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Ararat Osipian with Nobel Laureate Mohammad Yunus, May 2007

Nigeria’s education sector is particularly vulnerable to corruption. As corruption scholar Ararat Osipian noted in 2013, “[l]imited access to education [in Nigeria] has no doubt contributed to the use of bribes and personal connections to gain coveted places at universities, with some admissions officials reportedly working with agents to obtain bribes from students. Those who have no ability or willingness to resort to corruption face lost opportunities and unemployment." WENR World Education News and Reviews https://wenr.wes.org/2017/03/education-in-nigeria

There is no other way but to succeed in the fight against corruption, Ararat Osipian warned in a recent paper, "Education Corruption, Reform, and Growth: Case of Post-Soviet Russia." Saying that students today learn not only their subject matter, "but also pervasive ways and practices of corruption."
The Washington Post http://russianow.washingtonpost.com/2010/08/the-cost-of-a-russian-education.php

“Your friends can buy you a doctoral degree for your birthday,” quipped Ararat L. Osipian, a scholar based in Ukraine who focused on academic corruption in the former Soviet Union for his doctorate from Vanderbilt University. Good friends, that is: The going rate for a fake degree online starts at around $1,400. The New York Times http://www.nytimes.com/2016/07/23/world/europe/russia-plagiarism-among-officials.html?emc=eta1

Students who get degrees through bribery or nepotism can likely land a job with a government agency or company in their country. That’s the case in Ukraine, says Ararat Osipian, a U.S.-trained Ukrainian economist who studies educational corruption there. “We have public servants who cannot manage simple paperwork,” he says. Bright but less affluent young people often end up in menial jobs, Osipian says. “It’s a terrible waste of human capital.” Bloomberg Businessweek http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2015-10-01/buying-a-diploma-is-easy-if-you-can-pay-up

O acadêmico Ararat Osipian advertiu num documento recente que “a corrupção na educação corrói a coesão social, porque os estudantes não aprendem só suas matérias, mas também meios escusos e práticas de corrupção”. Gazeta RUSSA (Brazil) http://gazetarussa.com.br/articles/2010/09/13/ao_mestre_um_dinheirinho_12007.html 

169 companies offer custom-written doctoral dissertations for sale in Russia at prices ranging from the equivalent of $900 to $25,000, according to research by Ararat L. Osipian of Vanderbilt University. By one estimate, some 10,000 dissertations are written for pay each year in Russia, nearly one-third of the dissertations defended there. Advanced degrees are popular among Russian politicians. More than half of the members of the State Duma, Russia's main legislative body, hold doctoral degrees, Osipian reports. The Daily Stat.
In the United Kingdom, and other countries with a private education sector, using corruptly obtained funds to pay the fees of family members at private schools or universities can be a form of money laundering, according to Ararat Osipian, a PhD candidate at the Peabody College of Education at Vanderbilt University in the United States.
University World News http://www.universityworldnews.com/article.php?story=20131004142900721

It's hardly news that the Russian system of academic qualification is corrupt. In 2009, Ararat Osipian, of Vanderbilt University, cited prices for fake theses, from $1,000 to $6,100 for a "full package." "Rent-seeking behavior in the Russian society is perceived as a norm," he wrote. "Public officials, bureaucrats, and civil servants attempt to transform their access to material and non-material assets into personal benefits. Educators act in a similar manner. Rectors of state higher education institutions rent out public property, including academic and non-academic facilities and land, to businesses in which they often have a share. University professors sell doctorates by abusing their monopolized function of conferring doctoral degrees."As for politicians, Osipian wrote, they can reduce the high transaction costs of defending a thesis "by exercising their influence over academics in 'friendly' dissertation boards." Chicago Tribune http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/sns-wp-blm-russia-plagiarism-comment-b2e13c80-a5b3-11e5-8318-bd8caed8c588-20151218-story.html   Bloomberg http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2015-10-01/buying-a-diploma-is-easy-if-you-can-pay-up

According to Ararat Osipian, who completed a Ph.D. on academic corruption at Vanderbilt University and is now doing field work on the subject in Ukraine, between 20 percent and 30 percent of all dissertations that have been completed at Russian universities since the fall of the Soviet Union were purchased on the black market. Over the past 25 years many of these boards have become corrupt, with faculty members and academic advisers taking bribes in exchange for rubber-stamping obviously shoddy, or stolen, work, according to Osipian, who is not a member of Dissernet. “Everyone wants to get his cut,” he said. “You bought a dissertation, fine, but you still have to pay the people on the board to let this dissertation go through. At these universities, everyone needs money—they are all overworked and underpaid.” Slate http://www.slate.com/articles/news_and_politics/cover_story/2016/05/the_thriving_russian_black_market_in_dissertations_and_the_crusaders_fighting.html   Business Insider http://www.businessinsider.com/russian-elites-are-buying-black-market-dissertations-2016-5

