Lampropelma violaceopes

Abraham, 1924 

ASIAN ARBOREALS 

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Cyriopagopus schioedtei

Cyriopagopus sp. "Sulawesi Black"

Cyriopagopus sp. "Sumatran Tiger"

Lampropelma nigerrimum

Lampropelma sp. "Borneo Black"

Lampropelma violaceopes

Ornithoctoninae G. sp. "Haplopelma robustum"

Ornithoctoninae G. sp. "Orange Fringed"  

Phormingochilus everetti

Poecilotheria metallica

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 Lampropelma violaceopes Abraham, 1924. Adult female. Singapore.

Lampropelma violaceopes Abraham, 1924, is a large and particular colourful arboreal tarantula from the subfamily Ornithoctoninae. With it's vibrant royal purple colours and long red hairs and the trademark tiger stripes on the abdomen it's a jewel in any collection.

Lampropelma violaceopes Abraham, 1924. Adult female, size example.

Size:
This is a very large spider with a leg span of 25 cm. and a carapace lenght above 3 cm.

Lampropelma violaceopes Abraham, 1924. Adult female.

Sexual dimorphism: 
There is a distinct difference between the two sexes as the male is olive green with faint yellow leg striation. The male has a blunt tibial apophysis and long slender legs. Subadult males can be easily sexed by the epigynal fusillae method. Contrary to Cyriopagopus schioedtei, this species is difficult to sex by colouration in juveniles and subadults.
Before sexual maturity both sexes will be a purplish-brown colouration. Subadult males however do tend to have a more fuzzy yellow setation. The deep royal purple will first be apparent with sexual maturity in the female and become increasingly deeper with each molt.

Distribution:
Singapore, Riau Islands in Indonesia and the southern states of Peninsular Malaysia.

Lampropelma violaceopes Abraham, 1924.
Lowland monsoon rain forest habitat.

Habitat:
Primary lowland monsoon forest where it lives in hollow trees many meters up. 

Lampropelma violaceopes Abraham, 1924. Typical entrance to retreat, in this case 4 m. up on the tree trunk. Notice the moss and lichens that is incorporated in the webbing at the entrance.

Adult females are almost entirely found in large mature trees, but younger animals can be found behind loose bark, in rock crevices and in man made structures like bridges and board walks.






Lampropelma violaceopes Abraham, 1924. Spiderling retreat. Notice the bark and wood that is incorporated in the webbing at the entrance.

Lampropelma violaceopes Abraham, 1924. Juvenile retreat.

Care:
Should be offered a hide-away consisting of a hollow log or cork bark tube fitted with an entrance hole. Also important is to fill the hide-away approximately halfway up with loose substrate, which the spider will incorporate with silk to make a snug home. The surrounding substrate should be 5-10 cm. deep and should be kept moist. Day temperatures should be in the range of 25-28 celcius degrees with a drop to 20-22 at night. The annual climatic fluctuations follows that of Singapore:

Breeding:
Best time for mating is in late summer/fall. It is common that the female eat or destroy the male after mating and this is usually a sign of a succesful mating. After mating the cage should be dried out for a few months followed by a flooding which usually induces egg laying - usually in the spring. The egg sac will hatch after 2-3 months and contains between 100-150 spiderlings.

Growth:
The spiderlings of this species is growing very fast, maturing in approximately 1 year.

Lampropelma violaceopes Abraham, 1924. Adult female. Johor, Malaysia.
Notice the missing front leg. This has most likely been torn of by a tokay gecko, a bat or a monkey, all of which predates on arboreal tarantulas.