Banks, Bankes, Bancks Families ....
Worldwide DNA and relationships project

This site is devoted to providing information on the relationships among the various Bankes, Banks and Bancks families worldwide.  As a first step, Ray Banks has assembled in various files in the Worldconnect database at the free site,, information on over 32,000 deceased Bankses of North America of European ancestry, and 29,000 in the British file.  As future projects, Ray may be able to list also Bankses from other categories.  Also available: information on our DNA project, some photos, historical information and other related information.



Link here to a lengthy biography of Speaker of the U. S. House of Representatives, Major General Nathaniel P. Banks            

Ray Banks will be happy to try to locate the Banks entry.  Sometimes there are variant spellings or the person sometimes reversed the first and middle names.

Please provide the birth date and location for your deceased Banks father, grandfather and great grandfather and where they lived during their lives.   Contact
Ray Banks


Ray Banks's compilation project currently includes? Does not include?
His Banks compilation project only partially includes family information on those who changed their surnames to Banks, such as the Austerbank family of Connecticut, or the Ebanks family of Grand Cayman or the  Bank families of Russia who also changed their surnames to Banks.  Otherwise all other Banks, Bankes and Bancks families are included, but the compilation is only complete for North Americans of European origin and part of the British Bankses. 

The DNA project includes anyone with the Bankes, Banks, Bancks surname worldwide, but detailed family information may be currently unavailable.  There are at least 50 genetically different Banks families.

The Bankes/Banks immigrants 
While Britain is the place of origin of almost all the Bankses worldwide of European origin, it no longer has the most Bankses.  Most are now in the United States.  There have been almost 1,000 Banks immigrant groups coming to the U.S. prior to 1921   Some of these may prove to be from the same families.    There are significant, smaller numbers of Bankses in Canada, New Zealand, Australia, South Africa and the Caribbean.

The Banks surname
Because surnames did not come into common use until the beginning of the Renaissance, unrelated persons who lived in different locations can have the same surnames.   In the case of the Bankses, the surnames were likely to have been first used to indicate, for example, a John who lived at the river bank in Lancashire.  Likewise, an unrelated William who lived by the river bank in Devonshire obtained his Banks surname the same way. 

Listing of the European Bankses in America
The known Banks families of the United States of European ancestry are listed below according to the state in which they first seem to have become residents.   Hopefully the number will shrink as new relationships are determined either through research or DNA testing.  The British compilation project is well underway.  The project coordinator, Ray Banks, would like to add Bankses from other areas of the world or missing ethnic groups at some future date when the current ones are better organized.

Contact the project coordinator
Contact the coordinator at  his e-mail address:      Ray Banks


Among the 30,000+ deceased Bankses of European ancestry in U.S., the following are the known number of distinct Bankes/Banks families with immigrations before 1921 who appeared first in the records of:
Alabama (9)...Alaska (1)....Arizona (4)....Arkansas (2)....California (35)....Colorado (9)....    Connecticut (20)....Delaware (5)....Dist. Col. (1)....Florida (5)....Georgia (4) ....Hawaii  (0)....    Idaho (1)....Illinois (66)....Indiana (12)....Iowa (27)....Kansas (14)....Kentucky (5).... Louisiana (9)....Maine (14)....Maryland (24)....Massachusetts (149)....Michigan (38)....    Minnesota (8)....Mississippi (2)....Missouri (27)....Montana (2)....Nebraska (11)....Nevada (3)....New Hampshire (9)....New Jersey (40)....New Mexico (3)....New York (156)....N. Carolina (2)... N. Dakota (4)....Ohio (42)....Oklahoma (3)....Oregon (6)....Pennsylvania (92)....Rhode Island (23).... S. Carolina (7)....S. Dakota (3)....Tennessee (1)....Texas (7)....Utah (7) ...Vermont (6)....Virginia (61)....Washington (6)....WestVirginia (3)....Wisconsin (17)....
Wyoming (3)                                                                  TOTAL...about 988 families.
Some of the men not listed here who lived in the U.S. in the 1600s and 1700s may or may not be immigrants.  Some immigrants never had any children.  Immigrants often resided first in the states on the eastern coast of the U. S.

There were about 90,000 deceased Bankses who have lived in the British Isles since parish registers began, with about 23,000 currently living there.

There are also about 30,000 deceased African Americans with the Banks surname, broken down into an unknown number of related families.  About 25-30 percent of African American males carry a male chromosomal pattern typical of Europeans, not Africans, indicating inheritance of a nearly identical male chromosome passed down from European male ancestors. 
Study on male American chromosomes
As pertaining to African American Bankses, the geographical pattern of residences in the 1870 census varies considerably from the Euro American Bankses.  Interviews with former slaves indicated there was a tendency for a mother to pass her surname to children when the family had a surname, complicating research problems.  There apparently has been only a small amount of research relating to African American Bankses.  There also seem to have been many more African American Bankses in the 1870 census than can be accounted for by the number of slaves owned by the various Banks families.   At this point, only a small number of African American Bankses are confirmed as direct descendants of Euro American Bankses.



The banner at the top consists of a mix of humble and famous Bankses.  On the left, General
Nathaniel Banks (Speaker of the U.S. House) is shown with his statue in Waltham, Massachusetts,
then Bankes locales in England (Corfe Castle) and Wales (Soughton Hall), Sir Joseph Banks,
the naturalist from the Cook Expedition is seen with his globe, three less famous Bankses from our
photo collection in the center, and on the right George Washington Banks of Tappahannock, Virginia.