Carroll County

Carroll County Arkansas in the Civil War

Carroll County did not escape the effects of the war either as most of its towns were burnt to the ground. The Civil War Timeline list 4 skirmishes in Carrollton on January 10, 1863, March 2, 1863, March 13, 1864, and August 15, 1864 and another skirmish simply listed as Carroll County.

Known Scrip notes issued in Carroll County, Arkansas
during the Civil War

        B F Haily
        C B Whitely
        Gullett & Warmington

Carroll County

        Creecy & Hall
        H Russell
        W A Evans

       H B Fancher

Tan Yard
        A Waddell

While not a scrip note, this County Warrant was issued to William M Rudd in the State of Arkansas, County of Carroll, issued in Carrollton on the 27th day of January 1875 and signed by Jas. P. Fancher. Many counties issued warrants such as this one to pay for county business and while I have seen such warrants from other counties, this is the first and only one I have seen for Carroll County. I wouldn't even begin to hazard a guess as to how many of these may have survived. Scrip or other such notes issued in Carroll County and especially Carrollton are very welcome additions to my collection. If you have such a scrip or warrant, please contact me. I wish to compile a registry of the known population of these scrip and warrants.

About James Polk Fancher

In the book Carroll County Arkansas An Outlander's History by Jim Lair copyright 1983  by Jim Lair and the Carroll County Historical and Genealogical Society, provides the following information about James Polk Fancher:

James Polk Fancher was born in Carroll County on October 13, 1842 the 10th child to James and Elizabeth Carlock Fancher . He served in the confederate Army for 4 years, rising to the rank of sergeant, and fought at Pea Ridge, Corinth and Shiloh. He married Susan E Crump in 1869 and had 3 children. He served as Carroll County Clerk from 1872 to 1876, served as Carroll County Judge, Circuit Clerk, and as State Representative. He is also considered the man responsible for the construction of the 1880 Berryville Courthouse.

Information provided by Bryan Howerton says James Polk Fancher served in Co. E, 1st (Stirman's) Battalion Arkansas Cavalry. He enlisted at Washington Barracks (south of present-day Harrison) on January 1, 1862, and served for a time as battalion commissary sergeant. He was surrendered with his unit at Vicksburg, Mississippi, when that city capitulated on July 4, 1863. He was paroled and returned to Arkansas with his command to await formal exchange.

Stirman's battalion was dismounted and served as infantry when the Army of the West went to Mississippi, and at one point was increased to a regiment of sharpshooters. After Vicksburg, it was remounted in the Trans-Mississippi Department.

According to Jim Lair's book, Carroll County Arkansas An Outlander's History, an election was held on February 22, 1875 to determine if Carrollton would continue to serve as the county seat or if it would be moved to Berryville. Berryville won the election and by July 1875 the county seat was moved to Berryville from Carrollton. The Carrollton square was sold to Len Nunnally for $10 and James Polk Fancher won the bid to build the new 1880 courthouse on the south side of the Berryville square that still exist today.

This county warrant would be one of the last issued from Carrollton.

More about Carrollton

1890 map of Carrollton. During the Civil War, Carrollton was the County Seat of Carroll County which encompassed most of today's Carroll and Boone Counties. Located along the old military road, at the time of the Civil War Carrollton was the big city from Fayetteville to Bellefonte and to Yellville.

According to the 1860 census records, Carrollton has 8 blacksmiths, 2 hotels, a tanner, a cobbler, 3 attorney's, 2 saddlers, 4 doctors, 2 clergy, 3 grocers, 4 merchants including Sam Peel and James H Berry and 6 mechanics. All of this was burnt during the war.

The James H Berry listed here is the father whose son, also named James H Berry, would lose a leg in the Civil War, became licensed to practice law, be elected to the Arkansas Legislature,  served as speaker of the Arkansas House during the 1874 Constitutional Convention, serve as judge of the circuit court, serve a term as Governor of Arkansas from 1883 to 1885 and four terms as a U.S. Senator. James H Berry the son married Lizzie Quaile. When he asked Mr. Quaile for permission to marry his daughter, Mr. Quaile refused to bless the union because he did not think James would amount to anything. Seems those fears were groundless.

Nothing exist now but a couple of old store buildings. This was once the east side of Carrollton square looking south. The Crockett Hotel was just to the left in this photo.

One of the few remaining old buildings in Carrollton.