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Viking Food

What were Vikings commonly eating as food ?
By Jennifer Baker
 
 
                                                    Some of the Wonderful Food - Yummm

 

These finding where based on my Viking Food Data base * which can be downloaded from here

* NOTE: This is a 126KB Microsoft Excel file. To view this file you must have Excel or download the Excel viewer from the Microsoft website
- File updated on 3 May 2017 - removal of all 14th century Polish ingredients


Using The Viking Food Data base as a source to answer this question we come up with the following answer to this question

Out of a total number 18 of country/ regions looked at (Denmark, Frisia, Zeeland, Norway, Sweden, Gotland, Poland, Russia, England, Scotland, Isle of Man, Ireland, Orkney, Shetlands, Faroe Islands, Iceland, Greenland, Vinland, ) that Viking lived in and that there is archaeological data from


FRUIT
Apple / Crab Apple ( Malus sylvestris Miller) Found in 8 Country / regions
Crowberry - Black Crowberry or Curlewberry ( Empetrum nigrum) Found in 6 Country / regions
Raspberry ( Rubus idaeus) Found in 6 Country / regions
Juniper - Seeds & Berries ( Juniperus communis L / Juniperus sp.) Found in 5 Country / regions
Plum / Wild Plum - bullace or cherry plum ( Prunus domestica ssp. Domestica / Prunus domestica sl ) Found in 5 Country / regions
Rose - Rose hip ( Rosa sp.) Found in 5 Country / regions
Blackberry / Bramble ( Rubus fruticosus agg.) Found in 4 Country / regions
Cherry / Cherries & wild cherries ( Rosaceae, genus Prunus / Cerasus vulgaris) Found in 4 Country / regions
Strawberry / Strawberry Alpine / Wild Strawberry ( Fragaria vesca) Found in 4 Country / regions

GRAIN
Barley ( Hordeum sp.) Found in 16 Country / regions
Rye ( Secale cereale) Found in 9 Country / regions
Wheat - Bread Wheat / Club Wheat / Common Wheat ( Triticum aestivo-compactum / Triticum vulgare) Found in 8 Country / regions
Wheat – Emmer ( Triticum dicoccon) Found in 5 Country / regions

HERB
Fat Hen - Sedge, Swamp Grass . Sedge Family (Chenopodium album L. / Cyperaceae / Carex sp.) Found in & Country / regions
Black Mustard (Brassica nigra / Brassica / Sinapis sp.) Found in 5 Country / regions
Buttercup / Buttercup Shrub ( Potentilla) Found in 5 Country / regions
Violets / Parma / Yellow Violet ( Viola sp.) Found in 4 Country / regions
Strawberry / Strawberry Alpine / Wild Strawberry ( Fragaria vesca) Found in 4 Country / regions

NUTS
Hazel / Hazel Nuts / Common Hazel ( Corylus avellana) Found in 8 Country / regions
Walnut (Juglans regia) Found in 5 Country / regions

OIL PLANT
Flax - Flax Seed / cultivated flax (Linum usitatissimum) Found in 8 Country / regions
Hempseed oil Found in 4 Country / regions

PULSE
Pea / Garden Pea / Field Pea ( Pisum sativum) Found in 6 Country / regions
Bean - Field / Horse bean ( Vicia faba L) Found in 3 Country / regions

SEED – EDIBLE
Poppys / Poppy Seeds ( Papaver sp. / Papaver somniferum) Found in 4 Country / regions

VEGETABLE
Cabbage / Wild Cabbage or kale / Cabbage Family ( Brassica oleracea / Cruciferae) Found in 7 Country / regions
Carrot / Wild Carrot ( Daucus carota ssp. Sativus) Found in 5 Country / regions
Chickweed / Chickweed, common / spring-beauty- Portulacaceae. / Chickweed, mouseear ( Stellaria sp. / Stellaria media (L.) Vill ) Found in 5 Country / regions
Turnip ( Brassica rapa var. rapa ) Found in 5 Country / regions

TREE
Oak ( Quercus sp.) Found in 5 Country / regions
Pine - Scots pine ( Pinus sylvestris) Found in 5 Country / regions

MEAT - DOMESTIC ANIMAL
Cattle / Cows ( Bos taurus dom. L.) Found in 13 Country / regions
Pig ( Sus domesticus / Sus scrofa) Found in 13 Country / regions
Sheep ( Ovis aries dom. L.) Found in 10 Country / regions
Goats ( Capra hircus dom. L.) Found in 6 Country / regions

MEAT - WILD MAMMAL
Seal ( Phocidae sp. Seal sp.) Found in 5 Country / regions
Hare (leporidae Lepus) Found in 4 Country / regions
Whale ( Cetacea sp Whale sp) Found in 4 Country / regions

BIRD
Duck Family / Species ( Anser sp. / Anatidae sp / Duck species) Found in 6 Country / regions
Chicken ( Gallus domesticus ) Found in 5 Country / regions
Goose / Geese ( Branta / poss. Domestic / Goose sp. / Anatidae) Found in 5 Country / regions

FISH - ESTUARINE SHELLFISH
Mussel - Common or blue mussel ( Mytius edulis) Found in 3 Country / regions

FISH – FRESHWATER
Salmon / Salmonid family (Salmonidae sp ) Found in 5 Country / regions

FISH – MARINE
Cod - Atlantic Cod & Cod family / Gadid / Gadid family ( Gadus morhua L. / Gadidae sp.) Found in 9 Country / regions
Fish ( Fish species indet.) Found in 9 Country / regions
Herring & Atlantic Herring ( Clupea harengus) Found in 6 Country / regions
Salmon / Salmonid family (Salmonidae sp ) Found in 5 Country / regions
                                                       Some of the Wonderful Food - Yummm

 

                                                                Fathma cooking the feast

Photos of the food are from The Gathering of the Hird event which was put on by Jomsvikings and their wonderfull viking cook Fathma - 2009 at Corryong Victoria Australia