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The Rubicon (LatinRubicoItalianRubicone) is a shallow riverin northeastern Italy, about 80 kilometres long, running from theApennine Mountains to the Adriatic Sea through the southernEmilia-Romagna region, between the towns of Rimini andCesena. The Latin word rubico comes from the adjective "rubeus", meaning "red". The river was so named because its waters are colored red by mud deposits. It was key to protecting Rome from Civil War.

The idiom "Crossing the Rubicon" means to pass a point of no return, and refers to Julius Caesar's army's crossing of the riverin 49 BC, which was considered an act of insurrection. Because the course of the river has changed much since then, it is impossible to confirm exactly where the Rubicon flowed when Caesar and his legions crossed it, even if most evidence is linking it to the river officially so named. The river is perhaps most known as the place where Julius Caesar uttered the famous phrase "alea iacta est" - the die is cast.

Meaning and form

The historian Frances Titchener has given a stylized description of the context of Caesar's pronouncement:

We know from [Caesar's journals] that Caesar is not taking this lightly. He knows that if he marches on Rome with his armies, then he is a public enemy, and that he will either have to win, or die. For a Roman patrician like Julius Caesar there is no life without military service; there is no life without service to the state. He cannot simply 'go native' and stay in Gaul, and he does realise that if he goes back to Rome, he would be killed. At this time the northernmost border of the Roman territory in Italy is the River Rubicon. Once someone crosses the River Rubicon, he's in Roman territory. A general must not cross that boundary with his army - he must do what the Romans call lay down his command, which means surrender his right to order troops, and certainly not be carrying weapons. Caesar and his armies hesitate quite awhile at this river while Caesar decides what to do, and Caesar tells us that he informs his soldiers that it's a little tiny bridge across the river, but once they cross it they'll have to fight their way all the way to Rome, and Caesar is well aware that he's risking not just his own life, but those of his loyal soldiers, and he might not win. Pompey is a formidable enemy. It's also impossible to avoid the fact that Caesar was attacking the state, and as a patrician Roman this would have been very difficult for him, equivalent to beating up your father. He wouldn't have done any of this lightly. Finally he makes a decision, it's time to go, and he uses a gambling metaphor and he says 'Roll the dice', 'Alea jacta esto'.[1] Once the dice start rolling they cannot be controlled, even though we don't know what it is as the dice roll and tumble. Julius and his men swiftly cross the river and they march double time toward Rome, where they almost beat the messengers sent to inform the Senate of their arrival.

— Titchener, To Rule Mankind and Make the World Obey[2]

The phrase is still used today to mean that events have passed a point of no return, that something inevitable will happen. Caesar was said to have borrowed the phrase from Menander, his favourite Greek writer of comedy; the phrase appears in “Ἀρρηφόρος” (Arrephoros,) (or possibly “The Flute-Girl”), as quoted in Deipnosophistae, Book 13, paragraph 8. Plutarchreports that these words were said in Greek: 

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  • Todd T Rubick The Nature of the Two Witnesses
    By Jason Hacker and Jonnie Ruvolo in The Word Of God Bible Study (Files) · Edit Doc
    The Nature of the Two Witnesses by Jason Hacker 

    (Rev 11:1) And there was given me a reed like unto a rod: and the angel stood, say
    ing, Rise, and measure the temple of God, and the altar, and them that worship therein.

    (Rev 11:2) But the court which is without the temple leave out, and measure it not; for it is given unto the Gentiles: and the holy city shall they tread under foot forty and two months.

    (Rev 11:3) And I will give power unto my two witnesses, and they shall prophesy a thousand two hundred and threescore days, clothed in sackcloth.

    Because servants of God operate within prophecy of the sun and satan and his servants operate within prophecy based on the moon, the two witnesses may possibly arrive on the scene slightly before antichrist. Before the days of tribulation were shortened, antichrist was to be here 1,260 days (42 months) and the witnesses may have arrived on thescene as much as 18 days ahead of time to be here a total of 1278 days. But they would have probably gotten here within that time—all the way up to within the same day antichrist arrives. Since the time it has been shortened to five months, it will be within a shorter amount of time that they will make their presence known—probably from about a week before up to the day of antichrist’s arrival. Either way, we should know of their presence before antichrist getshere and they will prophesize the entire time he is here up until they areslain 3 ½ days before Christ returns at the 7th trump.

