Useful Information

Abbreviations used in Original Documents 

A/Matron = Assistant Matron or Acting Matron
A/Principal Matron = Acting Principal Matron
A/Sister = Acting Sister
AAG = Assistant Adjutant General
AAMC = Australian Army Medical Corps
AANS = Australian Army Nursing Service
ACI = Army Council Instruction
Adcanef = Telegraphic address used by Canadian Headquarters in London
ADMS = Assistant Director Medical Services
AEF = American Expeditionary Force
AF = Army Form, and followed by another letter and series of numbers, e.g. AF B103
AG = Adjutant General
AGL = Lady Algernon Gordon-Lennox
AIF = Australian Imperial Force
AMD = Army Medical Department
AMFO = Assistant Military Forwarding Officer
AMLO = Assistant Military Landing Officer
AMS = Army Medical Service
ANCUSA = Army Nurse Corps United States of America
ANS = Army Nursing Service (the predecessor of QAIMNS)
ANSR = Army Nursing Service Reserve (the predecessor of QAIMNS Reserve)
AOD = Army Ordnance Department
APM = Assistant Principal Matron or Assistant Paymaster
APMMC = Almeric Paget Military Massage Corps
AQMG = Assistant Quarter-Master General
ARRC = Associate Royal Red Cross (= Second Class)
ASC = Army Service Corps
BEF = British Expeditionary Force
BGH = British General Hospital
BRCS = British Red Cross Society
BWI = British West Indian
CAMC = Canadian Army Medical Corps
CB = Companion of the Bath
CBE = Commander of the Order of the British Empire
CC = Chief Commandant (WAAC)
CCS = Casualty Clearing Station
C of E = Church of England
CFA = Canadian Field Artillery
CHR = Civil Hospital Reserve (Trained nurses seconded voluntarily from civil hospitals)
CMB = Central Midwives Board, and used for a nurse who is also a qualified midwife
CO = Commanding Officer
CRE = Commanding Royal Engineers
DA and QMG = Deputy Adjutant and Quartermaster General
DADMS = Deputy Assistant Director of Medical Services
DADRT = Deputy Assistant Director of Railway Transport
DAG = Deputy Adjutant General
DAPS = Director of Army Postal Services
DAQMG = Deputy Assistant Quarter-Master General
DDAPS = Deputy Director of Army Postal Services
DDGMS = Deputy Director General Medical Services
DDMS = Deputy Director Medical Services
DDOS = Deputy Director Ordnance Services
DDS = Deputy Director Supplies
DDT = Deputy Director Transport
Dehorted = Telegraphic address of the office of the Matron-in-Chief, War Office
DG = Director General (Medical Services)
DGAMS = Director General Army Medical Services (at War Office, London)
DGMS = Director General Medical Services
DI = Dangerously Ill (as in 'Dangerously Ill List')
DIGC = Deputy Inspector General Communications
DMS = Director Medical Services
DOS = Director Ordnance Services
DOS/DoS = Director of Supplies
DoW or D of W = Director of Works
DRLS = Despatch Rider Letter Service
DSC = Distinguished Service Cross
DSO = Distinguished Service Order
EFC = Expeditionary Force Canteens
EMO = Embarkation Medical Officer
FA = Field Ambulance or Field Allowance
FA or FAU = Friends' Ambulance Unit
FANY = First Aid Nursing Yeomanry
F&F = France and Flanders
GBE. = Dame Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire
GCB = Knight/Dame Grand Cross of the Most Honourable Order of the Bath
GDO = General Duty Orderly[ies]
GHQ = General Headquarters
GOC, L of C = General Officer Commanding, Lines of Communication
GP = General Purpose
GRO = General Routine Orders
GS = General Service
HM = His Majesty [King George V]
HQ = Headquarters
HRH = His/Her Royal Highness
HS = Hospital Ship
i/c = In charge
IGC = Inspector General Communications
IMS = Indian Medical Service
Inst. = Instant, or 'the current month'
JWC = Joint War Committee (of British Red Cross Society and SJAB)
KCMG = Knight Commander of the Order of St. Michael and St. George
LH = The London Hospital, Whitechapel
L of C = Lines of Communication
MBE = Member of the Order of the British Empire
Medsercan = Telegraphic address of the Canadian Medical Services, London
MEF = Mediterranean Expeditionary Force
M-i-C = Matron-in-Chief
MID = Mention in Despatches
Mist. Expect. Stim. = (loosely) Mixture Expectorant Stimulant or Cough Mixture
MLO = Military Landing Officer
MM = Military Medal
MO = Medical Officer
MP = Military Probationer(s)
N/Sister = Nursing Sister
NCO = Non-commissioned Officer
'Nerves' = One of the War Office's telegraphic addresses
NYD = Not yet Diagnosed
NYD(N) = Not yet Diagnosed (Nervous) or (Neurasthaenia)
NZANS = New Zealand Army Nursing Service
NZEF = New Zealand Expeditionary Force
NZMC = New Zealand Medical Corps
OBE = Officer of the Order of the British Empire
OMFC = Overseas Military Forces of Canada
OMO = Orderly Medical Officer
OC = Officer Commanding
PB = Permanent Base
PM = Principal Matron
PMO = Principal Medical Officer
PUO = Pyrexia [raised temperature] of Unknown Origin
Q = An abbreviated form of QAIMNS - a member of the 'Regular' Service
QAIMNS = Queen Alexandra's Imperial Military Nursing Service
QAIMNSR = Queen Alexandra's Imperial Military Nursing Service Reserve
QAMNSI = Queen Alexandra's Military Nursing Service for India
QMNG = Queen Mary's Needlework Guild
R/Nurse = Reserve Nurse (applies to American nurses)
RAMC = Royal Army Medical Corps
RAMC (T) = Royal Army Medical Corps (Territorial)
RC = Roman Catholic
RE = Royal Engineers
RGA = Royal Garrison Artillery
RRC = Royal Red Cross (= First Class)
RTO = Railway Transport Officer
S/N = Staff Nurse
S/Nurse = Staff Nurse
SAAA = St. Andrew's Ambulance Association
SAMC/S = South African Medical Corps/Service
SAMNS = South African Military Nursing Corps
SF = Scarlet Fever
SI = Seriously Ill (as in 'Seriously Ill List')
SI = Self-inflicted (as in 'Self-inflicted injuries)
SJAB = St. John's Ambulance Brigade
SMO = Senior Medical Officer
Stat. or Staty. = Stationary
TFNS = Territorial Force Nursing Service
Ult. = Ultimo, or 'the preceding month'
USANC = United States Army Nurse Corps
VAD = Voluntary Aid Detachment (or individual member of Detachment)
VC = Victoria Cross
WAAC = Women's Army Auxiliary Corps
WO = War Office
YMCA = Young Men's Christian Association

