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Shoes part 1

 
Extant Shoes & Boots

- Summary of Finds from Very Early to 10th Century

 – Looking for the Evidence By Jennifer Baker – Hodegon NVG

Extant Shoe Finds - part 1

top row left to right - Iron age shoe from Hallsatt Austria, Viking boot from Oseberg ship, Caliga from the French National Archaeological Museum, Wijster shoe

Bottom Row left to right - 5,500-year-old lace-up moccasin from Armenia, Tollgate Farm Roman shoes, Weerdingerveen shoe

  


 

You can’t begin to look for Extant shoes with out consulting what has to be considered as the Shoe Bible ….. “ Stepping Through Time ” Archaeological Footwear from Prehistoric Times until 1800 – By Olaf Goubitz

The Book is a fantastic shoe reference with pictures and patterns of shoes, but the biggest problem with the book is that it is sorted by Shoe Type and not by date, place & culture – the info is there,  its just hasn’t been cross indexed.

Any references from it will be put as Stepping Through Time By Olaf Goubitz – Page No:  - fig plate no.  for the shoes that are in this body of work.

 

Part 1:  covers from very early to 10th century

Part 2:  covers from 11th century to 16th century

Part 3:  covers from 17th century to 19th century

 


Summary: Part 1: 

Very Early – 85 Shoe finds

Late Roman / Iron Age – 33 Shoe / Boot finds

1st century – 18 Shoe / Boot finds

2nd century – 31 Shoe / Boot finds

3rd century – 16 Shoe / Boot finds

4th century – 10 Shoe / Boot finds

5th Century – 3 Shoe / Boot finds

6th Century – 5 Shoe / Boot finds

7th Century – 10 Shoe / Boot finds

8th Century – 3 Shoe / Boot finds

9th Century – 134 Shoe / Boot finds

10th Century – 8 Shoe / Boot finds

 


Very Early : 85 finds

 

5,500-year-old lace-up moccasin (the world’s oldest leather shoe)

Armenia: 

5,500-year-old lace-up moccasin (the world’s oldest leather shoe)

http://news.discovery.com/history/oldest-shoe-moccasin.html

http://news.discovery.com/archaeology/oldest-shoe-pictures.html

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/10281908http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Areni-1_shoe

 

 

Iceman's shoes

Austria: Tisenjoch Glacier Mummy - Iceman's shoes

3,200 B.C

http://home.hccnet.nl/willy.groenman/

http://mr_sedivy.tripod.com/iceman4.html

Stepping Through Time By Olaf Goubitz – Page No: 380 & 381 fig 1

 

An Iron Age shoe from the salt mines at Hallstatt

Austria: Hallstatt

8th-3rd BCE

Leather shoe made from one piece of leather, from the ancient saltmine at Hallstatt (8th-3rd BCE).       Length: 24 cm

http://www.lessing-photo.com/dispimg.asp?i=07010127+&cr=6&cl=1

 

Austria: Hallstatt

8th-3rd BCE 

A piece of leather, from the ancient saltmine at Hallstatt (8th-3rd BCE). ( shoe?)

http://www.lessing-photo.com/dispimg.asp?i=07010128+&cr=13&cl=1

 

Austria: Hallstatt

10th – 6th BCE

A miner's leather shoe and a cowhorn for signalling calls, from the prehistoric salt mine in Hallstatt, Austria. Salt was mined in Hallstatt as early as 1000 BCE and mining continued until about the first century CE. It was resumed in the 12th century.

http://www.lessing-photo.com/dispimg.asp?i=07020355+&cr=26&cl=1

 

Austria : Hallstatt & Durnberg

Prehistoric

Stepping Through Time By Olaf Goubitz – Page No: 392 fig 23

 

Austria : Durnberg

Prehistoric

Stepping Through Time By Olaf Goubitz – Page No: 392 fig 24

 

Denmark:

The oldest footwear in Denmark are found in oak tree cists from the Early Bronze Age. In several of these have been found remnants of leather shoes, and in two cases (Jels and Skrydstrup - respectively.'s and women's Tomb) was so large pieces preserved that they have been based on a reconstruction of the shoe. It consists of an elongated piece of leather that has been folded around the foot, ie. without any real soles. In front of the foot is leather slotted up, and the shoe is assembled over the instep with a cord that is pulled through a series of holes in it as a modern ballet. Laces are then tied a couple of times around the arch and attached over the instep or omrking ankle. The shoe heel is combined with a vertical seam. In one grave (Guldhøj) was found a piece of a shoe, made of woven wool. Unlike leather shoes that had a separate outer sole and the upper part was sewn on. In Skrydstrup-girl's shoes, there were traces of grass, which has been soft and comfortable to walk on. In several of the oak tree cists are also found the so-called fodlapper, ie. rectangular pieces of wool fabric that has been wrapped around the ankle and lower leg as a sort of stocking. From Iron Age bog known more shoes of a roughly similar type as the Bronze Age.

http://www.guderoggrave.dk/

 

Denmark: Borum Eshøj  

1345 BC - Early Bronze Age II period (ca. 1500-1300 BC)

Shoes, 2. Leather - Mus.nr. B1407  - Borum Eshøj  

 

Denmark: Borremose

700 BCE - Late celtic – Early roman iron age

Cutting pattern of a primitive shoe with a leg part extension

Stepping Through Time By Olaf Goubitz – Page No: 94 fig. 7

Margrethe Hald's Primitive Shoes -  pages 39 http://io.ua/8521387p  & 50 http://io.ua/8521402p

 

Denmark: Guldhøj

1389 BC - Early Bronze Age II period (ca. 1500-1300 BC)

Shoes. Textile - Mus.nr. B5068 - Guldhøj

http://www.guderoggrave.dk/images/10/20-21/1021980.jpg

Margrethe Hald's Primitive Shoes -  pages:  16 http://io.ua/8521361p

  22 (mitten shoe)   http://io.ua/8521367p

 

Denmark: Skrydstrup

c. 1300 BC - Early Bronze Age II period (ca. 1500-1300 BC)

