin περονη (Perone) peroneal, Peronospota Clavus
Plane runcina runcinate
Plough αρατρον (aratron) 1. aratro aration; 2. vomere ethmovomerine, vomeronasal
Pulley τροχιλια (trochilia) Trochlea
Quiver φαρετρα (pharetra) pharetra
Rod ‘ραβδος (rhabdos) rhabdite, Rhabdocoela 1. virga virgate, virgula; 2. Ferula ferule, ferulaceous
Rudder πηδαλιον (pedalion) Gubernaculum
Saddle Sella
Sail ‘ιστιον (histion) velo velar, velamen
Saw πριων (prion) priodont Serra serriform, serriferous
Sheath κολεος (coleos) Coleus, Coleoptera Vagina vaginipennate, vaginicolous
Shield θυρεος (thyreos) thyroid 1. Scutum scutigerous, scutiped; 2. Umbo umbonate
Ship, Skiff 1. σκαφη (scaphe) bathyscaphe, scaphoid; 2. ναυς (naus) nausea nave, -i navy, navigate
Shuttle κερκις (cercis) radio
Sickle, Scythe 1. δρεπανον (drepanon) drepanium, Drepanodon; 2. ‘αρπη (harpe) harpes Falx (abl. falce) falciform, falcate
Sieve 1. κοσκινον (coscinon) coscinomancy, Coscinodon; 2. εθμος (ethmos) ethmose, ethmophract cribro cribriform, cribellum
Siphon σιφων (Siphon) siphonoglyph, siphonostomatous siphone
Sling, Catapult σφενδονη (Sphendone) catapulta
Spade σμινυη (sminye) pala
Spear δορυ (dory) dorylaner 1. hasta hastate, hastifoliate; 2. lancea lanceolate, lance
Sword, Blade 1. ξιφος (xiphos) Xiphosura, xiphoid, Xiphocercus; 2. σπαθη (Spathe) spathaceous 1. Gladius, Gladiolus gladiator; 2. spatha; 3. ense ensiform; 4. mucrone (nom. mucro) mucronate
Tablet, Plate πλαξ, πλακος (plax, placos) placoganoid, placoderm lapide
Thread 1. μιτος (mitos) mitochondria, mitosis; 2. νημα, νηματος (nema, nematos) chromonema, Nematoda 1. filo filament, Filaria, filaceous; 2. Stamen; 3. capillo capillary, capillose
Tool οργανον (organon) organ, organism instrumento instrumental
Trap, Snare παγη (page) 1. pedica; 2. plaga
Trumpet σαλπιγξ, σαλπιγγος (Salpinx, salpingos) salpingostomy, salpiglossis Tuba
Tube, Pipe σωλην (solen) solenia, solenocyte, solenoid 1. tubulo tubular, tubule; 2. Fistula; 3. canale canal, canaliform; 4. tubo tubicorn, tubiform
Vehicle οχημα (ochema) vehiculo vehicle
Vice Forceps
Weapon ‘οπλον (hoplon) hoplognathous, hoplite telo
Wedge 1. σφην (sphen) zygosphene, sphenoid, Sphenodon; 2. εμβολος (embolos) embolism cuneo cuneiform, cuneate
Wheel τροχος (trochos) trochophore, trochoblast rota rotation, rotary
Whip μαστιξ, μαστιγος (mastix, mastigos) heteromastigate, mastigobranchia, Mastigophora Flagellum flagellant, Flagellata
Whistle συριγξ, συριγγος (Syrinx, syringos) syringe, syringium Fistula
Yoke ζυγον (zygon) zygote, zygapophysis, homozygous Jugum jugate, conjugate
15. PEOPLE AND SOCIETY
Actor ‘υποκριτης (hypocrites) hypocrite, hypocritical 1. Actor; 2. histrione histrionic
Ally συμμαχος (symmachos) socio sociable, associate
Ambassador πρεσβυς (presbys) presbyter legato legate, delegate
Apparition φαντασμα (phantasma) phantasm, phantom Simulacrum
Artisan τεχνιτης (technites) technician fabro prefabrication, fabrile, fabric
Attendant διακονος (diaconos) diaconal, deacon 1. Satellite; 2. Minister
Battle συμβολη (symbole) pugna pugnacious
Battle Array ταξις (Taxis) taxonomy, parataxis acie
Bishop, Overseer επισκοπος (episcopos) episcopal 1. pontifice pontificate, pontiff; 2. episcopo episcopal
Bride νυμφη (nymphe) nymphomania, nymph nupta nuptial
Brother αδελφος (adelphos) Philadelphia, monadelphous fratre fraternal, fraternity
Builder τεκτων (tecton) tectonic, architect 1. aedificatore edificatory; 2. structore constructor
Child, Boy παις, παιδος (paes, paedos) paedogenesis, paediatric 1. infante infant; 2. puero puerperal, puerile
Citizen πολιτης (polites) politics, politician civi civic, civilian
City πολις (polis) metropolis urbe urban, conurbation
Coin δραχμη (drachme) drachma 1. numisma numismatics; 2. nummo nummulitic, nummular; 3. stipe stipend, stipendiary
Commander στρατηγος (strategos) strategy 1. praefecto prefect; 2. imperatore imperative; 3. Duce duke
Commerce εμπορια (emporia) emporium, emporetic commercio commercial
Custom νομος (nomos) antinomy, antinomian 1. instituto institution; 2. Mores (pl.) moral; 3. consuetudine consuetude
Debt χρεος (chreos) 1. alieno alienate; 2. debito debit, debt
Despot δεσποτης (despotes) despotic domino dominate, domineering, anno domini
Devil διαβολος (diabolos) diabolical, diabolism diabolo
Dictator τυραννος (tyrannos) tyrant, tyrannosaurus Dictator
Enemy πολεμιοι (pl. adj.) (polemioi) polemical 1. hoste hostile; 2. inimico inimical, enemy
Farmer γεωργος (georgos) George, georgics 1. agricola; 2. colono colony, colonial
Father πατηρ (pater) 1. patre patrimony, paternoster; 2. parente parent
Funeral εκφορα (ecphora) funere funeral, funerary
Gift δωρον (doron) 1. dono donation; 2. munere remuneration
Guard φυλακτηρ (phylacter) phylactocarp, phylactolaematous
Guest ξενος (xenos) xenia
Herdsman βουκολος (bucolos) bucolic Pastor
Host ξενος (xenos) hospite hospitable, hospitality
Human Being ανθρωπος (anthropos) anthropology, Pithecanthropus Homo, homine homicide, hominiform
Interpreter προφητης (prophetes) prophet interprete interpreter
Judge κριτης (crites) critic iudice judicial, sub-judice
Killer αυτοχειρ (autocheir) homicida homicide
King βασιλευς (basileus) rege regal, regicide
Law νομος (nomos) economy, autonomy 1. iure jurisdiction, jury; 2. lege legal
Magician μαγος (magos) magic Magus/Magi
Male, Man ανηρ, ανδρος (aner, andros) androecium, androspore viro virile
Man ανθρωπος (anthropos) anthropology, anthropoid humano humanity
Market αγορα (agora) agoraphobia Forum
Master κυριος (kyrios) kyrie eleison 1. domino dominion, domineer; 2. magistro, magistrate
Messenger αγγελος (angelos) angel, evangelist nuntio nuncio, announce
Money, Wealth χρηματα (chremata) chrematist, chrematistic 1. pecunia pecuniary; 2. moneta monetary
Mother μητηρ (meter) matre maternal, matron, pia mater
Old Man 1. γερων, γεροντ- (geron, geront-) geriatrics, gerontology; 2. πρεσβυς or πρεσβυτης (presbys or presbytes) presbyter, presbyopia sene senile, senescence
Overseer επισκοπος (episcopos) episcopal 1. Curator; 2. praeside president
Owner κεκτημενος (cectemenos) Possessor
Parent γονευς (goneus) parente parental
Pauper πενης (penes) leukopenia
People δημος (demos) demagogue, democracy populo popular, population
Physician ιατρος (iatros) paediatrician, psychiatric medico
Pilot κυβερνητης (cybernetes) cybernetics gubernatore governor
Price, Cost τιμη (time) timocracy pretio depreciate, appreciation
Priest ‘ιερευς (hiereus) hierarchy, hieroglyphics sacerdote sacerdotal; pontifice pontifical
Prisoner δεσμωτης (desmotes) captivo captivate, captive
