September

September GARDEN LIST

GENERAL GARDEN CARE

  • Time to plant trees and shrubs when they undergo color change.
  • Avoid pruning at this time
  • Control Poison Ivy before it goes dormant
  • Dig and store summer flowering bulbs
  • Save seeds from favorite self-pollinating non-hybrid flowers
  • Begin Compost heap if you do not already have one!
  • Continue to water trees and shrubs until ground freezes

 ANNUAL AND PERENNIALS:

  • Transplant and divide at this time.
  • Best time to divide peonies, 3-5 eyes, plant no more than 2 inches deep
  • Plant mums early so they have a chance to root and weather the winter
  • Do not cut back perennials until they leaves and stems have lost green color

LAWN CARE

  • Change mowing height to 2 inches
  • Fertilize Early in the month….MOST important application of the year
  • Reseed thin areas of lawn
  • Core aerate

FRUIT, VEGETABLE, AND HERB CARE

  • Continue harvesting to have productive plants
  • Add compost to garden beds
  • Seed bare garden areas with winter rye or barley for a winter cover crop.
  • Fall crop of spinach and leafy veggies
  • Harvest herbs and hang upside down to dry in dark space.

INDOOR GARDEN

  • Start preparing houseplants for the return to indoors. Check insects, clean leaves and containers, sheltered area.
  • Begin your 2-3 mo. Dormancy for amaryllis bulbs.  Stash in a cool dark place NO watering. 
  • Pot your Rosemary basil oregano chives for indoor winter use.

HINTS:

  • Swap out your container plants for frost tolerant mums, pansies and flowering kale.
  • Use same soil and compost the disease free annuals.  Time for a NEW LOOK!
  • Water your trees and shrubs so they are hydrated for winter
  • Average frost date is October 11-20
  • Order your garlic bulbs for mid October planting

         http://web.extension.illinois.edu/cfiv/homeowners/100909.html

         https://www.chicagobotanic.org/plantinfo/checklist