  • Shoes. Leather - Mus.nr. B12965 – Skrydstrup

http://www.guderoggrave.dk/images/10/20-21/1021814.jpg

  • http://www.guderoggrave.dk/images/10/20-21/1021776.jpg
      Shoes. Leather - Mus.nr. B12966 – Skrydstrup
    • http://www.guderoggrave.dk/images/10/20-21/1021786.jpg

      http://www.guderoggrave.dk/images/10/20-21/1021776.jpg

      Margrethe Hald's Primitive Shoes -  pages:  14 http://io.ua/8521359p

        & 15 http://io.ua/8521360p

       

      Denmark: Jutland  - Arnitlund

      ? Prehistoric / primitive

      Margrethe Hald's Primitive Shoes -  pages:  44 http://io.ua/8521394p

      Shoe cutting patterns

      Stepping Through Time By Olaf Goubitz – Page No: 389 fig 19

       

      Denmark: Jutland  - Fraeer Mose

      ? Prehistoric / primitive

      Margrethe Hald's Primitive Shoes -  pages:  36 http://io.ua/8521383p  & 50 http://io.ua/8521402p

      Shoe cutting patterns

      Stepping Through Time By Olaf Goubitz – Page No: 389 fig 19

       

      Denmark: Jutland  - Holbol Mose

      ? Prehistoric / primitive

      Margrethe Hald's Primitive Shoes -  pages:  35 http://io.ua/8521381p  & 50 http://io.ua/8521402p

      Shoe cutting patterns

      Stepping Through Time By Olaf Goubitz – Page No: 389 fig 19

       

      Denmark: Jutland  - Jels

      1300 – 1000 BC - Late Bronze Age, Period IV (ca. 1100-900 BC)

      Margrethe Hald's Primitive Shoes -  pages:  11 http://io.ua/8521356p & 12  http://io.ua/8521357p  & 13 http://io.ua/8521358p

      Shoe cutting patterns

      Stepping Through Time By Olaf Goubitz – Page No: 389 fig 19

       

      Denmark: Jutland  - Ronbjerg Mose

      ? Prehistoric / primitive

      Margrethe Hald's Primitive Shoes -  pages:  37 http://io.ua/8521384p  38 http://io.ua/8521386p  & 50 http://io.ua/8521402p

      Shoe cutting patterns

      Stepping Through Time By Olaf Goubitz – Page No: 389 fig 19

       

      Denmark: Jutland  - Rishjarup

      ? Prehistoric / primitive

      Margrethe Hald's Primitive Shoes -  pages:  45 http://io.ua/8521395p

      Shoe cutting patterns

      Stepping Through Time By Olaf Goubitz – Page No: 389 fig 19

       

      Denmark: Jutland  - Sogaards Mose

      Early Bronze Age II period (ca. 1500-1300 BC)

      Margrethe Hald's Primitive Shoes -  pages:  35 http://io.ua/8521381p   & 50 http://io.ua/8521402p

      Shoe cutting patterns

      Stepping Through Time By Olaf Goubitz – Page No: 389 fig 19

       

      Denmark: Jutland  - Store Borremose

      Early Iron Age

      Margrethe Hald's Primitive Shoes -  43 http://io.ua/8521392p

      Shoe cutting patterns

      Stepping Through Time By Olaf Goubitz – Page No: 389 fig 19

       

      Denmark: Vivso Mose

      ? Prehistoric / primitive

      Margrethe Hald's Primitive Shoes -  pages:  41 http://io.ua/8521390p  & 50 http://io.ua/8521402p

       

      Denmark: Ramten - Orbaekgaards Mose

      ? Prehistoric / primitive

      Margrethe Hald's Primitive Shoes -  pages:  42 http://io.ua/8521391p

      Margrethe Hald's Primitive Shoes -  pages 103 http://io.ua/8521469p

       

      Egypt:

      1279-1213 BCE

      Sandals of Queen Nefertari, From the tomb of Nefertari, Valley of the Queens. Plant fibre

      http://www.lessing-photo.com/dispimg.asp?i=08012168+&cr=9&cl=1

       

      France: Louisianne

      Prehistoric /  primitive ?

      Bear Paws used as shoes

      Margrethe Hald's Primitive Shoes -  pages: 21 http://io.ua/8521366p

       

      Germany: Paradiek, Ardof, Obenaltendorf and Marx- Etzel

      Prehistoric

      Stepping Through Time By Olaf Goubitz – Page No: 390 fig 20 a

      http://www.nihk.de/index.php?id=2254

       

      Germany: Bentstreek

      Prehistoric

      Stepping Through Time By Olaf Goubitz – Page No: 390 fig 20 b

       

      Germany: Elisenhof

      Prehistoric /  primitive ?

      16 shoes found here

      Margrethe Hald's Primitive Shoes -  pages 94 http://io.ua/8521454p

      Margrethe Hald's Primitive Shoes -  pages 95 http://io.ua/8521456p

      Margrethe Hald's Primitive Shoes -  pages 96 http://io.ua/8521457p

      Margrethe Hald's Primitive Shoes -  pages 98 http://io.ua/8521461p

      Margrethe Hald's Primitive Shoes -  pages 100 http://io.ua/8521465p

      Margrethe Hald's Primitive Shoes -  pages 101 http://io.ua/8521466p

      Margrethe Hald's Primitive Shoes -  pages 102 http://io.ua/8521468p

      Margrethe Hald's Primitive Shoes -  pages 103 http://io.ua/8521469p

       

      Germany: South Schleswig, Holstein – Aegyptenmore

      Prehistoric /  primitive ?

      Margrethe Hald's Primitive Shoes -  pages: 52 http://io.ua/8521405p

       

      Germany: South Schleswig,  Holstein – Torsbjerg Mose

      Prehistoric /  primitive ?

      Margrethe Hald's Primitive Shoes -  pages: 53 http://io.ua/8521406p

       

      Germany: South Schleswig,  Holstein – Damdolf Mose

      Prehistoric /  primitive ?

      Margrethe Hald's Primitive Shoes -  pages: 55 http://io.ua/8521409p & 60 http://io.ua/8521415p

      & 61 http://io.ua/8521417p

       

      Germany: South Schleswig,  Holstein – Wedelspang Mose

      Prehistoric /  primitive ?

       

      Germany: South Schleswig,  Holstein – Lunden Mose

      Prehistoric /  primitive ?

      Margrethe Hald's Primitive Shoes -  pages: 70 http://io.ua/8521428p  & 73 http://io.ua/8521433p

       

      Germany: South Schleswig,  Holstein – Lottorf Mose

      Prehistoric /  primitive ?

