The Ashmounds of South India

A photo gallery of the Neolithic of South India

The “Neolithic” throughout the Old World is taken to be synonymous with the earliest agriculture. In material terms the Neolithic is usually represenetd by ground stone axes and ceramics. The earliest pottery and ground axes in South India date back to ca. 3000 BC and it is plausiblt the food production, in terms of animal herding and plant cultivation, was already practiced from this time. Clear archaeobotanical evidence for cultivation, however, dates from ca. 2200 BC, while probably domestcated cattle, sheep and goats date to before 2600 BC. The Neolithic continued until 1200-1000 BC when Iron objects first appear and the periods is known as the Megalithic.

A particularly distinctive aspect of this ancient culture are “ashmound” sites which consist of large heaped accumulations of ash and vitirfied material, which are now generally accepted as having originated from burnt cattle dung. In addition to the ashmounds there are many site of habitation, often on the tops of granite hills, as well a major concentrations of rick art attributed to this period.

This site serves  as photo gallery and site gazetteer for the Southern Neolithic.

sites in the photo gallery:

Choudammagudda

Kudatini

Kupgal

Palavoy 

Sanganakallu 

Toranagallu

Utnur 

Velpumudugu 

 

 [updated 6.7.2010]