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DSM- The diagnosis

posted Feb 15, 2013, 8:34 AM by Mary Dickson   [ updated Nov 7, 2016, 11:48 AM ]
 

Hoarding Disorder

Hoarding has long been considered a symptom of obsessive-compulsive disorder, but now has its own clinical definition in the DSM-V. As of the release of the DSM-V in 2013, hoarding disorder has been defined as “persistent difficulty discarding or parting with possessions, regardless of their actual value.” According to the APA, hoarding is defined by its harmful emotional, social, and financial effects both on the hoarder and the hoarder’s family members. Some 4 million people in the U.S. are believed to suffer from the disorder.

Traits according to The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM 5)

 A .Persistent difficulty discarding or parting with possessions, regardless of their actual value.
 
B. This difficulty is due to a perceived need to save the items and to the distress associated with discarding.

 

C. The difficulty discarding possessions results in the accumulation of possessions that congest and clutter active living areas and substantially 

     compromise their intended use.

 

D. The hoarding causes clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas

     of functioning (including maintaining a safe environment for self or others).

 

E. The hoarding is not attributable to another  medical  condition.   

 

F. The hoarding is not better explained by the symptoms of another mental disorder


G. Animal Hoarding has some traits similar to Hoarding Disorder, but remains a topic of research. The Arizona Hoarding Task Force will continue to present information on both Hoarding Disorder and Animal Hoarding as new and peer-reviewed research is presented.

 

 

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