       

      Germany: South Schleswig,  Holstein – Hedeby

      Prehistoric /  primitive ?

      Upper of Sole with central seam and side seam - Margrethe Hald's Primitive Shoes -  pages: 89    http://io.ua/8521449p

       

      Netherlands: Drenthe

      Stepping Through Time By Olaf Goubitz – Page No: 383, 384, 385, 386,387, 388 ( write up)

       

      Netherlands: Drenthe - Buinerveen

      Prehistoric

      Shoe

      Stepping Through Time By Olaf Goubitz – Page No: 384 fig 5.

       

      Netherlands: Drenthe - Bourtangerveen

      Prehistoric

      • ·         Shoe 1

      Stepping Through Time By Olaf Goubitz – Page No: 384 fig 6.

      • ·         Shoe 2

      Stepping Through Time By Olaf Goubitz – Page No: 385 fig 7

       

      Netherlands: Drenthe - Emmererfscheidenveen

      Prehistoric

      Shoe

      Stepping Through Time By Olaf Goubitz – Page No: 385 fig 8

       

      Netherlands: Drenthe - Emmererfscheidenveen

      Prehistoric

      Shoe

      Stepping Through Time By Olaf Goubitz – Page No: 385 fig 9

       

      Netherlands: Drenthe - Klazienaveen

      Prehistoric

      Shoe

      Stepping Through Time By Olaf Goubitz – Page No: 386 fig 10

       

      Netherlands: Drenthe - Smilde

      Prehistoric

      Shoe

      Stepping Through Time By Olaf Goubitz – Page No: 386 fig 11

       

      Netherlands: Drenthe - Weerdinge

      Prehistoric

      Shoe

      Stepping Through Time By Olaf Goubitz – Page No: 386 fig 12

       

      Netherlands: Drenthe - Munstersche

      Prehistoric

      Shoe

      Stepping Through Time By Olaf Goubitz – Page No: 387 fig 13

       

      Netherlands: Gelderland - Dorestad

      Prehistoric

      Shoe

      Stepping Through Time By Olaf Goubitz – Page No: 387 fig 14

       

      Netherlands: Friesland - Wijnaldum

      Prehistoric

      Shoe fragment

      Stepping Through Time By Olaf Goubitz – Page No: 388 fig 15

       

      Netherlands: Friesland - Wijnaldum

      Prehistoric

      Shoe fragment

      Stepping Through Time By Olaf Goubitz – Page No: 388 fig 16

       

      Netherlands: Emmen - Findspot: Emmer-Erfscheidenveen, municipality of Emmen

      14th – 9th cent. BC

      Emmer-Erfscheidenveen Man (1938) – Bog Body - deer skin shoes

      http://www.crumbleholme.plus.com/Beakerfolk/cloth/beakerfolkcloth.htm

       

      Northwestern Europe

      Ca 1000 BC

      Primitive shoe with back seam

      Stepping Through Time By Olaf Goubitz – Page No: 94 fig. 6

       

      A 3,400-year-old leather shoe found in the mountains of south Norway after a record melt of ice

      Norway: Arctic :  shoe found in Ice

      4300 year old leather shoe

      http://leatherworkingreverend.wordpress.com/2010/10/10/another-old-shoe/

      http://qmackie.wordpress.com/2010/09/15/more-ice-patch-archaeology-bork-bork-bork/

       

      Norway: Leksvik, Trondelag

      Early Iron age

      Margrethe Hald's Primitive Shoes -  pages: 58 http://io.ua/8521413p   & 59 http://io.ua/8521414p

       

      Scotland: Iona

      Prehistoric

      Shoe cutting pattern layout

      Stepping Through Time By Olaf Goubitz – Page No: 388 fig 17

       

      Scotland:

      Prehistoric

      Stepping Through Time By Olaf Goubitz – Page No: 390 fig 21

      •  Two primitive shoes from Scotland - Margrethe Hald's Primitive Shoes - pages: 153 http://io.ua/8521534p

       


      Late Roman / Iron Age –  33 finds

       

      England:

      Roman ?

      Roman Child’s open work shoe

      Margrethe Hald's Primitive Shoes -  pages: 62 http://io.ua/8521418p

       

      England:

      Roman ?

      Roman hide shoe

      Margrethe Hald's Primitive Shoes -  pages: 62 http://io.ua/8521418p

       

      England:

      Roman ?

      Roman - fragment of shoe

      Margrethe Hald's Primitive Shoes -  pages: 64 http://io.ua/8521420p

       

      England: Whitehall Quarry, near Wellington, Somerset

      early part of the Iron Age (700 BC to AD 43).

      Shoe

      http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/7802581/ns/technology_and_science-science/

      http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2005/may/10/jamessturcke

       

      England: London – 175 Borough high Street

      ?

      Roman Shoe – sole

      http://www.flickr.com/photos/museumoflondon/4483335549/

       

      England: London – 175 Borough high Street

      ?

      Roman Shoe – sole

      http://www.flickr.com/photos/museumoflondon/4483335255/in/photostream/

       

      England: Bath

      ????

      Roman shoe soles in the Roman Museum in Bath, England.

      http://www.facebook.com/album.php?aid=240353&id=526022342#!/photo.php?fbid=442439797342&set=a.442367387342.240353.526022342&theater

       

      England: Castleford, West Yorkshire

      caligae

      http://www.archaeology.wyjs.org.uk/RomanWeb/rw20.html

       

      England : Newcastle

      Roman

      Leather shoe and leather working tools - Arbeia Roman Fort in Newcastle, England.

      http://www.facebook.com/album.php?aid=244686&id=526022342#!/photo.php?fbid=449477667342&set=a.449446737342.244686.526022342&theater

       

      England : Newcastle

      Roman

      Childs Leather shoe with lattice work decoration in the Vindolanda site museum. Hadrian's Wall, England. Photograph of poster

      http://www.facebook.com/album.php?aid=243987&id=526022342#!/photo.php?fbid=448518002342&set=a.448511302342.243987.526022342&theater

       

      England: York

      Roman

      Caliga from the French National Archaeological Museum

      France:

      ?