Abbreviations used in Australian War Service Records

AA Anti Aircraft
AAH Australian Auxiliary Hospital
AAMC Australian Army Medical Corps
AANS Australian Army Nursing Service
AAOC Australian Army Ordnance Corps
AASC Australian Army Service Corps
AASCMT AASC Mechanical Transport
AAVC Australian Army Veterinary Corps
ABC Australian Base Depot
AB/Dvr Able Bodied Driver
ACCS Australian Casualty Clearing Station
ACD Australian Command Depot
AConD Australian Convalescent Depot
A/Cpl Acting Corporal
Act. Acting
A/CSM Acting Company Sergeant Major
ADBD Australian Divisional Base Depot
ADH Australian Dermatological Hospital
Adm. Admitted
ADS Advanced Dressing Station
Advd. Advised
AE Australian Engineers
AE & MM Australian Electrical & Mechanical Mining
& BC & Boring Company
AFA Australian Field Artillery
AFC Australian Flying Corps
A.F.C. Air Force Cross
AGA Australian Garrison Artillery
AGBD Australian General Base Depot
AGH Australian General Hospital
AM Aircraft Mechanic
AMGBD Australian Machine Gun Base Depot
AMTS Australian Mechanical Transport Service
AMVS Australian Mobile Veterinary Section
AN & MEF Australian Navy & Military Exp. Force
AI Accidentally Injured
AIBD Australian Infantry Base Depot
AIF Australian Imperial Forces
ALH Australian Light Horse
AL Rwy Australian Light Railway
ALROC Australian Light Railway Operating Coy
AMC Australian Medical Corps
ANZAC Australian and Zealand Army Corps
AOC Army Ordinance Corps
APayC Australian Pay Corps
APC Australian Provost Corps
APM Australian Provost Marshall
Apt. Appointed
Arty. Artillery
ASC Army Service Corps
A/Sgt Acting Sergeant
ASH Australian Stationary/Special Hospital
Aux. Auxiliary
AW Accidentally Wounded
AWL Absent without leave
AVES Australian Veterinary Evacuating Station
AVH Australian Veterinary Hospital
BAC Brigade Ammunition Column
Bar Second award of same bravery
Batt. Battalion
Bde Brigade
Bdr Bombardier
BEF British Expeditionary Force
BG Brigadier General
BGRA Brigadier General Royal Artillery
BGROC Broad Gauge Railway Operating Coy.
BL Breech Loading
BMHA Brigade Major Heavy Artillery
Bn. Battalion
BTE British Troops in Egypt
Btn. Battalion
Bty Battery
BW Bullet wound
Can. Canadian
Capt. Captain
CB Counter Battery
C.B. Companion of the order of the Bath
CC Convalescent Camp
CC Confined to camp (as punishment)
CCS Casualty Clearing Station
CE Chief Engineer
C De G. Croix De Guerre Medal
C.M.G.Companion of the order of St Michael and St George
CO Commanding Officer
Col. Colonel
Com. Dep. Command Depot
Con Dep. Convalescent Depot
Coy Company
Cpl. Corporal
Cps Corps
CQMS Company Quartermaster Sergeant
CRA Commander Royal Artillery
CSM Company Sergeant Major
Cyc Coy Cyclist Company
DAC Divisional Ammunition Column
D.C.M. Distinguished Conduct Medal
D.C.M. Divisional Court Martial
Den Cps Dental Corps
Decd Deceased
D.F.C. Distinguished Flying Cross
Dis. Discharged
Div (Dn) Division
D Died
DOA Died of Accident
DOD Died of Disease
DOI Died of Illness
DOW Died of Wounds
DPOW Died whilst Prisoner of War
DSC Divisional Supply Column
D.S.O. Distinguished Service Order
Dvr. Driver
DWS Death due to War Service
EDP Escort Duty Promotion
EEF Egyptian Expeditionary Force
Emb. Embarked
Engrs Engineers
FA Field Artillery
FAB Field Artillery Brigade
F Amb Field Ambulance
Far. Farrier
