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Bearded Soldiers of WW1

The Great Bearded Soldiers of WW1







Fr. Dominic O’Connor OFM Cap. 
an Irish Capuchin friar, during the Great War. Fr. Dominic volunteered for army chaplaincy work in 1915. Attached to a hospital unit of the 10th (Irish) Division, he was chaplain to the Munster Fusiliers and later ministered to the Dublin Fusiliers mainly in Salonika (today called Thessalonika, Greece) as part of the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force. The 10th Division were among the first Allied troops to land in Salonika. The ‘Private Croke’, referred to in the article, is probably David Croke of Ballybricken, Waterford city, a private in the Royal Irish Regiment, who was killed-in-action on 21 November 1916. Fr. Dominic resigned his commission in the Army in 1917 and returned to Ireland. He later acted as chaplain to the republican Lord Mayors of Cork, Tomás MacCurtain and Terence MacSwiney.

Fr. Dominic O’Connor: First World War Chaplain 
c. 1916
Size: 11.2 cm x 10.7 cm
Photographic print of Capt. Rev. Dominic O’Connor, a Cork-born Capuchin priest who served as a military chaplain during the Great War. Fr. Dominic acted as a chaplain to the 21st Stationary Hospital Unit attached to the Macedonian Expeditionary Force, a British Army force fighting the Central Powers in Salonika, Greece. Fr. Dominic was initially reluctant to volunteer as a chaplain in the British Army. He wrote: ‘Well someone had to do the work and when those who had done all the recruiting were too cowardly to go there was nothing left except to have us, who were anti-recruiters, go and help the souls of the soldiers the others had sent out’. He later referred to conditions for the troops: ‘We have had more than half the troops down with malaria, dysentery, sandfly fever etc. and it is fortunate that there was no fighting here. However I suppose it won’t be long now till it begins and then I don’t know how we will manage at all’.

photos courtesy of Capuchin Archives, Ireland




Fr. John Butler: First World War Chaplain 
1916
11.2 cm x 10.7 cm 
Patrick Butler was born on 4 February 1873 in Sheestown, County Kilkenny. He joined the Capuchin Order on 23 October 1890 at Rochestown, County Cork, and took the name John in religion. He was simply professed on 15 August 1891 and made his solemn vows on 11 October 1896. By this time, his younger brother, Michael, had also joined the Order taking the name of Br. Casimir. John was ordained a priest in Cork on 8 January 1899. In 1914 he joined the Irish Capuchin mission in the Western United States. He returned to Ireland in March 1916, and in April of that year he was appointed a chaplain in the British Army with the rank of Captain. He remained an army chaplain until he was demobilised in 1919. Fr. John spent the majority of the First World War ministering to Catholic soldiers in the Middle East and Palestine as part of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force (EEF). From 1917, he witnessed at first hand the various battles in Palestine and around Damascus as the Allies struggled with the Ottoman Turks for control of this strategically important region. Fr. John returned to Ireland in 1919 and spent the following eleven years in the Capuchin Friary on Church Street, Dublin. In 1930 he moved to Cork and was attached to the community at Holy Trinity Friary, Father Mathew Quay. He died in Cork on 3 October 1950

photo courtesy of Capuchin Archives, Ireland




Private John Farnsworth, originally from Clay Cross in Derbyshire who was in the 4th Battalion of the Australian Infantry, 
( John Farnsworth 1880-1915) 
Killed in Action 1 May 1915   at  Gallipoli, Turkey
Note: just read his file - there were no kin living at the time of his death

Photo sourced from http://claycross.org.uk/Photos/images/Farnsworth/JohnFarnsworth.jpg
John Farnsworth AIF project page link  https://www.aif.adfa.edu.au/showPerson?pid=94642



Men of the 4th Battalion at the top of Shrapnel Gully having breakfast from their dixies just behind the battalion lines. On the left is 963 Private Charles Robert Duke and in front is Pte McInnis (later killed in France - believed to be 1301 Pte (later Sergeant) William Donald McInnes of Ariah Park, NSW, killed in action on 30 April 1918); the soldier on the right was not identified.