      Original caliga at the French National Archaeological Museum

       

      The Mainz Boot - Mainz, Germany

      Germany: Mainz

      ? century

      • Roman Hobnail sole

      Stepping Through Time By Olaf Goubitz – Page No: 51 – fig.21b

      • Roman Caligae

      Margrethe Hald's Primitive Shoes -  pages: 58 http://io.ua/8521413p

       

      Irish Bog shoes

      Ireland:

      Prehistoric

      Stepping Through Time By Olaf Goubitz – Page No: 391 fig 22

      • Drumacoon Bog Co. Cavan 200 – 500 AD - Hide shoe ( Lucas type 3 ) - Margrethe Hald's Primitive Shoes - pages: 154 http://io.ua/8521536p
      • Buggaun Bog Ballymoor 700 – 900 AD Hide Shoe ( Lucas type 3 ) - Margrethe Hald's Primitive Shoes - pages: 155 http://io.ua/8521537p
      • Ballyhagan Co. Kildare – Hide shoe ( Lucas type 4 ) - Margrethe Hald's Primitive Shoes - pages: 156 http://io.ua/8521540p
      • Ballymacomb Co. Derry – one piece shoe ( Lucas type 2 ) - Margrethe Hald's Primitive Shoes - pages: 157 http://io.ua/8521541p
      • From unknown place – one piece shoe ( Lucas type 1 ) - Margrethe Hald's Primitive Shoes - pages: 157 http://io.ua/8521541p
      • 9 Various shoe designs ( Lucas type 1 ) - Margrethe Hald's Primitive Shoes - pages: 158 http://io.ua/8521542p

       

      Netherlands: Valkenburg

      caligae

       Margrethe Hald's Primitive Shoes -  pages: 57 http://io.ua/8521412p

       

      Weerdingerveen shoe

      Netherlands: Weerdingerveen

      Iron age

      Shoe

       

      Netherlands: Vechten

      ????

      Fish net shoe

      Stepping Through Time By Olaf Goubitz – Page No: 342 fig 9.

       

      Netherlands: Schevenigseweg

      ????

      Remains of sole nails

      Stepping Through Time By Olaf Goubitz – Page No: 352 fig 23

       

       


      1st century –  18 finds

       

      Egypt :

      1st to 4th century A.D.

      Coptic leather fragment of shoe sole with text in ink.

      http://www.bcgalleries.com.au/antiquities/viewItem/a7365

       

      Egypt :

      1st to 4th century A.D.

      Coptic leather fragment of shoe sole with text in ink.

      http://www.bcgalleries.com.au/antiquities/viewItem/a7364

       

      Egypt :

      1st to 4th century A.D. – Coptic

      Cutting pattern of a Coptic shoe with hypothetical reconstruction of the rear part

      Stepping Through Time By Olaf Goubitz – Page No: 93 fig 3

       

      England: Copthall Court

      1st – 2nd century

      Margrethe Hald's Primitive Shoes -  pages: 56 http://io.ua/8521410p

       

      England:

      Roman ? 1st – 2nd century

      Roman shoe with openwork pattern

      Margrethe Hald's Primitive Shoes -  pages: 64 http://io.ua/8521420p

       

      England:

      Roman ? 1st – 2nd century

      Roman shoe with openwork pattern

      Margrethe Hald's Primitive Shoes -  pages: 65 http://io.ua/8521421p

       

       

      England: London, Threadneedle Street

      43 AD - 410 AD

      Roman leather shoe. Right foot leather shoe with six rows of nails at widest part of sole

      http://www.museumoflondonprints.com/image.php?id=140620&idx=3&fromsearch=true

       

      England: London, Angel Court: 30-35 Throgmorton Street, City of London, EC2

      43 - 410

      Two shoe soles, deteriorated, with holes. The upper one has the word 'EKTOPI' cut into the leather

      http://www.museumoflondon.org.uk/English/Collections/OnlineResources/RWWC/objects/record.htm?type=object&id=303775

       

       

      England: London – Cross Keys Court

      1st - 2nd century

      Roman Sandal - The upper part of a roman sandal

      http://www.flickr.com/photos/museumoflondon/4543221888/in/photostream/

       

      England : Northumberland - Vindolanda

      1st Century

      Carbatinae

      Stepping Through Time By Olaf Goubitz – Page No: 353 fig 24.

       

      England : Northumberland - Vindolanda

      1st Century

      Carbatinae

      Stepping Through Time By Olaf Goubitz – Page No: 353 fig 24.

       

      France : Bavay

      1st Century

      Carbatinae

      Stepping Through Time By Olaf Goubitz – Page No: 353 fig 24.

       

      Caliga from the French National Archaeological Museum

      France – Roman Sandal

      1st century

       

      Germany: Original caliga photo, German Leather Museum

      1st Century AD

      Caliga, Roman soldier's sandals

      http://www.ledermuseum.de/DLM/vollbild/seiten/03.htm

       

      Germany:  Wittmund  - Findspot: Lengener Moor, Landkreis Wittmund

      AD 80-135, 160-170 and 195-210.

      Bentstreek Foot (1955) - leather shoe

       

      Italy:  Pompeii,

      1st – 3rd CE 

      Shoe soles made of cord found in the ashes of Pompeii, Italy. 

      http://www.lessing-photo.com/dispimg.asp?i=10050447+&cr=29&cl=1

       

      Netherlands: Vechten

      1st Century

      Carbatinae

      Stepping Through Time By Olaf Goubitz – Page No: 353 fig 24.

       

      Switzerland: Vindonissa

      Roman 15 – 100 AD

      Two fragments of Roman open work shoes

      Margrethe Hald's Primitive Shoes -  pages: 66 http://io.ua/8521423p

       


      2nd century –  31 finds

       

      England:

      2nd –  3rd  century

      Margrethe Hald's Primitive Shoes -  pages: 56 http://io.ua/8521410p

       

      England: Boscombe Down, Wiltshire

      220 AD

      The slippers had cork insoles and a fur lining and are the best preserved examples in Britain of this sort of luxury shoe which was imported from the Mediterranean. The child was buried wearing calf skin shoes which are unique in Britain

      http://www.wessexarch.co.uk/blogs/news/2007/12/17/remarkably-preserved-roman-remains-grave

      http://www.flickr.com/photos/wessexarchaeology/4601193648/in/set-72157621883271827/

      http://www.flickr.com/photos/wessexarchaeology/2184519743/in/set-72157603869387688/

      http://www.flickr.com/photos/wessexarchaeology/2184519741/in/set-72157603869387688/

      http://www.flickr.com/photos/wessexarchaeology/2184494999/in/set-72157603869387688/

      http://www.flickr.com/photos/wessexarchaeology/2184495007/in/set-72157603869387688/

      http://www.flickr.com/photos/wessexarchaeology/2184527809/in/set-72157603869387688/

      http://www.flickr.com/photos/wessexarchaeology/2118149706/in/set-72157603869387688/

