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children_pitch references

Here's a list of references compiled with the help of list members:

1. Infants and complex pitch perception:

Fernald, A. (1985) Four-month-old infants prefer to listen to motherese. Infant Behav. & Dev. 8, 181 – 195.

Fernald, A. and Kuhl, P. (1987) Acoustic determinants of infant preference for motherese. Infant Behav.& Dev.10, 279-293

Clarkson, M.G. and Clifton, R.K. (1995) Infants’ pitch perception: inharmonic tonal complexes. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 98(3), 1372 – 1379.

More on infants, complex pitch and music:

He, C., & Trainor, L. J. (2009). Finding the pitch of the missing fundamental in infants. The Journal of Neuroscience, 29, 7718-7722.

Plantinga, J., & Trainor, L. J. (2009). Melody recognition by two-month-old infants. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 125, EL58-62.

He, C., Hotson, L., & Trainor, L. J. (2009). Maturation of cortical mismatch mismatch responses to occasional pitch change in early infancy: Effects of presentation rate and magnitude of change. Neuropsychologia, 47, 218-229.

He, C., Hotson, L., & Trainor, L. J. (2009). Development of infant mismatch responses to auditory pattern changes between 2 and 4 months old. The European Journal of Neuroscience, 29, 861-867.

Corrigall, K., & Trainor, L. J. (2009). Effects of musical training on key and harmony perception. In S. Dalla Bella, N. Kraus, K. Overy, & C. Pantev (Eds.), The Neurosciences and Music III: Disorders and Plasticity . Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1169: 164-168.

Tew, S., Fujioka, T., He, C., & Trainor, L. (2009). Neural representation of transposed melody in infants at 6 months of age. In S. Dalla Bella, N. Kraus, K. Overy, & C. Pantev (Eds.), The Neurosciences and Music III: Disorders and Plasticity . Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1169: 287-290.

Plantinga, J. & Trainor, L. J. (2008). Infants' memory for isolated tones and the effects of interference. Music Perception, 26, 121-128.

Plantinga, J., & Trainor, L. J. (2005). Memory for melody: Infants use a relative pitch code. Cognition, 98(1), 1-11. 

Trainor, L. J., Tsang, C. D., & Cheung, V. H. W. (2002). Preference for consonance in 2- and 4-month-old infants. Music Perception, 20, 187-194.

Trainor, L. J., & Desjardins, R. N. (2002). Pitch characteristics of infant-directed speech affect infants' ability to discriminate vowels. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 9, 335-340.

Schellenberg, E. G., & Trainor, L. J. (1996). Sensory consonance and the perceptual similarity of complex-tone harmonic intervals: Tests of adult and infant listeners. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America , 100, 3321-3328. 

Trainor, L. J., & Trehub, S. E. (1994). Key membership and implied harmony in Western tonal music: Developmental perspectives. Perception & Psychophysics, 56, 125-132.

Trainor, L. J., & Trehub, S. E. (1993). Musical context effects in infants and adults: Key distance. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 19, 615-26.

Trainor, L. J., & Trehub, S. E. (1992). A comparison of infants' and adults' sensitivity to Western musical structure. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 18, 394-402. 




2. Children (normally hearing or CI) and complex pitch perception, music perception, singing, intonation recognition, tone recognition. Please contact Andy Faulkner for work being done by his PhD students that is very relevant. There are a lot of studies on tone recognition and melody recognition by CI kids, I haven't listed them all. Most are easy to find. Below is a sampling of studies. Many of these focus on CI children but you'll find data obtained with NH children who were controls:

Koelsch S., Grossmann T., Gunter T.C., Hahne A., Schroger E., Friederici A.D. (2003) Children processing music: electric brain responses reveal musical competence and gender differences. J. Cogn. Neurosci. 15(5), 683-693.

Kovacic, D. and Balabanan, E. (2009) Voice gender perception by cochlear implantees. J. Acoust Soc Am 126(2), 762-775.

Hsiao, F. (2008) Mandarin melody recognition by pediatric cochlear implant recipients. J. Music Ther.45(4), 390-404.

Lee, K.Y.S., van Hasselt, C.A., Chiu, S.N., Cheung, D.M.C.(2002) Cantonese tone perception ability of cochlear implant children in comparison with normal-hearing chidren. Int. J. Ped. Otorhino. 63 (137-147).

Mitani, C., Nakata, T., Trehub, S.E., Kanda, Y., Kumagami, H., Takasaki K, Miyamoto, I., Takahashi, H. (2007) Music recognition, music listening, and word recognition by deaf children with cochlear implants. Ear Hear 28 (2 Suppl), 29S-33S.

Peng, SC, Tomblin, JB, Turner, CW (2008) Production and perception of speech intonation in pediatric cochlear implant recipients and individuals with normal hearing. Ear Hear 29(3), 336-351.

Vongpaisal, T., Trehub, S.E., Schellenberg, E.G. (2006) Song recognition by children and adolescents with cochlear implants. J. Speech Lang. Hear. Res. 49, 1091 – 1103.

Xu L, Zhou, N., Chen, X., Li, Y., Schultz, H.M., Zhao, X., Han, D. (2009) Vocal singing by prelingually-deafened children with cochlear implants. Hearing Res 129-134.

Magne, C., Schön, D., & Besson, M. (2006). Musician children detect pitch violations in both music and language better than non-musician children: Behavioral and electrophysiological approaches. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 18, 199-211.

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