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posted 10 May 2011, 15:11 by Manal Raafat

A holiday is a day designated as having special significance for which individuals, a government, or a religious group have deemed that observation is warranted. It is generally an official (more common) or unofficial observance of religious, national, or cultural significance, often accompanied by celebrations or festivities.it means any special day of rest or relaxation, as opposed to normal days away from work or school.


The word holiday derived from the notion of "Holy Day", and gradually evolved to its current form. 

Types of holiday.

Religious holidays

Many holidays are linked to faiths and religions.

In Islam, the largest holidays are Eid ul-Fitr (immediately after Ramadan) and Eid al-Adha (at the end of the Hajj).

Christian holidays are defined as part of the liturgical year.

Hindus, observe several holidays .

Japanese holidays contain references to several different faiths and beliefs.

National holidays 

States and nations and territories observe holidays based on events of significance to their history .


Secular holidays

Like Earth Day or Labour Day, both internationally, and across multi-country regions, often in conjunction with organizations such as the United Nations. Many other days are marked to celebrate events or people, but are not strictly holidays as time off work is rarely given.

 Unofficial holidays

These are holidays that are not traditionally marked on calendars. These holidays are celebrated by various groups and individuals.

 Public holidays in Egypt

Holidays in Egypt have many classifications. There are a set of public holidays celebrated by the entire population. Since Islam is the state religion, the Islamic holidays are observed by all Egyptians. Christian holidays are national holidays also and the Christians are permitted to observe these holidays also.

National holidays in Egypt

  • January 7 Christmas  :Celebrates the nativity of Jesus Christ, according to the Oriental Coptic Orthodox Church.
  • January 25 : Egypt Police Day.
  • April 25 : Sinai Liberation Day .Celebrates the withdrawal of Israeli troops from the Sinai Peninsula in 1982.
  •  May 1 : Labour Day.
  • July 23 :  Revolution Day .
  • October 6 : Armed Forces Day. Celebrates the crossing of the Suez Canal by Egyptian forces during the October War .

Movable holidays in Egypt

  • Sham El Nessim (Spring festival)  :  The Monday following Orthodox Easter .
  • Islamic New Year :   The first day of the year based on the lunar Islamic calendar (1 Muharram) 
  • Birthday of the Prophet Muhammad (Sunni)    The birthday of the Prophet Muhammad, according to the Sunni account (12 Rabi al-Awwal) 
  • Eid al-Fitr  :  Breaking of the fast of Ramadan, for three days (1-3 Shawwal) 
  • Eid al-Adha    End of the Hajj and commemoration of the Sacrifice of Abraham, for four days (10-13 Dhu al-Hijjah)
  • March 21  :  Mother's Day    Celebrates all mothers .
  • August 15    Flooding of the Nile (Wafaa Elnil)    Celebrates the beginning of the Nile floods.
  • October 21    Egyptian Naval Day    Celebrates the destruction of Israeli destroyer Eilat in 1967
  • October 24    Suez Day / Popular Resistance Day    Celebrates the resistance of local citizens in Suez during the October War.
  • December 23    Victory Day    Celebrates the ending of the Suez Crisis 


I had designed that two art work with illustrator .


Open new illustrator document 400 x 300 for the horizontal and 300 x 400 for the longitudinal .

  • Add new layer with the color you like and no stroke .
  • Select the Gradient Tool , and linear and drag horizontally or longitudinally  for the background.
  • Use the symbol panel to add the symbols to your art work ,in different layers.
  • Save your work.

I hope it was useful and helpful .