    (Rev 11:4) These are the two olive trees, and the two candlesticks standing before the God of the earth.

    (Zec 4:2) And said unto me, What seest thou? And I said, I have looked, and behold a candlestick all of gold, with a bowl upon the top of it, and his seven lamps thereon, and seven pipes to the seven lamps, which are upon the top thereof:

    (Zec 4:3) And two olive trees by it, one upon the right side of the bowl, and the other upon the left side thereof.

    (Zec 4:4) So I answered and spake to the angel that talked with me, saying, What are these, my lord?

    (Zec 4:5) Then the angel that talked with me answered and said unto me, Knowest thou not what these be? And I said, No, my lord.

    (Zec 4:11) Then answered I, and said unto him, What are these two olive trees upon the rightside of the candlestick and upon the left side thereof?

    (Zec 4:12) And I answered again, and said unto him, What be these two olive branches which through the two golden pipes empty the golden oil out of themselves?

    (Zec 4:13) And he answered me and said, Knowest thou not what these be? And I said, No, my lord.
    (Zec 4:14) Then said he, These are the two anointed ones, that stand by the Lord of the
    whole earth.

    The two candlesticks, the two witnesses, will pouring out the golden oil (the Holy Spirit) into the bowl with the sevenlamps (the 7000 elect that shine the light of the Lord on the world) during the tribulation.

    These two candlesticks represent the two accepted churches, Smyrna and Philadelphia, in the end times.

    (Rev 1:12) And I turned to see the voice that spake with me. And being turned, I saw seven golden candlesticks;

    (Rev 1:13) And in the midst of the seven candlesticks one like unto the Son of man, clothed with agarment down to the foot, and girt about the paps with a golden girdle.

    (Rev 1:20) The mystery of the seven stars which thou sawest in my right hand, and the seven golden candlesticks. The seven stars are the angels of the seven churches: and the seven candlesticks which thou sawest are the seven churches.

    (Rev 11:5) And if any man will hurt them, fire proceedeth out of their mouth, and devoureth their enemies: and if any man will hurt them, he must in this manner be killed.

    The fire that proceeds out of their mouths is the word of God and they use it to slay their enemies’ souls.

    (Rev 11:6) These have power to shut heaven, that it rain not in the days of their prophecy: and have power over waters to turn them to blood, and to smite the earth with all plagues, as often as they will.

    The witnesses have the power to shut up Heaven so that no blessings or understanding fall upon those that they wish. They have the power two turn the waters to blood (slay the souls of [turn to blood] the people [waters]) of those that are against them and they will send them plagues to torment them.

    (Rev 11:7) And when they shall have finished their testimony, the beast that ascendeth out of the bottomless pit (satan) shall make war against them, and shall overcome them, and kill them (physically).

    (Rev 11:8) And their dead bodies shall lie in the street (plateia—pen square or street) of the great city (Jerusalem), which spiritually is called Sodom and Egypt, where also our Lord was crucified.

    (Rev 11:9) And they of the people and kindreds and tongues and nations shall see their dead bodies three days and an half, and shall not suffer their dead bodies to be put in graves.

    (Rev 11:10) And they that dwell upon the earth shall rejoice over them, and make merry, and shall send gifts one to another; becausethese two prophets tormented them that dwelt on the earth.

    People will rejoice over the deathsof the two witnesses because they tormented all those who had the mark of thebeast—their enemies. Those with the mark, who are deceived, believed them to be evil, when in reality, they were sent by God.

    (Rev 11:11) And after three days and an half the Spirit of life from God entered into them, and they stood upon their feet; and great fear fell upon them which saw them.

    (Rev 11:12) And they heard a great voice from heaven saying unto them, Come up hither. And they ascended up to heaven in a cloud; and their enemies beheld them.