       

       Tollgate Farm Roman shoes

      England: Staffordshire,  Tollgate Farm Roman Site,

      2nd century A.D

      40 shoes found in a well

      http://www.stokearchaeologysociety.org.uk/html/tgfm_shoes.htm

      http://www.stokearchaeologysociety.org.uk/illustration/tgfm10/Tray%20of%20Shoes.jpg

      http://www.stokearchaeologysociety.org.uk/illustration/tgfm09/Shoe%20loops%20DSCN4261.JPG

       

      England : Northumberland - Vindolanda

      1st - early 2nd century

      Boot dated to late first - early second century

      http://www.vindolanda.com/vind_museum_and_collection.html

      http://www.star.uclan.ac.uk/~ku/HadrianWall/066_29okt05_Vindolanda_schoenen.jpg

       

      England : Northumberland - Vindolanda

      early 2nd century

      woman's sandal

      http://vindolanda.csad.ox.ac.uk/exhibition/slipper.shtml

      http://vindolanda.csad.ox.ac.uk/exhibition/army-7.shtml

      http://www.star.uclan.ac.uk/~ku/HadrianWall/066_29okt05_Vindolanda_schoenen.jpg

       

      England : Northumberland - Vindolanda

      early 2nd century

      Some examples of more elaborate footwear from Vindolanda, with the leather of the uppers cut away to produce a type of 'fishnet' effect. Despite their flimsy appearance, such boots were hard wearing. They were worn by men and women.

      http://vindolanda.csad.ox.ac.uk/exhibition/shoes.shtml

      http://vindolanda.csad.ox.ac.uk/exhibition/army-7.shtml

      http://www.star.uclan.ac.uk/~ku/HadrianWall/066_29okt05_Vindolanda_schoenen.jpg

      http://www.flickr.com/photos/smbtravels/5128517485/in/photostream/

      http://www.flickr.com/photos/smbtravels/5128517505/in/photostream/

      http://www.flickr.com/photos/smbtravels/5129122592/in/photostream/

      http://www.flickr.com/photos/smbtravels/5129122232/in/photostream/

      http://www.flickr.com/photos/smbtravels/5128516951/in/photostream/

      http://www.flickr.com/photos/smbtravels/5128516821/in/photostream/

      http://www.flickr.com/photos/smbtravels/5128516699/in/photostream/

      http://www.flickr.com/photos/smbtravels/5129121838/in/photostream/

      http://www.flickr.com/photos/smbtravels/5128516417/in/photostream/

       

      England : Northumberland – Vindolanda & Chesterholm

      early 2nd century

      Fell boot  L1123 from Vindolanda, early C2nd

      http://www.comitatus.net/Documents/ComitatusIntheirShoesweb.pdf

      http://www.star.uclan.ac.uk/~ku/HadrianWall/066_29okt05_Vindolanda_schoenen.jpg

       

      England : Northumberland - Vindolanda

      early 2nd century - Roman

      A lady's shoe, with decorative pattern of nails

      http://www.vindolanda.com/excavations2001.html

       

      England : Northumberland – Vindolanda

      early 2nd century - Roman

      Sandal sole

      Stepping Through Time By Olaf Goubitz – Page No: 340 fig 6.

       

      France: Martres-de-Veyre

      mid to late 2nd century - Roman

      Wool stockings, leather shoes, and a sleeve from a 2nd century Roman burial

      http://users.stlcc.edu/mfuller/ClermontMuseumTextiles.html

       

      Germany: Welzheim, - V Style Welzheim

      2nd century

      A number of photos of shoes & boots found at Welzheim http://www.kelticos.org/forum/viewtopic.php?f=18&t=69&p=6312

       

      Germany: Seemoor in Schleswig –Holstein -  Findspot: Seemoor, Landkreis Rendsburg-Eckernfo¨rde

      135 - 335 AD

      Damendorf Man (1900) (inv. No. KS 10924) – bog body - fine pair of open work shoes - shoe  - The primary material is leather  - Description: shoe  - Associated objects: a woollen cloak, a pair of woollen breeches, two woollen leg wrappings, two leather belts, a pair of leather shoes

      http://heatherrosejones.com/shoesnettop/index.html

       

      Germany:  Marx-Etzel  - Findspot: Hilgenmoor, Landkreis Wittmund

      AD 140-395

      Marx-Etzel (1817)  - Bog Body - Shoe - The primary material is leather  - Description: leather shoe

      http://www.nihk.de/index.php?id=2254

       

      Germany:  Oberflacht

      2nd  - 5th centuries

      Shoe

       

      Germany:  Thorsberg

      2nd  - 5th centuries

      Shoe

       

      Germany:  Ardorf

      2nd  - 5th centuries

      Shoe

       

      Netherlands: Roomburg

      Early 2nd Century

      Carbatinae

      Stepping Through Time By Olaf Goubitz – Page No: 354 fig 24.

       

      Netherlands: Nijmegen

      Mid - late 2nd Century

      Carbatinae

      Stepping Through Time By Olaf Goubitz – Page No: 354 fig 24.

       

      Netherlands: Zwammerdam

      Mid - late 2nd Century

      Carbatinae

      Stepping Through Time By Olaf Goubitz – Page No: 354 fig 24.

       

      Netherlands: Valkenburg

      Mid - late 2nd Century

      Carbatinae

      Stepping Through Time By Olaf Goubitz – Page No: 354 fig 24.

       

      Netherlands: Oss / Ussen

      Mid - late 2nd Century

      Carbatinae

      Stepping Through Time By Olaf Goubitz – Page No: 354 fig 24.

