Diabetes i-Search Project

Background Information
Diabetes affects over 29 million people in the United States. Its wide popularity has sparked an ongoing investigation to how its pathogenesis could be hindered. There are two main types of diabetes, types one and two. Over 90% of adults with diabetes have type two diabetes. Type one diabetes is usually genetically inherited and is not associated with obesity. The main difference is that type one patients can't make insulin. While type two patients could make small amounts of insulin, don't respond properly to insulin, or both. Insulin is a hormone that manages the amount of glucose in the blood stream by moving it into cells or storage. Type one diabetes patients cannot produce any insulin because of the absence of beta cells in the pancreas which make insulin. Glucose is a vital sugar for our bodies and keeps us running, however, too much glucose can cause serious problems in the eyes, kidneys, and nerves. Overall diabetes has accounted for about 75,000 deaths per year in America. Diabetes still has no cure, but scientists are working hard to find a cure for the disease. But, there are several treatments that can help reduce the severity of diabetes. With its dramatic effects on the body everyone is hopeful for a cure. Investigating the causes, treatments, and effects diabetes has on the body will furthermore help us find out more about diabetes. 

Research Questions
What causes diabetes?
How can one decrease their chances of having diabetes?
What are some treatments for diabetes?
What are some adverse effects of having diabetes?
How does diabetes affect the body?


The map above shows diabetes rates in the United States.