Non è una novità che il sistema russo dei titoli di studio sia una tipografia sui generis. Nel 2009, Ararat Osipian, della Vanderbilt University, ha citato i prezzi delle tesi false: si parte da 1.000 dollari fino 6.100 per un “pacchetto completo”. Nella società russa “l’affitto”, è percepito come una norma. I funzionari pubblici e i burocrati cercano di trasformare i beni immateriali in vantaggi personali: i rettori degli istituti d’istruzione superiore affittano alle imprese beni pubblici, tra cui le strutture e i terreni accademici; i professori universitari “cedono” i dottorati; gli educatori vogliono “riconoscenza per orientare”. L'intraprendente http://www.lintraprendente.it/2016/01/la-russia-repubblica-fondata-sul-plagio/

“Universities think [English] is our future, but is it really? Twenty-five years ago the same people were telling students that communism was unavoidable,” writes Ararat Osipian, associate professor of economics at Ukraine’s prestigious Bukovyna State University of Finance and Economics, and contributor to University World News. “Making unrealistic promises may be the safe option because in corrupt societies ruling regimes are not accountable to the public and thus carry no responsibility for their failures.” SI News: Independent News for International Students https://www.studyinternational.com/news/will-english-become-the-second-working-language-at-universities-in-indonesia-and-ukraine

2. Osipian, Ararat. (2018). The Political Economy of Corporate Raiding in RussiaNew York and London: Routledge, 208 p.
3. Osipian, Ararat. (2009). The Impact of Human Capital on Economic Growth: A Case Study in Post-Soviet Ukraine, 1989-2009. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 242 p.

