TExS _Temporary _Expandable _Structure 
* together with Rubina Ramponi

Dress and undress your living space with TExS! It is a simple, cheap, easy to build and adaptable housing system. 

In Milan, the city of design and fashion, housing is nothing more than your cloth! A sequence of five simple arches on a lifted floor is the only structure you need to
start designing your habitat. Four different layers of membranes are used to dress these structures. Each layer is defined to fulfill specific requirements. As you put
your jacket on if it rains or your hat when the sun is shining in summer, TExS can be dressed according to your needs. Four different layers have been designed: 

1. The external one is a shell made by two transparent layers of PVC filled with waste materials (battles, cans, papers) and rigidized by vacuumatics. It is placed on
a roller and can be used as sun scatter on the living habitat or as shading system for the external private yard. 
2. Second layer is a sun scatter for the living habitat, useful if TExS is placed in an area without natural shading. 
3. Waterproof polyester PVC coated fabric is the third layer, protecting the habitat from rain and humidity. 
4. The last layer is an elastic foil of Lycra, which can be stretched and tensioned to divide the space according to your needs! 

TExS is modular too. Two living habitat can be placed one in front to the other doubling the living space. If required, more than one shell can be provided to enlarging the
covering area in open air.

Turtle tent: community shelter for the Red Cross

The shelter centre in geneva has developed a shelter standard, but until now there is not a shelter that satisfies the demands of that standard. according to the
red cross the function of an emergency shelter is: “sheltering of survivors and refugees as fast as possible in order to save human lives and reduce more suffering”.
The demands of an emergency shelter are: 

1. Fast usability and availability
2. Fast and simple assemblage
3. Protection against cold and heat
4. Low costs
5. Reliability

After the disaster is that camps are put up randomly and that there is no time for humanitarian organizations to adequately arrange the camps and consequently there
is no oversight. a solution to this problem could be a community shelter which is put up within the first 24 hours after the happening, which not only accommodates the
humanitarian aid workers distributing the shelters, but also functions as a beacon in the vicinity so that survivors can see where they need to go for help.

The principle of geiger's dome was combined with the easiest construction system, from the mounting point of view: inflatable structure. Moreover, a double layer dome
was designed, providing an air buffer to insulate, cool down or heat up the covered shape.

Starting from the concept of the geiger dome, the compression steel ring was substitute by an inflatable tube. Moreover, a second membrane was placed underneath the
cables net. doing this way, an inflatable cushion was created. Putting a certain level of overpressure into this chamber, the vertical struts goes in tension thus they can be
substitute by simple cables. The right design of these cables is essential to provide reach a good level of stiffness.

The result is a double layer inflatable dome. this structure doesn't need any foundation because it is self equilibrated.
The inflatable ring can be filled with water to increase its stability. If the inflatable ring is lifted up in a point, the entrance in provided. Several entrance can be defined
using the same system.

SHD: design for an orbiting space hotel
*together with Alfonso Aragona, Giuseppe Cataldo, Alessandro Gren, Andrea Paraboschi

The project opens with an analysis of the public's expectations, which was carried out to sketch and evolutionary trajectory of the market.
Future trends and attitudes were included in the picture, as well as a focus on the luxury goods segment and the generational changes it implies.
Secondly, existing or short-term planned concepts were examined, functioning as a comparative framework for our attempt to detect innovative and
original solutions, both in a structural and technical point of view. after proposing a series of potential solutions, an assessment on each of them was
carried out with, the final objective of spotting the most suitable, in other words, the one concept able to meet user requirements and be feasible in a
context presenting a series of environmental constraints.

The final outcome of our research is an orbiting structure composed by six modules (one of which will function as a scientific laboratory) and managed
by two permanent crew members, whose task will be to supervise the on-board experience for six guests. all tourists will undergo a two-week training
on earth and will be allowed to spend up to four days in space. each area in the hotel is designed to fulfil specific purposes and entertainment plays a
key role in each module or common space. Throughout the entire design process, ethical implications were taken into account, with the objective of
proposing solutions that would not aliment the common perception of space tourism as a waste of money, but as a way to produce something meaningful.
The first step towards this new perspective was to add a scientific module to the orbiting hotel, an environment where research will constantly be carried out.

This research will provide a road map of choices and indications for the creation of an integrated solution for an orbiting space hotel, retracing out steps in all
the phases of the project, from the demand side to the detailed analysis of out responses to a series of peculiar issues and constraints.