    (Rev 11:13) And the same hour was there a greate arthquake, and the tenth part of the city fell, and in the earthquake were slain of men seven thousand: and the remnant were affrighted, and gave glory to the God of heaven.

    (Rev 11:14) The second woe is past; and, behold, the third woe cometh quickly.

    Just after this is the 7th trump which brings the Second Tribulation (which lasts only minutes) and Christ Himself—on that same day!
  • Todd T Rubick http://ask-elijah.org/nwo.htm
    ask-elijah.org
    NWO | New World Order | One World Government Ask-Elijah Watchman Warnings - Pastor Arnold provides Yoda Like Teachings to the Jedi Elect of YHVH need to be ready for the coming of the Anti Christ. Stay Behind - False Rapture & Easter Teachings - Adam and Eve were not the first people, Ezekiel saw G...
  • U.N.’s Last Stand on Arms Trade Treaty - Sandy Hook shooting: why Obama is acting fast March 2013. UNITED NATIONS The U.N. General Assembly has voted overwhelmingly to hold a conference in March to try to reach agreement on a U.N. treaty to regulate the multibillion-dollar global arms trade. A resolution approved late Monday by a vote of 133-0 with 17 abstentions will bring the 193 U.N. member states back to the negotiating table following their failure to reach agreement on a treaty in July. Hopes of reaching a treaty in July were dashed when the U.S. said it needed more time to consider the proposed treaty _ and Russia and China then also asked for a delay. The co-sponsors of Monday's resolution _ Argentina, Australia, Costa Rica, Finland, Japan, Kenya and Britain _ urged all countries to try to make the March 18-28 conference at U.N. headquarters a success. (Lunar Passover Passover 2013 begins in the evening of Monday, March 25 - Lunar Easter Sunday, March 31 - Lunar End of Passover - April 2nd - 188 Day Cycle
    Next 188 day cycle date is April 2 2013 



    • We are going to be posting videos and writing over the next 3 
      hours anyways... I know that the world would have a hard time 
      taking off Tuesday to observe Passover, which is the day Jesus 
      died upon the cross... At the 9th hour, which is some time after 
      3 pm... 

      JD Angel is the Channel Jim Dunlap used on YouTube
      He is in Heaven know and I am assuming no one has his log in 
      to change this event. 

      God said today is the day, and now that JD is up there, this 
      Passover Observation is happening right now.  (Karen Ball Nov. 2012)

      Jim was a great man, great friend and great teacher. He came 
      along at the perfect time in my life to help me find the truth and 
      fellowship I needed, yet could not find... 

      He knew so many things and posted most of them on a website 
      he made before he left us all... RETIREMENT to HEAVEN. Just 
      truly amazing. We all should remember him today and all of the
      things he did to help build up the Children of GOD. We thank
      you for all of your work and honor you on this day. 

      The day God let himself be the last Passover Lamb. 

      YHVH = I am that I am - YSHUA = The Anointed "Chosen" 
      Salvation of I am that I am... 

      This is his plan. Lets take this day, and the 6th to find out why the 
      most important day in the Jewish Religion, should be the most
      important day in Christianity. 

      It will unite all, as we all learn, its not about the traditions of 
      our religions, our churches, or our temples. If we really love 
      GOD, will we do it his way? 

      He said to count the days by the sun, beginning with the spring 
      solstice... On this day he freed the 12 tribes from Egypt. On 
      this day he died on a cross. He says the end of this age will 
      be bigger than splitting the sea. 

      I have it on my heart to remind us, if we love him, we will do it his way. I hope this can help 
      to open our eyes to GOD's full plan. Judah and The 10 northern 
      tribes split after King Solomon and have been against each other 
      ever since. 

      Maybe God set it up so that we would all find out that we are all wrong. Its not Easter (pagan holiday 
      of Ishtar and Eostre) and its Passover on the right day, counting 
      by the sun... 

      The Jew's celebrate this day with the bone of a lamb on the table. Joshua, Jesus, Yshua was the last Passover lamb. He made a point of dying on this day, so that we would 
      remember the whole story. This time we do not have to go 
      and find a perfect lamb, and kill it... 