Punishment 1. poena penalty, subpoena; 2. castigatione castigate; 3. vindicta vindictive
Reward, Prize 1. μισθος (misthos); 2. αθλον (athlon) athlete, pentathlon Pr(A)Emium
Ruler 1. αρχων (archon) matriarchy, monarch; 2. δυναστης (dynastes) dynasty 1. Rector; 2. Moderator
Sailor ναυτης (nautes) astronaut, Nautilus nauta nautical
Sculptor αγαλματοποιος (agalmatopoios) agalmatolite Sculptor
Servant διακονος (diaconos) deacon, diaconal 1. Minister; 2. Administer
Sister αδελφη (adelphe) sorore sorority
Slave δουλος (doulos) dulocracy 1. servo servant, servile; 2. mancipio emancipate, manciple; 3. Ancilla ancillary
Soldier 1. στρατιωτης (stratiotes); 2. ‘οπλιτης (hoplites) 1. milite military; 2. pugnatore
Son ‘υιος (huios) filio filial, affiliation
State πολις (polis) politics 1. respublica; 2. regno; 3. civitate; 4. imperio imperial
Steersman κυβερνητης (cybernetes) cybernetics Rector rectrix
Steward οικονομος (oeconomos) economy, economical 1. Procurator; 2. Administrator
Stranger, Foreigner 1. ξενος (xenos) xenophobia, xenolith; 2. βαρβαρος (barbaros) (adj.) barbarian, barbarous 1. hospite hospital, hospitable; 2. peregrino peregrine, peregrinate
Teacher παιδαγωγος (paedagogos) pedagogue 1. Doctor; 2. Professor; 3. Praeceptor
Thief κλεπτης (cleptes) cleptomania, clepsydra 1. fure furtive, furuncle; 2. clepta
Tribe, Clan 1. εθνος (ethnos) ethnography, ethnology; 2. φυλον (phylon) phylum, phylogenesis 1. tribu tribal, tribe; 2. Genus; 3. Stirps stirp
Verdict, Judgement κρισις (Crisis) 1. sententia sentence; 2. arbitrio arbitrate, arbitrary
Victory νικη (nike) 1. victoria victory, victorious; 2. triumpho triumph, triumphant
Village κωμη (come) 1. pago pagan; 2. vico vicinity
Virgin παρθενος (parthenos) Parthenon, parthenogenesis Virgo (abl. virgine)
Wanderer πλανητης (planetes) planet errone erroneous
Woman γυνη (gyne) gynaecology, gynoecium 1. muliere muliebrity; 2. femina feminine, effeminate
16. LEARNING AND ART
Art τεχνη (techne) technology, polytechnic arte
Book βιβλιον (biblion) bibliography, bibliophile libro library
Dance χορος (choros) choreography, chorus saltatione saltatory
Debate, Argument ερις (eris) eristic controversia controversial
Discourse λογος (logos) logic, dialogue 1. oratione oration; 2. sermone sermon
Fable μυθος (mythos) myth, mythology fabula fabulous, fable
Hymn ‘υμνος (hymnos) hymn, hymnal hymno
Learning μαθημα (mathema) mathematics eruditione erudition, erudite
Letter (abc) γραμμα (gramma) grammar, telegram littera literary, literal
Letter επιστολη (epistole) epistolary, epistle epistola
Paper παπυρος (papyros) papyrus charta chart
Poem ποιημα (poema) poemate
Preface προοιμιον (proemion) proem praefatione preface
Rhetoric ‘ρητορικη (rhetorike) rhetorica
Row, Verse στιχος (stichos) stichomythia, distichous versu verse
Rule, Rod κανων (canon) canonical regula regulate
School σχολη (schole) schola
Science επιστημη (episteme) epistemology scientia
Syllable συλλαβη (syllabe) syllaba
Training αγωγη (agoge) pedagogue disciplina discipline
Understanding φρην (phren) phrenology, phrenic, oligophrenia mente mental
Word, Discourse λογος (logos) monologue, zoology verbo verbal
Writing γραφη (graphe) autograph, biography scripto script, scripture
17. ABSTRACTIONS
Action πραξις (praxis) apraxia, praxinoscope actione action
Age (Old) γηρας (geras) geriatrics 1. senio senility; 2. senectute senectitude
Agreement ‘αρμονια (harmonia) harmony, philharmonic Consensus
Arrangement θεσις (Thesis) dispositione disposition
Battle συμβολη (symbole) pugna pugnacious
Beginning αρχη (arche) archenteron, archegonium 1. inceptione inception; 2. initio initial, initiate
Birth 1. γενετη (genete); 2. τοκος (tokos) arrenotokous, thelytokous 1. ortu abortion; 2. genere generate, regeneration
Birthday γενεθλη (genethle) genethliacal, genethlialogy
Bond δεσμος (desmos) desmocyte, desmid copula copulate, copulative
Brightness γανος (ganos) ganoid, placoganoid Candor
Care, Attendance θεραπεια (therapeia) therapeutic, therapy cura cure, curate
Cause αιτια (aetia) aetiology causa cause
Condition ‘εξις (hexis) cachexia Status
Contest αγων (agon) protagonist, agony contentione contention, contend
Darkness σκοτος (scotos) scotophobia, scotometer obscuritate obscurity
Death θανατος (thanatos) thanatology, euthanasia 1. morte mortuary, postmortem; 2. letho lethal; 3. nece
Direction, Turning τροπη (trope) heliotrope, phototropism
End, Purpose τελος (telos) teloblast, telophase fine final, finish, infinite
Existing Things οντα (onta) palaeontology, ontogenetic vita vital
Fact, Deed πραγμα (pragma) pragmatic, pragmatism facts factual
Feeling αισθησις (aesthesis) anaesthesia sensu sensual
Figure, Image πλασμα (Plasma) plasmolysis, plasmocyte 1. Imago (abl. imagine) imaginary; 2. effigie effigy
Form, Shape μορφη (morphe) morphology, endomorph 1. Facies; 2. forma formative; 3. figura figurate
Formation πλασις (plasis) achondroplasia, hyperplasia conformatione conformation
Freedom, Liberty ελευθερια (eleutheria) eleutherodactyl, eleutherophyllous libertate liberty
Generation γονη (gone) gonad, gonangiwn
Gift δωρον (doron) Dorothy 1. dono donation; 2. stipe stipendiary
God θεος (theos) theology, theosophy deo deism, deify
Hatred μισος (misos) misogynist, misanthropy Odium
Heap Cumulus (nom.) accumulate, cumulonimbus
Height ‘υψος (hypsos) hypsography, hypsometer 1. Fastigium fastigiate; 2. culmine culminate
Help auxilio auxiliary, auxin
Herd, Flock 1. αγελη (agele); 2. ποιμνη (poemne) grege congregate, aggregate, gregarious
Hole, Cavity 1. τρημα (trema) Trematode, Monotreme; 2. τρυμα (tryma); 3. κοιλωμα (coeloma) coelom 1. Foramen, pl. Foramina; 2. Lacuna
Imitation μιμησις (mimesis) mimetic, mimic, mime imitatione imitation, imitate
Knowledge 1. επιστημη (episteme) epistemic, epistemology; 2. γνωσις (Gnosis) diagnosis, prognosis scientia science
Lament ελεγος (elegos) elegy, elegiac lamentatione lamentation
Layer επιβολη (Epibole) epibolic 1. Lamina; 2. Corium excoriate
Life βιος (bios) biology, autobiography vita vitality
Light πωος, φωτος (phos, photos) phosphorus, photography 1. luce lucent, luciferase; 2. lumen (nom.), lumine (abl.) luminiferous, illuminate
Longing, Desire ορεξις (orexis) anorexia 1. Desiderium; 2. Libido libidinous
Love ερως, ερωτος (Eros, erotos) erotic, erogenous amore amorous
Lump, Callus τυλος (tylos) Tylopoda 1. Callus callosity; 2. massa massive
Mark στιγμα (Stigma) astigmatism
Marvel 1. θαυμα, θαυματος (thauma, thaumatos) thaumaturgy; 2. (teras) teratoma, teratology monstro monstrosity