Journal articles:
1.  Osipian, Ararat. (2017). University Autonomy in Ukraine: Higher Education Corruption and the State. Communist and Post-Communist Studies, Elsevier 0.722, 50(3), pp. 233-243.
2. Osipian, Ararat. (2016). Protesting Putin or Protecting Rights? Media Reflections on Reflective Student Activism. Contemporary Politics, Routledge 0.933, 22(2), pp. 215-231.
3. Osipian, Ararat. (2014). Transforming University Governance in Ukraine: Collegiums, Bureaucracies, and Political Institutions. Higher Education Policy, UNESCO,
Palgrave Macmillan 0.596, 27(1), pp. 65-84.
4. Osipian, Ararat. (2014). Will Bribery and Fraud Converge? Comparative Corruption in Higher Education in Russia and the USA. Compare: A Journal of Comparative Education, Routledge 0.458, 44(2), pp. 252-273.
5. Osipian, Ararat. (2013).
Corrupt Organizations: Modeling Educators’ Misconduct with Cellular Automata. Computational & Mathematical Organization Theory, Springer 0.923, 19(1), pp. 1-24.
6. Osipian, Ararat. (2012).
Who is Guilty and What to Do? Popular Opinion and Public Discourse of Corruption in Russian Higher Education. Canadian and International Education Journal, CIES Canada, 41(1), pp. 81-95.
7. Osipian, Ararat. (2012).
Predatory Raiding in Russia: Institutions and Property Rights after the Crisis. Journal of Economic Issues,
Routledge 0.573, Association for Evolutionary Economics (AFEE), 46(2), pp. 469-479.
8. Osipian, Ararat. (2012).
Grey Areas in the Higher Education Sector: Legality versus Corruptibility. Brigham Young University Education and Law Journal, 1(1), pp. 140-190.
9. Osipian, Ararat, & Osipian, Alexandr. (2012). Regional Diversity and Divided Memories in Ukraine: Contested Past as Electoral Resource, 2004-2010. East European Politics and Societies, SAGE 0.678, 26(3), pp. 616-642.
10. Osipian, Ararat. (2012).
Loyalty as Rent: Corruption and Politicization of Russian Universities. International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, Emerald, 32(3/4), pp. 153-167.
11. Osipian, Ararat. (2012).
Education Corruption, Reform, and Growth: Case of Post-Soviet Russia. Journal of Eurasian Studies, Elsevier, 3(1), pp. 20-29.
12. Osipian, Ararat. (2012).
Economics of Corruption in Doctoral Education: The Dissertations Market. Economics of Education Review, Elsevier 1.069, 31(1), pp. 76-83.
13. Osipian, Ararat. (2010).
Le Bourgeois Gentilhomme: Political Corruption of Russian Doctorates. Demokratizatsiya: The Journal of Post-Soviet Democratization, Heldref, 18(3), pp. 260-280.
14. Osipian, Ararat. (2010).
Corruption in the Politicized University: Lessons for Ukraine’s 2010 Presidential Elections. Innovation: The European Journal of Social Science Research, Routledge 0.217, 23(2), pp. 101-114.
15. Osipian, Ararat. (2010).
Corrupt Organizational Hierarchies in the Former Soviet Bloc. Transition Studies Review, Springer, 17(4), pp. 822-836.
16. Osipian, Ararat. (2009).
“Feed from the Service”: Corruption and Coercion in the State—University Relations in Central Eurasia. Research in Comparative and International Education, SAGE, 4(2), pp. 182-203.
17. Osipian, Ararat. (2009).
Vouchers, Tests, Loans, Privatization: Will They Help Tackle Corruption in Russian Higher Education? Prospects: Quarterly Review of Comparative Education, Springer, 39(1), pp. 47-67.
18. Osipian, Ararat. (2009).
Investigating Corruption in American Higher Education: The Methodology. FedUni Journal of Higher Education, ICFAI, India, 4(2), pp. 49-81.
19. Osipian, Ararat. (2009).
Corruption and Reform in Higher Education in Ukraine. Canadian and International Education Journal, CIES Canada, 38(2), pp. 104-122.
20. Osipian, Ararat. (2009).
Corruption Hierarchies in Higher Education in the Former Soviet Bloc. International Journal of Educational Development, Elsevier 0.947, 29(3), pp. 321-330.
21. Osipian, Ararat. (2008).
Political Graft and Education Corruption in Ukraine: Compliance, Collusion, and Control. Demokratizatsiya: The Journal of Post-Soviet Democratization, Heldref, 16(4), pp. 323-344.
22. Osipian, Ararat. (2008).
Corruption in Higher Education: Does it Differ Across the Nations and Why? Research in Comparative and International Education, SAGE, 3(4), pp. 345-365.
23. Osipian, Ararat. (2008).
Corruption and Coercion: University Autonomy versus State Control. European Education: Issues and Studies,
Routledge, 40(3), pp. 27-48.
24. Osipian, Ararat. (2007).
Corruption in Higher Education: Conceptual Approaches and Measurement Techniques. Research in Comparative and International Education, SAGE, 2(4), pp. 313-332.
25. Osipian, Ararat, & Osipian, Alexandr. (2006). Why Donbass Votes for Yanukovych: Confronting the Ukrainian Orange Revolution. Demokratizatsiya: The Journal of Post-Soviet Democratization, Heldref, 14(4), pp. 495-519.
26. Osipian, Ararat. (2003).
Reforming Governance in Higher Education: Experience of the UK. European Dialog, 2, pp. 34-46.
27. Osipian, Ararat. (2003).
Reforming Governance in Higher Education: Experience of the UK. European Dialog, 1, pp. 36-51.
 
Book chapters:
1. Osipian, Ararat. (2018). How Corruption Destroys Higher Education in Ukraine. In Andrei Plesu, Valentina Sandu-Dediu, Anca Oroveanu, and Irina Vainovski-Mihai (Eds.). New Europe College Yearbook (pp. 278-310). Bucharest: NEC Publishing.
2. Osipian, Ararat. (2015). Global and Local: Standardized Testing and Corruption in Admissions to Ukrainian Universities. In Carolyn A. Brown (Ed.). Globalisation, International Education Policy, and Local Policy Formation (pp. 215-234). New York: Springer, 254 p.
3. Osipian, Ararat. (2013). Recruitment and Admissions: Fostering Transparency on the Path to Higher Education. In Transparency International: Global Corruption Report: Education (pp. 148-155). New York: Routledge, 536 p.