FCE Field Company Engineers
FTD Full-time Duty
FM Field Marshal
FOO Forward Observation Officers
FP Field Punishment (No.1 or No.2)
Genl. General
GCM General Court Martial
GG Governor General
GH General Hospital
GHQ General Head Quarters
GOCRA General Officer Commanding Royal Artillery
GSO General Staff Officer
GSR General Service Reinforcements
GSW Gun Shot Wound
Gnr. Gunner
G.C. George Cross
HAG Heavy Artillery Group
HE High Explosive
HMAHS His Majesty's Australian Hospital Ship
HMAS His Majesty's Australian Ship
HMAT His Majesty's Australian Troop
How. Howitzer
HQ/Hdrs. Headquarters
HT Horse Transport
HTMB Heavy Trench Mortar Battery
ICC Imperial Camel Corps
Inf. Infantry
Infl. Influenza
In The Field The generic term for the "Front"
KIA Killed in Action
L/Cpl. Lance Corporal
LG Lewis Gun
LGS Lewis Gun Section
LGROC Light Gauge Railway Operating Company
LH Light Horse
LH Bde Light Horse Brigade
LHFA Light Horse Field Ambulance
LHR Light Horse Regiment
LHRR Light Horse Reserve Regiment
L/Sgt. Lance Sergeant
Lt. Lieutenant
Lt/Col. Lieutenant Colonel
Lt/Gen Lieutenant General
LTMB Light Trench Mortar Battery
Maj. Major
Maj/Gen Major General
MGRA Major General Royal Artillery
M.C. Military Cross
MD Military District
MI Marched In
MO Medical Officer
M/O Marched Out
MOD Minister of Defence
MEF Mediterranean Expeditionary Force
MG Coy. Machine Gun Company
MG Sqn. Machine Gun Squadron
MG Bn. Machine Gun Battalion
MIA Missing in Action
Mid. Mentioned in Despatches
MM Military Medal
M.S.M. Meritorious Service Medal
MT/Dvr Motor Transport Driver
MTMB Medium Trench Mortar Battery
MVS Mobile Veterinary Section
NME Non Military Employment
NOK Next of Kin
NYD Not yet Determined/Diagnosed
OC Officer Commanding
OP Observation Post
OTC Officer Training College
Pnr. Pioneers
PO Petty Officer
Proc. Proceeded
POW Prisoner of War
PUO Pyrexia of unknown origin
Pte. Private
QF Quick Firing
QM Quarter Master
RAA Royal Australian Artillery
RAE Royal Australian Engineers
RBAA Reserve Brigade Australian Artillery
RANBT Royal Australian Naval Bridging Train
RAP Regimental Aid Post
Reg. Regiment
Reinf. Reinforcements
RFA Royal Field Artillery
RFC Royal Flying Corps
RGA Royal Garrison Artillery
RHA Royal Horse Artillery
RMO Regimental Medical Officer
RMT Unit Remount Unit
R.R.C. Royal Red Cross
RSD Railhead Supply Detachment
RSM Regimental Sergeant Major
RTA Returned to Australia
RTU Returned to Unit
SAN Sect Sanitation Section
SB Siege Battery
Sect. Section
Sgt. Sergeant
SH Stationary Hospital
Sig. Signals
Sig Tp Signals Troop
SIW Self-inflicted Wound
SM Sergeant Major
SMLE Short Magazine Lee Enfield
SMTO Short Mechanical Transport Officer
S/Maker Shoe Maker
SOS Struck Off Strength
Sap. Sapper
Sqn. Squadron
SS Shell Shock
S/Sgt Staff Sergeant
S/Smith Shoeing Smith
STS Sea Transport Staff
SW Shrapnel Wound
T/Cpl Temporary Corporal
Temp. Temporary
Tfd. Transferred
TM Trench Mortar
Tng. Training
TOS Taken On Strength
Tp Troop
Trans. Transferred
T/Sgt Temporary Sergeant
Tun Coy. Tunnelling Company
Vacc. Vaccination
V.C. Victoria Cross
VD Venereal Disease
V.D. Volunteer Officers Decoration
Vet Sect Veterinary Section
Vice Replacing
Whr Wheeler (wheelwright)
WIA Wounded In Action
WOI Warrant Officer Class 1
WOII Warrant Officer Class 2
WOAS While On Active Service

