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Introduction About Nursing

Nursing is a health science of caring based on scientific knowledge. Professional nursing requires advanced education and training. Nursing is an art of applying scientific principles in intelligent and humanitarian way to care for and assist people in promoting, maintaining and restoring health.

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Nurses Unique Role In Health Care:

Nursing is dynamic and responds to the changing nature of social needs. Four features of contemporary nursing practice have been described (American Nurses Association, 1995 as cited in Urden, Stacy, and Lough, 2001):


  1. Attention to the full range of human experiences and responses to health and illness without restriction to problem-focused orientation.
  2. Integration of objective data.  With knowledge gained from an understanding of patient’s or group’s subjective experience.
  3.  Application of scientific knowledge to the process of diagnosis and treatment.
  4. Provision of a caring relationship that facilitating health and healing.

Nursing as a profession:

Although nursing has been called a profession for many years, an assessment of the characteristics of a profession indicates that it should more accurately be considered as “emerging profession”. Characteristic of a profession have been described:

  1. Authority to control its own work.
  2. Exclusive body of specialized knowledge
  3. Extensive period of formal training
  4. Specialized competence
  5. Control over work performance
  6. Service to society
  7. Self-regulation
  8. Credentialing system to certify competence
  9. Legal reinforcement of professional standards
  10. Ethical practice
  11. Creation of a collegial subculture
  12. Intrinsic rewards
  13. Public acceptance

 In Bangladesh, today nurses are functioning as key members on different aspects of health care. Still the nursing profession is not given respect that is deserved considering the vital role it plays in the patient care. There are several factors influencing this low status e.g.

  • Low status of women
  • Nurses do not have high educational qualification or economic standing.
  • Nurses perform activities regarded as a routine activities e.g. physical care, maintenance of cleanliness, carrying out doctor’s order etc.

Nursing Education

Currently there is a lot of concern about the high probability of a severe shortage of nurses in the upcoming years; part of that concern is fueled by the fact that there is fear that there will not be enough properly trained faculties to meet the teaching needs of students enrolling in nursing degree programs. Now is an excellent time for anyone interested in teaching nursing to begin pursuing the career. The government is handing out grants to nursing schools to help train faculty in preparation for the upcoming needs, so financial aid may be easier to obtain or better deals may be found on student loans.

Nurses who choose to enter nursing education must pursue a master’s degree. Entrance requirements generally are that the nurse have a BSN degree from a National League of Nursing accredited college (although there are some Associate’s to Master’s degree programs available), must have completed the Graduate Record Exam, and generally a GPA of 3.0. The average length of study is 12-18 months, although this time can vary depending on whether the student is a full- or part–time student, and the degree requirements of the particular curriculum.

With the demand for nurse educators being so great, nurses entering the education field should expect to see salaries rising and improvements in benefits, making teaching a more lucrative career for the nurse.

Choosing a Nursing School

Congratulations on deciding that you want to become a nurse. Now with that big decision out of the way comes another, where will you attend school to receive your degree? There are many factors to consider and some are presented here.

One thing that you need to decide upon is whether you want a two-year degree or a four-year degree. This decision is going to be based more on your individual circumstances than anything else. Some nurses get two-year degrees and are very happy with those. Other nurses complete a four year degree all at once, and others complete the two year degree, work for a while, and then go back to further their education. In general, two-year degrees are cheaper than four-year degrees. Not all schools offer all types of programs.

Next, you want to think about whether you want to attend school close to home, or have your heart set on that special school farther away. Most of the time, in-state tuition costs are cheaper. If you attend school close to home, you may be able to live at home and commute to classes, further lowering the costs.

After you have made these decisions, you can begin to narrow your choices. Within the schools that you have in mind, start finding out information about each one. What have their most recent state board passage rates been? The school or the board of nursing in your state may provide you with this information. Is the nursing program accredited and, if so, by what organizations? Ask how well they did on those surveys. What is the student to instructor ratio? A lower ration means that the instructors should have more time to spend with each individual student.