The last decade saw seven people flying to space with the precise objective of going on holiday. this pioneer group of space tourists was going to experience
the remarkably unique adventure of living in a microgravity environment and of looking at the earth from a completely new -and privileged- point of view. Starting
from this first group of “recreational” explorers, space tourism debate has grew to become a reality with a very relevant potential impact on contemporary society.

The main objective of the “space hotel design” project is to provide future space tourists with a global experience: the intent of the research is to offer guidelines
and a checklist of options that could be put in place to outline the structure of an outstanding vacation in space. in order to attain this goal, the project focuses
on an earth-orbiting hotel and presents a feasibility study under several perspectives, such as target markets, health related issues, development of habitat concepts,
technologies and services designed to sustain human life in microgravity conditions.

Cummunity center, tropical area
*together with Marek Sivak

The aim of the project is to investigate the  material and the construction methods suitable in tropical countries.
The result is a flexible community centre in bamboo that can be easily built in 2 weeks by local people and volunteers with no particular skills in building construction.

The project was exposed at the innovative sheltering symposium at Tu/Eindhoven, November 2007
The concept started from the analyse of the climate conditions and the hazards in tropical regions. ventilation, sun and rain strongly influence the project.

Modularity and simplicity are the keywords. A
 grid of pillar carries all the loads. between the pillar a series of bamboo mat divides the space according to the needs.

Foundation in local stones are earthquakes proof, the floor and the structure are in bamboo, the roof is covered by palm leaves.

*together with Chiara Geroldi

Architecture can take ideas and inspiration from the natural world such as shapes, proportions, and modular structures. millions of years
have allowed nature to evolve in a certain way that is the most functional and adaptable. Why not make use of this evolutionary knowledge?
By imitating nature it is possible to understand the relationship between shape and mechanical structural efficiency or between proportion
and balance. in the case of the spider, the most interesting feature is due to its capability of adaptation to a myriad of surfaces and its capability
of positioning or placing objects without touching the areas below.

The physical form of a spider allows it to adapt to any number of surfaces. the extending and bending of its legs leads to the stability of its dwelling
unit. Furthermore, the object omits all damage which could be possible towards the environment , thanks to the placement of its six bearings.

The lodging is entirely dry-mounted and the structure doesn't need any foundations. The lodging can be therefore dismantled and rebuilt in a different
place or it can be reconverted through the assembly of the loom structure.

The structure is based on the principle of the working of ordinary umbrellas.
Made of struts and tie beams, it can be easily closed, yet it still reaches the measure just over 3 metres. In this way it is easily mobile and manoeuvrable,
whilst having the dwelling unit previously mounted.

The inside walls have been planned with channels of 5 cm every 12.5 cm. this system allows one to choose the height of the intermediate floor, of the shelves
and of the built-in chairs. the step of the stairs is a movable and extractable module and it can be used as a support surface. the same channel can be found
in the outer side and it has the same features. the roof has a pneumatic system so that it can be opened according to the needs.  The covering, guarantees
the inner habitability, which  is a system of tenara pressurized film.

the structure is horizontally gathered through the fixed joint of 2 cells using the channels of the walls or through the introduction of suspended lofts. The height
of the cells can be changed according to the needs. Tn addition, the house is self-supporting, which is based or mounted on the ground.
The minimum lodging is as large as a conveyable container on a camion or tyre- 6.5mx2.4mx3.6m.

Light and material
All the elements of the cell are elementary solids, which are an ease to place into storage.
The most innovative dwelling part is a pneumatic wall supported by a fibreglass reinforced structure.
The side walls are made up of a double series of beams of fibreglass, reinforced by plastic, which lean on four supports in the same material. two steel tension
rods run down the inside of two central devices and link the cell to the spider. The heat insulation is possible, thanks to a pressurized etfe cushion placed among
the series of crosses.
This pressurized pad can only deflate the outer room which, as a consequence, reduces the passage of the light as far as 95% leading the darkening of the inside.

1st use
The structure can be used as a covering for large surfaces, in case of emergencies or, alternately for exhibitions.

2nd use
The greatest capacities are shown through the installation of the entire structure provided with a suspended living module. besides its charming shape, it has lots of
advantages such as freedom of the space at 0 level, which indicates, limited damages on the ground and the possibility to have private and public spaces as well as
living cells.

3rd use
The spider structure has been planned to allow for ease of dismantaliation and to reassemble the loom in order to obtain a permanent and useful structure.

It is composed of a spatial trestle of steel tubular cables. a number of the horizontal tie beams absorb the strength that ultimately enlarges the structure. The tie beams
block the living cell preventing oscillations.