Other publications:
1. 
Osipian, Ararat. (2018). Why Putin’s 5-100 project is doomed to fail. University World News, October 5, 2018.
2. Osipian, Ararat. (2018). Corruption in Ukraine’s medical universities. Inside Higher Education, The World View, July 30, 2018.
3. Osipian, Ararat. (2018). University’s anti-corruption expert charged with fraud. University World News, July 20, 2018.
4. Osipian, Ararat. (2018). US physician fights Ukraine’s medical academic mafia. University World News, May 4, 2018.
5. Osipian, Ararat. (2018). Nepotism in the U.S.: Starting to Resemble Ukraine. Inside Higher Education, The World View, April 29, 2018.
6. Osipian, Ararat. (2018). The Last Pharaoh of Ukraine’s Science. Inside Higher Education, The World View, February 17, 2018.
7. Osipian, Ararat. (2018). Euromaidan is unlikely to prompt any marriage of teaching and research in Ukraine. Times Higher Education, February 8, 2018.
8. Osipian, Ararat. (2018). Students under pressure as Putin runs for re-election. University World News, February 2, 2018.
9. Osipian, Ararat. (2018). The Language of Discord: Ukrainian, Hungarian, Romanian, Russian. New Eastern Europe, January 29, 2018.
10. Osipian, Ararat. (2018). Unpaid bills force universities to close until springUniversity World NewsJanuary 27, 2018.
11. Osipian, Ararat. (2018). Russian students will not be manning the anti-Putin barricades. Times Higher Education, January 16, 2018.
12. Osipian, Ararat. (2017). Russian Cows Benefit from Acupuncture. Inside Higher Education, The World View, December 17, 2017.
13. Osipian, Ararat. (2017). Ukraine needs $3 billion and a culture change. Inside Higher Education, The World View, August 6, 2017.
14. Osipian, Ararat. (2017). Ukrainian Politicians and Fake Dissertations. Inside Higher Education, The World View, May 30, 2017.
15. Osipian, Ararat. (2017). Can autocracies cope with international universities? University World News, April 7, 2017.
16. Osipian, Ararat. (2017). The Attack on Independent Universities. Inside Higher Education, The World View, April 2, 2017.
17. Osipian, Ararat. (2017). Let Me Write a Dissertation for You: Fake PhDs Multiply. CIES Perspectives: Comparative and International Education Society Newsletter, February 10, 2017, p. 27.
18. Osipian, Ararat. (2017). Bribes Found in Ukraine’s Criminal Code, Literally. Inside Higher Education, The World View, February 5, 2017.
19. Osipian, Ararat. (2017). New York is taking a lead in tackling university fraud. University World News, January 28, 2017.
20. Osipian, Ararat. (2016). Trump University and the growth of fraud in HE. University World News, November 25, 2016.
21. Osipian, Ararat. (2016). Of University Rectors, Bribes and Electronic Monitoring Bracelets. Inside Higher Education, The World View, October 9, 2016.
22. Osipian, Ararat. (2016). Where corruption among university leaders is rife. University World News, September 9, 2016.
23. Osipian, Ararat. (2016). Higher Education Corruption and Reputational Damage. Inside Higher Education, The World View, July 10, 2016.
24. Osipian, Ararat. (2016). Ukraine’s Higher Education in Crisis: A report from the frontline. CIES Perspectives: Comparative and International Education Society Newsletter, May 26, 2016.
p. 43.
25. Osipian, Ararat. (2016). If California were to act like Ukraine: higher education budget constraints and privatization. 21st Century Scholar, May 25, 2016.

26. Osipian, Ararat
. (2016). Ukraine’s Schools: Still alive, but not well. May 5, 2016.
27. Osipian, Ararat. (2016). Corruption scandal in the Far East. University World News, April 22, 2016, Issue No: 410.
28. Osipian, Ararat. (2016). Missteps on the Steppe: Nazarbayev University. In: Can a young university be a world-leading university? By Jack Grove. Times
Higher Education, March 31, 2016.
29. Osipian, Ararat. (2016). “Bilingual” Universities: Is this English or is this fraud? 21st Century Scholar, March 29, 2016.

30. Osipian, Ararat. (2016). Ukraine. In: Europe’s 200 best universities: who is at the top in 2016? by Ellie Bothwell. Times Higher Education, March 10, 2016.
31. Osipian, Ararat. (2016). Institutionalized separation of research and teaching in Ukraine. Inside Higher Education, The World View, March 7, 2016.
32. Osipian, Ararat. (2016). Is English the new Latin?University World News, February 14, 2016, Issue No: 400.
33. Osipian, Ararat. (2015). Corruption, extortion, hybrid war – Welcome to Ukraine. University World News, December 11, 2015, Issue No: 394.
34. Osipian, Ararat. (2007). Higher Education Corruption in Ukraine: Opinions and Estimates. International Higher Education, 49, pp. 20-21.

