July

JULY GARDEN LIST!


GENERAL GARDEN CARE

  • ·       IMPORTANT:  It’s hot and dry.  Make sure your garden lawn, plants, trees and shrubs receive @ least 1 inch of  WATER per week.
  • ·       Best way to retain extra moisture is mulch 2-4 inches in the garden beds.

WEED, WEED, WEED

  • ·       Weeding is a perpetual task, however, the more you weed, the fewer weeds will grow.  Eventually weeding becomes a minor maintenance task.

ANNUAL AND PERENNIALS:

  • ·       20-20-20 Fertilizer for ROSES for the third and FINAL time @ the end of the month.  DO NOT fertilize after August 1st.  Deadhead back to the first set of      five leaflets and monitor for Blackspot. 
  • ·       Promote second blooms by cutting back flower spikes from early blooming perennials such as catmint, geraniums, salvia.
  • ·       Prune back annuals that are ‘leggy’ and fertilize with ½ strength fertilizer.
  • ·       Continue watering and fertilizing those containers and hanging baskets.
  • ·       Daylilies will need to have their spend flowers and seed heads removed.
  • ·       Sedums, asters and chrysanthemum will need the last pinch to allow bud set for fall bloom.  Can be done until the middle of the month.
  • ·       Stake those TALL plants with soft nylon ties, including the tomatoes.
  • ·       Guide those Clematis vines to their supports.
  • ·       Time to dig and divide Oriental Poppies as foliage dries.  Plant in sunny, well drained area. 

LAWN CARE

  • ·       Mow high, 2 ½ -3 inches, leave grass clippings on lawn but not clumped. 


FRUIT, VEGETABLE, AND HERB CARE

  • ·       Harvest, dry and freeze your herbs in small batches.  Pinch off the developing flowers to retain the oils and flavor in the foliage.
  • ·       Tomatoes need an even supply of moisture rather an occasional soaking.
  • ·       Consider a side dress of nitrogen fertilizer on your hot weather veggies:  peppers, tomatoes, eggplants and cucumbers.
  • ·       Get ready to sow fall crops the end of the month:  beans, broccoli, spinach, lettuce, cabbage.
  • ·       Support the swallowtail butterfly population:  monitor your fennel, dill, carrots for caterpillars.  In fact plant a special crop for them next year.  They LOVE to eat!!

INDOOR GARDEN

  • ·       Hot summer sun through your windows can affect leaves.  Move to safety.
  • ·       Lift plants and check leaves for insects.
  • ·       Repot plants needing larger places to grow. 

HINTS:

  • ·       Watch for perennial sales at the garden centers.  By planting now, you can increase your collection and get those roots established for winter.


References:

https://www.chicagobotanic.org/plantinfo/checklist/july

http://chicagolandgardening.com/index.php/web/read/july-what-to-do-in-the-garden