Memory μνημη (mneme) mnemonic memoria memorial
Mind ψυχη (Psyche) psychiatry, psychosomatic 1. Animus; 2. mente mental
Mixture μιξις (mixis) amphimixis, apomixis mixtura mixture
Model, Type τυπος (typos) typical, prototype Exemplum exemplary
Music μουσικη (musice) musica musical
Name ονομα,ονοματος (onoma,onomatos) onomatopoeia, onomatic nomine nominate, nominal
Narrative ‘ιστορια (historia) history, historian narratione narration, narrator
Nature φυσις (physis) physics, physiognomy natura natural
Number αριθμος (arithmos) arithmetic, arithmomancy numero numerals, supernumerary
Odour οσμη (osme) osmium, anosmia odore odoriferous
Offspring, Race γενος (genos) genocide, genotype progenie progeny, pregenitor
Omen τερας, τερατος (teras, teratos) teratoid, teratoma Omen ominous
Opinion δοξα (doxa) orthodox, paradox 1. opinione opinion; 2. sententia sententious, sentence
Origin γενεσις (Genesis) origine aboriginal
Pain οδυνη (odyne) anodyne dolore dolorous
Part μερος (meros) meroblast, isomer parte particle, bipartite
Peace ειρηνη (Irene) (e)irenic, (e)irenarch Pax (abl. pace) pacify, pacifism
Perception αισθησις (aesthesis) anaesthesia, aesthete
Phrase φρασις (phrasis) phraseology locutione circumlocution
Pity ελεημοσυνη (eleemosyne) eleemosynary misericordia misericord
Place τοπος (topos) topography, isotope Locus locomotive, location
Power δυναμις (dynamis) thermodynamic, dynamo 1. potestate; 2. potentia potential, potentiometer
Proposition προβλημα (problema) problem conditione conditional
Purification, Cleansing καθαρσις (Catharsis) 1. purgatione purgative, purgatory; 2. purificatione
Quantity πληθος (plethos) isopleth quantitate quantity
Question quaestione
Race, Running δρομος (dromos) hippodrome, dromedary, anadromous, syndrome 1. Curriculum curricle; 2. cursu cursive, cursory
Rank, Arrangement ταξις (taxis) taxonomy ordine ordinal
Reflection, Contemplation θεωρια (theoria) theory, theorem 1. cogitatione cogitation, cogitate; 2. deliberatione deliberation; 3. consideratione consider
Release λυσις (lysis) dialysis, catalysis liberatione liberation
Rhythm ‘ρυθμος (rhythmos) rhythmo
Riches πλουτος (plutos) plutocrat 1. fortuna fortune; 2. opulentia opulence
Secret Rite 1. μυστηριον (mysterion) mysteries; 2. οργια (pl.) (orgia) orgy ritu ritual
Self αυτος (autos) automobile, autobiography sui suicide
Shaking, Shock 1. σεισμος (seismos) seismometer, seismic; 2. τρομος (tromos) tromophonia, tromometer 1. concussione concussion, concuss; 2. succussione succussion, succussation
Sign, Symbol 1. σημα (sema) semantics, semaphore; 2. σημειον (semeion) semeiology, semeiotics signo sign, signal
Signification σημασια (semasia) semasiology
Sleep 1. ‘υπνος (hypnos) hypnosis, hypnophobia; 2. Μορφευς (Morpheus) morphia, morphine 1. sopore soporific; 2. somno somnolent, somnifacient
Song 1. ψαλμος (psalmos) psalm, psalmody; 2. ωδη (Ode) melody, threnody cantu cantata, canticle, descant
Sound 1. ηχος (echos) echo, echolalia; 2. φωνη (phone) euphonious, phonetic 1. sono sonorous, dissonant; 2. strepitu strepitous, strepitant; 3. Stridor strident, stridulation
Space χωρος (choros) chorography,chorology spatio spatial, spatiotemporal
Speech 1. φασις (phasis) aphasia, dysphasia; 2. λεξις (lexis) lexicon, alexia lingua bilingual
Stretching τονος (tonos) tone, tonicity, auxotonic intensione intense
Suffering παθος (Pathos) pathetic, pathology toleratione toleration
Tax, Tribute 1. φορος (phoros); 2. δασμος (dasmos) 1. exactio exaction; 2. tributo tribute; 3. stipendio stipendiary
Thing, Object χρημα (chrema) re republic, real
Thrust ωσμος (osmos) osmosis, osmometer
Touch θιγμα (thigma) thigmotropism, thigmaesthesia tactu tactile, contact
Trial δικη (dice) 1. experientia experience; 2. iudicio judiciary
Twist στροφη (strophe) catastrophe
Unit μονας (monas) 1. monade monad; 2. unione union
View, Spectacle ‘οραμα (horama) panorama, cyclorama spectaculo spectacle
Voice vox (nom.), voce (abl.) vocal, convocation
War πολεμος (polemos) polemic bello bellicose, belligerent
Weariness taedium (nom.) tedium, tedious
Will θελημα (thelema) voluntate voluntary, volunteer
Wisdom σοφια (sophia) philosophy, sophist sapientia sapient, Homo sapiens
Work εργον (ergon) ergometer, ergophobia 1. Opus, pl. Opera operate; 2. labore labour, elaborate
Worship λατρεια (latreia) idolatry, heliolatry 1. veneratione veneration; 2. adoratione adoration
Youth ‘ηβη (hebe) hebetic, hebephrenia adolescentia adolescence
18. ADJECTIVES AND ADVERBS
Acid, Sharp οξυς (oxys) oxygen, Amphioxus 1. acidus acid, acidophilic; 2. acerbus acerbity, exacerbate
Afar (adv.) τηλε (tele) 1. procul; 2. longe telescope, telepathy
Again (adv.) παλιν (palin) palingenesis, palindrome iterum reiterate
Alike, Similar ‘ομος (homos) homograft, homology, homogeneous similis similar, verisimilitude
All παν (gen. παντος) (pan, pantos) panchromatic, pantograph omnis omnibus, omniscient
Almost paene peninsula, penultimate
Alone μονος (monos) monologue, monoxide solum (abl.) Solo
Audible ακουστος (acoustos) acoustics
Austere αυστηρος (austeros) austerus
Bad 1. κακος (kakos) cacophony, cacodyl; 2. δυσ- (dys-) dyspeptic, dyspnoea malus malnutrition, malice
Beautiful καλος (kalos) calligraphy, kaleidoscope pulcher pulchritude
Best αριστος (aristos) aristocracy, aristogenesis optimus optimism, optimum
Big μεγας, μεγαλ- (megas, megal-) megalith, megacycle, megalomania 1. magnus magnanimous, magnitude; 2. grandis grandiloquence; 3. vastus vast
Bitter πικρος (pikros) picrotoxin, picric acid acer acrid, acrimonious
Blind τυφλος (typhlos) typhlosole, Typhlops Caecum Caecilia
Blunt αμβλυς (amblys) amblyopia, Amblypoda 1. obtusus obtuse; 2. hebes hebetude, hebephrenia
Both αμφω, αμφι- (ampho, amphi-) Amphibia, amphicoelous ambo ambidextrous, ambivalent
Bright αγλαος (aglaos) Aglaonema, Aglaophenia clarus clarity
Broad ευρυς (eurys) Eurypterida, eurysome, euryhaline latus latitude, latifoliate
Cold 1. κρυος (cryos) cryohydric, cryoscopic; 2. ψυχρος (psychros) psythrophilic, psychrometer 1. frigidus frigid, frigorific; 2. gelidus gelid; 3. algidus algidity, algid, algor
Common κοινος (coenos) coenocyte, Coenurus communis communal, community
Compact πυκνος (pycnos) pycnic, pycnidiophore compactus
Crosswise, Slanting 1. πλαγιος (plagios) Plagiostomi, plagiotropic; 2. λοξος (loxos) loxodont, loxodromic obliquus oblique
Curved 1. καμπυλος (campylos) campylotropous, campylospermous; 2. κυρτος (cyrtos) cyrtograph, cyrtosis; 3. αγκυλος (ancylos) Ancylostoma 1. curvus curviserial; 2. sinuosus sinuous, insinuate
Cut τομος (tomos) anatomy, lobotomy sectile