Book reviews:
3. Osipian, Ararat. (2016). Book review of Mutter, John. (2015). Disaster Profiteers: How Natural Disasters Make the Rich Richer and the Poor Even Poorer. New York: St. Martin’s Press. Contemporary Sociology: A Journal of Reviews, SAGE 0.739, 45(6), pp. 773-774.
4. Osipian, Ararat. (2016). Book review of Obydenkova, Anastassia and Libman, Alexander (eds). (2015). Autocratic and Democratic External Influences in Post-Soviet Eurasia. Farnham & Burlington, VT: Ashgate. Political Studies Review, SAGE 0.591, 14(4), pp. 621-621.
5.
Osipian, Ararat. (2016). Book review of Onuch, Olga. (2014). Mapping Mass Mobilization. Understanding Revolutionary Moments in Argentina and Ukraine. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. Europe-Asia Studies, Routledge 0.671, 68(5), pp. 946-947.
6.
Osipian, Ararat. (2016). Book review of Yudkevich, Maria, Altbach, Philip, and Rumbley, Laura (eds). (2015). Academic Inbreeding and Mobility in Higher Education: Global Perspectives. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. Comparative Education Review, Chicago University Press 0.757, 60(1), pp. 197-198.
7. Osipian, Ararat. (2015). Book review of Holmberg, Sören, and Rothstein, Bo. (eds.). (2012). Good Government: The Relevance of Political Science. Cheltenham, U.K.; Northampton, Mass.: Edward Elgar. Journal of Economic Issues,
Routledge 0.573, Association for Evolutionary Economics (AFEE), 49(4), pp. 1154-1155.
8. Osipian, Ararat. (2015). Book review of
Morris, Jeremy, and Polese, Abel (eds). (2014). The Informal Post-Socialist Economy: Embedded Practices and Livelihoods. London: RoutledgeJournal of Economic Issues,
Routledge 0.573, Association for Evolutionary Economics (AFEE), 49(1), pp. 309-311.
15. Osipian, Ararat. (2014). Book review of Pursiainen, Christer. (ed). (2012). At the Crossroads of Post-communist Modernisation: Russia and China in comparative perspective. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. Journal of Economic Issues, Routledge 0.573, Association for Evolutionary Economics (AFEE), 48(4), pp. 1160-1162.
17. Osipian, Ararat. (2014). Book review of Vinokurov, Evgeny, and Libman, Alexander. (2012). Eurasian Integration: Challenges of Transcontinental Regionalism. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. Region: Regional Studies of Russia, Eastern Europe, and Central Asia. Slavica Publishers, 3(2), pp. 337-339.
18. Osipian, Ararat. (2014). Book review of Åslund, Anders. (2009). How Ukraine Became a Market Economy and Democracy. Washington, DC: Peterson Institute for International Economics. Journal of Economic Issues, Routledge 0.573, Association for Evolutionary Economics (AFEE), 48(2), pp. 592-595.
22. Osipian, Ararat. (2014). Book review of Sutela, Pekka. (2012). The Political Economy of Putin’s Russia. New York: Routledge. Journal of Economic Issues, Routledge 0.573, Association for Evolutionary Economics (AFEE), 48(1), pp. 257-259.
29. Osipian, Ararat. (2014). Book review of Robinson, Neil (ed.). (2013). The Political Economy of Russia. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield. East European Politics, Routledge, 30(1), pp. 147-148.
30. Osipian, Ararat. (2014). Book review of White, Stephen. (2011). Understanding Russian Politics. New York: Cambridge University Press. Democratization, Routledge 0.725, 21(1), pp. 191-193.
34. Osipian, Ararat. (2013). Book review of Myant, Martin, and Drahokoupil, Jan. (2011). Transition Economies: Political Economy in Russia, Eastern Europe, and Central Asia. San Francisco, CA: Wiley. Region: Regional Studies of Russia, Eastern Europe, and Central Asia, Slavica Publishers, 2(2), pp. 317-319.
36. Osipian, Ararat. (2013). Book review of Roberts, Sean P. (2012). Putin’s United Russia Party. New York: Routledge. Democratization, Routledge 0.725, 20(7), pp. 1357-1359.
38. Osipian, Ararat. (2013). Book review of Wolff, Richard D., and Resnick, Stephen A. (2012). Contending Economic Theory: Neoclassical, Keynesian, and Marxian. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Journal of Economic Issues, Routledge 0.573, Association for Evolutionary Economics (AFEE), 47(3), pp. 797-798.
39. Osipian, Ararat. (2013). Book review of Altbach, Philip G., Reisberg, Liz, Yudkevich, Maria, Androushchak, Gregory, and Kuzminov, Yaroslav (eds.). (2013). The Global Future of Higher Education and the Academic Profession: The BRICs and the United States. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. Higher Education: The International Journal of Higher Education and Educational Planning, Springer 1.061, 66(5), pp. 637-639.
