About the APPF

What is the Afghan Public Protection Force?

The Afghan Public Protection Force (APPF) is a pay-for-service Afghan government security service provider underneath the Ministry of Interior that protects people, infrastructure, facilities, construction projects and convoys. It is organized as a State Owned Enterprise (SOE) in order to be able to contract with domestic and international customers for security services. APPF guards are not members of the Afghan National Army or Police and they have no mandate to investigate crimes or arrest suspects. The APPF was established in 2009 in order to allow Afghan Uniformed Police (AUP) to focus more on traditional law enforcement tasks. The APPF today has about 10,000 guards who provide security for international, government and non-governmental entities, sites and facilities.

 

Organization

The APPF is headquartered in Kabul. In addition, it is embedded in six Afghan National Police zone headquarters in Kabul, Herat, Mazari Sharif, Kandahar, Gardez, Lashkar Gah; it also has a presence in two provincial headquarters – Jalalabad and Kunduz. Within the main headquarters, the APPF is led by Deputy Minister Jemal Abdul Naser Sidiqi who also serves as chairman of the APPF SOE Executive Board. He has two deputies, Brigadier General Sardar Mohammed Sultani, Director of Operations, and Mr Noorkhan Haidari, Director of Business Operations. The APPF operates a Training Center in Kabul’s Bagrami district that trains guards in static security, convoy security, and personal security detail (PSD) programs of instruction.

 

Presidential Decree 62 and the APPF

In August 2010, President Karzai issued Presidential Decree 62 (PD 62) ordering the disbandment of all private security companies (PSCs). The APPF was identified to take over the work that PSCs had been doing. In order to provide more time to plan and execute the transition, the Bridging Strategy for PD 62 was signed in March 2011, provided an additional year for PSCs to operate and for the APPF to develop its business and operational capabilities. Currently, the APPF is executing the transition of all development fixed site security and commercial security from private security companies to the APPF. The transition of convoy security will begin later this year. ISAF bases, construction projects and fixed site security must transition by 20 Mar 2013. Embassies and entities with diplomatic status are exempt under the provisions of the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations of 1961 and thus authorized to continue using private security indefinitely.

 

Transition

Successful transition of security services from private security companies to the APPF will help ensure the continuity of billions of dollars of international community development projects and will enable jobs for thousands of Afghans. As part of the transition process, the APPF is focused on three major transition tasks:

 

1) Transferring guards from Private Security Companies (PSCs) to the APPF: the success of the transition from PSCs to the APPF relies heavily on leveraging existing capacity within private security companies. Current PSC guards whose employment will be terminated as a result of the transition are encouraged to transfer to the APPF, where they will receive salaries commensurate with their current pay as well as benefits. The APPF seeks to transition about 11,000 guards working at development sites, commercial businesses and convoys and an estimated 15,000 more working at ISAF bases and construction sites.

 

2) Establishing new contracts with customers for security services: Companies who currently use private security companies to guard their personnel, sites, and convoys will need to contract with the APPF in order to ensure uninterrupted security for their activities.

 

3) Issuing licenses to qualified Risk Management Companies: In an effort to mitigate APPF capability shortfalls, President Karzai approved the use of Risk Management Consultants (RMCs).  RMCs provide advisory services to customers pertaining to the management of static, convoy, and personal security for individuals, private, governmental, non-governmental organizations. RMCs will also provide on-site mentoring and training to APPF guard forces as the APPF continues to develop full capability.