      We do not need to spread the blood of that lamb on the door posts. God made himself a 
      man and died upon a cross to become the LAST Passover LAMB. 
      Take his blood and cover the door posts of your mind. 

      If you are covered in the blood of the lamb, you are spiritual covered and 
      ready on this Passover, and every day that you have the blood of
       the lamb upon your HEART, MIND  and Soul.... 

      I have a Jewish Family and a Christian Family. April 6th is my 
      Birthday, and today is the day God came down to die for all that 
      just believe upon his name. 

      It is for this reason, I am here writing this to all of you. 
      I know its not politically correct, or religiously correct, 
      but its GOD CORRECT. 

      Jesus said if you have seen him, you have seen the Father,yet, 
      a voice in the sky sent down a dove that landed upon a man named 

      YAHSHUA - JOSHUA - YSHUA - Jesus Christ - THE CHOSEN ONE 
      OF HOLY REDEEMER OF ISRAEL, AKA THE CREATOR OF ALL 
      THINGS..... YHVH - AND THEN THAT MAN BECAME ONE GOD, AS
       instantly HE changed and became Emmanuel = God with us... 

      There are a lot of things we cannot fully understand. 

      Lets just remember, this is the day GOD told Moses and the sons of
      Aaron to have Passover from that day, to the end of time. So watch 
      for videos, instructions or links to where the events will be 
      happening. This page is for Jim... Thanks JD!
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    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qAP84SMMy04 .
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    • You like this.
    • Annette Chicoine This 188 day earthquake cycle holds true more than anything else I've ever come across, it's ALWAYS spot on within days, it's never failed yet.
    • Todd T Rubick And the solar Passover is 4-3...
    • Annette Chicoine Yes which actually starts at sundown the day before which is at sundown on April the 2nd, hmmmm............
    • Todd T Rubick So, when PM said the AC isa coming 5 days before Passover, does that mean the one world official beast according to PM and then in the middle of the 5 months, the defacto moment? He has always said we are not in a one world system and though its ready, he says its not here yet. For when it is, the wars will be over, and it will be Peace Peace Peace . I understand the teaching and always put his ideas on top of my decision process with the WORD of GOD. Then I look and investigate and wonder, as it looks like the NWO wants to be the ONE WORLD BEAST so bad it puts the woman riding the beast on its money.
    • Todd T Rubick Published on Sep 29, 2012
      September 26, 2012 188-Day Cycle Event is EVENT 2012syyx ANDREANOF ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN IS. The next day on the 188-day cycle is April 2, 2013. Earth will reach outside orbit position on December 29, 2012, when the current lull p
      eriod will end and the first quarter of the next orbit cycle will begin. 

      Kipapa, Hawaii, USA 
      KIP 33.79 144.7 P 23:46:39.269 1.6 5.4 137839.9 0.00 a__ mB 7.9 93321637 

      Corallis, Oregon, USA
      COR 36.50 78.4 P 23:47:02.769 0.5 T__ 28.0 132261.7 0.00 a__ mB 7.9 93321639 

      188-day Cycle Date is April 2, 2013 anniversary of Michael Owen's death

      230 days from today to May 17, 2013

      Elenin Orbit Digram: http://ssd.jpl.nasa.gov/sbdb.cgi?ID=dK10X010;orb=1;cov=0;log=0;cad=0#orb 

      100 days goes to april 26, 2011, 200 days goes to jan 16, 2011, 230 days to Dec. 17, 2010

      Black Star Distance from Sun = 4.142 AU on 9/29/2012 (today) if May 17, 2013 Crossing Event is real. 385, 206,000 miles from Sun
      ================

      European Earthquake Monitor: http://www.emsc-csem.org/Earthquake/alert/?id=MEJ52;MAD&date=2012-09-26

      USGS Abreviations:http://earthquake.usgs.gov/monitoring/operations/network.php?network=GSN

      Get Terral's 2012 Newsletter Subscription at http://terral03.com/
    • Todd T Rubick When Is / Are The Date / Dates Of Pesach / Passover In 2013? 2013/5773 (7 Day Holiday) (1) March 26-April 1
      (2) March 26-April 2 (1) March 25-April 1
      (2) March 25-April 2
    • Todd T Rubick When Is / Are The Date / Dates Of Pesach / Passover In 2013?

