FLOORING COST COMPARISON - COST COMPARISON

Flooring cost comparison - Laying tile floors

Flooring Cost Comparison


flooring cost comparison
    cost comparison
  • An employee may use a more expensive mode of transportation and be reimbursed at the amount required for a less expensive mode of travel. A cost comparison of the two modes of travel must be attached to the travel expense claim.
    flooring
  • (floored) provided with a floor
  • floor: the inside lower horizontal surface (as of a room, hallway, tent, or other structure); "they needed rugs to cover the bare floors"; "we spread our sleeping bags on the dry floor of the tent"
  • The boards or other material of which a floor is made
  • building material used in laying floors
flooring cost comparison - Assessing the
Assessing the Costs and Impacts of Migration Policy: An International Comparison
Assessing the Costs and Impacts of Migration Policy: An International Comparison
Issues related to international migration now confront policymakers throughout the world. There have been few comparative studies of national policy evaluation approaches, methodologies and implementation mechanisms, and very little analysis on how much countries are actually spending on migration programmes. The study is very timely as it describes and compares the ways in which some of the major immigration countries in the world and some key international bodies assess the costs and impacts of their migration policies and programmes. An innovative feature of the publication is its comparison of government spending on migration programmes.

88% (16)
Nann Myint Tower, Bagan
Nann Myint Tower, Bagan
A 1000 yards away is as near as I got (with a 300mm lens) to the Nann Myint Tower, known unofficially as the Bagan Tower and Than Shwe’s Tower. This controversial tower has been open to public since April 2005. According to the military junta, “Nann Myint Tower is the ideal one stop viewpoint for visitors to Bagan to see the wonders of over 2000 ancient architectural temples and monuments of the 11th to 13th century.” The entrance fee is 10 USD per pax. When you consider that it costs 10 USD per pax to enter the Bagan Archeological Zone and that this one off fee then allows you to stay as for many days as you like, by comparison, the tower’s entrance fee seems excessive. The tower fee ends up going straight to the military junta the locals know this and are rightly unwilling to take anyone there. This simple boycott means that hardly anyone has ever been to this ‘white elephant.’ The tower is unsurprisingly not the ‘cash cow’ that the regime hoped it would be. However, all this could change if the junta became serious about enforced the policy of banning visitors from climbing the monuments. The junta says, “the 198-foot tower, will give tourists a bird's-eye view of Bagan and they (tourists) will be barred from clambering over ancient pagodas that are being damaged by thousands of invading feet every day.” The director general of hotels and tourism, Khin Maung Latt, says the tower will help preserve the world-famous archaeological site and will keep tourists from climbing on ancient temples to get a better view. Whilst it is true that since 1990 climbing up to the terraces of the major sites has been restricted, all are not as inaccessible as the junta would have you believe. In reality, some sites are locked, but a key master is usually nearby and willing to show you in and up for a little ‘tea money.’ The tower stands only 3 feet shorter than the tallest temple of all; Thatbyinnyu. At 198 feet high the tower has a total of 13 levels, but allegedly it has no lift (elevator). At the first floor, there is a small galleria with a souvenir shop. The first 2 levels are meeting rooms, levels 5 to 7 are offices, and from levels 11 to 13 are viewing rooms and a restaurant and bar. The tower, which was expected to cost up to US$3 million, was built by the Htoo Trading Company Ltd. This same company also built and operates the recently completed Aureum Palace Hotel & Resort on the adjoining 27 acre site. Htoo’s chairman is U Teza (Tay za), the protege of Burma’s military dictator General Than Shwe. Incidentally, Teza was the local agent that brokered Russian sales of helicopters and later MiG-29s to the junta and is suspected of involvement in small arms sales. Teza is also the chairman of Air Bagan Ltd, Burma’s third joint-venture airline and newest domestic airline. The other two joint-venture airlines are Air Mandalay and Yangon Airways. Air Mandalay is owned by Malaysian interests and is regarded as the most professionally run in the country, it's managed by Selvakumar, a retired Malaysian airforce officer. Yangon Airways is owned by the family of Pao Yu-chang, the leader of the United Wa State Party. The United Wa State Party has been described by the US State Department as the world’s largest armed narcotics-trafficking organization. In traditional Burmese culture, spending money on religious buildings is a meritorious act which counts against sins when it comes to the next reincarnation. Donors hope that their generosity will stop them from returning as a rat or a cockroach in their next life. The military junta’s regime, its officials and cronies must all be eager to atone for their sins as they are responsible for most of the rebuilding and new construction at Bagan. Though it has been said by locals that, “the generals could not build a pagoda big enough to wipe out their sins.” Inhabitants of the ancient city of Bagan and local guides privately admit they hate it and whisper it was sacrilegious to build the tower higher than all but one of the pagodas. But fear of the military junta is such that no one is willing to voice opposition publicly. Foreign observers have been equally scathing about the tower. World Heritage status, craved by the military junta, has pointedly not been granted for Bagan. UNESCO, the U.N. agency that has the power to grant or withhold prestigious World Heritage status and the accompanying funding, has spoken loudly against the tower. Richard Engelhardt, UNESCO's Bangkok-based regional adviser for culture has said, “It's a very big mistake. It sticks a big eyesore right in the middle of the site.” However this statement is not really true either, the tower is not in the middle of the site as claimed. The tower is located in the eastern part of Bagan archeological site a long way from the main sites; nearly 5km from Gawdawpalin, over 4km from Ananda and Shwesandaw, over 3.5km from Dhammayangyi, and over 2.5km from Sulamani and Shwezigon. In reality
I just loved the market, no matter what time it was!
I just loved the market, no matter what time it was!
Between 1906 and 1907 the price of onions rose from 10 cents per pound to $1.00 per pound. (By comparison, a pair of shoes cost $2). Seattle citizens, angry at price-gouging middlemen, pressured the city to establish a public market whereby customers could 'meet the producer' directly (this philosophy has more or less remained the same to this day). City councilman Thomas Revelle spearheaded the drive to start a Saturday morning market. And so on Saturday, August 17, 1907 City Council President [Charles H. Burnett] Jr. filling in for the elected Mayor as Acting Mayor of Seattle declared the day Public Market Day and cut the ribbon. [8] roughly ten farmers pulled up their wagons on a boardwalk adjacent to the Leland Hotel. Before noon that day, all their produce had sold out. After an enthusiastic response from local shoppers, the first building at the Market was opened in late 1907.[6] Within a decade, the Corner Market, Economy Market, Sanitary Market, and North Arcade were built. By the 1940s, more than two-thirds of the stalls in Pike Place Market were owned by Japanese-Americans. Following the bombing of Pearl Harbor December 7, 1941, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066 February 19, 1942, which forced all Americans of Japanese ancestry in the "exclusion zone" of western Washington, western Oregon, California, and southern Arizona into internment camps in California. Their property, including any stalls at Pike Place, was confiscated and sold. In 1963, a proposal was floated to demolish Pike Place Market and replace it with Pike Plaza, which would include a hotel, an apartment building, four office buildings, a hockey arena, and a parking garage. This was supported by the mayor, many on the city council, and a number of market property owners. However, there was significant community opposition, including help from Betty Bowen, Victor Steinbrueck, and others from the board of Friends of the Market, and an initiative was passed on November 2, 1971 that created a historic preservation zone and returned the Market to public hands. The Pike Place Market Preservation and Development Authority was created by the city to run the Market. Over the course of the 1970s, all the Market's historic buildings were restored and renovated using the original plans and blueprints and appropriate materials. In the 1980s, federal welfare reform squeezed the social services based in the Market. As a result, a nonprofit group, the Pike Place Market Foundation, was established by the PDA to raise funds and administer the Market's free clinic, senior center, low-income housing, and childcare center. Also in the 1980s the wooden floors on the top arcade were replaced with tiles (so as to prevent water damage to merchandise on the lower floors) that were laid by the PDA after staging a hugely successful capital campaign - people could pay $35 to have their name(s) inscribed on a tile. Between 1985 and 1987, more than 45,000 tiles were installed and nearly 1.6 million dollars was raised. Victor Steinbrueck Park, directly north of the market, was named in 1985 after the architect who was instrumental in the market's preservation.