Dead νεκρος (necros) necromancy, necrophilia mortuus mortuary, mortician
Deep βαθυς (bathys) bathymetric, Bathyainus profundus profound
Different ‘ετερος (heteros) heterogeneous, heterodyne diversus diverse
Distant τηλε (adv.) (tele) telephone, telepathy distans distant
Double διπλοος (diploos) diplococcus, diploblastic Duplex, duplicis duplicate, duplicity
Dry ξηρος (xeros) xerophilous, xerophyte siccus desiccate, siccative
Easy facilis facility, facilitate
Elegant κομψος (compsos) Compsognathus elegans elegant
Empty κενος (cenos) cenotaph, kenocis vacuus vacuum, evacuate
Enough satis satisfy, insatiable
Equal ισος (isos) isobar, isosceles aequus equal, equidistant
Few ολιγος (oligos) Oligochaeta, oligarchy, oligocarpous paucus paucity, paucispiral
Flat πλατυς (platys) platypus, Platyhelminthes planus plane
Flowering ανθηρος (antheros) antheridium, anther florens
Foolish μοορος (moros) moronic, oxymoron 1. stultus stultifying, stultiloquence; 2. fatuus fatuous, infatuate
Foreign ξενος (xenos) xenophobia, Xenopus 1. barbarus barbarous, barbarian; 2. peregrinus peregrinations
Free ελευθερος (eleutheros) Eleutheria, Eleutheroblastea liber liberty, liberate
Full πληρης (pleres) plerocercoid, plerome plenus replenish, plenty
General καθολικος (catholicos) catholic generalis general
Gigantic γιγαντειος (giganteios) gigantic 1. ingens; 2. giganteus
Good αγαθος (agathos) Agatha, agathism Bonus bona fide, bonanza
Hairy, Rough δασυς (dasys) Dasyurus, dasyproctid hirsutus hirsute
Hard σκληρος (scleros) sclerosis, sderenchyma durus durable, dura mater
Harmful nocuus nocuous, innocuous
Healthy ‘υγιης (hygies) hygiene, hygiology sanus sanity, sanitary
Heavy βαρυς (barys) barometer, isobar gravis gravity, gravid
High ακρος (acros) acropetal, acrodont altus altitude, exalt
Hindmost οπισθε (opisthe) opisthosoma, Opisthobranchiata postremus
Hollow κοιλος (coelos) Coelenterata, acoelous cavo (fem. cava) cavity, concave, Vena Cava
Holy ‘αγιος (hagios) hagiolatry, hagiology sanctus sanctuary, sanctity
Hot θερμος (thermos) thermometer, isotherm fervens fervent
Ill aegrotus aegrotat
Immortal αμβροτος (ambrotos) ambrosia, ambrotype immortalis immortal
Imperfect ατελης (ateles) atelognathia, atelomyelia inchoatus inchoate
Individual ιδιος (idios) idiosyncrasy, idiom singuli singularity
Innumerable μυριος (myrios) Myriapoda, myriads innumerabilis innumerable
Lean ισχνος (ischnos) Ischnochiton macer macerate, emaciated
Left 1. laevus laevose, laevogyrous; 2. Sinister sinistral, sinistrorse
Little μικρος (micros) microscope, micrometer 1. parvus multum in parvo, parviscient; 2. pusillus pusillanimous
Long 1. δολιχος (dolichos) dolichocephalic, dolichostylous; 2. (macros) macroscopic, macronucleus 1. longus longitude, longicaudate; 2. prolixus prolix
Manifest 1. δηλος (delos) Urodela, psychedelic; 2. φανερος (phaneros) Phanerogam manifestus manifest
Many, Much πολυς (polys) polygon, polymath, Polyzoa multi multifid, multiply
Medical ιατρικος (iatricos) paediatrics, iatric medicus medical
Middle μεσος (mesos) Mesozoic, mesoderm medius medial, mediocre
Modelled πλαστος (plastos) plastic, chloroplast
Moist, Wet ‘υγρος (hygros) hygroscopic, hygrometer humidus humid, humidity
More πλειων (pleion) pleiotaxy, pleomorphism Plus, plure plurilocular
Most πλειστος (pleistos) Pleistocene maximus maximum, maximal
Moveable mobili automobile
Naked γυμνος (gymnos) Gymnosperm, gymnastics nudus denude, nudity
Narrow στενος (stenos) Stenopus, Stenocarpus angustus anguish, angustifoliate
Near πλησιος (plesios) Plesiosauria, Plesianthus 1. propinquus propinquity; 2. vicinus vicinity
New 1. καινος (caenos) caenozoic, Oligocene; 2. νεος (neos) neolithic, neologism novus novel, novice
Odd, Uneven περισσος (perissos) perissodactyl impar imparipinnate, imparidigitate
Of Each Other αλλελον (allelon) allelomorph
Old (ancient) 1. παλαιος (palaeos) palaeolithic, palaeozoic; 2. αρχαιος (archaeos) archaic, Archaeopteryx 1. antiquus antiquity
Old (elderly) 3. γεραιος (geraeos) geriatric 2. senex (abl. sene) senescence; 3. senilis senile
Opposite εναντιος (enantios) enantiomorph, enantioblastic adversus adverse
Other αλλος (allos) allotropic, allergy 1. alius aliunde, aliquot; 2. alter alter ego, alternate
Perfect, Even αρτιος (artios) Artiodactyla, artiad perfectus perfect
Poor πενης (penes) Pauper
Private ιδιος (idios) idiosyncrasy, idiopathic 1. privatus private; 2. peculiaris peculiarity
Putrid σαπρος (sapros) saprophyte, Saprolegnia putris putrid
Quick ταχυς (tachys) tachygenesis, tachycardia celer accelerate, celerity
Remote, Furthest εσχατος (eschatos) eschatology remotus remote
Right dexter dextrose, ambidextrous
Rough τραχυς (trachys) Trachymedusac, trackysoma
Round στρογγυλος (strongylos) Strongylus, Stronoylo-centrotus rotundus rotund, Rotunda
Scanty μανος (manos) manometer, manoscope exiguus exiguous
Sharp οξυς (oxys) oxygen, Amphioxus acutus acute
Short βραχυς (brachys) brachydactyly, brachycephalic brevis abbreviate, brief
Shut κλειστος (cleistos) cleistogamous
Similar ‘ομος (homos) homology, Homoptera similis similar
Simple ‘απλοος (haploos) haploid, Haplosporidia simplex simplicity
Slow βραδυς (bradys) bradycardia tardus retard, tardigrade
Smooth 1. λειος (leios) leiodermatous, leiotrichous; 2. λισσος (lissos) lissoflagellate lubricus lubricate, lubricious
Soft μαλακος (malacos) Malacostraca, Malacocotylea mollis Mollusca, emollient
Solid στερεος (stereos) stereoscopic, stereogram solidus solid, consolidate
Solitary ερημος (eremos) eremetical, eremurus solitarius solitary
Straight 1. ευθυς (euthys) Euthyneura, Euthynotus; 2. ορθος (orthos) orthodoxy, Orthoptera rectus rectum, rectitude
Sweet 1. γλυκυς (glycys) glycogen, glucose; 2. ‘ηδυς (hedys) 1. dulcis dulcet, dulcify; 2. suavis suave, persuasion
Terrible δεινος (dinos) Dinosaur, Dinornis terribilis terrible
Thick παχυς (pachys) pachydermatous, pachymeter 1. (con)densus density, condense; 2. grossus gross
Thin 1. αραιος (araeos) araeometer, araeotic; 2. λεπτος (leptos) Leptostraca, Leptothrix tenuis tenuous, attenuate, tenuiroster
True ετυμος (etymos) etymology 1. verax verae- veracious, veracity; 2. verus verism, veritable
Twisted στρεπτος (streptos) Streptococcus, Streptomyces
Vain ματαιος (mataeos) mataeotechny, mataeology
Varied αιολος (aeolos) aeolotropic variatus
Various ποικιλος (poecilos) poecilothermic, poecilocyte varius various, variety
Visible φανερος (phaneros) Phanerogam, Phanerocephala visibilis visible
Wandering πλανος (planos) planoblast, aplanospore