Carefully check the degree requirements for each school you are considering. These requirements can vary and can affect total cost of your education. Do the degrees requirements seem to be reasonable when compared to the others that you are considering, or do extra or excessive classes seem to be present? Sit down with the requirements of each program you are considering and add up costs by credit hour for your entire degree. This will give you a better overall picture.

After you have narrowed your choice of schools down to three or less, visit each school personally to get a feel for the atmosphere there. Look at facilities such as the library. Do they seem to be up to date and well equipped for the size of the school? Finally, try to meet and speak to one or more of the instructors in the Nursing Program.

Studying for state boards begins the very day that you begin nursing school, so you need to carefully invest some time and energy to find the school that is right for you.

NURSING AS A SECOND CAREER

For people considering nursing as a second career there are many issues that are often raised. One issue is the question of education. There are many paths to enter the field of nursing. Some people choose to enter as a licensed practical nurse and others choose to enter directly as a registered nurse. In deciding this question there are two main differences—licensed practical nurses require a shorter period of schooling, so the time for entry into the profession is shorter; however, salaries are generally lower for this type of nurse, but jobs tend to be more plentiful. Registered nurses can enter the profession with a two- or four-year degree. Jobs are still plentiful and salaries are higher.

There are many types of job opportunities for people choosing to enter nursing as a second career. Nurses work in a variety of settings such as hospitals, clinics, and doctor’s offices. There are a multitude of less traditional settings as well. Private duty, home health, schools, and occupational nursing are all options as well. The field of nursing is an extremely diverse occupation with many choices available. There is sure to be something to suit almost every interest.

A question people entering nursing as a second career sometimes ask is if they are too old to begin a career in the profession. The average age of a nurse in this country is slightly over 45 years of age, and over eleven percent are past the age of 60. Therefore, it is never too late to pursue nursing as a second career.

Considerations about the working condition persons entering nursing as a second career face are varied. This is dependent upon the setting in which you choose to practice. Some jobs require shift work or being on call. Sometimes it may be necessary to work weekends or holidays. Some nurses spend a lot of time on their feet and heavy lifting may be involved. Other settings may be more 9 to 5 business-type hours. This is another example of the diversity of the profession.

If you are thinking of entering nursing as a second career, then explore all the opportunities that are available to you. You will have a feeling of accomplishment and pride to be making a difference in people’s lives and you will enjoy a comfortable salary. For these many reasons other people have discovered that it is never too late to enter nursing as a second career.

Nurses association

Student Nurses  Association is a nursing association dedicated to promoting professionalism and leadership for today's students. The student nurses association has got its advisor at the national level, the state level and also at the unit level.

Objective of Student Nurses  Association

1.   To Help the student Uphold the dignity and ideals of other profession.

2.   To promote the spirit of unity among the student.

3.   To encourage the leadership and administration ability of to gain knowledge in different area of the profession.

4.   To increase social contracts and general knowledge of the student in profession generally and also in the field of arts Sports and games.

5.   To give opportunity to the student to write in the nursing journal of Bangladesh.

6.    To encourage the students for holding exhibition at zonal, state and national levels.

Nursing Image Today

Today nursing emerged as a learned profession, which is both a science and art. Science is the observation, Identification, description, experimental investigations and theoretical explanation of natural phenomena. It is a body of knowledge. Knowledge is an awareness or perception of reality which is acquired through the learning or investigation. Science is defined as both a unified body of knowledge concerned with specific subject matter and the skills of methodology necessary to provide such knowledge. Therefore nursing science is the knowledge of germane to discipline or nursing plus the processes and methodologies used to gain the knowledge. 

 Goal of the science is identification of facts about the subject matter of a discipline ascertaining that- What, when, Where, Who, How - of phenomena of interest to the discipline. 

 Modern nursing involves many activities, concepts and skills related to basic sciences. Which are related to so many branches of Social Science, growth and development, contemporary issue, and other areas of nursing? Sometimes we are call nursing is a unique profession because it directly responses of the individual and families to actual or potential health problem in humanistic and holistic manner. Now a day’s nurses are related to so many activities such as care takers, Decision maker, advocate and teachers, comforter from illness or injury and other often assume several roles at the same time. 