Royal Australian Navy Ships
HMAS AE1 (E Class Light Submarine) 1914-1914
HMAS AE2 (E Class Light Submarine) 1914-1915
HMAS AUSTRALIA (Indefaitable Class Battlecruiser) 1912-1924
HMAS BRISBANE (Town Class Light Cruiser) 1916-1935
HMAS ENCOUNTER (Challenger Class Light Cruiser) 1912-1923
HMAS HOUN (River Class Destroyer) 1915-1922
HMAS MELBOURNE (Chatham Class Light Cruiser) 1913-1928
HMAS PARRAMATTA (River Class torpedo boat Destroyer) 1910-1928
HMAS PIONEER (Pelorus Class Light Cruiser) 1913-1924 scuttled 1931
HMAS PROTECTOR (Gunboat) 1884-1924
HMAS PSYCHE (Gunboat) 1884-1924
HMAS SWAN (River Class Destroyer) 1916-1928
HMAS TORRENS (River Class Destroyer) 1916-1926
HMAS WARREGO (River Class Destroyer) 1912-1928
HMAS YARRA (River Class torpedo boat Destroyer) 1910-1928


A1 HMAT Hymettus
A2 HMAT Geelong
A3 HMAT Orvietto
A4 HMAT Pera
A5 HMAT Omarah
A6 HMAT Clan Maccorquodale
A7 HMAT Medic
A8 HMAT Argyllshire
A9 HMAT Shropshire
A10 HMAT Karroo
A11 HMAT Ascanis
A12 HMAT Saldanha
A13 HMAT Katuna
A14 HMAT Euripides
A15 HMAT Star of England (later renamed Port Sydney)
A16 HMAT Star of Victoria (later renamed Port Melbourne)
A17 HMAT Port Lincoln
A18 HMAT Wiltshire
A19 HMAT Afric
A20 HMAT Hororata
A21 HMAT Marere
A22 HMAT Rangatira
A23 HMAT Suffolk
A24 HMAT Benalla
A25 HMAT Anglo-Egyptian
A26 HMAT Armadale
A27 HMAT Southern
A28 HMAT Miltiades
A29 HMAT Suevic
A30 HMAT Borda
A31 HMAT Ajana
A32 HMAT Themistocles
A33 HMAT Ayrshire
A34 HMAT Persic
A35 HMAT Berrima
A36 HMAT Boonah (ex-enemy Melbourne)
A37 HMAT Barambah (ex-enemy Hobart)
A38 HMAT Ulysses
A39 HMAT Port MacQuarie
A40 HMAT Ceramic
A41 HMAT Bakara (ex-enemy Constaff)
A42 HMAT Boorara (ex-enemy Pfalz)
A43 HMAT Barunga (ex-enemy Sumatra)
A44 HMAT Vestalia
A45 HMAT Bulla (ex-enemy Hessen)
A46 HMAT Clan McGillivray
A47 HMAT Mashobra
A48 HMAT Seang Bee
A49 HMAT Itonus
A51 HMAT Chilka
A52 HMAT Surada
A53 HMAT Itria
A54 HMAT Runic
A55 HMAT Kyarra
A56 HMAT Palermo
A57 HMAT Malakuta
A58 HMAT Kabinga
A59 HMAT Botanist
A60 HMAT Aeneas
A61 HMAT Kanowna
A62 HMAT Wandilla
A63 HMAT Karoola
A64 HMAT Demosthenes
A65 HMAT Clan Macewen
A66 HMAT Uganda
A67 HMAT Orsova
A68 HMAT Anchisses
A69 HMAT Warilda
A70 HMAT Ballarat
A71 HMAT Nestor
A72 HMAT Beltana
A73 HMAT Commonwealth
A74 HMAT Marathon
Royal Mail SteamersShips Carried mail between Australia and U.K. including some passengers & A.I.F. troops.