      Note: Regarding all dates on this Passover Dates / Pesach Dates web page, see the footnote near the bottom of this web page.

      Pesach / Passover in 2013 will commence either just after sunset
       or just after nightfall (depending on the authoritative rabbinical opinion one follows; nightfall is defined in Jewish law as being "the end of sunset", and occurs anytime from 20 minutes to 1 hour after sunset, depending on one's geographic latitude and where one is located in the world) on Monday, March 25th, 2013. For some Reform Jews and Reconstructionist Jews, most Conservative Jews, and Jews living outside Israel, Passover will last for eight days, concluding either at sunset or at nightfall (depending on the authoritative rabbinical opinion one follows) on Tuesday, April 2nd, 2013, or in the Hebrew/Jewish calendar, from 15 Nissan 5773 to 22 Nissan 5773. For Jews who celebrate Pesach / Passover for 7 days (most Reform Jews and Reconstructionist Jews, some Conservative Jews, and Jews living in Israel), Pesach / Passover in 2013 will commence either just after sunset or just after nightfall on Monday, March 25th, 2013, concluding either at sunset or at nightfall on Monday, April 1st, 2013, or in the Hebrew/Jewish calendar, from 15 Nissan 5773 to 21 Nissan 5773.

      In the year 2013 or 5773 in the Hebrew/Jewish calendar, as mentioned, Passover will begin on Monday at either sunset or nightfall. However, in Judaism, both Shabbat/the Sabbath and the Jewish Festivals begin either at sunset or nightfall, and conclude at either sunset or nightfall (either sunset to sunset or nightfall to nightfall depending on the authoritative rabbinical opinion one follows). Furthermore, due to the holiness of both Shabbat/the Sabbath and the Jewish Festivals, there is a custom to extend the time for either Shabbat / the Sabbath and Jewish Festivals by “borrowing” time from both the day that precedes and follows either the Sabbath / Shabbat or a Jewish Festival; depending on the authoritative rabbinical opinion one follows, this can be anywhere from 15 minutes to a half-hour of time before the Sabbath / Shabbat or a Jewish Festival begins either just after sunset or just after nightfall and about a half-hour following the end of either the Sabbath/Shabbat or a Jewish Festival at sunset or nightfall. The most popular starting time for the Sabbath/Shabbat or a Jewish Festival is at 18 minutes before sunset and so for many Jewish people, that is when either the Sabbath / Shabbat or a Jewish festival such as the Passover festival will begin in 2013. For those who celebrate Passover for seven days, Passover in 2013 will end either at sunset or nightfall on Monday, April 1st, 2013 but for those who follow the custom to extend the time for a Jewish Festival anywhere from 15 minutes to a half-hour before sunset or nightfall at the start of a Jewish Festival and anywhere up to a half-hour following either sunset or nightfall at the conclusion of a Jewish Festival, Passover in 2013 will end anywhere up to a half-hour beyond sunset or nightfall with the exact time depending on the authoritative rabbinical opinion one follows. Similarly, for those who celebrate Passover for eight days, Passover in 2013 will end either at sunset or at nightfall on Tuesday, April 2nd, 2013 but for those who follow the custom to extend the time for a Jewish Festival, Passover in 2013 will end anywhere up to about a half-hour after either sunset or nightfall on April 2nd, 2013.