WHY SHOULD I WILL BECOME A WORLD WIDE NURSE

Become a nurse… Better yet, become a Canadian Nurse!

It is true that everyone, at some point in their life, will need the services of a nurse. As a vital part of the healthcare system, nurses care for people when they are at their most vulnerable and even in times of great joy. With lives in their hands, nurses have a unique ability to support, inform, empower, and engage the people entrusted to their care. Intellectually challenging, rewarding, flexible, and diverse, the nursing profession is more than just a job… it’s a distinguished career!

Nurses provide holistic upstream (i.e. illness prevention and health promotion) and downstream (i.e. illness recovery and peaceful palliation) care to individuals, families, and populations and their actions are always supported by current, high-quality research. Often dubbed a resource in the pursuit of health, nurses build trusting, therapeutic relationships with their clients and employ adept critical thinking skills to help their clients reach their health-related goals.

A nurse’s work is never dull! Throughout his or her career span, a nurse may participate in one or many areas of the vast array of healthcare settings. In bangladesh, nurses work in hospital departments such as medicine, surgery, intensive care, emergency, maternity, psychiatry, pediatrics, geriatrics, and palliative. In the community, they can fill nursing roles in public health, military, outpost, home care, camp, and street outreach settings, to name a few. Nurses are committed to professional growth and lifelong learning; All Bangladeshi nurses continually upgrade their education in current best practices, many obtain advanced accreditation for their area of nursing expertise, and some nurses even pursue nursing education at the master’s level to become nurse practitioners, nurse educators, nurse researchers, and nurse administrators. In all areas of practice, nurses participate in political advocacy to influence the policy that shapes the means by which quality healthcare is delivered in Bangladesh and around the world.

Bangladeshi nursing education involves supported clinical practice experiences paired with in-class courses in clinical skills, nursing theory, ethics, research, pathophysiology, growth and development, psychology, sociology, and much more. In short, curricula offered by all accredited Bangladeshi nursing schools impart the knowledge, skills, and attitudes needed to become a competent, professional nurse. Bangladeshi nursing programs enable students to develop their ability in the many roles that nurses fill, be it leader, team member, teacher, or even advocate. By graduation, nursing students possess a firm foundation of technical, professional, and humanistic competencies that enable them to enter the dynamic and challenging Bangladeshi healthcare system with confidence.

All in all, Bangladeshi nursing education prepares nurses for a challenging, dynamic, and personally rewarding career. These nursing graduates are prepared to not just survive, but thrive in today’s ever-changing healthcare system and provide high-quality care to people from all walks of life. At the profession’s very core, nurses are endowed the greatest responsibility and honour of all… touching lives!

 

Student Nursing

Florence Nightingale's Nursing School continued to influence nurse training. Until the 1960s, the ward sister controlled the ward in which student nurses learned. Consultants were classified as visitors and had appointed times to conduct their rounds. The ward was closed to allow the patient to rest. Rigorous routine, the basis of the apprenticeship training was argued to have become restrictive. In the early 1960s, reform was sought and the timetable of the ward revised. Hospital life was to be nearer to home life, with longer sleeps in the morning and rest during the day.

You have read the books and practiced in the clinical labs, and now the day has finally arrived for you to take care of your first real patient. This may be a time of excitement for you, or one of dread and fear, but there are tips to help you get the most out of each clinical experience that you have.

First and foremost, be kind to the patient. Remember, most patients are not in the hospital because they want to be; they are there because they have to be. Have an air of confidence about you even if you do not feel it. Some patients love to have students taking care of them because they get extra time and attention that the regular staff does not have the resources to provide. If a patient begins to question a medication or a procedure that you are about to give, make sure that first you have the right patient by checking the patient's armband and then graciously say "Mr. Jones, give me a moment to double check on that for you and I'll be back with you in a few minutes." This gives you time to double check the chart or consult the correct resources, such as the procedure manual or your clinical instructor. If the patient really seems to be uncomfortable, it is OK to ask the clinical instructor to come along with you to make the patient more at ease. It will show the patient that you care about their well being. Most importantly, never perform a clinical procedure for the first time without consulting with your clinical instructor. Patient safety is always a first consideration.