40. Osipian, Ararat. (2013). Book review of Power, Timothy, and Taylor, Matthew. (2011). Corruptionand Democracy in Brazil: The Struggle for Accountability. Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press. Journal of Comparative Policy Analysis: Research and Practice, Routledge 0.510, 15(2), pp. 199-202.
41. Osipian, Ararat. (2013). Book review of Altbach, Philip G., Reisberg, Liz, Yudkevich, Maria,Androushchak, Gregory, and Pacheco, Iván F. (eds.). (2012). Paying the Professoriate: A Global Comparison of Compensation and Contracts. New York: Routledge. Higher Education: The International Journal of Higher Education and Educational Planning, Springer 1.061, 66(5), pp. 635-636.
43. Osipian, Ararat. (2013). Book review of Yadav, Vineeta. (2011). Political Parties, Business Groups, and Corruption in Developing Countries. New York: Oxford University Press. Journal of Comparative Policy Analysis: Research and Practice, Routledge 0.510, 15(1), pp. 102-104.
44. Osipian, Ararat. (2013). Book review of Salmenniemi, Suvi (ed.). (2012). Rethinking Class in Russia. Farnham & Burlington: Ashgate. European Journal of Sociology, Cambridge 0.304, 54(3), pp. 504-507.
47. Osipian, Ararat. (2013). Book review of Gilman, Martin. (2010). No Precedent, No Plan: Inside Russia’s 1998 Default. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Political Studies Review, Wiley 1.286. 11(3), pp. 453-454.
48. Osipian, Ararat. (2013). Book review of Rose-Ackerman, Susan, and Soreide, Tina (eds.). (2011). International Handbook of the Economics of Corruption, Volume Two. Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar. Journal of Economic Issues, Routledge 0.573, Association for Evolutionary Economics (AFEE), 47(1), pp. 284-286.
51. Osipian, Ararat. (2013). Book review of Fortescue, Stephen (ed.). (2010). Russian Politics From Lenin to Putin. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. Democratization, Routledge 0.725, 20(6), pp. 1166-1168.
52. Osipian, Ararat. (2013). Book review of Urban, Michael. (2010). Cultures of Power in Post-Communist Russia. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. East European Politics, Routledge, 29(2), pp. 252-253.
55. Osipian, Ararat. (2012). Book review of Remington, Thomas F. (2011). The Politics of Inequality in Russia. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Laboratorium: Russian Review of Social Research, 4(3), pp. 143-144.
57. Osipian, Ararat. (2012). Book review of Giuliano, Elise. (2011). Constructing Grievance: Ethnic Nationalism in Russia’s Republics. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press. Nationalities Papers: The Journal of Nationalism and Ethnicity, Routledge, 40(6), pp. 961-963.
58. Osipian, Ararat. (2012). Book review of Hedlund, Stefan. (2011). Invisible Hands, Russian Experience, and Social Science Approaches to Understanding Systemic Failure. New York: Cambridge University Press. Journal of Economic Issues, Routledge 0.573, Association for Evolutionary Economics (AFEE), 46(4), pp. 1086-1088.
59. Osipian, Ararat. (2012). Book review of Vavilov, Andrey. (2010). The Russian Public Debt and Financial Meltdowns. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. Journal of Economic Issues, Routledge 0.573, Association for Evolutionary Economics (AFEE), 46(2), pp. 583-584.
60. Osipian, Ararat. (2011).
Book review of Sakwa, Richard. (2009). The Quality of Freedom: Khodorkovsky, Putin and the Yukos Affair. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Laboratorium: Russian Review of Social Research, 3(3), pp. 167-169.
61. Osipian, Ararat. (2011). Book review of Duhamel, Luc. (2010). The KGB Campaign Against Corruption in Moscow, 1982-1987. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press. Global Crime, Routledge, 12(3), pp. 236-238.
62. Osipian, Ararat. (2011).
Book review of Åslund, Anders, Guriev, Sergei, and Kuchins, Andrew C. (eds.). (2010). Russia after the Global Economic Crisis. Washington, DC: Peterson Institute for International Economics. Demokratizatsiya: The Journal of Post-Soviet Democratization, Heldref, 19(2), pp. 176-178.
63. Osipian, Ararat. (2011).
Book review of Ward, Christopher J. (2009). Brezhnev’s Folly: The Building of BAM and Late Soviet Socialism. University of Pittsburgh Press. Soviet and Post-Soviet Review, Brill, 38(2), pp. 231-233.
64. Osipian, Ararat. (2010).
Book Review of Uslaner, Eric. (2008). Corruption, Inequality, and the Rule of Law: The Bulging Pocket Makes the Easy Life. New York: Cambridge University Press. Demokratizatsiya: The Journal of Post-Soviet Democratization, Heldref, 18(1), pp. 94-96.
65. Osipian, Ararat. (2008).
Book Review of Hallak, Jacques, and Poisson, Muriel. (2007). Corrupt Schools, Corrupt Universities: What Can Be Done? Paris: Institute for International Educational Planning. Canadian and International Education Journal, CIES Canada, 37(2), pp. 99-101.
 