Well (adv.) ευ (eu) euphony, eulogy bene benediction, beneficial
Whole ‘ολος (holos) holoblastic, holozoic 1. integer integrifolious, integripallial; 2. totus total
Wild αγριος (agrios) agriology ferus feral
Wise σοφος (sophos) Sophist, sophisticated sapiens Homo sapiens, sapient
Woolly ουλος (oulos) ulotrichous 1. lanatus lanate; 2. laniger lanigerous
19. IRREGULAR LATIN COMPARISON
Above supra suprarenal – superiore superior – supremo supreme
Bad malo malfunction – peiore pejorative – pessimo pessimist
Behind post postgraduate – posteriore posterior – postremo
Below infra infra-red – inferiore inferior – infimo
Beyond ultra ultra-violet – ulteriore ulterior – ultimo ultimate
Big magno magnanimous – maiore major – Maximum (neut. nom.), maximo maximal
Good bono bonus – meliore ameliorate – Optimum (neut. nom.). optimo optimistic
In Front prae premolar – priore priority – primo primary
Inside intra intramolecular – interiore interior – intimo intimate
Many multo multitude – plure plural – plurimo
Near prope propinquity – propiore – proximo approximate
Old sene senile – seniore senior
Outside extra extramural – exteriore exterior – extremo extreme
Small parvo parvitude – minore minor – Minimum (neut. nom.), minimo minimal
Young iuvene juvenile – iuniore iunior
20. VERBS
Announce αγγελλω (angello) evangelist, angel pronuntio pronounce
Be Able δυναμαι (dynamai) dynamic, dynast possum, potest possible, impotent
Be Born γεινομαι (geinomai) progeny nascor (natus sum) nativity, antenatal, nascent
Believe credo credible, incredulous
Bend κλινω (clino) klinostat, syncline flecto (flexi) flexible, flex
Bite δακνω (dacno) mordeo mordant, remorse, morsel
Break κλαω (clao) clasmatocyte, clastic frango (fractum) fracture, refract
Burn φλεγω (phlego) phlegmasia, phlegmon 1. cremo cremation, crematorium; 2. incendo (incensum) incendiary, incense
Burst, Break ‘ρηγνυμι (rhegnymi) haemorrhage, menorrhagia rumpo (ruptum) rupture
Carry φορεω (phoreo) melanophore, xanthophore 1. fero (latum) aquifer, transfer, translate; 2. porto transport, export; 3. veho (vexi, vectum) vehicle, vexillum, vector
Chew τρογω (trogo) rumino Ruminant, ruminate
Cook πεπτω (pepto) eupeptic, pepsin coquo (coctum) concoct, coctile
Cover καλυπτω (calypto) Calyptoblastea, eucalyptus tego (tectum) integument, tectorial
Create ποιεω (poieo) poetry, onomatopoeia, pharmacopoeia 1. creo creation; 2. genero generate
Creep repo reptile, repens
Cut τεμνω (temno) Temnocephali, temnospondylous 1. scindo (scissum) scissors, rescind; 2. seco (sectum) sectile, secant
Deceive ψευδω (pseudo) pseudonym, pseudomorph fallo (falsum) fallacy, fallible, falsify
Devour φαγειν (infinitive) (phagein) phagocyte, entomophagous, phage devoro devour
Dip βαπτω (bapto) baptism, baptize mergo (mersum) merge, emerge, immerse
Discover ‘ευρισκω (heurisco) heuristic, eureka invenio (inventum) invent, inventor
Distribute, Divide 1. δαιω (daio) geodesy; 2. κρινω (crino) 1. distribuo distribution; 2. divido (divisum) divide, division
Drop σταλαω (stalao) stalactite, stalagmite stillo still, distillation
Dwell οικεω (oeceo) dioecious, monaecious 1. habito habitat, inhabitant; 2. colo arenicolous, saxicolous
Fan ‘ριπιζω (rhipizo) Rhipidium, Rhipidoglossa ventilo ventilation
Fear φοβεομαι (phobeomai) Anglophobe, hydrophobia timeo timid, timorous
Flow ‘ρεω (rheo) rheostat, diarrhoea fluo (fluxum) fluid, flux, fluctuate
Frighten φοβεω (phobeo) phobia terreo terrible, deterrent
Govern κρατεω (crateo) plutocratic, democrat 1. impero imperial; 2. regno regnant
Grasp ‘απτω (hapto) haptometer, haptic 1. prehendo comprehend; 2. prehenso prehensile
Grow φυω (phyo) symphysis, hypophysis 1. cresco crescent, increase; 2. augeor (auctum) augment, auction
Hear ακουω (acouo) acoustics, acoumeter audio audible, audience
Hide κρυπτω (crypto) Cryptogam, cryptozoic occulto occult
Kill φονευω (phoneuo) caedo (cecidi) suicide, vermicide, homicide
Live βιοω (bioo) biology, amphibious Vivo vivacious, vivisection
Look At σκοπεω (scopeo) telescope, periscope specto inspect, spectacle
Love φιλεω (phileo) philology, Anglophile, entomophilous amo amatory, amateur
Marry γαμεω (gameo) polygamy, gamete nubo (nupsi, nupta sum) nubile, nuptial
Measure μετρεω (metreo) metric, hexameter metior (mensus) mensuration
Mix κεραννυμι (cerannymi) idiosyncrasy misceo (mixtum) miscegenation, mixture
Move κινεω (cineo) cinema, kinetic moveo (motum) move, motion, motor
Putrefy = cause to rot σηπω, fut. σηψω (sepo, sepso) sepsis, antiseptic 1. putresco putrescent; 2. putrefacio putrefy
Rouse ‘ορμαω (hormao) hormone, hormetic suscito resuscitate
Rub τριβω (tribo) diatribe, tribometer frico (frictum) fricative, friction
Rule αρχω (archo) tetrarch, monarch rego regal, regulate
Sail πλεω (pleo) pleopod navigo navigator, circumnavigate
Saw πριω, fut. πρισω (prio, priso) prism, prismatic serro serrated, serricorn
Say, Speak λεγω (lego) dico (dictum) dictaphone, predict, contradiction
Seek ζητεω (zeteo) 1. quaero (quaesitum) question, quest; 2. peto centripetal, petition
Sell πωλεω (poleo) monopoly vendo vendor
Separate κρινω (crino) apocrine, endocrine separo separate
Serve διακονεω (diaconeo) deacon, diaconal servio servant
Shine 1. λαμπω (lampo) lamp; 2. φαινω (phaeno) phenyl 1. fulgeo fulgent, effulgence; 2. splendeo resplendent; 3. luceo lucent, translucent
Shoot (Arrows) τοξευω (toxeuo) toxic, toxaemia emitto emit
Show φαινω (phaeno) phenotype, phenomenon monstro demonstrate, monstrance
Sleep κοιμαομαι (coemaomai) cemetery dormio dormitory, dormant
Spin, Whirl στροβεω (strobeo) stroboscope, strobile neo
Split σχιζω (schizo) schizocarpous, schizophrenia findo (fidi, fissum) fission, fissile, pinnatifid
Suffer ωδινω (odino) patior (passus) patient, passive, passion
Swim νηχω (necho) Notonecta, nectocalyx nato natation, natatorial
Teach διδασκω (didasko) didactic doceo docent, docile, doctor
Thirst διψαω (dipsao) dipsomania, dipsetic 1. sitio; 2. areo arid
Throw βαλλω (ballo) ballistics iacio (ieci, iactum) project, trajectory
Tunnel Hollow Out γλυφω (glypho) Tyroglyphe, siphonoglyph
Walk πατεω (pateo) peripatetic 1. ambulo ambulance, perambulate; 2. gradior (gressus) gradient, progress
Whip μαστιγοω (mastigoo) Mastioophora, Polymastioinac flagello flagellate, Flagellata
Work εργαζομαι (ergazomai) erg 1. operor operate; 2. laboro labourer
Write γραφω (grapho) phonograph, photograph scribo (scriptum) scribe, script, scripture
21. ANIMAL BODY AND MEDICAL TERMS
Abdomen abdominal
Anus πρωκτος (proctos) proctodeum, aproctous, Ectoprocta
Aorta αορτη (aorte) aortic
