Peer-Reviewed Journal Publications (see abstracts below)
Kuperberg, Arielle and Joseph E. Padgett. "Dating and Hooking up in College; Meeting Contexts, Sex, and Variation by Gender, Partner’s Gender and Class Standing" Forthcoming at The Journal of Sex Research
Kuperberg, Arielle. 2014. "Age at co-residence, Premarital Cohabitation and Marriage Dissolution: 1985-2009" Forthcoming at Journal of Marriage and Family
2012. "Reassessing Differences in Work and Income in Cohabitation and
Marriage" Journal of Marriage and Family, 74(4): 688-707 PDF
Harknett, Kristen and Arielle Kuperberg. 2011. "Education, Labor Markets and the Retreat from Marriage." Social Forces 90(1): 41-63 PDF
Kuperberg, Arielle. 2009. "Motherhood and Graduate Education, 1970-2000" Population Research and Policy Review. 28(4): 473-504 PDF
Kuperberg, Arielle and Pamela Stone. 2008. “The Media Depiction of Women Who Opt Out” Gender & Society, 22(4): 497-517. PDF
Stone, Pamela and Arielle Kuperberg. 2005. "Anti-Discrimination vs.Anti-Poverty: An Analysis of Pay Equity and Living Wage Reforms." Journal of Women, Politics and Policy, 27(3/4): 23-39. PDF
Kuperberg, Arielle T. 2010. "Till Death Do us Part or the Lease Runs Out: A Reassessment of Cohabitation and Marriage in the United States"
Publicly accessible Penn Dissertations. Paper 126.
Kuperberg, Arielle. Forthcoming. "Cohabitation" The Social History of the American Family, Sage Publications
Kuperberg, Arielle. 2014 "CCF Brief: Does Premarital Cohabitation Raise Your Risk of Divorce? with expert commentaries from Sharon Sassler, Kristi Williams, Evelyn Lehrer and Stephanie Coontz." Reprinted in Families as They Really Are, Norton, Editors Barbara Risman and Virginia Rutter (2014)
Kuperberg, Arielle. 2013. "Opting-out" Sociology of Work: An Encyclopedia, Sage Publications.
Kuperberg, Arielle. 2009. "Women with PhDs Speak Out About Motherhood: Review of Mama PhD: Women Write About Motherhood and Academic Life and Motherhood, the Elephant in the Laboratory: Women Scientists Speak out." Women’s Studies Quarterly 37 (3/4).
Kuperberg, Arielle. 2006. “Abstract: Parenthood and the Pursuit of Postgraduate Education, 1970-2000.” In “Sex and Gender Graduate Student Showcase.” Sex and Gender News (ASA Section Newsletter), May: 7.
Article About Research
Plugging the Pipeline: Graduate student Arielle Kuperberg explores the impact of motherhood on graduate education for women.
Abstracts for Peer-Reviewed Publications
Dates and Hookups on Campus: Meeting Context, Sexual Activities, and Variation by Gender and Partner's Gender. (With Joseph Padgett)
Abstract: This study examines 12,195 dates and 10,726 hookup encounters at 22 colleges in the United States reported by students surveyed between 2005 and 2011 in the Online College Social Life Survey (OCSLS) to determine where students met their last hookup and date, sexual activity during these encounters and variation by gender and partner’s gender, and the relationship between sexual activity, meeting context and whether an encounter was later described as a hookup or a date. Students most often met dating and hookup partners through institutional settings or bars and parties, with approximately two-thirds of partners met in these venues. Women who had fewer potential partners on campus were more likely to search for partners in non-campus specific locations while those engaging in same-sex encounters had higher rates of meeting partners through internet sources. Students’ partnering encounters were more likely to be reported as a hookup when they met their partner in a bar, party or college dormitory or included more sexual activity, and more likely to be reported as a date when partners were met through internet sources.