flooring cost comparison
flooring cost comparison
Tax Reform and the Cost of Capital: An International Comparison
The tax reform movement that swept the U.S., Great Britain, and most other industrialized nations during the last decade has focused attention on international comparisons of the cost of capital. More recently, international comparability has become a critical issue of tax harmonization. This is a vital concern in the European Community, as well as between Canada and the United States. This volume provides international comparisons of the cost of different types of capital for nine major industrialized countriesAustralia, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Sweden, the United Kingdom, and the United Statesfor the period 1980-1990. In the early 1980s the introduction of tax incentives for saving and investment gradually shifted the tax base from income toward consumption. By 1990 most of these special tax provisions had been reduced or repealed in order to lower tax rates and equalize the tax treatment of different forms of capital income. Income was firmly reestablished as the most appropriate basis for taxation. Separate chapters for each of the nine countries, written by leading experts in public economics, provide detailed accounts of tax policy changes over the decade. Each chapter contains a quantitative description of these tax policies and summarizes this information in the form of effective tax rates. The book thus serves as an indispensable reference for comparing capital income taxation in industrialized countries during a period of rapid policy change.

See also:
nova floor pan
floor plan organizer
gymnastics floor music online
led dance floor
killing floor enemies
flooring services london
dark floor
killing floor the movie
songs to get people on the dance floor
Comments