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Pharaoh Khafra

posted 10 May 2011, 14:44 by Manal Raafat

                                                                                                                         That is the original image 

Khafre or Khapra  He was an Egyptian pharaoh of the Fourth dynasty, who had his capital at Memphis. According to some authors he was the son and successor of Khufu, but it is more commonly accepted that Djedefre was Khufu's successor and Khafra was Djedefre's. Khafra has two chief wives , Queen Meresankh III whose mastaba tomb is located at Giza , and Queen Khamaerernebty I who was the mother of his successor, Menkaura. Khafre was the builder of the second largest pyramid in the Giza.His pyramid is 3 metres shorter than Khufu's pyramid. He was mentioned as the builder of the Great Sphinx.

His name, Khaf-Ra, means "Appearing like Ra" for some translators and "rise Ra!" for others. 

[ most probably was a son of king Khufu and the brother and successor of Djedefre. ].

Khafre had several wives and he has at least 12 sons and 3 or 4 daughters. One of them was Queen Khamerernebty she was the mother of Menkaure[the builder of the third pyramid ] and his principal queen Khamerernebty II[ the second ].

His Reign 

It is blank.Some believe it was between  2558 BC and 2532 BC, length for his reign is blank some mentioned 24 to 26 years,and others extended  his reign as 66 years.

Pyramid complex 

  • Khafra built the second largest pyramid at Giza.The Egyptian name of the pyramid was Wer(en)-Khafre which means "Khafre is Great". The pyramid has a subsidiary pyramid , It is not clear who was buried there. Sealing have been found of a King's eldest son of his body etc and the Horus name of Khafre.
  • Valley Temple: The valley temple of Khafre was located closer to the Nile and would have stood right next to the Sphinx temple.
  • Mortuary Temple :The mortuary temple was located very close to the pyramid.
  • Great Sphinx and Sphinx temple :The sphinx is said to date to the time of Khafre .The spinx is designed to show the head of a man [pharaoh ] on a body of lion . The designer wanted to say that, that man is strong and brave like the lion. It is believed that the head ,and the face of sphinx is for Khafre . you can notice that from the two pictures the one for Sphinx and that for Khafre.

 I collected that information from my researches and my also study.


Open the picture in Photoshop. 

  • With the Quick Selection Tool select the background .Delete it with the backspace key.
  • In the option bar go to the refine edge button and adjust the options . 
  • Go to the Edit Menu and choose fill and choose the color you like . 
  • Remove the selection. 
  • I selected the Burn Tool to add dark color to the picture . 
  • Go to the Adjustment panel and select Levels and click Auto.
  • If you like you can write on the picture with the Type Tool. 
  •  Choose the Custom Shape Tool you can make the frame.
  • Now you can save your work .