       

       

      Scotland: Bar Hill fort, Twechar, Strathkelvin, Strathclyde,

      142-180 AD – Roman

      shoe, carbatina (left foot)

      http://www.huntsearch.gla.ac.uk/cgi-bin/foxweb/huntsearch/DetailedResults.fwx?collection=archaeology&SearchTerm=F.1936.119&reqMethod=Link

       

      Scotland: Bar Hill fort, Twechar, Strathkelvin, Strathclyde,

      142-180 AD – Roman

      shoe, carbatina, child's

      http://www.huntsearch.gla.ac.uk/cgi-bin/foxweb/huntsearch/DetailedResults.fwx?collection=archaeology&SearchTerm=F.1936.121&reqMethod=Link

       

      Scotland: Bar Hill fort, Twechar, Strathkelvin, Strathclyde,

      142-180 AD – Roman

      shoe, carbatina, fragments

      http://www.huntsearch.gla.ac.uk/cgi-bin/foxweb/huntsearch/DetailedResults.fwx?collection=archaeology&SearchTerm=F.1936.122&reqMethod=Link

       

      Scotland: Bar Hill fort, Twechar, Strathkelvin, Strathclyde,

      142-180 AD – Roman

      shoe, calceus, type A, ladies

      http://www.huntsearch.gla.ac.uk/cgi-bin/foxweb/huntsearch/DetailedResults.fwx?collection=archaeology&SearchTerm=F.1936.123&reqMethod=Link

       

      Scotland: Bar Hill fort, Twechar, Strathkelvin, Strathclyde,

      142-180 AD – Roman

      shoe, calceus, type A, child's, left foot

      http://www.huntsearch.gla.ac.uk/cgi-bin/foxweb/huntsearch/DetailedResults.fwx?collection=archaeology&SearchTerm=F.1936.124&reqMethod=Link

       

      Scotland: Bar Hill fort, Twechar, Strathkelvin, Strathclyde,

      142-180 AD – Roman

      shoe, calceus (right foot)

      http://www.huntsearch.gla.ac.uk/cgi-bin/foxweb/huntsearch/DetailedResults.fwx?collection=archaeology&SearchTerm=F.1936.125&reqMethod=Link

       

      Scotland: Bar Hill fort, Twechar, Strathkelvin, Strathclyde,

      142-180 AD – Roman

      shoe, calceus, right foot, man's

      http://www.huntsearch.gla.ac.uk/cgi-bin/foxweb/huntsearch/DetailedResults.fwx?collection=archaeology&SearchTerm=F.1936.126&reqMethod=Link

       

      Scotland: Bar Hill fort, Twechar, Strathkelvin, Strathclyde,

      142-180 AD – Roman

      shoe, calceus, type C

      http://www.huntsearch.gla.ac.uk/cgi-bin/foxweb/huntsearch/DetailedResults.fwx?collection=archaeology&SearchTerm=F.1936.127&reqMethod=Link

       

      Scotland: Bar Hill fort, Twechar, Strathkelvin, Strathclyde,

      142-180 AD – Roman

      shoe sole, small

      http://www.huntsearch.gla.ac.uk/cgi-bin/foxweb/huntsearch/DetailedResults.fwx?collection=archaeology&SearchTerm=F.1936.140/1&reqMethod=Link

       

      Scotland: Bar Hill fort, Twechar, Strathkelvin, Strathclyde,

      142-180 AD – Roman

      shoe sole, Large

      http://www.huntsearch.gla.ac.uk/cgi-bin/foxweb/huntsearch/DetailedResults.fwx?collection=archaeology&SearchTerm=F.1936.140/2&reqMethod=Link

       

        

       


      3rd century – 16 finds

       

      Danish and North German bogs

      Mainz boot

      http://www.durolitum.co.uk/articles/footwear.html

       

      Egypt: Hawara

      AD 350 to 400

      Adult leather shoes dating from AD 350 to 400 and excavated from the Egyptian site of Hawara by W. F. Petrie during the 19th century. In the Ashmolean Museum.

      http://www.facebook.com/album.php?aid=240577&id=526022342#!/photo.php?fbid=442882082342&set=a.442733897342.240577.526022342&theater

       

      England : London

      3rd century– roman

      Calcei / Dura Boots

       

      England : Northumberland – Vindolanda

      Early 3rd Century

      Carbatinae

      Stepping Through Time By Olaf Goubitz – Page No: 354 fig 24.

       

      England : London - Dowgate

      Late 3rd – 4th century

      Carbatinae - childs

      Stepping Through Time By Olaf Goubitz – Page No: 354 fig 24.

       

       

      Germany: Saalburg

      3rd century– roman

      Calcei / Dura Boots - One piece shoes / carbatinae

      http://www.flickr.com/photos/rpastrana/3508424044/

      Low Ham boot & examples

      http://www.durolitum.co.uk/articles/footwear.html

       

      Germany: Welzheim

      3rd century– roman

      Calcei / Dura Boots - One piece shoes / carbatinae

      http://www.kelticos.org/forum/viewtopic.php?f=18&t=69&p=6312

       

      Germany: Friedburg, Northern Germany

      3rd century

      Laced up shoe

      Stepping Through Time By Olaf Goubitz – Page No: 32 – Fig.1

      Stepping Through Time By Olaf Goubitz – Page No: 47 – Fig.1

       

      Germany:  Obenaltendorf  - Findspot: Kehdinger Moor, Landkreis Cuxhaven

      260-380 AD

      Oberaltendorf Man (1895) (inv. No. 930) – Bog Body - Shoe  - Associated objects: a woollen cloak, a tunic, a pair of breeches, leg wrappings, shoes and two silver Kapselberlocks 

      http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Obenaltendorf.jpg

      http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Obenaltendorf_Schuh_1895.png

       

      Germany: Rainau- Busch

      211 / 217 AD

      Nailing pattern on soles

      Stepping Through Time By Olaf Goubitz – Page No: 352 fig 22.

       

      Netherlands: Valkenburg

      Early 3rd Century

      Carbatinae

      Stepping Through Time By Olaf Goubitz – Page No: 354 fig 24.

       

      Germany: Mainz

      Early 3rd Century

      Carbatinae

      Stepping Through Time By Olaf Goubitz – Page No: 354 fig 24.