 Papers presented at the conferences:
Osipian, A. (2013). Best Flute to Best Flute-Player? Competition, Corruption, and Standardized Testing in Admissions to Russia’s Universities. Annual Conference of the Association for the Study of Higher Education (ASHE), St. Louis, MO, November 2013.
Osipian, A. (2013). Technological Failure as a Moving Force: Selectivity and Corruption in Access to Higher Education in the Russian Federation. Annual Conference of the Comparativeand International Education Society (CIES), New Orleans, LA, March 2013.
Osipian, A. (2012). Standardized Testing in the Former Soviet Republics: Opposing Bribery, Breeding Fraud? Annual Conference of the Association for the Study of Higher Education (ASHE), Las Vegas, NV, November 2012.
Osipian, A. (2012). From Khodorkovsky to Hermitage Capital: Building the New System of Property Rights in Transition Economies. Annual Conference of the Association for Slavic, East European, and Eurasian Studies (ASEEES), New Orleans, LA, November 2012.
Osipian, A. (2012). Testing Integrity with Standardized Tests: Corruption and Reform in Higher Education in Central Asia. Annual Conference of the Central Eurasian Studies Society (CESS), Bloomington, IN, October, 2012.
Osipian, A. (2012). Measuring Corruption: What does the Media Say about Higher Education Corruption in the US and Russia? Annual Conference of the American Sociological Association (ASA), Denver, CO, August 2012.
Osipian, A. (2012). Will Bribery and Fraud Converge? Comparative Corruption in Higher Education in Russia and the US. Annual Conference of the American Sociological Association (ASA), Denver, CO, August 2012.
Osipian, A. (2012). Predatory Raiding in Russia: Institutions and Property Rights after the Crisis. Annual Conference of the Association for Evolutionary Economics / American Economic Association (AFEE/AEA), Chicago, IL, January 2012.
Osipian, A. (2011). Comparing Corruption in Higher Education in the US and the RF. Annual Conference of the Association for the Study of Higher Education (ASHE), Charlotte, NC, November 2011.
Osipian, A. (2011). Information Asymmetry, Uncertainty, and Risk Aversion: Prices and Pricing on the Dissertations for Sale Market. Annual Conference of the American Sociological Association (ASA), Las Vegas, NV, August 2011.
Osipian, A. (2011). New Challenges for Russian Universities: Corruption, Politicization, and Student Activism. Annual Conference of the American Sociological Association (ASA), Las Vegas, NV, August 2011.
Osipian, A. (2011). Comparative Corruption in Higher Education in the US and Russia. Workshop “Corruption, Trust, the Public Sector and Public Policies” at The Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy, National University of Singapore (NUS), Singapore, April, 2011.
Osipian, A. (2010). Corruption in Doctoral Education in Transition Economies: The Dissertations Market. Annual Conference of the Association for the Study of Higher Education (ASHE), Indianapolis, IN, November, 2010.
Osipian, A. (2010). Corporate Raiding Russian Style: Hostile Takeovers via Corruption and Fraud. Annual Conference of the American Political Science Association (APSA), Washington, DC, September 2010.
Osipian, A. (2010). Misdeeds in the Higher Education Sector: Legality vs Corruption. Annual Conference of the American Sociological Association (ASA), Atlanta, GA, August 2010.
Osipian, A. (2010). How to Buy a Doctoral Degree? An Inquiry into the Dissertations for Sale Market. Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society (CIES), Chicago, IL, March, 2010.
Osipian, A. (2010). Dissertations for Sale: Corruption in Russia’s Doctoral Education. Annual Conference of the American Economic Association (AEA), Atlanta, GA, January 2010.
Osipian, A. (2009). Corruption in the Higher Education Industry: Legal Cases in the Context of Change. Annual Conference of the University Council for Education Administration (UCEA), Anaheim, CA, November 2009.
Osipian, A. (2009). Le Bourgeois Gentilhomme: Political Corruption of Russian Doctorates. Annual Conference of the American Sociological Association (ASA), San Francisco, CA, August 2009.
Osipian, A. (2009). Corrupt Organizational Hierarchies in the Former Soviet Bloc. Annual Conference of the American Sociological Association (ASA), San Francisco, CA, August 2009.
Osipian, A. (2009). Grey Areas in the Higher Education Sector Finance: Illegality versus Corruption. Annual Conference of the American Education Finance Association (AEFA), Nashville, TN, March, 2009.
Osipian, A. (2008). Modeling Educators’ Misconduct with Cellular Automata. Annual Conference of the American Sociological Association (ASA), Boston, MA, August, 2008.
Osipian, A. (2008). Corruption Hierarchies in Education in Developing and Transition Societies. Annual Conference of the University Council for Education Administration (UCEA), Alexandria, VA, November, 2007.
Osipian, A. (2007). Replacing University Entry Examinations with Standardized Tests in Russia: Will It Reduce Corruption? Annual Conference of the University Council for Education Administration (UCEA), Alexandria, VA, November, 2007.