Photo sourced from Australian War Memorial
ID numberH15685
CollectionPhotograph
Object typeBlack & white - Print silver gelatin
MakerUnknown (Photographer)
Place madeOttoman Empire: Turkey, Dardanelles, Gallipoli
Date made22 May 1915
https://static.awm.gov.au/images/collection/items/ACCNUM_SCREEN/H15685.JPG
Thanks to Faye Threlfall for the link to it 




An older bearded soldier standing outside a tent in camp.
Egypt: North Egypt, Mena
First World War, 1914-1918;
AWM Photo PS0617

Photo sourced from https://www.awm.gov.au/collection/PS0617/




A bay in a trench occupied by members of A Squadron, 6th Australian Light Horse Regiment on Poppy Ridge. Signaller E D M Marsh, with beard, is in the left and Lieutenant R Hordern is in the centre, an unidentified soldier is to the right behind the sandbags.
Ottoman Empire: Turkey, Marmara, Chanak, Gallipoli Peninsula
First World War, 1914-1918;
AWM Photo AO2340

Photo sourced from https://www.awm.gov.au/collection/A02340/




Outdoor portrait of Captain (Capt) Harry Carew Nott, Regimental Medical Officer, 10th Battalion from Mitcham, South Australia during the battalion's four-day rest on Imbros Island. He has grown a beard and is holding a pipe. Capt Nott was a 26 year old medical practitioner when he received a commission in the AIF on 20 August 1914 and embarked for overseas from Adelaide on 20 October 1914 aboard HMAT Ascanius. While serving at Gallipoli he was taken ill and evacuated to Egypt and then returned to Australia for medical treatment on 23 June 1916. He arrived back in England on 1 February 1917 and served on the Western Front with the 2nd Australian Field Ambulance, the 1st Australian Casualty Clearing Station and the 10th Battalion. He was promoted to Major on 14 November 1917 and to Lieutenant Colonel on 25 July 1918. After returning to Australia on 14 September 1920, he went on to also serve in the Second World War.
c 9 July 1915
First World War, 1914-1918;
AWM Photo  P02321.016

photo sourced from https://www.awm.gov.au/collection/P02321.016/



Image: 4544/2390 (Hamilton_7_12_1-158_00111_62901.jpg) 
Photograph of two British soldiers mounted on a pony and donkey at rest camp on Imbros. No 2594. From a collection of official photographs of the Dardanelles Expedition, 1915-1916. ( man on the 1st donkey has a beard )

Photo sourced from http://www.kingscollections.org/servingsoldier/collection/the-dardanelles-expedition#Gallery[gallery1]/55/








Group portrait of unidentified Australian and English prisoners of war at Friedrichsfeld in Germany. All but one of the men were taken prisoner at Fromelles on 20 July 1916. The prisoner seated third from the left in the front row is possibly the exception, having a beard he is possibly a Naval Officer, as it was unusual for Army Officers not to be clean shaven. The second seated soldier bears a shoulder title 'Australia' on his cap, presumably wanting to identify himself as Australian. A white patch is being worn by some of the prisoners which bears their prisoner number, they are also wearing a coloured armband and stripe on the outside leg of their trousers, making them easily distinguished as prisoners.
Germany: Friedrichsfeld 1916
First World War, 1914-1918;
AWM Photo A02178

Photo sourced from https://www.awm.gov.au/collection/A02178/




front row 3rd person on the left has a beard in this photo of Brig.Gen. E.E. Chown, R.M.L.I, G.O.C. & Officers, R.N.D. Blandford Camp 1916

Photo sourced from 
http://www.jackclegg3.webspace.virginmedia.com/




A fine example of full-bearded RMLI Privates in France, circa late 1916.

Photo sourced from http://jackclegg2.webspace.virginmedia.com/royal%20marines.htm







Volunteer Battalion and post dates 1916, after the Volunteer Training Corps was brought into the County Infantry Regiment system

Photo sourced from http://1914-1918.invisionzone.com/forums/index.php?showtopic=206752



OMRS journal of summer 1997 by Roger Perkins -Col A L Barrett DSO and beard

Photo sourced from http://1914-1918.invisionzone.com/forums/index.php?showtopic=51262




Cpl Gerald McLeod Carey, 
1/14th London Regiment (as a PoW in Gustrow).

Photo sourced from http://1914-1918.invisionzone.com/forums/index.php?showtopic=56633






























1st Battalion The Black Watch. The officer is Quartermaster Wullie Fowler and CSM Andrew Gray. 
Borre 21 November 1914 ( two this this picture with beards )

Photo found on the net - link lost 





The officer in the Royal Naval Division who refused to shave his beard off
Picture from 'The Hawke Battalion' by Douglas Jerriold 

Photos sourced from 
http://1914-1918.invisionzone.com/forums/index.php?showtopic=113378




some German soldiers with beards






French infantryman from 1915

Photo sourced from http://joffrethegiant.blogspot.com.au/2014/07/look-how-badass-pipe-smokers-are.html