Nelson Mandela was a very important figure during the apartheid in South Africa. He was imprisoned for life in Robben Island. This cell was about the size of his wingspan. He remained imprisoned for twenty-seven years until on February 11, 1990, Nelson Mandela was released from prison by current prime minister F.W. de Klerk. This is a good example of "Life During the Apartheid," because Nelson Mandela was one of the many black prisoners of the apartheid. Here, Mandela is pictured inside his cell.
1. Non-whites were required to carry pass book, that contained finger prints, photos, mugshots, and other information. These also allowed the black people to purchase food, or leave their homelands for personal reasons.
2. Consequences against colored people apposing white rule were increased. For example, the most famous sentencing was that of Nelson Mandela. He was sentenced to life for publicly denouncing the government. These laws caused a lot of protest amongst all of the black people in South Africa.
3. All political rights including voting, held by blacks were limited to the "homelands" they lived in. This meant that the blacks had no power into ending these laws. They could not even vote to create a petition to end the laws.
4. From 1976-1981 "homelands" were created denationalizing nine million people. Pictured below is an actual image of these homelands.
Many hundreds of non- whites where confined to living in these
houses in the "Homelands" the government made. These houses
were not much larger than one room, and most house had about
five people residing in each. Overall, many people were born,
lived a short life, and died in these homelands.
5. In 1960 a large mass of Black Africans in Sharpeville refused to
carry their passes. At this, the government declared a state of
emergency. The emergency lasted for 156 days, leaving 69 people
dead and 187 people wounded. This is known today as the
6. The penalties forced on political protest and even non-violent
protest, were severe; housands of individuals died in custody,
frequently after horrible acts of cruelty.
7. "In 1951, the Bantu Authorities Act established a basis for
ethnic government in African reserves, known as "homelands.''
These homelands were independent states to which each black
African was assigned to live and reside in by the government
according to the record of origin (which was frequently
This chart shows the differences of the people in South Africa.