Black Buck Antelope are one of the most popular exotic animals with a black beveled horns and a body color ranging from black to golden brown.
This beautiful native of India grows blacker on his back as he grows older and in winter. The females and young are blond on the back and also have the white stomachs and legs The Black Buck reproduces well in West Texas and can be maintained behind a standard height sheep and goat fence.
Male Black Buck Antelope have black fur on their upper parts and white fur on their chest, belly, the inner sides of their legs, and on their muzzle and chin. They have white rings around their eyes and they have long, ringed horns that spiral with three to four turns and are up to 28 inches long. The males are born light brown then turn black around three years of age. Males stand about 32 inches tall at the shoulders and weigh between 71 and 95 pounds. Female Black Buck Antelope are smaller, are beige or light brown and usually do not have horns, however, if they do, the horns are not ringed and spiraled as the males are. Black Buck Antelope are the fastest animals on earth and can out run any other animal over long distances. They can run almost 50 miles per hour when necessary.Physical Traits
The Indian antelope is one of the most elegant of all antelopes; it’s due to its striking colour and wonderful spiral horns. The upper body part of a male black buck is covered with black fur while the chest, belly and the inner sides have white fur. A beautiful contrast indeed! White rings around their eyes add much to the beauty of their features. The average weight of a balck buck is 40 kg. Horns, that may have three to four turns, measure between 50 and 65 cm. Horned females are rarely spotted. Though there is no particular time for breeding, the period between February and March is quite interesting, as this is the time when the bucks fight against each other to acquire the does.
Habitat & Diet
Native to India, the black buck inhabit open grasslands, dry thorn and scrublands. Poaching has done much harm to the Indian antelope. Today, they have been confined to open grasslands along rivers like Godavari, Krishna, Pennar and their tributaries in the state of Andhra Pradesh and at Point Calimre in Tamil Nadu. The black buck antelope lives on grass. Leaves, pods, fruit, shrubs and flowers also constitute its vegetarian diet. The lifespan of a black buck varies from 12 to 16 years.
Spotting the Black Buck
The black buck is a major draw for wildlife visitors to India. There are a number of sanctuaries and national parks where the graceful Indian antelope can be easily spotted.