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Eye of Horus

posted 27 Apr 2011, 14:08 by Manal Raafat

The Eye of Horus is an ancient Egyptian symbol of protection, royal power and good health.The eye is personified in the goddess Wadjet. The eye of horus is also known as Wedjat or Oudjat.


Wadjet or 'the green one' or ' the whole one' and was known to the Greeks and Romans as 'uraeus' from the Egyptian 'iaret' meaning 'risen one' from the image of a cobra rising up in protection.It is a powerful symbol of protection Wadjet was one of the earliest of Egyptian deities who later became associated with other goddesses such as Bast, Mut, and Hathor. She was originally the ancient local goddess of the city of Dep ,which became part of the city that the Egyptians named Per-Wadjet, House of Wadjet, and the Greeks called Buto. She was said to be the patron and protector of Lower Egypt and upon unification with Upper Egypt, the joint protector and patron of all of Egypt with the "goddess" of Upper Egypt. The image of Wadjet with the sun disk is called the uraeus, and it was the emblem on the crown of the rulers of Lower Egypt.she was also the protecter of women in childbirth and kings.


Horus

Horus was the ancient Egyptian sky god who was usually depicted as a falcon.His eyes were said to be the sun and the moon.However, he soon became strongly associated with the sun. His right eye was associated with the sun god Ra, while Thoth was associated with the moon. An ancient myth describes a battle between Horus and Set in which Horus' right eye was torn out and Set lost his testicles! Thoth magically restored Horus´ eye, at which point it was given thename"Wadjet" ("whole" or "healthy").The eye symbol represents the marking around a Peregrine Falcon's eye that includes the "teardrop" marking sometimes found below the eye. The mirror image, or left eye, sometimes represented the moon and the god Djehuti (Thoth).
 

The eye as hieroglyph and symbol  

There are seven different hieroglyphs used to represent the eye, which also has the meaning 'to make or do' or 'one who does.In Egyptian myth the eye was not the passive organ of sight but more an agent of action, protection or wrath.


In arithmetic 

In the Ancient Egyptian measurement system, the Eye Of Horus defined Old Kingdom number one (1) = 1/2 + 1/4 + 1/8 + 1/16 + 1/32 + 1/64.


The Eye of Horus was believed to have healing and protective power, and it was used as a protective amulet. It was also used as a notation of measurement, particularly for measuring the ingredients in medicines and pigments. The symbol was divided into six parts, representing the shattering of Horus´ eye into six pieces. Each piece was associated with one of the six senses and a specific fraction. 


It is interesting to note that if the pieces are added together the total is 63/64 not 1. Some suggest that the remaining 1/64 represents the magic used by Thoth to restore the eye, while others consider that the missing piece represented the fact that perfection was not possible. 


I had designed the two artworks with illustrator .


HOW TO DESIGN IT?


Open a new document with 250 x 250 dimensions .

  • Use the The Arc tool to draw the eye brow ,and eye lids .
  • The Polar Grid tool to draw the iris of the eye.
  • The Spiral tool to draw the spiral under the eye.
  • Select all the design with the Selection tool and go to Object menu then Group.
  • Save your work.   


Thanks 

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