      In the Hebrew/Jewish calendar, Passover always begins on the 15th day of the Hebrew month of Nissan for those who celebrate Passover for 7 days or for 8 days and always ends on the 21st day of Nissan for those who celebrate Passover for 7 days, and always ends on the 22nd day of Nissan for those who celebrate Passover for 8 days. However, in the Gregorian or Christian calendar which comprises the January to December months of the year, Passover begins and ends on different days each year. Why? (I had to ask) Well, I asked, so here comes the answer: the Hebrew/Jewish calendar is primarily a lunar calendar, meaning the months are determined by the new moon that occurs when the first sliver of the moon appears following the complete darkness of the moon, and the Gregorian/Christian calendar is a solar calendar based upon the Earth's rotation around the sun. Since there are 12.4 lunar months in every solar year, this means that a 12-month lunar calendar will lose about 11 days off the solar calendar every year. Since the Passover date is a fixed date in the Hebrew/Jewish calendar then this means that the Passover date would occur earlier and earlier in the Springtime in the solar year until it would occur in the Wintertime, then in Autumn, then in Summer, and then back to Spring, and so on. To make up for this 'drift' in the Passover date through the solar months of the solar year, an extra month was periodically added to the Hebrew/Jewish calendar so that the Passover date would drift back about 11 days each year for about two or three years, then jump forward by about a month's worth of days (29 or 30 days). To help solve this problem, Rabbi Hillel II in 358 or 359 C.E. used astronomical and mathematical calculations to align the lunar year with the solar year over a 19-year cycle. To achieve this, Hillel II standardized the length of each of the 12 lunar months, making them either 29 or 30 days so that the length of the 12 lunar months could be aligned with the length of each of the 12 solar months. Additionally, over this 19-year cycle, a second month of "Adar" called "Adar II" was and is added in the 3rd, 6th, 8th, 11th, 14th, 17th and 19th years of the cycle, meaning in those years the month of Adar is replaced with the months of Adar I and Adar II. The leap year for Adar is 30 days and in non-leap years, Adar has 29 days. Under Hillel II's lunisolar Hebrew/Jewish calendar, the months are determined according to the new moon and the years are determined according to the sun. This means that the Passover date will change only slightly from year to year in the Gregorian/Christian or solar calendar, with the second month of Adar being periodically added to keep the Passover date in the Springtime. It is important to keep Passover in the Springtime because this is when the first Passover occurred and because Passover must be celebrated in the specific agricultural season of Springtime, which depends on the solar year and necessitates the Passover date adjustment. For a further explanation and to see examples of the Hebrew/Jewish calendar months and years in tables, check out the Jewish Calendar Page In Our Passover / Pesach Website.
    • Todd T Rubick Solar Passover is the 8th day after the lunar this year... What Was / Were The Date / Dates Of Pesach / Passover In 2012?

      Pesach / Passover in 2012 commenced either just after sunset or just after nightfall (depending on the authoritative rabbinical o
      pinion one follows; nightfall is defined in Jewish law as being "the end of sunset", and occurs anytime from 20 minutes to 1 hour after sunset, depending on one's geographic latitude and where one is located in the world) on Friday, April 6th, 2012. For Jews who celebrate Passover or Pesach for eight days (some Reform Jews and Reconstructionist Jews, most Conservative Jews, and Jews living outside Israel), Passover in 2012 concluded either at sunset or at nightfall on Saturday, April 14th, 2012, or in the Hebrew/Jewish calendar, from 15 Nissan 5772 to 22 Nissan 5772.

      For Jews who celebrate Passover or Pesach for seven days (most Reform Jews and Reconstructionist Jews, some Conservative Jews, and Jews living in Israel), Passover/ Pesach commenced either just after sunset or just after nightfall on Friday, April 6th, 2012, and concluded either at sunset or at nightfall on Friday, April 13th, 2012, or in the Hebrew/Jewish calendar, from 15 Nissan 5772 to 21 Nissan 5772.

      Why Is Pesach / Passover Celebrated In The Hebrew Month Of Nissan?

      In the Pesach / Passover story, Exodus 12:2 states the words of G-d to Moses: "This month shall be the head month to you. It shall be the first month of the year." Therefore, it was based on these words that the Passover / Pesach celebration was to be held in the first month of the Hebrew year. This month was named Nissan by the biblical Ezra and Nehemiah after they and other Hebrews returned from exile in Babylonia to Jerusalem following the Persian conquest of Babylonia in 539 B.C.E. (alternate date claims: 538 B.C.E., 537 B.C.E., and 536 B.C.E.). In fact, Ezra and Nehemiah took all the names of the Hebrew months from the names of the Babylonian months.