Kuperberg, Arielle. "Age at co-residence, Premarital Cohabitation and Marriage Dissolution: 1985-2009" Forthcoming in Journal of Marriage and Family
Abstract: Does the age at which premarital cohabitors moved in together explain why they have been found to have an increased risk of marital dissolution? Explanations for the increased risk of marriage dissolution among those who marry young center on marital role preparation; for premarital cohabitors, many, if not most, of these roles began at the onset of cohabitation, not marriage. Analyzing the 1995, 2002 and 2006-2010 waves of the National Survey of Family Growth (N=7,037) revealed that age at co-residence explained a substantial portion of the higher marital dissolution risk of premarital cohabitors. In comparisons standardized by age at co-residence, the difference in risk of marital dissolution between premarital cohabitors and those who married without prior cohabitation (‘direct marriers’) was much smaller than in comparisons standardized by age at marriage, and in some models this difference was not significant. Selection into direct marriage and premarital cohabitation was also examined
Kuperberg, Arielle. 2012. "Reassessing Differences in Work and Income in Cohabitation and Marriage" Journal of Marriage and Family, 74(4): 688-707
Abstract: Are cohabiters different than married couples who cohabited before marriage? This study uses the 2002 wave of the National Survey of Families and Households to determine how work behavior might differ for four relationship types; cohabiters with uncertain marriage plans, cohabiters with definite marriage plans, premarital cohabiters who recently married, and premarital cohabiters married five or more years (N=638). Results are compared to differences found in overall comparisons of all cohabiters and married couples (N=916), and are found to be markedly different, indicating that overall comparisons do not accurately capture the range of behavior across cohabitation and marriage. Evidence of increased specialization is found in marriage, yet steep behavioral differences are not found between cohabiters with definite marriage plans and recently married couples, but are associated with longevity in marriage, implying that any possible causal effect of marriage on behavior may only accrue with time spent married.
Harknett, Kristen and Arielle Kuperberg. 2011. "Education, Labor Markets and the Retreat from Marriage." Social Forces. 90(1): 41-63
Abstract: Using data from the Fragile Families study and Current Population Surveys, we find that labor market conditions play a large role in explaining the positive relationship between educational attainment and marriage. Our results suggest that if low-educated parents faced the same (stronger) labor market conditions as their more-educated counterparts, then differences in marriage by education would narrow considerably. Better labor markets are positively related to marriage for fathers at all educational levels. In contrast, better labor markets are positively related to marriage for less-educated mothers but not their more-educated counterparts. We discuss the implications of our findings for theories about women’s earning power and marriage, the current economic recession, and future studies of differences in family structure across education groups
Kuperberg, Arielle. 2009. "Motherhood and graduate education, 1970-2000" Population Research and Policy Review. 28(4): 473-504
This study examines issues related to the fertility of graduate
students over time. First, it examines changes in motherhood rates
between 1970 and 2000 among women aged 20-49 who are enrolled in
graduate school, both by themselves and relative to prevailing trends
among women not enrolled in graduate school, and to other college
educated women. Overall, women enrolled in graduate school are
increasingly likely to be mothers of young children, and are
increasingly similar to non-graduate students. Second, it examines
the timing of these births, and finds that almost half of births occur
while women are enrolled in graduate school. Third, a brief review of
current maternity leave policies and childcare options available to
graduate students is presented. Results are discussed in terms of
institutional changes within academia, changes between cohorts that
attended graduate school in these decades, and the policy needs of
graduate student mothers.
Kuperberg, Arielle and Pamela Stone. 2008. “The Media Depiction of Women Who Opt Out” Gender & Society, 22(4): 497-517.
Abstract: Through a content analysis of print media and a comparison of media images with trends in women's behavior, the authors explore the rhetoric and reality surrounding the exit of college-educated women from the workforce to become full-time mothers, a phenomenon that has been dubbed "opting out." The major imagery surrounding opting out emphasizes motherhood and family, elites, and choice. A close reading reveals some inconsistencies that counter the prevailing positive depiction. The authors also find that media coverage of opting out appears in leading publications reaching large and diverse audiences. A comparison of articles' themes against actual trends in women's opting-out behavior shows that there is a disjuncture between the two. The authors discuss the implications of these results for the dissemination of a new feminine mystique.
Stone, Pamela and Arielle Kuperberg. 2005.
"Anti-Discrimination vs. Anti-Poverty: An
Analysis of Pay Equity and Living Wage Reforms." Journal of Women, Politics and Policy, 27(3/4): 23-39.
Abstract: Welfare reform focuses attention on the potential of pay equity and living wage strategies to move women out of the ranks of the working poor. In this study, we use data from a large municipality in the Northeast to simulate implementation of the two policies and compare their relative effectiveness in raising the earnings of female- and minority-dominated jobs, narrowing gender- and race-based earnings differentials, and lifting workers out of poverty. Results show that pay equity raises salaries across-the-board, but especially among low-skilled and minority-dominated jobs, and closes the wage gap. Both pay equity and living wage dramatically reduce the incidence of poverty; living wage, however, leaves virtually untouched the type of discrimination targeted by pay equity and has little impact on the wage gap. The implications of these results for addressing the needs of women transitioning off public assistance and wage justice are discussed. We conclude that both policies should be an integral part of welfare reform efforts, as well as key planks in an overall wage justice strategy.