       

      Netherlands: Zwammerdam 

       3rd century– roman

      Calcei / Dura Boots

       

      Netherlands: Venray

      229 / 230 AD

      Nailing pattern on soles

      Stepping Through Time By Olaf Goubitz – Page No: 352 fig 22

       

      Netherlands: Aardenburg / Krefeld Gellep

      3rd – 4th century

      Nailing pattern on soles

      Stepping Through Time By Olaf Goubitz – Page No: 352 fig 22

       

      Netherlands: Woerden

      210 AD

      Nailing pattern on soles

      Stepping Through Time By Olaf Goubitz – Page No: 352 fig 22

       

      Syria: Dura Europos

      3rd century– roman

      Calcei / Dura Boots

      A number of photos of shoes & boots found at http://users.stlcc.edu/mfuller/DuraLeather.html

       


      4th century – 10 finds

       Egypt :

      4th-6th century AD

      Coptic leather shoes,

      http://www.bcgalleries.com.au/antiquities/viewItem/a7368

       

      Egypt :

      4th-6th century AD

      A pair of Coptic leather sandals belonging to a child.

      http://www.bcgalleries.com.au/antiquities/viewItem/a7367

       

      Egypt :

      300 - 700.

      Byzantine - Pair of Leather Shoes with Gilded Decoration.

      http://www.flickr.com/photos/unforth/2820091434/

       

      Netherlands: Cuijk

      4th century - Roman

      Childs shoe - Roman lace shoe

      http://dare.uva.nl/document/161247

        

      Netherlands: Cuijk

      4th century - Germanic

      Germanic net-shoe

      http://dare.uva.nl/document/161247

       

       

       Wijster shoe

      Netherlands: Wijster

      375 - 425 AD - Roman

      Shoe – wrap around

      http://heatherrosejones.com/shoesnettop/index.html

        

      Netherlands:  Cuijk,

      4th century

      Sandal from

      http://www.comitatus.net/Documents/ComitatusIntheirShoesweb.pdf

      http://www.comitatus.net/Documents/ComitatusShoemakingGuideRevisedweb.pdf

        

      Netherlands: Deurne

      4th century

      One piece shoes / carbatinae

      http://www.comitatus.net/Documents/ComitatusIntheirShoesweb.pdf

      http://www.comitatus.net/Documents/ComitatusShoemakingGuideRevisedweb.pdf

       

      Netherlands: Deurne

      4th century

      Campagus - The second Deurne type of shoe

      http://www.comitatus.net/Documents/ComitatusShoemakingGuideRevisedweb.pdf

       

      Switzerland: Kaizeraugst

      Early 4th century

      Nailing pattern on soles

      Stepping Through Time By Olaf Goubitz – Page No: 352 fig 22

       

       


      5th Century –  3 finds

       

      Egypt

      5th Century AD - Roman

      http://www.durolitum.co.uk/articles/footwear.html

       

      Ireland: Ballymacomb, County Derry

      5th century

      Shoe with gouged decoration

      Stepping Through Time By Olaf Goubitz – Page No: 47 - Fig.2

      Ireland: Kilcummin, Co. Offaly

      Early Christian Period  ( 400 – 800 AD)

      Cutting pattern & reconstruction in new leather based on a photo

      Stepping Through Time By Olaf Goubitz – Page No: 93  fig.4

       

       


      6th Century – 5 finds 

       

      England: London, Milk Street

      ?

      Saxon Shoe

      http://www.flickr.com/photos/museumoflondon/4483335021/

       

      England: Sutton Hoo

      Late 6 – 7th century

      shoes from Sutton Hoo Sf9 Mound 1

      http://leatherworkingreverend.wordpress.com/2010/06/27/late-6-7th-century-shoes-from-sutton-hoo-sf9-mound-1/

       

      Germany:  Lauchheim / Ostalbkreis  

      6th century

      Gräberfeld-Grab 974 - Shoe  - The primary material is leather  - Description: hide-shoe with gathered toe 

       

      Ireland: Ballinderry & Offaly, Meath, Tyrone

      6th – 7th century

      http://books.google.com.au/books?id=SJSDj1dDvNUC&pg=PA279&lpg=PA279&dq=shoe+ireland+found&source=bl&ots=Z0LxOG-Xyv&sig=4KqvhC0qVphuh7NxE4Tb3BfqU1o&hl=en&ei=YN5-TZSsJIeGvAO6z5XdBw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=3&ved=0CCQQ6AEwAjgK#v=onepage&q=shoe%20ireland%20found&f=false    ( page 280)

      http://www.texascoritani.com/footwearinireland.html

        

       Netherlands: Tiel ( Tol-Zuid site)

      6th – 8th century

      One piece cutting pattern with frontal seam and back seam

      Stepping Through Time By Olaf Goubitz – Page No: 94 fig. 8

       


        7th Century – 10 finds

       Denmark: Ronbjerg Moes,

      c700-1000

      Ronjberg Mose Shoe

      http://www.personal.utulsa.edu/~marc-carlson/shoe/SHOES/SHOE7.HTM

       

      Egypt:  Qarara

      7th to 8th century AD – Coptic / Late Roman 

      Pair of child's shoes in colored leather - in the Manchester Museum, England. 

      http://www.facebook.com/album.php?aid=251994&id=526022342#!/photo.php?fbid=464770937342&set=a.464770147342.251994.526022342&theater

       

      Pair of Byzantine red leather slippers with brown lace from Egypt. Ashmolean Museum

      http://www.facebook.com/album.php?aid=240577&id=526022342#!/photo.php?fbid=442880842342&set=a.442733897342.240577.526022342&theater

       

      Pair of leather sandals from Akhmim, Egypt. Ashmolean Museum.

      http://www.facebook.com/album.php?aid=240577&id=526022342#!/photo.php?fbid=442881157342&set=a.442733897342.240577.526022342&theater

       

      Faroes Islands: Kvivik

      Viking age -  circa 650 AD

      Fragment of soled shoe - Margrethe Hald's Primitive Shoes -  pages: 160 http://io.ua/8521545p

       

      Germany: Lottorf Bog

      c700-1000

      Lottorf Bog Slipper

      http://www.personal.utulsa.edu/~marc-carlson/shoe/SHOES/SHOE8.HTM

       

      Germany: Wedelspang Bog 

      c.700-1000

      Wedelspang Bog Shoe

      http://www.personal.utulsa.edu/~marc-carlson/shoe/SHOES/SHOE9.HTM

       

      Germany: Wedelspang Bog

      c.700-1000

      Wedelspang Bog Slipper

      http://www.personal.utulsa.edu/~marc-carlson/shoe/SHOES/SHOE10.HTM

       

      Gremany: North Frisian island of Fohr: Lembecksburg

      c.700-1000

      Lembecksburg Fohr Slipper

      http://www.personal.utulsa.edu/~marc-carlson/shoe/SHOES/SHOE3.HTM

       

       Russia: Staraja Ladoga

      7th – 9th century

      8 soft boots found

      Margrethe Hald's Primitive Shoes -  pages: 131 http://io.ua/8521507p  & 132 http://io.ua/8521508p

      133 http://io.ua/8521509p

       

        


      8th Century –  3 finds

       

      Netherlands: Dordrecht

      780 – 900 Ad - carolingian period

      Three soles from three periods but attached with similar tunnel stitching – fig a - carolingian period

      Stepping Through Time By Olaf Goubitz – Page No: 87 – Fig. 22 fig a.