Another tip that can help you get the most out of each clinical experience is to briefly read about the patient's disease process and their medications before you begin your day. This will only take you a few moments, but will be worth your time. Never be afraid to ask the patient questions, say, "Mr. Jones the disease that you have can affect people in a variety of ways, tell me how it affects you." Or "When you do your bathing are there any special ways that you have that make it easier for you?" The patients will really appreciate the fact that you cared to ask and it gives them a measure of control, which can be important to them.

Nursing Journals

Nursing Journals are professional magazines that are geared toward the profession of Nursing. There are many types of nursing journals, from generalized ones that cover all aspects of nursing and nursing care, to highly specialized ones that focus on one particular area of nursing.

Nursing journals are a great way to keep up with what is going on in the world of nursing and to keep abreast of new technologies. Part of your responsibility as a nurse is to keep up to date with the changes in current practice and every nurse should make it a habit to regularly read at least one nursing journal.

When starting out as a new nurse, it is probably best to start out with a generalized nursing journal, as they can give a lot of valuable information to the new nurse. They very often have information about managing conflicts, patient emergencies, and dealing with family members. The Nursing series of journals is an excellent one for new nurses to read and the nurse should focus on these types of journals for the first 2-3 years of their career to help strengthen their decision-making and knowledge base.

Once you have settled into nursing and have chosen a specialty, you want to also include journals that are specific to your nursing specialty. There are nursing journals for med-surg, ostomy, cardiac care, pediatrics, nephrology, or just about any specialty that you can name, and most specialties have more than one journal. So, look over some that you like and choose one that appeals the most to you. They are a really great way of advancing your nursing knowledge beyond the basics. Most of the Nursing Journals also have at least one continuing education opportunity per issue, so they are an extremely convenient way to earn continuing education credits as well.

Bangladesh Nursing Council

Register

Suraya Begum

Registrar

Bangladesh Nursing Council

 MESSAGE OF THE REGISTRAR

Nursing profession reminds one of Florence Nightingale, the nursing legend in one of the noblest of profession in the world. Nursing is the art of caring for the sick through the science of health care. As a vital component of medical care, it has come a long way. Today, it offers tremendous scope of career growth and opportunities are more and varied.

The biggest challange Bangladesh faces today is the lack of human resources in health - physician, specialists, nurses or paramedics. As per a recent Planning Commission study, the country is short of 6 lakh doctors and 10 lakh trained nurses. For every 25 thousand Bangladesh, there is just one nurse. In the rapidly changing healthcare scenario of the day, nurses are challenged to work in expanded specialist and advanced practice roles. Nursing education is much more than making them up in preparation. It means continuous growth in the capacity to work with the health team, patients and the community. Bangladesh Nursing and midwifery Council is contributing its modest share in the field of nursing education since 2001. It is still in the process of innovations and renovations. The Institute, which rightly boasts of its infrastructure and professionally qualified team of faculty, is committed to produce world class nursing professionals by providing world class nursing education.

WHAT ARE THE QUALITIES THAT A NURSE SHOULD POSSESS?

WHAT ARE THE QUALITIES THAT A NURSE SHOULD POSSESS?

(Perspective of a BSN graduate from the University of Dhaka, Dhaka City, Bangladesh)

By: Khan Md. Golam Mourshed

Nurse’s primary concern thought by many that we just function to preserve the human body to its optimum health status. It’s a common perception of those individuals who are not in the field of nursing. However, in my case as a nursing graduate, my primary concern is on how to take good care of my patients.

I could say that caring and compassion work hand in hand. These attributes are said to be the best methods to make the patients comfortable. Caring and being compassionate are supposed to be the tasks that should be highlighted in the nursing profession.