      Although the Jewish New Year is held in the seventh month of the Jewish/Hebrew calendar (the month of Tishri), the Jewish/Hebrew calendar actually starts with the month of Nissan which is in either March or April in the Gregorian or Christian calendar. The reason for this is that different events in Jewish history mark the dates for different celebrations in the Jewish/Hebrew calendar. This is equivalent to saying the Christian New Year is January 1st, the school year starts in September, and the fiscal year for a company is whatever dates are set for that company, and so on. Another reason is that according to the Hebrew Bible, there were two calendars: a civil Jewish/Hebrew calendar from Genesis 1:1 to Exodus 12:1, and a religious Jewish/Hebrew calendar from Exodus 12:2 onward. The civil Jewish/Hebrew calendar began with the month of Tishri (occurring in either September or October in the Gregorian civil calendar) which was the month of Creation (Genesis 1:1), hence the Jewish New Year began in the month of Tishri, and still does. However, in Exodus 12:2, G-d announced that the month when Passover occurred was to be the "head month", or first month of the Jewish/Hebrew year. This month was the month of Nissan. Therefore, this resulted in the Jewish people having a celebration in the first month of both the civil and religious calendars: the Jewish New Year according to the civil Jewish/Hebrew calendar, and the Passover festival according to the religious Jewish/Hebrew calendar.

      Why Does Pesach / Passover Start On The 15th Of Nissan And Last Until The 22nd Of Nissan?

      OK, this one's not too difficult. Exodus 12:18 in the Passover story again states the words of G-d to Moses: "In the first month, from the fourteenth day of the month at evening you shall eat unleavened bread until the twenty-first day of the month at evening". Since the Jewish day begins at sundown and ends at sundown, this "commandment" or "mitzvah" from G-d is interpreted to mean that the 14th day "at evening" means "after sundown" and hence the start of the 15th day of Nissan. Similarly, the twenty-first day "at evening" also is interpreted as "after sundown" and hence, the 22nd day of Nissan.

      What Are The Future Dates Of Passover / Pesach ?

      The following is a list of the future dates of Passover / Pesach. The first column lists the Gregorian or civil year and the Hebrew year, the second column lists the Gregorian or civil day on which THE FIRST FULL DAY OF PASSOVER / PESACH occurs in the Gregorian or civil calendar, and the third column lists the Gregorian or civil day on which Pesach / Passover occurs in the Gregorian or civil calendar ACCORDING TO THE HEBREW/JEWISH CALENDAR. Please note that since the Jewish day goes from sundown to sundown, Pesach / Passover actually begins at sundown on the evening PRIOR to the first full day of Pesach / Passover in the Gregorian or civil calendar. This explains why the Gregorian or civil dates in the third column are one day earlier than the Gregorian or civil dates in the second column, for the beginning of Pesach / Passover. Also, since Passover / Pesach is celebrated for eight days in the Diaspora - meaning all Jews outside Israel except for most Reform Jews and some Conservative Jews - and for seven days for Jews in Israel and for most of the Reform Jewish stream and for some in the Conservative Jewish stream, the first set of dates in the second and third columns indicated by (1) apply to Jews who celebrate Passover / Pesach for 7 days and the second set of dates in the second and third columns indicated by (2) apply to Jews who celebrate Passover / Pesach for 8 days.

      In other words:

      (1) = Jews who celebrate Passover / Pesach for 7 days.

      (2) = Jews who celebrate Passover / Pesach for 8 days.http://www.angelfire.com/pa2/passover/jewishcalendar.html
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      Footnote regarding the dates on this Passover Dates / Pesach Dates web page: all dates discussed on this website are based on the modern Gregorian calendar, however, these dates are but one secular scholarly deduction; there are many other secular scholarly deductions as well as traditional Jewish chronological dates in addition to modern Hebrew/Jewish calendar dates regarding the timeline of events in Jewish history. To see a table of some important events in Jewish history discussed on this website and their various dates deduced from traditional Jewish sources, the modern Hebrew/Jewish calendar, and secular historical timelines, check out ourJewish History Timeline web page.