Appearance, Eyesight οψις (opsis) autopsy, Bryopsis, Sauropsida
Arm βραχιων (brachion) brachial
Armpit Axilla axillary
Artery αρτηρια (arteria) arterial
Back νωτον (noton) notochord, notopodium, Notostraca 1. dorso dorsal, endorse; 2. tergo tergiversation, tergite, tergal
Backbone, Spine ‘ραχις (rhachis) rachitis, rachitomous, Rachitomi spina spinal
Beak rostro rostral, tenuirostet
Beard πωγων (pogon) Ophiopogon, Pogonophora barba barber, barbellate
Belly γαστηρ (gaster) gastric, epigastric, Gasteromycetes ventre ventral, ventriloquism, ventricular
Big Toe Hallex
Bile χολη (chole) glycocholate, melancholia
Bladder, Bag κυστις (cystis) cystitis, nematocyst vesica vesicle, vesiculitis
Blood ‘αιμα (haema) haemal, haemoglobin, haemocyanin 1. sanguine sanguinary, ensanguine; 2. Cruor cruorin
Body σωμα (soma) somatic, centrosome, Pyrosoma Corpus, pl. Corpora corporal, corporate
Bone οστεον (osteon) osteology, periosteal Os osseous, ossification
Bowels σπλαγχνα (splanchna) splanchnic, splanchnopleure
Brain εγκεφαλος (encephalos) mesencephalon, encephalitis Cerebrum cerebral, cerebellum
Breast στερνον (sternon) sternal, sternocostal Mamma mammary, Mammalia
Breastbone 1. Sternum sternal, sternebra; 2. pectore pectoral, expectorate
Bristle S(a)eta setaceous, setiform, setirostral
Breath πνευμα (pneuma) pneumatic, pneumatometer 1. anima animate, inanimate; 2. spiritu spiritual
Buttocks πυγη (pyge) pygostyle, pygal, pygidium
Calf (of leg) γαστροκνημη (gastrocneme) gastrocnemius
Cartilage χονδρος (chondros) Chondrostei, Chondrichthyes
Cheek 1. παρεια (pareia) parietal; 2. γενυσ (genys) genyplasty 1. bucca buccal; 2. Gena genal, genial; 3. Mala malar
Chest στηθος (stethos) stethoscope, stethograph
Claw, Hoof 1. Ungues unguiculate; 2. Ungula ungulate, unguligrade
Clot θρομβος (thrombos) thrombosis, thrombocyte
Comb, Crest λοφος (lophos) lophodont, Lophopus, Lophogaster
Corner (of eye) κανθος (canthos) epicanthial, canthoplasty
Cough Tussis tussive, pertussis
Curl Cirrus cirrate, Cirripedia, cirrocumulus
Cutting Out εκτομη (ectome) thyreodectomy, hypophysectomy
Digestion πεψις (pepsis) pepsin, eupeptic
Discharge πυος (pyos) pus, pyogenic
Disease morbo morbidity, morbillous, morbific
Drug φαρμακον (pharmacon) pharmacist, pharmacology medicamento medicament
Dung κοπρος (copros) coprolite, coprophagous
Ear ους, ωτος (ous, otos) periotic, otolith, otocyst aure aural, auricula
Egg ωον (oon) oogenesis, oogonium, oospore Ovum oviparous, oviduct
Embryo εμβρυον (embryon) embryonic, polyembryony
Excrement 1. stercore stercoraceous, stercoricolous; 2. Excrementa
Eye 1. ωψ (ops) myopia, pyrope; 2. ομμα, -ατος (omma, -atos) ommatidium,Ommastrephes; 3. οφθαλμος (ophthalmos) ophthalmic, ophthalmoscope 1. oculo ocular, oculist; 2. Ocellus ocellated, Blennius ocellaris
Eyeball γληνη (Glene) glenoid
Eyebrow οφρυς (ophrys) Actinophrys, Ophryocystis, Ophrytrocha palpebra epalpebrate
Eyelash Cilium, pl. Cilia ciliary, ciliolate, Ciliophora, Ciliata
Eyelid βλεφαρον (blepharon) Monobiepharis, Blepharipoda
Feather, Fin 1. πτιλον (ptilon) coleoptile, Trichoptilum; 2. πτερυγιον (pterygion) archipterygium, actinopterygial 1. pluma plume, plumose, Plumularia; 2. penna pennaceous, Pennatula; 3. Pinna pinnate, Pinnipedia
Fever πυρετος (pyretos) antipyretic, pyrexia febre, -i febrile,febrifacient
Finger, Toe δακτυλος (dactylos) hexadactyl, polydactyly, pterodactyl digito digital, digitigrade
Flesh 1. κρεας (creas) creatine, creatinine, pancreas; 2. σαρξ, σαρκος (sarx, sarcos) perisarc, sarcoma
Foot πους, ποδος (pus, podos) Amphipoda, Platypus, Lycopodium pede pedal, centipede, millipede
Footprint, Trace ιχνος (ichnos) Ichnotropis, ichnology vestigio vestige
Forehead fronte frontal
Fur Pilus depilatory, pilose
Giddiness Vertigo
Gills βραγχια (plur.) (branchia) branchial, Branchiopoda, Branchiura
Gland αδην (aden) adenoid, adenuma
Gullet λαρυγξ (Larynx) laryngeal, laryngitis
Gum gingiva gingivitis, gingival
Gut εντερον (enteron) enteritis, coelenterate, mesentery
Hair θριξ, τριχος (thrix, trichos) Polytrichum, Trichina, Ophiothrix 1. capillo capillary, capilliform, capillarimeter; 2. crine criniparous, Criniger
Hand χειρ (chir) Chiroptera, chiropodist manu manual, manufacture, manuscript
Head κεφαλη (cephale) acephalic, Cephalopoda capite decapitate, capitulum
Health ‘υγιεια (hygieia) hygiene, hygienic sanitate sanitation, sanity
Hearing auditione audition, auditory, audiometer
Heart καρδια (cardia) cardiac, cardiogram corde cordiform, cordate
Heel, Ankle πτερνα (pterna) Litopterna 1. Talus talon, talarla, talipes; 2. Calx calcigrade, calciform, calcaneum; 3. Calcaneum calcaneal
Hip Coxa coxal, coxopodite, coxocerite
Horn κερας, -ατος (ceras, -atos) keratin, rhinoceros cornu cornuate, Capricorn, cornucopia
Jaw γναθος (gnathos) gnathite, prognathous, Gnathobdella 1. Maxilla maxillary, maxilliped, maxilliform; 2. Mandibula mandible, mandibulate
Joint αρθρον (arthron) Arthropoda, Xenarthra, arthritis Articulus article
Joint (of toe or finger) φαλαγξ (phalanx) phalanges, phalangeal
Kidney νεφρος (nephros) nephritis, nephridium, mesonephros rene renal, reniform, adrenalin
Knee genu genuflect, genuclast, genual
Knuckle κονδυλος (condylos) condyle, Condylarthra
Leg σκελος (scelos) isosceles, scelalgia Crus, pl. Crura crural
Lip χειλος (cheilos) Chilognatha, Chilopoda 1. Labium labial, labiatiflorous, Labiatae; 2. Labrum labral, labret
Liver ‘ηπαρ, ‘ηπατος (hepar, hepatos) hepatic, hepatitis
Lung πνευμων (pneumon) pneumonia, pneumococcus pulmone pulmonary, pulmoniferous, pulmobranchial
Madness μανια (Mania) maniac, hypomania insania insane, insaniate
Mane, long hair χαιτη (chaite) Polychaeta, Chaetognatha, Chaetocladium
Medical medicus medical
Medicine medicina medicinal
Membrane ‘υμην (Hymen) Hymenoptera, Hymenomycetes
Mouth στομα, -ατος (stoma, -atos) stomata, Gnathostomata, Bdellostoma Os, ore oral, orarium
Muscle, mouse μυς, μυος (mys, myos) myomere, myotome, myocardium musculo muscular, musculation
Nail, Claw ονυξ, ονυχος (Onyx, onychos) Onychophora, Onychomonas
Neck 1. Cervix cervical, cervicitis; 2. collo collar, accolade
Nerve, Tendon νευρον (neuron) neural, neurosis nervo nervous, nervine, nervation
Nose ‘ρις, ‘ρινος (rhis, rhinos) rhinitis, rhinoceros, antirrhinum naso nasal, nasturtium, nasiform, nasute
Numbness ναρκη (narce) narcosis, narcotic
Oesophagus οισοφαγος (oesophagos) oesophagus, oesophagitis
Opening (of stomach) στομαχος (stomachos) stomach
Pain αλγος (algos) analgesic, neuralgia, algedonic
Palm palma palmate, palmiped, palmistry, palmigrade
Penis φαλλος (phallos) phallic