According to View of Mohammad Ullaha, Head of Nursing, ICDDRB, Dhaka, uttered at the Nursing Standard that nurses simply does not call for academic skills but also Practical, clothe and Others themselves with caring and compassion.

A nurse should not just be academically dressed up but should as well demonstrate care and compassion. Caring for the patients gives a motivating power of healing. It seems that they will be healed emotionally and also spiritually. It loosens their mental agony and brings stress-free ambiance in their environment. Caring brings a unique image to nursing profession.

In addition, being a compassionate individual also gives an edge to nursing from other professions. I could say it’s not easy to be compassionate to the patients. For instance in one of my hospital exposures, I encounter many patients from the oncology ward who try to ask me several questions regarding their health status or if not them, their relatives or loved ones. As a BSN graduate, it’s trouble-free to deal with these kinds of scenarios especially if you do have a wide knowledge towards their health conditions. And putting yourself on their shoes so called empathy is really the best way to deal with the situation.

As nurses we should be aware that there are three components that we should acquire and should be implementing in the workplace. These three components are correlated to the qualities of leadership. One of these components is to have the conceptual skills. This quality gives a nurse a way on how she/he utilizes her/his critical thinking. Second quality is to have a suitable interpersonal skill. This is how the nurse mingles with her/his patients or co-workmates. Uplifting yourself with good interpersonal skills gives you an edge to be aware of those people from different walks of life. Lastly, the technical skill which increases the nurse’s self-esteem. This skill is on how you make use of your knowledge towards doing basic procedures like how to do bed bath, administering medications and the like.

Hence, these qualities should be possessed by nurses in caring to their patients. Nurses should clothe themselves with compassion, caring attitude and fortify themselves with the three components which are the conceptual, interpersonal and technical skills.

 

THE QUALITIES  A NURSE SHOULD POSSESS?

(Perspective of a BSN graduate from the University of Dhaka, Dhaka City, Bangladesh)

By: Khan Md. Golam Mourshed

Nurse’s primary concern thought by many that we just function to preserve the human body to its optimum health status. It’s a common perception of those individuals who are not in the field of nursing. However, in my case as a nursing graduate, my primary concern is on how to take good care of my patients.

I could say that caring and compassion work hand in hand. These attributes are said to be the best methods to make the patients comfortable. Caring and being compassionate are supposed to be the tasks that should be highlighted in the nursing profession.

According to View of Mohammad Ullaha, Head of Nursing, ICDDRB, Dhaka, uttered at the Nursing Standard that nurses simply does not call for academic skills but also Practical, clothe and Others themselves with caring and compassion.

A nurse should not just be academically dressed up but should as well demonstrate care and compassion. Caring for the patients gives a motivating power of healing. It seems that they will be healed emotionally and also spiritually. It loosens their mental agony and brings stress-free ambiance in their environment. Caring brings a unique image to nursing profession.

In addition, being a compassionate individual also gives an edge to nursing from other professions. I could say it’s not easy to be compassionate to the patients. For instance in one of my hospital exposures, I encounter many patients from the oncology ward who try to ask me several questions regarding their health status or if not them, their relatives or loved ones. As a BSN graduate, it’s trouble-free to deal with these kinds of scenarios especially if you do have a wide knowledge towards their health conditions. And putting yourself on their shoes so called empathy is really the best way to deal with the situation.

As nurses we should be aware that there are three components that we should acquire and should be implementing in the workplace. These three components are correlated to the qualities of leadership. One of these components is to have the conceptual skills. This quality gives a nurse a way on how she/he utilizes her/his critical thinking. Second quality is to have a suitable interpersonal skill. This is how the nurse mingles with her/his patients or co-workmates. Uplifting yourself with good interpersonal skills gives you an edge to be aware of those people from different walks of life. Lastly, the technical skill which increases the nurse’s self-esteem. This skill is on how you make use of your knowledge towards doing basic procedures like how to do bed bath, administering medications and the like.

Hence, these qualities should be possessed by nurses in caring to their patients. Nurses should clothe themselves with compassion, caring attitude and fortify themselves with the three components which are the conceptual, interpersonal and technical skills.

 

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