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Egypt

posted 20 Apr 2011, 04:21 by Manal Raafat   [ updated 27 Apr 2011, 13:48 ]

 Egypt my lovely country .

 Egypt is more than 7,000 years old . Across the centuries there have been numerous cultures and peoples who have lived in Egypt and ruled it too. The name now is  Arab Republic of Egypt .

Some important and lovely faces from Egypt ,old and new .I had grouped it in one picture .

Its geography and Location

is a country mainly in North Africa, with the Sinai Peninsula forming a land bridge in Southwest Asia. Egypt is thus a transcontinental country, and a major power in Africa, the Mediterranean region, the Middle East and the Islamic world. Covering an area of about 1,010,000 square kilometers (390,000 sq mi), Egypt is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, the Gaza Strip and Israel to the northeast, the Red Sea to the east, Sudan to the south and Libya to the west. 

Egypt is one of the most populous countries in Africa and the Middle East. The great majority of its estimated 85 million people live near the banks of the Nile River, in an area of about 40,000 square kilometers (15,000 sq mi), where the only arable land is found. The large areas of the Sahara Desert are sparsely inhabited. About half of Egypt's residents live in urban areas, with most spread across the densely populated centers of greater Cairo, Alexandria and other major cities in the Nile Delta.

Egypt is famous for its ancient civilization, with famous monuments such as the Giza pyramid complex and its Great Sphinx. Its ancient ruins (remaining s), such as those of Memphis, Thebes, and Karnak and the Valley of the Kings outside Luxor. 


Its Economy 

The economy of Egypt is one of the most developed and diversified in the Middle East, with sectors such as tourism, agriculture, industry and service at almost equal production levels. 


The development of its Name  

The ancient Egyptian name of the country is Kemet which means "black land", referring to the fertile black soils of the Nile flood plains, 

The English name Egypt was borrowed from Middle French Egypte, from Latin Aegyptus, from ancient Greek Aígyptos .


Egypt has many periods in its history.

  • Pre-historic Egypt.
  • Ancient Egypt.
  • Ptolemaic and Roman Egypt.
  • Arab and Ottoman Egypt.
  • Muhammad Ali dynasty.
  • Modern Egypt. 

 Its Climate 

Most of Egypt's rain falls in the winter months. Snow falls on Sinai's mountains and some of the north coastal cities such as Damietta, Baltim, Sidi Barrany, etc. and rarely in Alexandria.

Temperatures average between 80 °F (27 °C) and 90 °F (32 °C) in summer, and up to 109 °F (43 °C) on the Red Sea coast. Winter temperatures average between 55 °F (13 °C) and 70 °F (21 °C). 


The Religion

Egypt hosts two major religious institutions.

  •  Islam , as its state religion. Around 90% are identified as Muslim.
  •  Christianity ,There is a significant minority of Christians in Egypt, who make up between 5% and 10% of the population[  the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria ].

Capital,and largest city: Cairo

Official language: Arabic, Arabic is the official language, spoken languages & varieties are: Egyptian Arabic,

Currency    Egyptian pound (EGP)

Time zone    EET (UTC+2) . Summer (DST)    EEST (UTC+3)
  

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