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Egyptian Museum

posted 20 Apr 2011, 05:52 by Manal Raafat   [ updated 27 Apr 2011, 13:44 ]

It is the second most frequently visited and certainly one of the most important attractions in Cairo after the Great Pyramids of Giza and Sphinx.

The Museum of Egyptian Antiquities, known commonly as the Egyptian Museum, in Cairo, Egypt, is home to an extensive collection of ancient Egyptian antiquities. It has 120,000 items, with a representative amount on display, the remainder in storerooms.

History and Description 

It was built in 1835 near the Ezbekeyah Garden .The museum soon moved to Boulaq in 1858 because the original building was getting to be too small to hold all of the artifacts.The new building was to be constructed on the bank of the Nile River in Boulaq. In 1878, after the museum has been completed for some time, it suffered some irreversible damage; a flood of the Nile River caused the antiquities to be relocated to another museum, in Giza. The artifacts remained there until 1902 when they were moved, for the last time, to the current museum in Tahrir Square.

The last museum in Tahrir Square was built during the reign of Khedive Abbass Helmi II in 1897, and opened on November 15, 1902. It has 107 halls. At the ground floor there are the huge statues. The upper floor houses small statues, jewels, Tutankhamon treasures and the mummies.

The Museum also comprises a photography section and a large library. The Egyptian museum comprises many sections arranged in chronological order.

A hall for the royal mummies was opened at the museum .The Royal Mummies Room is another highlight of the Egyptian Museum. Here you can see the mummies of many great Egyptian rulers, including Ramses II, the builder of the temples at Abu Simbel. 

More than a million and half tourists visit the museum annually, in addition to half a million Egyptians. 

Interior design

There are two main floors of the museum, the ground floor and the first floor.

On the ground floor there is an extensive collection of papyrus and coins used in the Ancient world.

Several languages are found on these pieces, including Greek, Latin, Arabic, and the Ancient Egyptian writing language of hieroglyphs. The coins found on this floor are made of many different metals, including gold, silver, and bronze. The coins are not only Egyptian, but also Greek, Roman, and Islamic. 

On the first floor there are artifacts from the final two dynasties of Ancient Egypt, including items from the tombs of the Pharaohs Thutmosis III, Thutmosis IV, Amenophis II, Hatshepsut, and the courtier Maiherpri, as well as many artifacts from the Valley of the Kings.

I had collected some pictures for the entrance of the museum ,its hall,and some antiques  in one picture .


To make like that picture collection 

  1. Open new transparent document with the dimensions you like .
  2. Add new layer and fill it with the color you like[Edit menu Fill].
  3. Place the picture you like [File menu Place].
  4. Apply transformer to adjust the size and direction you like.
  5. You can add layer style to each layer .
  6. Save your work.