Learning Disabilities

        According to the
Individuals With Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), “specific learning disabilities” are defined as disorders in the area of oral expression, listening comprehension, written expression, basic reading skills, reading fluency skills, reading comprehension, mathematics calculation and mathematics problem solving (§ 614 (30) (A)). The Act also specifies that these disorders should not be primarily the result of a visual, hearing, or motor disability, mental retardation, emotional disturbance, cultural factors, environmental or economic disadvantage or limited English proficiency (§ 614 (30) (C)).

        The American Association of Learning Disabilities defines a learning disability as a life long neurological condition that interferes with a person’s ability to store, process, or produce information (
American Association of Learning Disabilities, n.d.). Learning Disabilities include dyslexia, dysgraphia, dyscaculia, dyspraxia. Other issues relate with learning disabilities can include auditory processing disorders and visual processing disorders and problems with executive functioning.

        People with learning disabilities suffer from information processing disorders and have trouble interpreting auditory and visual information. Problems with executive function are also a common feature, which includes problems with organization, planning, recalling information, time management and spatial awareness.


American Association of Learning Disabilities (n.d.). Learning disabilities Association of America - New to LD. Retrieved from http://ldaamerica.org/support/new-to-ld/

Individuals With Disabilities Education Act, Pub. L. 108-446. §§ 602-614, (2004).

National Center for Learning Disabilities (November 30, 2013). What are learning disabilities? Retrieved from http://www.ncld.org/types-learning-disabilities/what-is-ld/what-are-learning-disabilities

Learning Disabilities, What Are the Different Types?