Phlegm, Mucus μυξα (myxa) Myxomycetes, Myxococcus, Myxosporidia Mucus mucilage
Pulse σφυγμος (sphygmos) sphygmoid, sphygmomanometer pulso pulse, propulsion, impulsive, pulsatile
Refuse Faeces (pl)
Regimen διαιτα (diaeta) diet, dietetics
Remedy ακος (acos) autacoid, acology remedio remedial, irremediable
Rib costa costal, unicostate, intercostal
Scale λεπις, λεπιδο- (lepis, lepido-) Lepidoptera, Lepidostei, Osteolepis 1. Lamina laminate, laminable; 2. Squama squamous, squamiform, desquamate
Sea-sickness ναυσια (nausia) nauseating, nausea
Shell 1. οστρακον (ostracon) Ostracoda, Conchostraca, Entomostraca; 2. κογχη (conche) conchology, conchite testa testaceou
Shoulder Humerus humeral, humerocubital
Shoulderblade Scapula scapular, scapulary, scapulet(te)
Side latere lateral
Side, Rib πλευρα (pleura) pleural, pleurocentrum, pleurisy
Sight visione vision, visual
Skin, Hide 1. δερμα (derma) epidermis, mesoderm, dermatitis; 2. χρως, χρωτος (chros, chrotos) Chrotella 1. Cutis cuticle, subcutaneous; 2. pelle pellagra, pellicle
Skin, Leather χοριον (chorion) chorion, chorionic, choroid Corium excoriate, coriaceous
Skull κρανιον (cranion) cranial, Craniata, chondrocranium Calvaria Calvary (= Golgotha, i.e. place of skulls)
Sleep 1. somno somnolent, insomnia, somnipathy; 2. sopore soporific, soporiferous
Smell, sense of οσφρα (osphra) osphradium
Snout ‘ρυγχος (rhynchos) rhynchota, Rhynchocephalia, Rhynchobdellida
Sole πελμα (pelma) Pelmatozoa 1. Planta plantigrade, plantar; 2. Solea sole, soleaform
Spasm σπασμος (spasmos) spasmodic
Spleen σπλην (splen) splenetic, splenalgia
Sting κεντρον (centron) Centronotus
Sweat sudore sudorific, sudoriferous, sudoriparous
Swelling οιδημα (oedema) oedema
Symptom συμπτωμα (symptoma) symptomatic, symptomatology
Tail 1. ουρα (ura) urostyle, Ophiura, Anura; 2. κερκος (cercos) cercaria, Xiphocercus cauda caudal, Caudata, caudad, caudiform
Talon χηλη (chele) chela, chelate, chelicera
Tear lacrima lacrimal, lachrymose
Teat θηλη (thele) thelin, epithelium
Temple tempore temporal, tempore-malar
Tendon τενων (tenon) tenology, tenotomy
Testicle ορχις (orchis) cryptorchid, orchitis, orchotomy
Thigh, Hip ισχιον (ischion) ischial, ischiopodite Femur, -ore femoral
Throat 1. βρογχος (bronchos) bronchi, bronchitis; 2. φαρυγξ (pharynx) glossopharyngeal, Pharyngobranchii; 3. λαιμος (laemos) phylactolaematous 1. Rumen ruminant, ruminate; 2. Gula gular, gulist; 3. Fauces
Thumb Pollex
Tongue γλωσσα (glossa) hypoglossal, epiglottis, Ophioglossum lingua lingual, linguist
Tooth οδους, οδοντος (odous, odontos) Odontophore, thecodont, Odontoceti dente dental, dentist, dentate
Touch (sense of) [con]tactu contact, tactile, tact, tactor
Tubercle χαλαζα (chalaza) chalaza, chalazogamic
Urine ουρον (uron) uric, urea, hippuric urina urinary, urinal, uric, urinate
Vein φλεψ, φλεβος (phlebs, phlebos) phlebitis, phlebotomy Vena venous, venosity, venation
Vertebra σπονδυλος (spondylos) diplospondylous, Spondylus vertebrate
Viscera eviscerate, visceral
Vomit εμετος (emetos) emetic, emetology
Wart Verruca verruciferous, verruculose
Windpipe τραχεια (tracheia) tracheal, tracheate, tracheide
Wing πτερον (pteron) Aptera, Hymenoptera, Neuroptera Ala alary, alate, alation, aliform
Womb Uterus uterine, uterogestation
Wool 1. πιλος (pilos) Pilochrota, Pilobolus; 2. εριον (erion) Eriophyes, Eriocaulon, Eriospermeae lana lanolin, lanigerous, laniferous
Wound τραυμα (Trauma) trauma, traumatic vulnere vulnerable, vulnerate
Wrinkle Ruga rugate, rugulose, rugosity, corrugated
Wrist καρπος (carpos) carpal, metacarpal
Yolk λεκιθος (lecithos) lecithin, alecithal
22. NAMES OF ANIMALS
Animal ζωον (zoon) zoology, spermatozoon 1. Animal animalism; 2. fera feral; 3. pecore Pecora
Ant μυρμεξ, μυρμεκος (myrmex, myrmecos) myrmecology, myrmecophagous, Myrmecinae Formica formic acid
Ape πιθηκος (pithecos) pithecanthropus, Cercopithecus
Bat νυκτερις (nykteris) Vespertilio
Bear αρκτος (arctos) Arctic, Arcturus Ursus, Ursa (she-bear) ursine, Ursa Major, Ursa Minor
Beaver καστωρ (castor)
Beast θηρ (ther) Theromorpha, Megatherium
Bee μελισσα (melissa) Apis apiary, apivorous, apiculture
Beetle κανθαρος (cantharos) cantharis scarabeo scarab
Bird ορνις, ορνιθος (ornis, ornithos) ornithologist, Notornis Avis, pl. Aves avine, aviary, avifauna, aviation
Bug κορις (coris) Coreidae
Bull ταυρος (tauros) Minotaur, taurine Taurus Minotaur, taurine
Butterfly ψυχη (psyche) Psychidae Papilio Papilionidae
Camel καμηλος (camelos) Camelidae
Carp Cyprinus Cyprinidae
Cat Felis feline
Caterpillar καμπη (campe) Campanotus
Cock αλεκτρυων (alectryon) alectryomachy, lectryomancy
Cockroach Blatta Blattidae
Cow vacca vaccine, vaccination
Crab καρκινος (carcinos) carcinology, carcinoma 1. Cancer cancroid, canker; 2. Pagurus
Crocodile κροκοδειλος (crocodeilos)
Crow κοραξ, κορακος (corax, coracos) coraciiform, coracoid
Cuckoo κοκκυξ (coccyx) coccygeal 1. Cuculus Cuculiformes; 2. Coccyx coccygeal
Cuttlefish σηπια (sepia) sepiolite, sepiostaire
Dog κυων, κυνος (cyon, cunos) Cynognathus, cynophobia Canis canine, Canicula, Canis Major
Donkey 1. Asinus Equus asinus, asinine; 2. Onager
Elephant ελεφας (elephas) elephantiasis
Duck Anas, anate Anatidae
Eagle Aquila aquiline
Eel Anguilla
Fish ιχθυς (ichthys) ichthyornis, ichthyosaur Piscis, pl. Pisces pisciform, piscivorous
Flea ψυλλα (psylla) Psyllidae Pulex Pulicidae
Fly Musca Muscidae
Fowl (Domestic) Gallus Gallinae
Fox Vulpes vulpine
Frog βατραχος (batrachos) Batrachian Rana Ranidae, ranunculus
Glow-worm λαμπυρις (lampuris) lampyrine
Gnat Culex Culicidae
Goat τραγος (tragos) Tragopan, Tragus, Tragulidae capro capric acid, caprine, Capricorn
Goose χην (chen) chenopod Anser anserine
Grasshopper Gryllus Gryllidae
Hare λαγως (lagos) Lagomorpha, lagophthalmus Lepus, lepore Leporidae
Hedgehog εχινος (echinos) Echinodermata, Echinococcus
Hen Gallina gallinaceous
Horse ‘ιππος (hippos) Hippopotamus, hippodrome 1. Equus equine, equitation, Equisetum; 2. Caballus E. caballus, caballero
Insects εντομα (plur.) (entoma) entomology, entomophagous
Lamb agnus Agnus castus, Agnus dei
Leech βδελλα (bdella) bdellatomy, Pontobdella, Bdellostoma Hirudo Hirudinea
Lion λεων (leon) leonine, leopard Leo, -onis Felis leo, leonine
Lizard σαυρα (saura) sauropod, Dinosaur, Ichthyosaur Lacerta Lacertidae, lacertiform
Lobster αστακος (astacos) Astacus, astacolite
Locust Locusta Locustidae
Louse Pediculus Pediculina
Mackerel σκομβρος (scombros) scombroid, Scomber
Mite ακαρι (acari) acaroid, acariasis, Acaridae
Mole Talpa Talpidae
Monkey κερκοπιθηκος (cercopithecos) cercopithecoid Simia simian