       

       Netherlands: Tiel

      8th Century

      • Shoe with a central sole area

      Stepping Through Time By Olaf Goubitz – Page No: 84 – Fig. 7

      • Tiel ( Tol-Zuid site) 8th – 9th century shoe

      Stepping Through Time By Olaf Goubitz – Page No: 138 fig. 7

       

       


      9th Century – 134 finds

       

      Germany:  Haithabu (Hedeby),

      9th – 10th century

      There were 117 different types of shoe found there, most of which were made from goatskin.

      http://www.historiclife.com/images/Historical%20Clothing/Viking/Shoes/Full/DeventerBoots.jpg

      http://tower.system.yaroslavl.ru/source/winsloww/archives/hedeby/shoes/hedebyshoetypesbyC.JPG

       

      Germany: South Schleswig,  Holstein – Lembecksburg fohr

      9th century

      Margrethe Hald's Primitive Shoes -  pages: 74 http://io.ua/8521434p

       

       Netherlands: Groningen

      9th century

      • Shoe – with pattern – connected sole

      Stepping Through Time By Olaf Goubitz – Page No: 84 – Fig. 6

      • Groningen ( Wolters – Noordhoff site)  Cutting pattern with pattern – connected sole 9th or 10th century 

      Stepping Through Time By Olaf Goubitz – Page No: 94 fig. 9

       

      Netherlands: Hoogelande

      9th – 10th century

      Shoe with a cutting pattern similar to that of fig 6a

      Stepping Through Time By Olaf Goubitz – Page No: 138 fig. 6b

       

      Netherlands: Tiel

      9th Century

      • Shoe with separate sole

      Stepping Through Time By Olaf Goubitz – Page No: 84 – Fig. 8 a

      • Tiel ( Tol-Zuid site )  cutting pattern with a separate sole

      Stepping Through Time By Olaf Goubitz – Page No: 94 fig. 10

      • Tiel ( Tol-Zuid site )  cutting pattern with a sole with tunnel stitches at right angles to the sole’s edge. The sole points upward into the back seam

      Stepping Through Time By Olaf Goubitz – Page No: 95 fig. 14

       

      Netherlands: Middelburg ( Walcheren)

      875 – 900 AD ?

      4 shoes found

       

      Netherlands: Vlaardingen

      9th – 10th century

      Low cut shoe with decorated edge

      Stepping Through Time By Olaf Goubitz – Page No: 139 fig. 8a

       

       

      Boot from the Oseberg ship

      Norwary: Oseberg ship

      850s AD

      Two boots found

      • Ladies Boots - Oseberg 172

      http://www.flickr.com/photos/rdhobbet/5396097399/

      http://www.personal.utulsa.edu/~marc-carlson/shoe/SHOES/SHOE50.HTM

      http://tower.system.yaroslavl.ru/source/winsloww/archives/oseberg_stuff/boots.jpg

      • Ladies Boots - Oseberg 303

      Margrethe Hald's Primitive Shoes -  pages: 112 http://io.ua/8521483p  & 113 http://io.ua/8521485p

            & 114 http://io.ua/8521486p   & 116 http://io.ua/8521489p

       

       Poland: Gniezno

      9th century

      Hide shoe  - Margrethe Hald's Primitive Shoes -  pages: 126 http://io.ua/8521502p

       

      Poland: Wolin

      9th century

      • Hide shoe  - Margrethe Hald's Primitive Shoes -  pages: 126 http://io.ua/8521502p
      • Soled shoe - Margrethe Hald's Primitive Shoes -  pages: 127 http://io.ua/8521503p

       


      10th Century – 8 finds

       

      England York – Jorvik

      10th century

      Anglo-Scandinavian Shoe, Coppergate excavation,  York, Jorvik Viking Centre

      http://www.kostym.cz/Anglicky/2_Detaily/01_Doplnky/II_01_200.htm

      http://www.jorvik-viking-centre.co.uk/images/gallery/36.jpg

       

      Viking leather shoe from York in the Yorkshhire Museum of York, England.

      http://www.facebook.com/album.php?aid=246129&id=526022342#!/photo.php?fbid=451964607342&set=a.451958612342.246129.526022342&theater

       

      Germany / South Jutland / Schleswig:  Haithabu ( Hedeby)

      10th century

      Shoe with overlap closure / toggle buttons

      Stepping Through Time By Olaf Goubitz – Page No: 18 – Fig.11a 

       

      Greenland: Western Settlement

      c.1000

      Narsaq (Four bits of leather: 1 partial sole - Right? 16 cm Long (incomplete) x 8 cm.

      3 bits of upper. Parallel cuts near upper edge) c.1000 Eastern Settlement

      http://www.personal.utulsa.edu/~marc-carlson/shoe/RESEARCH/greenshoe/greenshoe.html 

       

      Netherlands: Groningen ( Wolters - Noordhoff site )

      10th century

      Entirely closed in shoe with an ankle thong, upper and sole are continuous

      Stepping Through Time By Olaf Goubitz – Page No: 138 fig. 6 a.

       

      Norway: Kaupangen

      1050 - viking

      99 shoes where found

       

       

      Poland: Gdansk

      10th – 11th century

      Shoe with embroidery in wool and silk

      Stepping Through Time By Olaf Goubitz – Page No: 52 – fig.22d

      Stepping Through Time By Olaf Goubitz – Page No: 139 fig. 8b

       

       Sweden: Uppland

      Viking

      Shoe

      http://mis.historiska.se/mis/sok/bild.asp?uid=338776