Graphics, with advances in technology, is now a huge discipline. Below you will see different examples of were graphics has been the influence or how they have been developed. Graphics takes two form: Graphic Art and Graphic Design. You will find explainations of both below. From its humble beginnings in China from carving the written word into wood blocks it has now developed into including the designing of new products and advertising. Everything that we see, touch, use, buy and want, have been developed by graphics in some way or another with the explosion of visual communication in the 20th and 21st centuries.
Posters and Products
"Graphic art" is the art of printmaking and drawing. In contemporary usage it refers to the applied trade-skills of a pressman, pre-press technician, or typesetter. The term can include the trades of lithography, screen printing and bindery (making books), among others. Graphic arts as a trade can be traced back to the first instances of the stamped image or word.
Graphic design is a creative process — most often involving a client and a designer and usually completed in conjunction with producers of form (i.e., printers, programmers, signmakers, etc.) — undertaken in order to convey a specific message (or messages) to a targeted audience. The term "graphic design" can also refer to a number of artistic and professional disciplines that focus on visual communication and presentation. The field as a whole is also often referred to as Visual Communication or Communication Design. Various methods are used to create and combine words, symbols, and images to create a visual representation of ideas and messages. A graphic designer may use typography, visual arts and page layout techniques to produce the final result. Graphic design often refers to both the process (designing) by which the communication is created and the products (designs) which are generated.
Common uses of graphic design include identity (logos and branding), web sites, publications (magazines, newspapers, and books), advertisements and product packaging. For example, a product package might include a logo or other artwork, organized text and pure design elements such as shapes and color which unify the piece. Composition is one of the most important features of graphic design, especially when using pre-existing materials or diverse elements.
The technique of printing with carved wood blocks appeared about the 7th century, early in the Tang dynasty. It was invented as a way to inscribe thousands of sheets of rice paper with a memoir of a beloved Empress. Every sheet of paper was placed in hilltops and shrines all over China so that her name would never be forgotten.
Movable type was first invented by Bi Sheng of the Song dynasty between the years 1041 and 1048. This invention was recorded by his contemporary Sen Koo in his Dreamworld Essays. During the 13-14th centuries, the agriculturist Wang Zheng made an important contribution to the development of movable type printing.
Movable type was probably first used in Europe in the mid-15th century by Gutenberg in Germany, who also invented the printing press. This combination then rapidly spread to the rest of Europe, and later the world. Printing became a distinct trade.
Below are some really good graphics websites. For information on screen printing go to the Printmaking page.
http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/art/video/graphics/ great site with loads on
http://www.design-technology.info/page3.htm Fantastic site with everything on- Packaging, Anthropometrics, Ergonomics, Steps for design, etc.
http://www.design-technology.info/designers/ Fantastic link with a list of designers and examples of their work.
http://www.btinternet.com/~hognosesam/gcse/page2.html Good site for graphics/technology. Obligue drawing, Isometric drawing, etc.
http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/design/graphics/drawingformalrev1.shtml Formal graphic drawing techniques.
http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/dida/ Graphics and design
http://www.design-technology.info/IndProd/drawings/ Different types of graphical drawing
http://www.technologystudent.com/designpro/drawdex.htm Really basic info about graphics equipment