Osipian, A. (2007). Higher Education Corruption in the World Media: Prevalence, Patterns, and Forms. Annual Conference of the Association for the Study of Higher Education (ASHE), Louisville, KY, November, 2007.
Osipian, A. (2007). “Feed from the Service”: Corruption and Coercion in the State—University Relations. Annual Conference of the Central Eurasian Studies Society (CESS, Harvard), University of Washington, Seattle, WA, October, 2007.
Osipian, A. (2007). Corruption and Reform of Russian Higher Education. Annual Conference of the American Sociological Association (ASA), NYC, August, 2007.
Osipian, A. (2007). Graft in Academia: International Perspectives on Corruption in Higher Education. Conference “Beyond Borders: Global Change and Education in Action”. New York University, NYC, March, 2007.
Osipian, A. (2007). Corruption in Secondary and Higher Education: Conceptual Approaches and Investigative Techniques. Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society (CIES), University of Maryland, Baltimore, MD, February, 2007.
Osipian, A. (2007). Human Capital – Economic Growth Nexus in the Former Soviet Bloc. Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society (CIES), University of Maryland, Baltimore, MD, February, 2007.
Osipian, A. (2007). Higher Education Corruption in the World Media: Prevalence, Patterns, and Forms. Research Conference and International Forum. Harvard Graduate School of Education, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, February, 2007.
Osipian, A. (2006). Why Donbass Votes for Yanukovich: Confronting the Orange Revolution in Ukraine. Annual Conference of the American Sociological Association (ASA), Montreal, Canada, August, 2006.
Osipian, A. (2006). Corruption in Higher Education in Organizational Perspective: Case of the Former Soviet Bloc. Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society (CIES), University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI, March, 2006.
Osipian, A. (2005). Politicized University: Lessons from the Orange Revolution in Ukraine. Annual Conference of the American Sociological Association (ASA), Philadelphia, PA, August, 2005.
Osipian, A. (2005). Measurements of Inequalities in Access to Higher Education: Case of the Russian Federation. Annual Conference of the American Education Research Association (AERA), Montreal, Canada, April, 2005.
Osipian, A. (2005). Corruption and Coercion: University Autonomy versus State Control. Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society (CIES), Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA, March, 2005.
Osipian, A. (2005). Anatomy of Corruption: Clinical Investigation of the Project of Institutional Partnership. Research Conference and International Forum. Harvard Graduate School of Education, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, February, 2005.
Osipian, A. (2004). Corruption as a Legacy of the Medieval University. Annual Conference of the Association for the Study of Higher Education (ASHE), Kansas City, November 2004.
Osipian, A. (2004). Legacies of Medieval Universities of Bologna and Paris: What to Preserve and What to Leave Behind. International Conference “Perspectives of Development of the Social Sciences and Humanities in Classical Universities (sociology, psychology, pedagogy).” Kiev National University Taras Shevchenko, Kiev, Ukraine, May, 2004.
Osipian, A. (2004). Facilitating Economic Development through the Reform of Economic Instruction. International Conference “75 Years of Development Research.” Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, May, 2004.
Osipian, A. (2004). Corruption in Higher Education: Who, Whom, How, and How Much. Research Conference and International Forum. Harvard Graduate School of Education, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, February, 2004.
Osipian, A. (2003). Corruption in Higher Education: Ethics and Conflict in International Perspective. National Conference of the National Association of the Graduate and Professional Students (NAGPS). Washington, DC, November, 2003.
Osipian, A. (2003). Vouchers for Higher Education in Russia: What to Expect and How to Measure. Research Conference and International Forum. Harvard Graduate School of Education, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, February, 2003.
Osipian, A. (2002). International Exchange in Higher Education: Economics and Politics. Graduate Program in Economic Development Alumni Conference. Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, December 2002.
Osipian, A. (2002). International Reform in Higher Education Policy: Economic Issues. NorthEast Conference for Graduate/Professional Students. Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, April 2002.
Osipian, A. (2002). International Reform in Higher Education Policy: Economic Issues. Southeast Conference for Graduate/Professional Students. Georgia Southern University, Savannah, GA, April 2002.
 
Subpages (2): [Untitled] corruption