Unit 5 - Constructive and Destructive Forces

The purpose of this unit is to identify surface features of the Earth caused by constructive and destructive processes and what humans can do to measure and control these processes. Throughout this unit the following question will be asked and answered: What processes change the Earth’s surface and what can humans do to control them?


S5E1. Students will identify surface features of the Earth caused by constructive and destructive processes.

a. Identify surface features caused by constructive processes; Deposition (Deltas, sand dunes, etc.), Earthquakes,Volcanoes, Faults,

b. Identify and find examples of surface features caused by destructive processes: Erosion (water-rivers and oceans, wind),  Weathering,  Impact of organisms,  Earthquake, Volcano

c. Relate the role of technology and human intervention in the control of constructive and destructive processes. Examples include, but are not limited to:  Seismological studies,  Flood control (dams, levees, storm drain management, etc.),  Beach reclamation (Georgia Coastal Islands)

Characteristics of Science Standards:


Students will be aware of the importance of curiosity, honesty, openness, and skepticism in science and will exhibit thee traits in their own efforts to understand how the world works.


Students will have the computation and estimation skills necessary for analyzing data and following scientific explanations.

S5CS4. Students will use ideas of system, model, change, and scale in exploring scientific and technological matters.

S5CS5. Students will communicate scientific ideas and activities clearly.

S5CS6. Students will question scientific claims and arguments effectively.

S5CS7. Students will be familiar with the character of scientific knowledge and how it is achieved.

S5CS8. Students will understand important features of the process of scientific inquiry.


Essential Vocabulary:
volcanoes, decomposition, deposition, sand dunes, erosion, weathering, fault, earthquake, delta, lava, magma, ring of fire, seismograph, Richter scale, plate tectonics, eruption, folds, crust, flooding, mudslide, rock falls, decomposition, ecosystems, mass, energy, force, damage, vibrations


Please click the links below to access unit resources:
            Volcano Project
Add Layers of the Earth Project