Mouse μυς, μυος (mys, myos) Myosotis, myosin, Myomorpha Mus, mure murine
Octopus πολυπους (polypos) polyp, polypidom
Ostrich στρουθος (struthos) Struthio, struthioid
Owl γλαυξ (glaux) 1. Strix, strigis Strigiformes; 2. Bubo, bubonis
Ox βους (bous) buffalo, bugloss, bulimia Bos, bovis bovine
Oyster οστρεον (ostreon) Ostreidae, ostreiculture Ostrea
Parrot ψιττακη (psittace) psittacosis, psittaceous
Partridge περδιξ (perdix) Perdix Perdix
Pheasant φασιανος (phasianos) Phasianidae
Pig 1. Sus swine; 2. porco pork, porcine, porcupine
Pigeon περιστερα (peristera) peristerite, peristeronic Columba columbiformes
Porcupine ‘υστριξ (hystrix) Hystrix, Hystricomorpha
Porpoise φωκαινα (phocaena) Phocaena
Rabbit Cuniculus Lepus cuniculus
Reptile ‘ερπετον (herpeton) herpetology, herpetofauna
Salamander σαλαμανδρα (salamandra) Salamandridae
Salmon Salmo, -onis Salmonidae
Sawfish Pristis
Scorpion σκορπιος (scorpios) Scorpionida
Seal φωκη (phoce) Phoca, phocodout
Shark σελαχος (selachos) selachian Squalus
Sheep Ovis ovine
Shellfish κογχος (conchos) conch, conchology
Shrimp καρις (caris) Caridea, Caridina
Silkworm βομβυξ (bombyx) Bombyx
Snail κοχλιας (cochlias) cochlea Cochlea
Snake οφις (ophis) Ophidia, Gymnophiona 1. Anguis; 2. serpente serpentine; 3. Coluber; 4. Vipera
Sole Solea
Sparrow Passer passerine
Spider αραχνη (arachne) arachnid, arachnoid Aranea Araneae
Sponge σπογγια (spongia) Demospongiae, Spongidae
Squirrel σκιουρος (sciuros) Sciurus, Sciuromorpha
Stork πελαργος (pelargos) Pelargonium Ciconia Ciconiiformes
Swallow Hirundo Hirundinidae
Swan κυκνος (cycnos) cygnet, Cygnus
Tiger τιγρις (tigris) Felis tigris
Timberworm τερηδων (teredon) teredo
Toad φρυνη (phryne) Phrynosoma Bufo, -one Bufonidae
Tortoise χελωνη (chelone) Chelonia
Wasp Vespa Vespidae
Weasel Mustela Mustelidae
Whale κητος (cetos) Cetacea, spermaceti Balaena Balaenidae
Wolf λυκος (lycos) Lycognathus, lycanthropy Lupus Canis lupus, lupine
Worm 1. ’ελμις, ‘ελμινθος (helmis, helminthos) Platyhelminthes, Nemathelminthes, helminthology, helminthiasi; 2. σκωληξ (scolex) scoleciform, scolecoid, Scolex Vermis, pl. Vermes vermiform, vermicide
23. NAMES OF PLANTS AND OTHER BOTANICAL TERMS
Apple malo malic acid
Anemone ανεμωνη (anemone)
Artichoke κιναρα (cinara)
Ash Fraxinus fraxin,fraxinella
Asparagus ασπαραγος (asparagos)
Bark Cortex, cortice cortical, corticate, corticolous
Barley Hordeum hordein
Bean Faba fabiform, fabella
Beech Fagus
Berry, Grain κοκκος (coccos) Pleurococcus, Diplococcus Bacca bacciferous, baccivorous
Bough, Branch κλαδος (clados) Cladophora, phylloclade
Branch ramo ramiferous, ramification
Bud βλαστος (blastos) blastoderm, hypoblast gemma gemmate, gemmiparous
Bunch of Grapes 1. βοτρυς (botrys) Botryllus, Botrydium; 2. σταφυλη (staphyle) Staphylococcus, staphylinid uva uvea, uvula, Uvularia
Cabbage κραμβη (crambe) Brassica
Carrot Daucus
Cedar (or Juniper) κεδρος (cedros)
Chestnut Castanea castaneous, castanet
Cluster of flowers κορυμβος (corymbos) corymb, Corymbocrinus
Cone κωνος (conos) conifer, conidiospores
Cress καρδαμον (cardamon)
Cypress κυπαρισσος (cyparissos)
Daffodil ναρκισσος (narcissos)
Fern πτερις, πτεριδο- (pteris, pterido-) Pteridophyta, Pteris
Fig συκον (sycon) Ficus ficoidal
Fir Abies abietic, abietin, abietene; Picea
Flax, Linen λινον (linon) linen, lineic
Flower 1. ανθος (anthos) Helianthus, Anthozoa; 2. ανθεμον (anthemon) Chrysanthemum flore flora, nudiflorum
Foliage fronde frond, frondescence, frondiferous
Fruit καρπος (carpos) pericarp, syncarpous fructu fructiferous, fructescent; fruge frugivorous, frugiferous; pomo pome, pomegranate, pomander
Garlic allio allyl, alliaceous
Grass 1. αγρωστις (agrostis); 2. ποα (poa) gramine Graminaceae, graminiferous
Heath ερεικη (ereice)
Hellebore ‘ελλεβορος (helleboros)
Hemlock κωνειον (coneion) coniine, Conium
Hemp Cannabis cannabin
Herb herba herbal, herbaceous
Herb, Plant βοτανη (botane) botany, botanical
Hyacinth ‘υακινθος (hyacinthos)
Hyssop ’υσσωπος (hyssopos)
Iris ιρις (iris)
Leaf φυλλον (phyllon) mesophyll, phyllode Folio foliage, foliaceous
Lettuce Lactuca
Lily κρινον (crinon) Crinoidea, crinid
Mint μινθα (mintha)
Moss βρυωνη (bryone) Bryophyta, Dinobryon
Mulberry μορεα (morea) Morus morula, morulation, morulit
Mushroom μυκης (myces) Oomycetes, mycetozoa Fungus fungiform, fungicide
Mustard σιναπι (sinapi)
Nettle 1. κνιδη (cnide) cnidocil, cnidoblast; 2. ακαληφη (acalephe) Acalephae Urtica urticaria, urticate
Nightshade στρυχνος (strychnos) strychnine
Nut καρυον (caryon) Caryophyllaceae, Caryopsis, karyomere
Oak Quercus quercetin, quercitannin, quercite
Oats Avena avenaceous, avenage, aveniform
Olive Olea oleaginous, oleaceous
Orchid ορχις (orchis)
Pea πισος (pisos) Pisum pisiform, pisolite
Peach Persica persicaria, persico
Pear ογχνη (onchne) Onchnesoma Pyrus pyruline, pyriform
Pepper πεπερι (peperi)
Pine Pinus pinoleum, pinite, pinic
Petal πεταλον (petalon) polypetalous, sympetalous
Plane Tree πλατανος (platanos)
Plant φυτον (phyton) holophytic, phytology, Spermatophyta
Plum Prunus pruniferous, prunello, prune
Poplar Populus populin
Radish ‘ραφανις (rhaphanis)
Reed καλαμος (calamos) Calamoichthyes, Calamites, calamary Canna cane, cannula, Cannaceae
Rice Oryza oryzivorous
Root ‘ριζα (rhiza) rhizome, mycorhiza, Rhizopoda Radix, radice radical, radicolous, eradicate
Rose ‘ροδον (rhodon) rhododendron, rhodopsin, rhodium
Rye Secale
Saffron κροκος (crocos)
Seaweed φυκος (phycos) Phycomycetes, Rhodophyceae Alga algal
Seed 1. σπερμα (sperma) spermatozoa, Gymnosperm; 2. σπορος (sporos) sporocyst, Sporozoa Semen, abl. semine seminiferous, insemination
Shoot 1. κλων (clon) clone; 2. θαλλος (thallos) thallogenous, Thallophyta
Spine, Thorn ακανθα (acantha) Pyracantha, Acanthocephali
Stem, Stalk καυλος (caulos) cauline, cauliflower 1. Caulis cauliflower, caulescent, caulicule; 2. stipula stipulate, stipuliform
Stick ‘ραβδος (rhabdos) rhabdite, Rhabdocoelida
Tendril, Spiral ‘ελιξ, ‘ελικος (helix, helicos) helicoid, helicopter
Thyme θυμος (thymos)
Tree 1. δενδρον (dendron) rhododendron, dendrite; 2. δρυς (drys) dryad, Dryopithecus Arbor arboreal, arborescent
Trunk κορμος (cormos) corm, cormogen, cormophyly 1. Truncus truncate; 2. Stirps stirpiculture
Turnip napo napiform
Vegetable (h)olere oleraceous
Vine αμπελος (ampelos) 1. vinea vine, vinous; 2. Vitis viticulture
Wood, Timber 1. ‘υλη (hyle) hylophagous, Hylobates; 2. ξυλον (xylon) xylem, xylonite, xylophone
Wheat Triticum triticin
Willow Salix salicaceous, salicylic
Yeast, Leaven ζυμη (zyme) enzyme, zymotic, zymase