RMS Kashgar
RMS Karmala
RMS Malwa
RMS Moldavia
RMS Mongolia
RMS Mooltan
RMS Morea
RMS Orontes
RMS Osterley
RMS Persia

Steam ShipsThese steam ships also carried A.I.F. troops.

SS Balmoral Castle
SS Canberra
SS Carpentaria
SS City of Karachi
SS Dorset
SS Essex
SS Field Marshal
SS Gaika
SS Graechus
SS Hawkes Bay
SS Kaiser-i-Hind
SS Indarra
SS Katoomba
SS Mahana
SS Makarini
SS Malta
SS Ormonde
SS Pakeha
SS Port Darwin
SS Port Lydelton
SS Port Napier
SS Port Nicholson
SS Rushine
SS Wyreema
SS Zealandic


(No. 1 Group for the 1st Division..........1st, 2nd, 3rd Training Battalions.

Pioneer Training Battalion (all Divisions)
(No. 2 Group) for the 2nd Division.........5th, 6th, 7th Training Battalions.
4th Division......4th, 12th, 13th Training Battalions.
(No. 5 Group) for the 5th Division.......8th, 14th, 15th Training Battalions.

Army Service Corps, Engineers, Signallers, Army Medical Corps Depots

Artillery Depot.

Machine Gun Corps Depot

Engineers were moved soon after to Christchurch, then Brightlingsea.
Signallers were moved to SHEFFORD near Hitchen
Machine Gunners were moved to BELTON PARK near GRANTHAM

Command DepotsPERHAM DOWNS
(CD No. 1) for receiving troops fit to be drafted to their units at the front.

(CD No. 2) for receiving men unfit for return to service within 6 months
therefore to be returned to Australia.

(CD No. 3) Temporarily established to receive overflow from No.1 caused
by losses in the Somme fighting.

WORGRET HILL, near Wareham
(CD No. 4) Formed October 1916 to receive overflow from other depots,
it became a depot for men likely to be fit in 3 months.

Other Camps or Hospital names:


Until June 1917 TROOPSHIPS sailed from Southampton to Etaples
ETAPLES all Divisions had a Base Depot,

After June 1917 Troopships sailed from Southhampton or Folkestone to Le Havre
LE HAVRE the Australian Bases moved to Harfleur Valley.

Australian General Hospitals(1AGH) Heliopolis, Egypt various buildings- physical injuries, diseases, shell shock.

(1AGH) Rouen, France dealt with general battle casualties.

(1AGH) Sutton Veny, England

(2AGH) Boulogne, Wimereux, France dealt with general battle casualties.
Large Hospital 520 to 1900 beds, which was housed in 1300 huts and 600 tents.

(3AGH) Abbeville, France it admitted gassed patients and treated before relocating.

(3AGH) Lemnos Island, Greece

Australian Auxiliary Hospitals(1AAH) Harefield, England opened 1916 and closed December 1918

(2AAH) Southhall, England specialised in fitting artificial limbs

(3AAH) Dartford England 1400 beds treatment of war-related nerves and neuroses.

Bases in EgyptAustralian troops before the Gallipoli campaign of 1915 trained around the Cairo Area.
When the Infantry Divisions moved to the Western Front in 1916,
the Australian Light Horse and Camel Corps remained.
Troopships disembarked at Port Said, Suez, Alexandria

MENA next to the pyramids

After Gallipoli the Australians were sent to


Defence of the Suez Canal